(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Selections from unpublished manuscripts in the College of arms and the ..."

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at http : //books . google . com/| 



Digitized by 



Google 



(^. 



^Sc^. v.-fy 



1 



Digitized by 



Google 



••• 



• # 



• 

» .... 






• '• 



r.i 



. • V 



• • • 



« * 



. • •*; V 



*i • 



Digitized by 



Googl^ 



• -• 



• • 



Digitized by 



Google 



e 












Digitized by 



Google 






Digitized by 



Google 



SELECTIONS 



UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS 

IX THE 

COLLEGE OF ARMS AND THE BRITISH MUSEUM 

ILLUSTRATING THE 

REIGN OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTLAND 

M.DXLIII.— M.DLXVIII. 



GLASGOW: MDCCCXXXVII. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



THE EDINBURGH PRINTING COMPANY. 



Digitized by 



Google 



PRESENTED TO 

THE MAITLAND CLUB 

BY KIRKMAN FINLAY 
OF CASTLE TOWARD. 



Digitized by 



Google 






W^5i'''' 



Digitized by 



Google 



THE MAITLAND CLUB, 

NOVEMBER, M.DCCC.XXXVI. 



THE EARL OF GLASGOW, 

[PRESIDENT.] 

• 

HIS ROTAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF SUSSEX. 

ROBERT ADAM, ESQ. GLASGOW. 

JOHN BAIN, ESa YOUNGER OF MORRISTON. 
5 ROBERT BELL, ESa ADVOCATE. 

SIR DAVID HUNTER BLAIR, BART. 

BERIAH BOTFIELD, ESQ. OF NORTON HALL. 

SIR THOMAS MACDOUGALL BRISBANE, BART. K.C.B. 

WALTER BUCHANAN, ESQ. OF SHANDON LODGE. 
10 THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS OF BUTE. 

ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, ESQ. OF BARNHILL. 

ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, ESa OF BLTTHSWOOD. 

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE LORD JOHN CAMPBELL. 

JOHN DONALD CARRICK, ESQ. KILMARNOCK. 
15 THE HONOURABLE LORD COCKBURN. 

J. T. GIBSON CRAIG, ESQ. W.a EDINBURGH. 

JAMES DENNISTOUN, ESQ. OF DENNISTOUN. 

JAMES DOBIE, ESa BEITH. 

RICHARD DUNCAN, ESa [TREASURER,] GLASGOW. 



Digitized by 



Google 



THE MAITLAND CLUB. 

20 WILLIAM JAMES DUNCAN, ESa LONDON. 

JAMES DUNLOP, ESQ. W.S. EDINBURGH. 

JOHN DUNLOP, ESQ. OF DUNLOP, M.P. 

JAMES EWING, ESa OF LEVENSIDE, LL.D. 

KIRKMAN FINLAY, ESQ. OF CASTLE TOWARD. 
25 THE REV. WILLIAM FLEMING. D.D. PROFESSOR OF ORIENTAL LANGUAGES, 
UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW. 

WILLIAM MALCOLM FLEMING, ESQ. OF BARROCHAN. 

JOHN FULLERTON, ESQ. OF OVERTON. 

JOHN BLACK GRACIE, ESQ. W.S. EDINBURGH. 

RIGHT HONOURABLE THOMAS GRENVILLE. 
30 JAMES HILL, ESQ. OF ROWMORE. 

LAURENCE HILL, ESQ. OF BARLANERK, LL.B. 

GEORGE HOUSTOUN, ESQ. YOUNGER OF JOHN8TONE. 

JAMES IVORY, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

JOHN KERR, ESQ. GLASGOW. 
35 ROBERT ALEXANDER KIDSTON, ESQ. GLASGOW. 

GEORGE RITCHIE KINLOCH, ESQ. EDINBURGH. 

JOHN GIBSON LOCKHART, ESQ. LL.D. LONDON. 

ALEXANDER MACDONALD, ESQ. EDINBURGH. 

WILLIAM MACDOWALL, ESQ. OF GARTHLAND, [VICE PRESIDENT.] 
40 THE VERY REV. DUNCAN MACFARLAN, D.D. PRINCIPAL OF THE UNIVER- 
SITY OF GLASGOW. 

ANDREW MACGEORGE, ESQ. GLASGOW. 

ALEXANDER MACGRIGOR, ESQ. OP KERNOCK. 

DONALD MACINTYRE, ESQ. GLASGOW. 

JOHN WHITEFOORD MACKENZIE, ESQ. W.S. EDINBURGH. 
45 GEORGE MACINTOSH, ESa YOUNGER OF CROS8BASKET. 
ALEXANDER MACNEILL, ESa ADVOCATE. 

JAMES MAIDMENT, ESa ADVOCATE. 

THOMAS MAITLAND, ESQ. YOUNGER OF DUNDRENNAN, ADVOCATE. 



Digitized by 



Google 



THE MAITLAND CLUB. 

WILLIAM MEIKLEHAM, ESQ. GLASGOW. 
50 WILLIAM HENRY MILLER, ESQ. OF CRAIGENTINNY, M.P. 

WILLIAM MURE, ESQ. OF CALDWELL. 

ALEXANDER OSWALD, ESQ. OF CHRISTS CHURCH COLLEGE, OXFORD. 

JOHN MACMICHAN PAGAN, ESQ. M.D. GLASGOW. 

WILLIAM PATRICK, ESQ. OF ROUGHWOOD. 
55 EDWARD PIPER, ESQ. OF EASTCRAIGS. 

ROBERT PITCAIRN, ESQ W.S. EDINBURGH. _ 

JAMES CORBETT PORTERFIELD, ESQ. OF PORTERFIELD. 

HAMILTON PYPER, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

PHILIP ANSTRUTHER RAMSAY, ESQ. EDINBURGH. 
60 JOHN RICHARDSON, ESQ. LL.B. LONDON. 

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, ESQ. GLASGOW. 

ANDREW RUTHERFURD, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

JAMES SMITH, ESQ. OF JORDANHILL. 

JOHN SMITH, ESQ. OF SWINDRIDGEMUIR. 
65 JOHN SMITH, YGST., ESQ. OF CRUTHERLAND, [SECRETARY.] 

WILLIAM SMITH, ESQ. OF CARBETH GUTHRIE. 

MOSES STEVEN, ESQ. OF POLMADIE, ADVOCATE. 

DUNCAN STEWART, ESQ. EDINBURGH. 

SIR MICHAEL SHAW STEWART, BART. M.P. 
70 JOHN SHAW STEWART, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

SYLVESTER DOUGLAS STIRLING, ESQ. OF GLENBERVIE. 

JOHN STRANG, ESQ GLASGOW. 

THOMAS THOMSON, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

WILLIAM B. D. D. TURNBULL, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 
75 PATRICK FRASER TYTLER, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

ADAM URQUHART, ESQ. ADVOCATE. 

SIR PATRICK WALKER OF COATES* KNIGHT. 

WILSON DOBIE WILSON, ESa ADVOCATE. 



Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by 



Google 



PREFACE. 



The present volume contains a selection of Letters and Papers, as 
well public as private, which serve to illustrate the History of the 
Reign of Mary Queen of Scots, from her accession to the throne 
until her flight into England. In forming this selection, the 
Editor has not been influenced by any prejudices whatsoever ; his 
sole aim has been to collect such documents as tend to throw 
light upon a period of history, which, from the party spirit with 
which it has been discussed, may be said to be as obscure as it is 
interesting. An admirer of the talents of Elizabeth and Cecil, he 
admits that, as far as developed in the ensuing pages, they were 
almost uniformly employed in the gratification of a selfish spirit of 
aggrandizement ; no less an admirer of the genius and accom- 
plishments of Mary, he regrets that her genius and accomplish- 
ments were unable to counteract a feminine caprice, to which 
she was willing to sacrifice her own reputation and the interests of 
her country. No paper has been rejected by him because it might 
happen to contain statements inimical to the theories or subver- 
sive of the sentiments of the apologists or antagonists of either 
princess; and it is therefore not improbable that the present 

b 



Digitized by 



Google 



X PREFACE. 

volume contains matter upon which a fairer estimate of the cha- 
racter of each may be formed, than is to be attained from the preju- 
diced works of Anderson or of Goodall, of Laing or of Chalmers. 
To examine into the statements conveyed in these letters, to 
test their accuracy, and to institute a comparison between them 
and other authorities, is fortunately not the duty of the Editor. 
When the Historian of Scotland shall arrive at this period of his 
labours, equally interesting with any which have preceded it, cer- 
tainly more interesting tiian any whidi will follow, the value whidi 
the Editor is induced to attach to tiie casuing pages may appear 
not to have been oveirated. And if, a£ber the puUication of a 
History of Queen Mary, written by one admitted into the con- 
fidence of Burnley and Maitknd, of Bandolph and Throckmor- 
ton, the real character of that " most unhappy of an unhappy 
race," shall continue undefined, we may justly despair of ever 
seeing it freed from the obscurity in whidhi it has been enve- 
l<^ed by prejudice and fiuiaticism. 

Hie Papers here printed eae taken fi*om die immense mass of 
documents deported in the valuable Library of die College of 
Arms and in ike British Museum. The following extract firom 
Lodge's preface to his ** Illustrations of Britifib History,*' a work 
compiled entirely fiKwn the Talbot Papers, will show lihe general 
character of these important volumes, and how they came into 
their present repository * 



* 3 Tob. 4to, LondoD, 1791 ; Pie&oe, p. vii. 



Digitized by 



Google 



PREFACE. xi 

" The manuscripts distinguished by the title * Talbot Papers/ 
were extracted from fifteen volumes, which are preserved in the 
Library of the College of Arms, to which they were given, with 
many others of singular curiosity, by Henry, sixth Duke of Nor- 
folk of the Howards. They contain upwards of six thousand 
original letters, to, or from, the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh 
Earls of Shrewsbury; besides many other valuable public papers, 
which are foreign from the intention of this work, such as royal 
surveys, muster-rolls of several of the Midland Counties, abbey 
leases, and other topographical matters of importance. The 
Chapter books of the College are nearly silent with respect to this 
splendid gift, and we must have contented ourselves with merely 
knowing that the collection still existed there, but for a manu- 
script, with the loan of which his Grace the Duke of Roxburghe* 
lately honoured the Editor. It consists of transcripts from seve- 
ral of the Talbot Papers, and was probably once the property of 
the laborious Mr Strype, as extracts from some of the letters con- 
tained in it are to be found scattered in his various works, and 
may perhaps be occasionally recognized by the reader of the fol- 
lowing sheets. Two memorandums which appear at the begin- 
ning of the book afibrd us as much intelligence as the subject 
requires. 

* I DOB humbly desire those that will take the paines to read over or peruse these 

* copies of letters following, in respect of my age, and the weaknesse of eyesight, to 
' pardon the badd writeing, and correct and amend the faults, errors, and mistakes 

* therein. The twentieth of October, 1676. J. H. of L.' 

^ John third Duke of Rozburghe^ who died in 1804. 



Digitized by 



Google 



xii PREFACE. 

* The courteous reader is likewise desired to take notice, that, by the fitvour of 
^ the right honourable the earle of Norwich, I having access to the evidences of 

* She£Seld Mannor, 1671, at severall tymes, from amids multitudes of waste papers, 

* and the havock that mice, ratts, and wett, had made, I rescued these letters, and 

* as many more as I have bound up in 15 volumes, and I have more to get bound ; 

* wherby they may be perfected for tlie use of posterity, in my Lord Marshall's 
' library, or where els his Lordship will please to dispose of them. May 14, 1677. 

* N. Johnston.' 

** To these persons, then, we find that Henry Earl of Norwich, 
soon after Duke of Norfolk, committed the charge of examining 
and methodizing this great body of papers. The former was John 
Hopkinson of Lofthouse, near Wakefield, derk of the peace for 
the West Riding of Yorkshire; the latter, Nathaniel Johnston, a 
physician at Pontefiract Both were antiquaries of some emi- 
nence, yet the Talbot Papers are most confusedly arranged, and 
the dates and even the signatures are frequently mis-stated in the 
indorsements, which are written by Doctor Johnston." 

Francis Talbot, Knight of the (Jarter, fifth Earl of Shrewsbury, 
from whose Papers the selections contained in the present volume 
have been made, was born in the year 1500. It is unnecessary 
to lay before the reader an outline of the exploits of this able 
soldier; but it may be important to exhibit his connexion with 
northern afiairs, to which we have to attribute the existence of so 
many letters in the Talbot Papers which illustrate the history of 
Scotland. In 1542 he accompanied the army which Henry the 
Eighth sent into Scotland, for the purpose of avenging the insults 
which, he affirmed, James the Fifth had passed upon him; an 



Digitized by 



Google 



PREFACE. xiii 

expedition which ended in the decisive battle of Solway Moss. 
In the following year he commanded the rear of the English 
army, which, mider the command of the Earl of Hertford, plun- 
dered Leith and ravaged a considerable portion of the south-east of 
Scotland; and was at the same time appointed the King's Lieute- 
nant-general in the North, an office which had been previously £QIed 
by his father. In the second year of the reign of Edward the Sixth, 
he was sent, as Lieutenant-general of the army, to relieve Hadding- 
ton; and, in the same year, was constituted Justice of all the 
forests beyond Trent. Early in the year 1549, notwithstanding 
his steady adherence to the doctrines of the Church of Rome, he 
appears to have been admitted into the Privy Council of Edward 
the Sixth; and in the next year we find him styled President of 
his Majesty's Council in the North, an office which was confirmed 
to him by Queen Mary. The penetration of Elizabeth induced 
her to retain the Earl, notwithstanding his determined recogni- 
tion of the Papal authority, in the number of her Privy Council, 
an honour which he did not long enjoy, for he died on the twenty- 
first of September, 1560. 

The matrimonial alliances of the family of Talbot contributed 
to the support of this connexion with the affairs of the north of 
England. Of the daughters of George Talbot, fourth Earl of 
Shrewsbury, Margaret became the wife of Henry Clifford, Knight 
of the Grarter, first Earl of Cumberland ; Mary was married to 
Henry Algernon Percy, Knight of the Grarter, fifth Earl of Nor- 
thumberland; and Elizabeth to William, third Lord Dacre of 



Digitized by 



Google 



xiv PREFACE. 

Dacre, Greystock, and Gillesland; and the wife of Francis, the 
fifth Earl, was Mary, daughter of Thomas fourth Lord Dacre. 

For permission to examine this interesting collection of papers, 
and to transcribe from it such as came within the scope of his 
subject, the Editor is indebted to the kindness of Charles George 
Young, Esquire, York Herald. 

The CoTTONiAN Manuscripts,* in the British Museum, are too 
generally known, and too correctly appretiated, to require either 

* The volumes of Scottish State Papers, marked Caligula B i. to Caligula D ii. indusive, 
contain nearly 4000 separate articles, which extend through about 8500 folio pages. These 
documents are, with yery few exceptions, either originals or contemporaneous copies, and 
throw the most important light upon the history of Scotland, as connected with the affairs of 
England, from the accession of James the FifUi to the union of the Crowns in the person of 
James the Sixth. It has been stated by an authority entitled to the highest respect, that 
the documents contained in these volumes were lent by the State Paper Office to Sur Robert 
Cotton, the founder of the Cottonian Library; that soon after his death in 1631, directions 
were issued by the Privy Council that they should be restored to their proper depository, an 
order which was not put into execution in consequence of the Civil Wars which soon after 
broke out. 

The value of these documents would be greatly enhanced by the formation of a descriptive 
catalogue of them, arranged in strictly chronological order, with a reference to the work in 
which such of them as may be printed are to be found. The total absence of information 
upon this last head has been productive of much inconvenience, much waste of time, and 
much unnecessary expense, many documents having been transcribed during the preparation 
of this volume, which, by a more extended research having been found to be previously 
printed, have consequently been rejected. The Editor regrets, however, to find that, although 
no pains were spared, one or two papers here printed have previously been given to the 
public. 



Digitized by 



Google 



PREFACE. XV 

description or eulogium. They have supplied to this collection 
many interesting and vahiable documents, and contain many more 
of equal importance, from which future editors may gather an 
abundant hu^est. The Harleian and Laksdowne Collections of 
Manuscripts have also contributed their share to the volume; but 
the documents which they have supplied are neither sufficiently 
numerous or important to demand a specific description. 

Amongst the Sloane or Ajdditional Manuscripts, are two 
volumes which possess considerable interest. The Sloane Ma- 
nuscript 3199 contains a collection of letters, transcribed about 
a century ago, by Dr Robert Gray, from the papers belonging to 
the Scottish College at Paris. The letters here printed from 
that volume contain much important and novel information, 
and derive additional interest from the fact, now too well esta- 
blished, that the whole of the original correspondence was 
destroyed in the French Revolution. For reference to these 
important documents, the Editor gratefully acknowledges that 
he is indebted to the kindness of P. F. Tytler, Esquire, to 
whom they had become known in the progress of a minute ex- 
amination into the Manuscript stores of the British Museum 
and State Paper Office, which he instituted while collecting 
authentic materials for the sixth volume of his History of Scot- 
land. 

The Additional Manuscript 4126 contains transcripts which 
were made by Dr Forbes, from documents relative to Scottish 
affiurs during the most interesting part of Mary's reign, pre- 
served in the State Paper Office. From this volume a copious 



Digitized by 



Google 



xvi PREFACE. 

selection has been made. The copies which it contains have 
been carefully collated by Dr Forbes, and from the fidelity 
with which the two volumes of State Papers which he printed 
are executed, as well as from internal evidence, there seems little 
cause for regret, as far as this selection is concerned, that access 
was not obtained to the originals. 

JOSEPH STEVENSON. 



London, November 1836. 



Digitized by 



Google 



CONTENTS. 



1543. PAOB 

May 2. 1. Letter from Thomas Lord Wharton, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. 

Dat Carlisle, 2d May [1543.] From the original in the Talbot MS. A, p. 107, ' 1 
Dec 3. 2. ** The names of the Lordes of the Counsail aU Edinburghe," [Sd Dec. 1543.] 

From the contemporaneous copy in the Talbot MS. A, p* 367> 2 

1544. 
May .. 3. Journal of the expedition of the Earl of Hertfort into Scotland, in May 1544. 

From the contemporaneous copy in the Harl. MS. 6047, fol. 58, b. 3 

July 5. 4. Letter from the Lords of the CouncO, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Dat. 

Westminster, 5th July 1544. From the original in the Talbot MS. A, p. 125, 6 
Aug. 6. 5. Letter from Thomas Lord Wharton, addressed to the same. Dat. Carlisle, 

6th Aug. [1544.] From the original in the Talbot MS. A, p. 129, 7 

Aug. .. 6. Letter from Robert Scot of Wamfray, addressed to Thomas Lord Wharton, 

inclosed in the preceding letter, [.. Aug. 1544.] From the original in the 

Talbot MS. A, p. 128, ib, 

Aug. 21. 7. Letter from the Lords of the Council, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. 

Dat Hampton Court, 21st Aug. 1544. From the original in the Talbot 

MS. A, p. 133, ........ 8 

Oct. 27. 8. Letter from Thomas Lord Wharton, addressed to the same. Dat. Carlisle, 27th 

Oct. [1544.] From the contemporaneous copy in the Talbot MS. A, p. 85, 9 
No?. 30. 9. Letter from John Kerr of Fernyhurst and John Ogle, addressed to the English 

Warden of the Middle Marches. Dat. Fernyhurst, 30th Nov. [1544.] 

From the contemporaneous copy in the Talbot MS. A, p. 173, 11 

Nov. 30. 10. Letter from the Lords of the Council, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury, 

the Bishop of Durham, and Sir Ralph Sadler. Dat. Westminster, 30th Nov. 

[1544.] From the original in the Talbot MS. A, p. 171, ib. 

Dec. 1. 11. Letter from Robert Scot of Wamfray, addressed to Thomas Lord Wharton. 

Dat. Wamfray, [1st Dec 1544.] From the contemporaneous copy in the 

Talbot MS. A, p. 177, .... 13 

Dec. 4. 12. Letter from Thomas Lord Wharton, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. 

Dat. Carlisle, 4th Dec 1544. From the contemporaneous copy in the Talbot 

MS. A, p. 175, ....... ib, 

Dec .. 13. Letter from the Baitsones and Thomsones, addressed to Thomas Lord Whar- 

ton, [.. Dec. 1544.] From the original (?) m the Talbot MS. A, p. 179, 15 

C 



Digitized by 



Google 



xviii CONTENTS. 

1544. PAGs 

Dec 20. 14. Letter from John Kerr, Laird of Femeyhirst, addressed to the Earl of Shrews- 
bury. Dat. Femeyhirst, 20th Dec. [1544.] From the original in the Tal- 
bot MS. P, p. 325, ..... 16 
1545. 

Feb. 19. 15. Letter from the Lords of the Council, addressed to Thomas Lord Wharton. 
Dat. Westminster, I9th Feb. 1544 [-5.] From the contemporary copy in 
the Talbot MS. A, p. 285, ...... 17 

Mar. 1. 16. Letter from John Wright, addressed probably to the Earl of Shrewsbury. 
Dat. Alnwick, 1st Mar. 1544 [-^.j From the original in the Talbot MS. 
A, p. 299. ........ 18 

Mar. 28. 17. Anonymous letter, addressed apparently to the Earl of Shrewsbury. [Dat. 

28th Mar. 1545.] From the original 00 in the Talbot MS. A, p. 417, 20 

1547. 

Aug. 22. 18. Letter from Sir Ralph Sadler, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Dat. 

Berwick, 22d Aug. [1547.] From the original in the Talbot MS. B, p. 17, 21 

Sept 6. 19. Letter from the same, addressed to the same. Dat. Berwick, 6th Sept. [1547.] 

From the origmal in the Talbot MS. B, p. 27, . • . 22 

Sept. U. 20. Letter fit)m Sir Edward Dudley, addressed to the same. Dat. Hume Castle, 

nth Sept. [1547.] From the original in the Talbot MS. B, p. 65, 24 

1548. 

June 21. 21. Letter from N. Boyyyle, addressed to the same. Dat. Newcastle, 21st June 

1548. From the original in the Talbot MS. B, p. 103, . ib. 

Aug. 5. 22. Letter from Sir John Luttrell, addressed to the same, and to the Lord Grey 
of Wilton. Dat. Bourty Craig, 5th Aug. 1548. From the original in the 
Talbot MS. B, p. 41, . . 25 

Aug. 21. 23. Letter from Thomas Lord Wharton, addressed to the same. Dat. Carlisle, 

21st Aug. 1548. From the original in the Talbot MS. B, p. 89, . 27 

Oct. 4. 24. Letter from William Lord Grey of Wihon, addressed to the Lord Protector ] 
Somerset. Dat. Roxburgh, 4th Oct. 1548. From the original in the Cotton. 
MS. Calig. B, Tii. fol. 323, ..... 29 

Oct 11. 25. Letter frt>m Thomas Fisher, addressed to the same. Dat Camp at the 
Pethes, lltfa Oct 1548. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, 
viL fol. 325, ..... . .30 

1549. 

July 24. 26. Letter from Sir Thomas Hotcrofr, addressed to the same. Dat. Camp at the 
[Pethes,] 24th July 1549. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, 
vii. fol. 398, ....... 36 

July .. 27. Fragment of a Letter from the same, addressed to the same. [„ July 1549.] 

From the original in die Cotton. MS. Calig. B, vii. fol. 399, . 39 

Sept. 25. 28. Letter from the same, addressed to the same. Dat Fort at Dungjass, 25th 

Sept. [1549.] From the original in the Cotton. Ma Calig. B, vii. fol. 486, .42 

Sept 27. 29. Letter from the some, addressed to the same. Dat Fort at Dunglass, 27th 

Sept. [1549.] From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, vii. foL 494, 47 



Digitized by 



Google 



CONTENTS. xix 

1550. rAGx 

Feb. 23. SO. <* Therle of Angus talkes and menage sent to me, thede of Levenas, witht 

my serramit, William Patersone, the xxiij day of Fehruarii 1549" [-50.] 

From the contemporaneous copy in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, yu, fi>L 436, 53 
Mar. 11. 31. Letter from Matthew Earl of Lennox, addressed to the Earl of Northampton. 

Dat. nth Mar. 1549 [-50.] From the original In the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, 

viLfd.435, ..... . . 54 

1552. 
Nov. 1. 32. Letter from Patrick Earl of Bothwell, addressed to the Lords of the Privy 

Council of England. Dat Newcastle, 1st Nov. 1552. From the original in the 

Cotton. MS. Calig. B, vii. fol. 470, . .... 55 

Not. 5. 33. Letter from Thomas Bishop, addressed to Thomas Lord Wharton. Dat. 

Newcastle, 5th Nov. 1552. From a copy written by Ralph Starkey in the 

HarL MS. 353, foL 125, 57 

1553. 
Feb. .. 34. Letter from John Lord Conyers, addressed to die Earl of Shrewsbury. 

[.. Feb. 1553.] From the original In the Talbot MS. C, p. 129, 59 

1555. 
June 26. 35. Letter from the Lords of the Council, addressed to William Lord Dacre. 

Dat. 26th June 1555. From the contemporaneous copy in the Talbot MS. 

C, p- 67, . . . . . . . 60 

June 26. 36. Letter from the same, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Dat. Hamp- 

ton Court, 26th June 1555. From the original in the Talbot MS. C, p. 71, 62 
July 4. 37. Letter from John Lord Conyers, addressed to the same. Dat. Berwick, 4th 

July 1555. From the original in the Talbot MS. C, p. 75, . 63 

July 23. 38. Letter from Thomas Lord Wharton, addressed to the same. Dat. Alnwick, 

23d July 1555. From the original In the Talbot MS. C, p. 91, . 65 

1556. 
July 23. 39. Letter from Leonard Dacre, addressed to the same. Dat. Gariisle, 23d July 

1556. From the original in the Talbot MS. C, p. 266, 66 

1557. 
Sept. .. 40. Letter from William Swinhoe, addressed to the same. Dat. Comhill, .. 

Sept. 1557. From the contemporaneous copy in the Talbot MS. D, p. 162, 67 
Oct. .. 41. " Articles of the procedinges of the quene of Soottes," [.. Oct. 1557.] From the 

contemporaneous copy in the Talbot MS. D, p. 197t . 68 

Oct. 25. 42. <* The Intellygence that Barwyke the Purcetaunt brought from AyUmowthe 

from Kirkald^, the zxrth of October," [1557.] From the contemporaneous 

copy in the Talbot MS. D, p. 265, ..... 69 

Not. 10. 43. " The names of the gentlemen taken at the battayOe of Blackbeirye [or Black- 

atter], the xth of November 1557." From the oontemporaoeous copy in 

the Talbot MS. D, p. 278, 70 

1558. 
May 2i. 44. Letter from Sir Henry Percy, addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Dat. 

Norfaam, 2l8t May 155a F^rom the origmal Is the Talbot MS. P, p. 323, 71 



Digitized by 



Google 



XX CONTENTS. 

1569. TAom 

Nov. 10. 45. ** Intelligence out of Scotland, 10th Not. 1559." From the contemporaneous 

copy in the Ck>tton. MS. Cahg. B, x. foL 52, . .75 

Nov. 17. 46. Letter from James Stewart, Prior of St Andrews, addressed to Sir Ralph 
Sadler, and Sir James Croft, Knights. Dat St Andrews, 17th Nov. 1559. 
From the original m the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, x. fol. 187, b. . 78 

Nov. 19. 47. Letter from Henry Balnaves of Hallhill, addressed to the same. Dat. St 
Andrews, 19th Nov. 1559. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, 
ix. fol. 82, . . . . . 1^. 

Dec. 21. 48. Letter from James Hamilton Earl of Arran, addressed to Sir William Cecil 
Dat. Hamilton, 21st Dec. [1559.] From the original in the Cotton. MS. 
Calig. B, X. fol. 180, ....... 73 

1560. 

Mar. 27. 49. Letter from Jacques de la Brosse, and Nicholas de Pelleve, Bishop of Amiens, 
addressed to the Cardinal of Lorrain and the Duke of Guise. Dat. Edin- 
burgh, 27th Mar. 1560. Fr. From the contemporaneous copy in the Cot- 
ton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 95, b. . . . 79 

May 3. 50. Letter from Mary Queen Dowager of Scotland, addressed to M. D'Oysel, 
[3d Blay 1560.] F)r. From the contemporaneous transcript in the Cotton. 
MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 98, b. . . . .80 

May 4. 51. List of the number of troops to be employed in the assault made upon Leith 
by the English. Dat. 4th May 1560. From the contemporaneous copy in 
the Talbot MS. E, p. 97, . . . . . . 82 

Dec. 31. 52. Portion of a letter frt>m a person unknown, addressed to Sir Robert Dudley. 
Dat. Orleans, 31st Dec. 1560. From an early transcript in the Harl. MS. 
6990, art. 2, . . . . .84 

53. " Thoffice of the Treasurer of the Queue's Majestie's armye sent into Scot- 
land to the seige of Leethe" in 1560. From a copy, made in 1588, in the 
Lansd. MS. 58, art. 67, . . . . 85 

1561. 

June 30. 54. Letter from Sir William Cecil, addressed to Thomas Randolph. Dat. Green- 

wich, 30th June 1561. From the original in the Harl. MS. 6990, art 6, 89 

Sept. 1. 55. Letter from Mary Queen of Scots, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. 
Holyroodhouse, 1st Sept. 19 Mary. From the original in the Cotton. MS. 
Calig. B, ix. fol. 165, ....... 90 

Oct. 5. 56. Letter from Thomas Randolph, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Edin- 
burgh, 5th Oct. 1561. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. 
fol. 170 91 

Oct. 12. 57. Letter from the same, addressed apparently to the same. Dat. Berwick, 12th 
Sept. [Oct.?] 1561. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 

167, 98 

1562. 

Feb. 9. 58. Letter from Thomas Bischop, addressed to the same. Dat. 9th Feb. 1561 [-2.] 

From the original in the Harl. MS. 289, fol. 73, ... 97 



Digitized by 



Google 



CONTENTS. xxi 

1562. FAC« 

Feb. 9. 59. Memorandum, apparently in the writing of Thomas Bischop, without signa- 
ture, address, or date ; but apparently early in 1562. From the original in 
the Harl MS. 289, fol. 75 101 

Not. 18. 60. Letter fix>m Thomas Randolph, addressed to Robert Lord Dudley. Dat. Edin- 
burgh, 18th Nov. 1562. From the original in the Cott. MS. Calig. B, iz. 
fol. 175, 102 

Not. 30. 61. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat Edinburgh, 30th 

Nov. 1562. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 177, 105 

Dec 3. 62. Letter from the same, addressed to the same. Dat. Edinburgh, 3d Dec. 1562. 

F^om the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 179, 107 

1564. 

Feb. 10. 63. Letter fix>m the Lords of Privy Council, addressed to Thomas Randolph. 
Dat. Wmsdor, 10th Feb. 1563 [-4.] From the original in the Lansd. MS. 
no. 6, art 18, . . . . . 112 

Dec. .. 64. Anonymous letter, addressed apparently to the Earl of Bedford. Without 
date, but written in Dec. 1564. From the contemporaneous copy, in a Scot- 
tish hand, in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 210, .111 
1565. 

April 3. 65. Letter from Sir John Forster, addressed apparently to the Earl of Bedford. 
Dat at his house near Alnwick, 3d April 1565. From the contempora- 
neous copy in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 230, . 113 

May 1. 66. Letter from the Lords of the Privy CouncU of England, addressed to Queen 
Mary. Dat Westminster, 1st May 1565. From the original in the Harl. MS. 
6990, art. 32, . . . . . . . 115 

67. Letter from Queen Mary, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Perth, 14th 
June 1565. From Forbes' transcript in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 3, . 117 

68. Letter from the Earl of Argyll, and James Stewart, addressed to Thomas Ran- 
dolph. Dat. Lochleven, 1st July 1565. From the original in the Cotton. 
MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 236, . . . . 118 

69. Letter from Thomas Randolph, addressed to Sir William Cecil Dat. Edin- 
burgh, 16th July 1565. From the original in the CoUon. MS. Calig. B, x. 
fol. 311, ib. 

70. Letter from Queen Elizabeth, addressed to Thomas Randolph. Dat 30th 
July 1565. From Forbes' transcript of a copy in Cecil's hand, in the Addit. 
MS. 4126, n. 4, . . . . 127 

71. Letter from the Earl of Bedford, addressed to Sir William Cecil Dat. Berwick, 
18th Aug. 1565. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, x. foL 331, 128 

72. Letter from Henry Lord Scrope, addressed to the same. Dat. Carlisle, 22d 
Aug. 1565. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 226, 131 

73. Letter from Queen Mary, addressed to Thomas Randolph. Dat Glasgow, 8th 
Sept. [1565.] From the contemporaneous copy in the Lansd. MS. no. 8, 
art. 39, . 133 



June 


14. 


July 


1. 


July 


16. 


July 


30. 


Aug. 


18. 


Aug. 


22. 


Sept. 


8. 



Digitized by 



Google 



FACE 



xxii CONTENTS. 

1565. 

Sept. 24. 74, " The priDcipdl poyntes to be remembred and considered in the matter of 
Scotland," 18th Nov. 1564_I9th Sept 1565. Dat. Westm. 24th Sept. 
15G5. From the original in Cecil's hand» in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, x. 
foL840» ...... 183 

Oct. 5. 75. Letter from the Earl of Bedford, addressed to the Earl of Leicester. Dat. 
Alnwick, 5th Oct. 1565. From an early transcript in the Harl. MS. 787, 
fol. 11, . . 145 

1566. 

Jan. 16. 76. Letter from Thomas Randolph, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Edinb. 
16th Jan. 1565 [-6.] From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, iz. 
fol. 220, ....... .146 

Jan. 24. 77- Letter from the same, addressed to the same. Dat. Berwick, 24th Jan. 

1565 [-6.] From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 216, 148 

Feb. 7. 78. Letter from the same, addressed to the same. Dat. Edinburgh, 7th Feb. 
1565 [-6.] From the contemporary transcript in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, x. 
fol. 369, ........ 152 

Feb. 8. 79. Letter from the Eari of Bedford, addressed to the same. Dat. Berwick, 8tb 

Feb. 1565 [-6.] From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, ix. foL 214, 154 

Feb. 14. 80. Letter from the same, addressed to the same. Dat. Berwick, 14th Feb. 

1565 [.6.] From the original in the CoUon. MS. Calig. B, x. fol. 390, 156 

May 7. 81. Letter from Queen Elizabeth, addressed to Sir John Forster. Dat. Green- 
wich, 7th May 1566. From the contemporaneous copy, endorsed by Cecil, 
in the Lansdowne MS. no. ix. art. 19, . . 159 

May 24. 82. Letter from the same, addressed to Thomas Randolph. Dat. Greenwich, 24th 

May 1566. From the original in the Lansdowne MS. no. ix. art. 20, 161 

Aug. 3. 83. Letter from the Earl of Bedford, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Ber- 
wick, 3d Aug. 1566. From the original in the Cotton. MS. Calig. B, x. 
fol. 380, ..... . . .163 

Nov. 13. 84. Letter fi>om Sir Robert Melvill, addressed to the Archbishop of Glasgow. Dat. 
London, 13th Not. 1566. From Dr Grid's transcript in the Sloane MS. 
3199, fol. 144, b. . . . . 166 

.. .. 85. ** Informacione for my Lord of Bedforde, concemynge the Erie of Morton, 

Lorde Ruthven, and other frendes, to be declared to the Quenes Majestie 
of Englande, and such others as the said Lord plesetH best," [1566.] 
Fr9m the contemporary transcript in the Harl. MS. 289, foL 96, 169 

1567. 

Feb. 18. 86. Letter from Queen Mary, addressed to the Archbishop of Glasgow. Dat. 
Seton, 18th Feb. 1566 [-7] From Dr Gray*s transcript in the Sloane 
MS. 3199, foL 133, . . . '. . . 170 

Mar. 11. 87. Letter from the Archbishop of Glasgow, addressed to Queen Mary. Dat. 
Paris, 1 1th March 1567. From Dr Gray's transcript from the Archbishop's 
autograph draft, in the Sloane MS. 3199, fol. 135, . 173 



Digitized by 



Google 



CONTENTS. Miii 

1567. FACK 

May 37. 88. Letter from Queen Mary, addressed to the Archbishop of Glasgow. Dat. 
Edinburgh, 27th May 1567. From Dr Oray's transcript from the original, 
in the Sloane MS. 3199, fol. 150, .... 176 

May 27. 89. Letter from Lord Bothwell, addressed to the same. Dat Edinburgh, 27th 
May 1567> From Dr Gray's transcript from the original, in the Sloane 
MS. 3199, foL 150, b. ...... 178 

June 80. 90. Letter from Queen Elizabeth, addressed to Queen Mary. Dat. Richmond, 
30th June 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from a copy in Cecil's hand, 
m the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 7, . . 179 

July 1. 91. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William CecU. From 
Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in his own hand in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 8, . . . 180 

July 1. 92. Letter from Secretary Maitland, addressed to Sir William Cecil Dat. Edin- 
burgh, 1st July [1567*] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in 
his own hand m the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 9, 182 

July 2. 93. Extract of a Letter from Sir Henry Norreys, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. 
Dat. Poysey, 2d July 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original 
in his own hand in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 12, 164 

July 2. 94. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. 
Ware, 2d July [1567*] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 11, . . 186 

July 2. 95. Letter from the Earl of Murray, addressed to the same. Dat. Paris, 2d July 
[1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State Paper 
Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 10, . . . . 187 

July 3. 96. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William CeciL Dat 
Stylton, dd July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 13, . . 188 

July 6. 97. Letter from the Earl of Morton, addressed to Sir John Forster. Dat. Edin- 
burghe, 6th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transaipt from the original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 14, . . 189 

July 7. 98. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton to Sir William CeciL Dat. New- 
castle, 7th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 15, . . 190 

July 8. 99. Letter from Maitland of Lethington to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. Dat 
8th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original in the 
State Paper Office, m the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 17, . . 191 

July 8. 100. Letter from Mr Heneage, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. from the 
Courte, 8th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original 
in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 16, . . 192 

July 9. 101. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William Cecil. 
Dat. Berwick, 9th July [1567.] Prom Dr Forbes' transcript fi^m the 
original m the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 18, . 193 



Digitized by 



Google 



xxiv CONTENTS. 

1567. 

July 10. 102. Order of the Lords against the Queen for cunzing her plate. Dat Edinburgh, 
10th July [1567.] From Dr Gray's transcript from the original, in the 
Sloane MS. 3199, foL 157, 194 

July 11. 103. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William CecQ. 
Dat. Berwick, 11th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
original m the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126» n. 19, . 195 

July 11. 104. Letter from the Earl of Argyle, addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. 
Dat. Castle Campbell, 1 1 th July [ 1 567*] From Dr Forbes' transcript from 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 20, . . 196 

July 12. 105. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William CecU. 
Dat. Fast Castle. 12th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from 
the original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 21, 197 

July 12. 106. Letter from the Archbishop of St Andrews and the Abbot of Arbroath, 
addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. Dat. Hamilton, 12th July 
[1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from a copy by Sir Nicholas's 
secretary, in the State Paper Office, m the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 22, 199 

July 13. 107. Letter from Mr Jenye, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Rye, 13th 
July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 23, . . .200 

July 14. 108. Letter from Queen Elizabeth, addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. Dat. 
14th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from a draft corrected by 
Cecil, in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 27, . 202 

July 14. 109. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. 
Edinburgh, 14th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 26, 203 

July 14. 110. Letter from the same, addressed to the Archbishop of St Andrew's and the 
Abbot of Arbroath. Dat. Edinburgh, 14th July [1567.] From Dr 
Forbes' transcript from a copy written by Sir Nicholas* secretary, in the 
State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 25, . . 209 

July 14. Ill- Letter from the same to the Earl of Argyle. Dat. Edinburgh, 14th July 
[1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from a copy written by Sir 
Nicholas' secretary, in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 
4126, n. 24, . . . . . . .210 

July 14. 112. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat Edinburgh, 14th 
July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the autograph original 
in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 28, . 211 

July 16. lis. Letter from Charles the Ninth, king of France, to Queen Elizabeth. Dat 
Escoven, 16th July [1567.] Fr, From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 73, . 212 

July 16. 114. Letter from Catharine de Medicis, queen dowager of France, addressed to 
Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Escoven, 16th July [1567.] Fr, From Dr Forbes* 
transcript from the original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 
4126, n. 74, ..... . .213 



Digitized by 



Google 



CONTENTS- xxY 

1567. PAGE 

July 16. 115. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to the same. Dat. 
Edinburgh, 16th July [1567.] From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 29, . 214 

July 16. 116. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William Cecil. 
Dat. Edinburgh, 16th July 1567* From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
autograph original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4125, n. 80, 218 

July 18. 117* Letter from the same, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Edinburgh, 18th 
July 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 31, . . . 219 

July 18. 118. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William CeciL Pat. Edinburgh, 18th 
July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 32, ... 224 

July 19. 119. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Edinburgh, 19th 
July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the autograph original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 34, . .225 

July 20. 120. Letter from Sir Walter Mildmay, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Ap- 
thorp, 20th July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 35, 226 

July 20. 121. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to the Earl of Bedford. 
Dat. Edinburgh, 20th July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 86, . 227 

July 20. 122. Letter from Queen Elizabeth, addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. 
From Dr Forbes' transcript of a drafr corrected by Cecil, in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 87, . . .229 

July 20. 123. The answer of the Lords of Scotland to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, am- 
bassador there. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 39, . . . 232 

July 21. 124. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. 
Edinburgh, 21st July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the origi- 
nal in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 38, . 237 

July 28. 125. Letter from Sir Henry Norreys, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Paris, 
23d July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the 
State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 75, . . 241 

July 24. 126. Letter from the Archbishop of St Andrews and the Abbot of Arbroath, 
addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. Dat. Hamilton, 24th July 1567. 
From Dr Forbes' transcript from a copy by Sir Nicholas' secretary, in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 42, . . 244 

July 25* 127. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir WilBam CeciL Dat. 
Edinburgh, 25th July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the auto- 
graph original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 45, 245 

July 26. 128. Letter from the same to the Archbishop of St Andrews and the Abbot of Ar- 
broath. Dat. Edinburgh, 26th July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from 

d 



Digitized by 



Google 



XXVI 




156; 


r. 


July 


26. 


July 


26. 


July 


26. 


July 


31. 


July 


31. 


Aug. 


2. 


Aug. 


4. 


Aug. 


7. 


Aug. 


9. 


Aug. 


12. 


Aug. 


13. 


Aug. 


14. 


Aug. 


... 


Aug. 


20, 



CONTENTS, 



a copy written by Sir ^Hcholas' secretaiy, in the State Paper Office, in the 
Addit. MS. 4126, n. 46, .... . 246 

129. Letter from the same, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Edinburgh, 26th 

July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 47, ... 247 

130. Letter from the same, addressed to the Earl of Leicester. Dat. Edinburgh, 

26th July 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the 
State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 48, . . 253 

131. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Edinburgh, 26th 

July 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the autograph original in 

the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 49, . . 254 

132. Letter from the same, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Edinburgh, 31st 

July 1567* From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, m the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 51, . . . 255 

133. Letter from the same, addressed to the Earl of Leicester. Dat. Edinburgh, 

31st July 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript of the autograph original in 

the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 52, . . 260 

134. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William CecO. Dat. Edinburgh, 2d 

August 1567- From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit* MS. 4126, n. 53, . . . 263 

135. Letter from Sir Walter Mildmay, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. 

Apthorp, 4th August 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original 

in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 54, . . 264 

136. Letter fit)m Mr Bernard Hampton, addressed to Sir William Cecfl. Dat. 

Windsor, 7th August 1567* From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original 

in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 76, . . 266 

137. Letter frt>m Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Secretary Cecil. Dat. 

Edinburgh, 9th Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original 

in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 56, . 267 

138. Letter from the same, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. Edinburgh, 

12th Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original in the 
State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 57, . . . 268 

139. Letter frt)m the same, addressed to the same. Dat. Edinburgh, ISth Aug. 

1567> From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in the State Paper 
Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 59^ . . . . 272 

140. Letter from the same to the same. Dat. Ediuburgh, 14th August 1567. 

From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original in the State I^aper Office^ 

in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 61, . . . . 274 

141. Letter from the Archbishop of St Andrews and others^ addressed to Sir 

Nicholas Throckmorton. N. D. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
State Paper Office^ in the Addit. MS. 4126^ n. 62^ . . 278 

142. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to the Archbishop of 



Digitized by 



Google 



CONTENTS. Mvii 



1567. 



St Andrews and others. Dat. Edinbuigh^ 20th August 1567. From Dr 
Forbes* transcript of a copy written by Sir Nicholas' secretary^ in the 
State Paper Office^ in the Addit. MS. 4126^ n. 63^ . . 280 

Aug. 20. 143. Letter from the same^ addressed to Sir William Cedl. Dat. Edinburgh^ 20th 
Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes* transcript from the original in the State 
Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126^ n. 65, ... 281 

Aug. 22. 144. Articles agreed upon between the Earl of Murray and the Lords of the Secret 
Council and others of the nobility and estates of Scotland. Dat. 22d 
Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the State Paper Office, in 
the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 77, 283 

145. The Oath made by the Earl of Murray at the acceptation of his regency. Dat. 
22d Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the State Paper 
Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 78^ . . . 286 

146. Letter from Lord Herries, addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. Dat. 
Dumfries, 23d Aug. 1567* From Dr Forbes' transcript of a copy sent to 
Cecil, in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 67, . 287 

147. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Queen Elizabeth. Dat. 
Edinburgh, 23d Aug. 1567* From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original 
in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. Ma 4126, n. 68, . . 289 

148. Letter from the same, addressed to Lord Herrys. Dat. Edinburgh, 24th 
Aug. 1567. From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 69, . . . 292 

149. Letter from the same, addressed to Sir William Cecil. Dat. Edinburgh, 26th 
Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from a copy by Sir Nicholas* se- 
cretary, in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 70, . 293 

150. Letter from Queen Elizabeth, addressed to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. [Dat 
29th Aug. 1567*] From Dr Forbes' transcript from a copy by Cecil, in the 
State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 71, • . . 295 

151. Letter from the Earl of Murray, addressed to Sir William CedL Dat. Edin- 
burgh, 30th Aug. 1567. From Dr Forbes' transcript from the original in 
the State Paper Office, in the Addit MS. 4126, n. 71, . 296 

152. Letter from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, addressed to Sir William Cecil. , 
Dat. Berwick, 1st Sept 1567* From Dr Forbes' transcript from the 
original in the State Paper Office, in the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 72, . 297 

153. Letter from the Archbishop of Glasgow, addressed to the Cardinal of Lor-> 

raine. Dat. 8th Dec. 1567* Fr. From Dr Gray's transcript in the Sloane 
MS. 3199, fol. 157, 302 

Dec. ... 154. Questions asked to be solved by the Lords of the Articles. Dat Dec. 1567- 

From Dr Gray's transcript in the Sloane MS. foL 168, . . 304 

1568. 

Feb. 6. 155. Letter from the Archbishop of Glasgow, addressed to the Cardinal of Lor- 
raine. Dat Paris, 6th Feb. 1567[-^], FV* From Dr Gray's transcript 
in the Sloane MS. 3199, fol 159, . . . . .305 



Aug. 


22. 


Aug. 


23. 


Aug. 


23. 


Aug. 


24. 


Aug. 


26. 


Aug. 


29. 


Aug. 


30. 


Sept 


1. 


Dec 


8. 



Digitized by 



Google 



xxviii CONTENTS. 

1568. rAGK 

May 3. 156. Cecil-s adrice to Queen Elizabeth upon the affidn of Scotland. Dat. 3d 

Bfay 1568. From the original in CecH's hand^ in the Cotton. MS. Calig. 

a i, foL 58, . . . . . . . 308 

Ma J ... 157* Instructions given to Mr Thomas Leighton, sent kito Scotland. Dat. 

May 1568. From the contemporary copy ki the Cotton. MS. Calig. C. i, 

fol. 57, . . . . . . . . 309 



Digitized by 



Google 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



OP 



THE REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS LORD WHARTON TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

Mat 2, 1543.* 

Pleasid your honorable lordfliipe to be advertifed that I appoyntid ane 
efpiall of myne to lie at Edinburghe to get intelligence as he could, and 
as he might to write the fame unto my deputie cuftomer of Carlifle, to 
whome he haith fent a bill, whiche I fende unto your lordfliipe herein 
enclofed. The bill was wryttin at Edinburghe upon Wednifday laft. By 
all the intelligence I cane here the eril of the Ylles preparithe to anoy 
therlles of Argill and Hunttley, and to kepe theme occupied. 

Advertifing your lordfliipe that the laft of Aprill in the day light the 
fouldiours of LanghoUme brent a towne in Tividaill callid Whitflaides, 
with muche come in the fame, and in thare home cummyng the countrie 
aroofe with fray and perfewide them varie ftrait. They have, in the en- 
countres amongft theme, hurt fondrie Scottifmenne and flaine fum of 
thare horfes, brought away five prefoners, one a gentlemane callid Watt 
Scot, ner kynnefman to the lairde Bukcleughe, with xxx nowt, fex hqrfe 
and naiges; and came away with out hurt. 

The firft of May in the night on Criftie Armftrang with xxx Scotifli- 
men aflured brent a towne in Anerdaille called Sowrefakes, and all the 

• From the Talbot Papers, vol. A, p. 107. 



Digitized by 



Google 



2 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

corae ther llandinge on the watter of Mylk, brought away certaine naiges, 
and iiij prefoners all hurt. 

Robert Maxwelle came the xxviij of Aprill to Dumfriis and [is] in gret 
favour and truft with the Goveraour and Cardenall. 
. Thus Almightie God preferve your lordfhipe in honour. At Cariifle 
the fecond of May, 

Your lordfhipes humble 
at comaimdement, 

Thomas Whabtton. 

To the right honorable my 
lord of Shrewfburie, the 
kinges majeilies lieuten- 
ant in the north, hail, 
poil, haft, haft, haft. 



THE NAMES OF THE LORDES OF THE COUNSAILL ATT EDINBURGHE, 

[DkcsmixkS, 1543.]* 



Firft, the Govemour. 



On his right hande; " 
The Cardinalle, 

Bufliope of Glafco, chauncellour, 
The bufliope of Murrei, 
Bufliope of Brechan, 
Bufliope of Dunbleane, 
The lord of Saint Johne, 
Thabbot of Cambuflcennelle. 



On his left hande; 
Therle of Angus, 
Therle Bothwell, 
Therle of Crawfurthe, 
Therle of Caffill, 
Therle of Glencarf , 
The lord Bortike, 
The lord Graie, 
The lord Ogelbe, 
The lord Glames. 



• From the Talbot Papers, voL A, p. 367. 



Digitized by 



Google- 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 3 

M' James Folles, 
clerke of the 
regiftarie. 

Thabbote of Pafle, 
going after the counfaill. 

Standing before the barre, 
John of Cledifdelle and 
Archebawd Beton. 

The Goveraour, the Cardenall, and 
the Frenche ambaffadoure fpak 
long gether in fecrete. 

It was fliewed unto me by fome of the lordes that the king of Fraunce 
could fend no fupporte by caus he thought the lordes fo fleighte and 
unconflant, but att the fpringe of the yere [he] belevid well he fliold fende 
in fo many as fliold conqueft Scottland, feing he fawe it was to be con-, 
quell; and befoughte every good Scottifman to (land att defenfe unto 
that tyme, and thei that did otherwife thei fliold be praye to Fraunce att 
their commyng afore Englande. 



JOURNAL OF THE EXPEDITION OF THE EARL OF HERTFORD INTO 
SCOTLAND, » Mat, 1644.* 

Anno regni regis Henrici o6lavi 35, in Marche, 1544, therle of Hertford, 
beinge the kinges majefl.ies lieftenaunte generall in the parties of the 
northe, was recevid into the towne of Nuecaftle as foUoweth, where he 

* From the Harl MS. 6047, fol. 58, b. 



Digitized by 



Google 



4 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

leyet in gatheringe and poyntinge of his menn till the latter ende of 
Aprell and the begynnynge of May, anno 36 Hen, VIIL, 1544. 

In primis, fyrft rodde iij M* northeme horfe men, in jackes, with 

fpeares. 
Thenne nobles and gentlemenn, in cotes of blacke velvett and 

cheynes of golde, to the noumbre of viiij". 
Then iij tnimpettes and iij claryons. 
Then iij ofiycers of annes in theyre cotes of armes. 
Then a gentleman beringe a naked fword. 
Then therle hym celfe in ryche apparrell. 
Then iiij pages of honour rychelie clothid. 
Then viij" of his fervauntes in his lyverey. 
And laft v" fotemen on fote. 

The iij of Maye, beinge Settredaye, the landed in the Frythe with ij* 
fayle, the vifcont Lifle being lord Admyrall; and berayd St Mynettes. 

Item, the iiij*^ of May tharmye landed about Newehaven, and pro- 
ceaded forward in iij battells, the lord Admirall the forward, therle of 
Shrewfburye the rerewarde, and therle of Hertford the battell, where be- 
fide Lythe the founde the Scottes readie, with yj" horfemen befide fote- 
men, to lldppe the paflage, but feinge our men fo willinge to fight with 
them they fledd awaye, the Cardinall and Governour and other erles fyrft, 
and there the wanne Lythe towne and the haven. 

The y^ day the galley with certen fhipps bumyd the Queues Ferye on 
both fides the wattre, and toke a fortrefle called Hynchegarayn, and 
tharmye proceaded toward Edenboroughe. 

The vj* day of Maye the wanne Edenboroughe with aflaulte, and 
burnyd and fpoyled parte therof, with' thabbay called Hollye Roode 
Howfe and the kings pallyce adjoynyng to the fame. 

Fryday and Setterday next followinge the bumyd the reft of the towne, 
and the horfemen bumyd Lawreflitone with the Graimge, a pyle called 
the Weft or Wefter Cragge, Dreylawe, the pyle and towne of Ender- 
leghe Cragge, the Maynes of Enderleghe, Browton, the Den, the Eftre 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 5 

Seeles and the Wefter Seeles, Heyprycke, the Eftre Myles, and the 
Wefter Myles. 

Aboute this tyme cam ij" light horfemen fent thether by the kinge, 
after whofe comynge the clere forfoke theyre fhippes and fente them home 
laden with fpoyle and gunfhotte, and returnid home on fote throwghe the 
mayne cuntrey of Scotland, buraynge bothe pyle, fortreffe and towne 
which was in theyre waye, and loft fkante xl. perfons. 

The xij of Maye the wonne the caftle and towne of Craggemytoer, alfo 
Cragge Mylls, and rayfid the pryncypall townes, and burayd Nether 
Dudftone, Fyckettes, Sandhinche, Buttretone, with Prefton towne and 
caftle. 

The XV daye the burned thabbay of Newebottell, parte of Mufkle- 
browghe towne, with the chappell of our Ladye of Lawrett. 

The xvj the burnid Lyeth towne and diftroied the haven and peere, 
and reyfid Seyton caftle, and bumyd Traynnynt, Prefton, and Granges; 
and here was made xlv. knightes. 

The xvij daye of May they burnid Dunbarre, Hadyngton with the 
Freeres and Nunrye, thabbay of Benyftone, Stenton, Warkhill, Trapren, 
the Hill, Lynton, Kyrkbye. 

The xviij the burned Dunbarre towne, Telton unto the caftle foote, 
and put the lord Humes and other to flight and had the fame quyetlie, 
and burnid Eft Barnes, Fawwaynorthe, Lees, Rangenfide, Barton, Cou- 
teredge, Quynwoode, and Blackthome. 

The xix they bumyd Raynton or Raynto, and the Maynes, with foun- 
dry villages, and rayfid the pyle Byckley. 

Alfo they burnid a caftle of Olyver Seyncleres, Benerton, Warkley, 
Hatherwike, Bowland, Blackboume, Cheftrefelles, Stanhowfe, Travent, 
Trapren, Beltone, Crawnend, Shenfton, Kyrkland hill, Quyckwood, 
Byldre, and the towre, with dyverfle other townes and villages which I 
cannot name. 

The fleete bumyd Kynkone, part of Pettiewaynes Ifland, and dyverfle 
other. 



Digitized by 



Google 



6 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM THE LORDS OF THE COUNCIL TO THE EARL OF 
SHREWSBURY, July 5, 1544.» 

After our right harty commendacions unto your good lordfhippe. It 
may like you to underftand that the kinges majeftie, having lately receyvid, 
as your lordfhippe knowyth, a letter from the Dowager of Scotland and 
confiderid the contynew of the fame, hath thought convenient to make 
fuch anfwer unto the fame as fliall appere unto your lordfhippe by the 
copye therof, which youe fhall receyve herewith. Praying youre lordfhip 
to take ordre for the conveyng of it to the fayd Dowager with as moche 
fpede as may be conveniently, fignifying further unto your lordfhip that 
youe fhall receyve herewith a double of the names of all the prifoners 
which be called in at this prefent, not doubting but if any of them cum in 
youe will take order for them accordingly. And wheras your lordfhippe 
defyred lately to know the kinges majeflies pleafure for your procedings 
in his highnes abfence, we will not faile to take a tyme with his majeflie, 
and to advertife your lordfhippe of his highnes pleafure as fhall apperteyne. 
And thus fare your good lordfhip mofl hartly well. From Weflminfler, 
the \^^ of July, 1544. 

Your good lordfhippes affured loving frendes, 

T. Cantuarien. Thomas Wriothesley Cancel. 

Tho. Westm. E. Hertford. 



William Petrie. 



To our very good lord therle 
of Shrewfbury, the kinges 
majeflies lieutenaunt gene- 
rail in the northe parties. 



* From the Talbot Papers, vol. A, p. 125. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS LORD WHARTON TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

August 6, 1544.* 

Right honorable. Pleafid your lordftiipe to be advertilfede that I have 
receyved a lettre from the larde of Wamfrey, prifoner, whiche lettre I 
fende unto your lordftiipe herin enclofed. Ande our Lorde Gode preferve 
your lordftiipe in honour. At the kinges majefl.ies caflle of Carlifle, the 
vj of Auguft. 

Your lordftiippes humble att commande, 

Thomas Whabtton. 
To the right honorable my lorde 

Shrewft)urie, the kinges majefties 

lieutenaunte in the north. Haft;, 

poft, haft, haft. 



LETTER FROM ROBERT SCOT OF WAMFRAY TO THOMAS LORD WHARTON, 

August, 1544.t 

My lord, I commende my fervil? to gow. 5® ^^^ underft^nde at the 
Govemour kepys the towne of Edinburghe ft:yll, and the queyn cum nocht 
furtht of Styrlyne hef gyt, and my lordis of Anguw^ and Boythwell gad- 
deryt thar folkis and wayttyt one the cummyng of the erll of Huntle and 
Argyll. The erll of Argyll com tyll Edinburghe and fpak with the 
Govemour and raid hif way agane, and the erll of Huntle com nocht 
fra his awne cimtre, and fa they kepyt nocht thar promyf at thay made 
to the erll of Anguifi and Bothwill; and quhen I get may tythandis I 
fall avertis you. And gif thare be ony fteyde or plefour I may doy 

• From the Talbot Papers, vol. A, p. 129. f F'om the Talbot Papers, vol. A, p. 128. 



Digitized by 



Google 



8 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

avertis me he^ gour lordfhip thynkis, and Grift half gour lonUhip in 
kepynge. Be gouris at powar. 



RoBBRT Scot of Wamfiray. 



To ane honorable lord my lord 
Quhartoun, wardin of the weft 
merchis of Ingland. 



LETTER FROM THE LORDS OF THE COUNCIL TO THE EARL OF 
SHREWSBURY. August 21, 1644.» 

After our right harty commendacions unto youre good lordfliipp. Wher- 
as this berar, the lorde of Fyve, being difpeched from the kinges majeftie 
and having his pafport by the queues highnes doth now prefendy repare 
to yow towardes Scotland, we have thought good to commend hym on to 
your lordfliipp, praying yow to tak order for his paflag in to Scotland 
eyther by lande or by the fees as fliall feem to hym moft convenient. 
And thus we bydd yow moft hartely fare well. From Hamptone Court, 
the xxj** of Auguft 1544. 

Your good lordfliippes aflured loving frendes, 
T. Cantuarien. Thomas Wryothesley Cancet. 

Tho. Westm. William Petrb. 

To our very good lord therle 
of Shrewfljerye, the kinges 
majefties lieutenaunt gene- 
rail in the north parties. 

* From the Talbot Papers, toI. A, p. 133. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS LORD WHARTON TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

October 27, 1544.« 

Right honorable, pleafe it youre lordftiippe to be advertifed that I wrote 
a lettre unto the erle of Angwifhe and fent the fame to hym by Richie 
Grame anenft the entree of the larde of Fentree, taken prifoner at 
Solemme Mofle, for whofe entrefle the faid erle llandeth boundene. And 
albeit I have fondrie tymes, at reaquefl of his takers, callid upon hym to 
entre the faide larde, yet I cannot have that matre difcharged accordinge 
to therles bonde and promyfle. And touchinge the fame he hathe writen 
a lettre unto me by the faide Richie, whiche lettre I fende unto youre lord- 
fchippe heerin enclofed, and for the credence he referrethe to Richie 
Grame. He fliewethe me that the faide erle delivered unto hym a bill 
of the names of certaine noble men and gentlemen within that realme, 
all whome arr promifed to bee of the Dowgiers partie ' againfte the 
Govemour, whiche bill I fende alfo unto youre lordfliippe heerewith. 
The erle defired Richie Grame to lett me fee the bill, as he faiethe. 

Richie Grame fliewethe me furthre that upon Tuefdaie laft, the erle 
of Angwiflie and the lorde Flemynge had moche fecreate conference 
togithers, where the lord Flemyng required therle of Angwiflie to fend 
unto me that the faid lord Flemyng wold ferve to the bed he coulde for 
the advauncement of the kinged majefl^ies affaiers in that realme accord- 
inge to his former promifle, and ther with defired therle of Angwiflie to 
bee meane unto me that his landes and frendes might bee forborne by 
the inhabitauntes of Eflcdail, Ewfdaill, and Wacopdaill, Scotiflimen, from 
doeng of difpleafour whiche he fearethe, and I truft fliall have caufe, 
for I entende to pra6life that by them he maie bee annoied this wintre as 
theye maie. 

Richie Grame fliewethe me alfo that upon Wednefdaie laft there was 
a meetinge betweene therls of Angwiflie, Glencarne and Caflelles, and 

* From the Talbot Papers, toI. A, p. 85. 



Digitized by 



Google 



10 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

the fhireff of Ayre, all whiche then agreede tcftande with the Dowgier 
againfte the Goveraour, as heertofore theye have promifed. 

He faiethe furthre that the Goveraoure intendethe to keepe a parlia- 
ment in Edenburghe whiche fhalbe begynne the xij*** daie of Novembre, 
and in licke maner the Dowgier with thofe noble men promifed mito her 
entendethe to keepe a parliament at Sterlinge viij dales aftre the or- 
deres. 

The Govemoure liethe at Edenboroughe and George Dowglas at 
Dalkethe. There arr many argumentes of difpleafure betweene them. 
And thus the holie Trinitie have youre lordfhippe evermore in his blefled 
prefervaciori. 

At Carlifle the xxvij of Oftobr^. 

Aftre the writinge heerof came unto me oone Davie Yrwin, Scotiflie- 
man, with whome I fent the lorde Maxwelles lettre to Roberte Maxwell 
whiche your lordfhippe fent unto me by the lad pofle. Yrwyn faiethe 
that aftre the deliverie and readinge of the lettre Robert Maxwell faid to 
hym, *^ Davie, howe faies thou? I thinke my fathre woU comme home 
againe and woll deliver the hou^ and holdes that he hathe to the king of 
Englonde and I fhall have no thanke therfore, and woU deliver for his 
pledge Jok Maxwell my brothre." Davie faiethe that he faid to hym 
again, ** Sir, is it not well that youre fathre male comme home againe, 
and to deliver thos houf to the kinges highnes of Inglond and your felf to 
lie in pledge or that fhold faile?" Robert Maxwell aunfuerid exprefllie, 
as Yrwyn faiethe, that he wold never entre in to Englonde as his fathers 
pledge. I know that Robert Maxwell hathe faid that he woll never con- 
fent to deliver aine the houiP his fathre hathe to the kinges majeilies ufe 
nor entre him felf in to Englonde, what fo ever becamme of his fathre. 
He hathe faied thees wourdes to oone whome he Ipeciallie truflethe. 
Your lordfliippes humble at commaundement, 

Thomas Whabtonb. 

Endorfedj 

The copie of the lord Wharton's lettre of the xxvij of 03:obre. 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 11 



LETTER FROM J. KERR OF FERNYHURST AND JOHN OGLE TO THE 
ENGLISH WARDEN OF THE MIDDLE MARCHES, 

NoTEMBEBdO, 1544.* 

Please it your lordfhip to be advertifed of fuche newes as we ar credibly 

enformed of, at the Governour [and] Cardinal! with the lordes of Fyffe 

and Angii? ar this nighte in Adingtone and, as we ar advertifed, entendes 

to be at Ck)ldingham and drawes eafl wardes thether, but when they 

flialbe at the fame we ar not furely advertifed therof, but therle of Hunte- 

ley and therle of Argile ar not with the Governour nor none of ther folkes. 

Alfo therle of Anguf, therle Glencarne, and therle of Caflels, with the 

weil lande men ar this nyght at Peobles and hath bene there the two 

nyghtes by-paft, but we canne not have no knowledge what they woU do 

as yet, but as fone as they^entend to come towardes Jedburghe or any 

other place your lordfhip flialbe advertifed in hafl;. Thus the Holly Good 

etc. At Farnyheril, the xxx of Novembre, 

Your lordflups at commaundement, 

J. Farntherst, 
JoHNE Ogle. 

Poll fcript. My lorde, if therle of Anguf do paffe eaftwardes we flialbe 
redy at your commaundement. 

To my lord warden of the 
myddle marches give this. 



LETTER FROM THE LORDS OF THE COUNCIL TO THE EARL OF SHREWS- 

BURY. THE BISHOP OF DURHAM, AND SIR RALPH SADLER, 

NoTBMBxaaO, 1644.t 

After our right harty commendacions to your good lordfliippes, the fame 
fliall undreflonde that we have receyved your fondrye lettres lately writ- 

* From the Talbot Papers, yol. A, p. 178. f P^m ^^« Talbot Fgpers, toL A, p. 171. 



Digitized by 



Google 



12 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

ten unto us, and therwith all others allfo fent to you from the lord Whar- 
ton and fir George Bowes; the contentes of all which being declared unto 
the kinges highnes his majeflie for anfwer hathe commaunded us to fig- 
nifie unto you, firft, touching the pryorye of Cannebye, a hous of religion 
of the cote of Jedworthe, his majeflie is content the fame to be ordered 
according unto the devyfe of the faid lorde Wharton, who his grace is 
pleafed (hall fupprefle the fame according as others lyke have been fup- 
prefled here in England. The late priour to be named parfon therof, 
with an honefl and convenyent livinge to be afligned unto him out of the 
landes and other comodities of the hous, and the reft to be beftowed on 
[ ] Greme brother to the faid priour, which his grace woUeth 

afwell the faide late priour as the faide Greme fhall receyve at the handes 
of the lord Wharton, as committed unto his free difpofition, to thentent 
they maye by that bonde the more willinglye ferve his highnes undre 
hym. And touching fir George Bowes, albeit the gift of a hole baronye 
in apparence importeth much, yet, in confideracion of his fondrye good 
fer vices, his grace is content to gyve the faid baronye unto him and unto 
his heyres males, referving fumme fmall yerely rent therof to be payed 
for a knowledge unto his highnes, the faid fir George obferving all fuch 
conditions for the keping and mayntayning therof as him felf hath devyfed 
in his faide lettres fent unto you. And thus we bydd you right hartelye 
well to fare. From Weftminfter, the xxx^ daye of Novembre, 

Your loving frendes, 

Thomas Wbiothesley Cancet Charles Suffolk 

Anthone Bbowne J. Russell 

F. Chetne William Paget. 

To the right honorable and our very 
good lordes, the erle of Shrewlbury 
the kinges highnes lieutenaunt gene- 
rail in the north parties, and the 
bifiioppe of Durefme, and to owre lov- 
ing frende fir Raufe Sadlair, knight. 



V 




REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 13 



LETTER FROM ROBERT SCOT OF WAMFRAY TO THOMAS LORD WHARTON, 

DSCEMBSB 1, 1544, ENCLOSED IN HU LETTS& or DeC. 4, 1544.* 

Efteb my harty recommendacioun. Pleafit jour lordihip tunderftand 
that my lord of Anguf and the lordis of our weftcountre come to Pebles 
upone Sattirday at night lafl by-pafl, and upone Sondaye there came ane 
pod fra the Governor to my lord of Angul^ and bad him cumme till Col- 
dingham in the Merf , and they lap onne Sonday at nyght at ane of the 
clok and rayd furth of Pebles ane thowfand men by cariages, and es it 
is ihawene me the Cardinal! is byddene flill in Edinburghte and cummis 
noght to the bordour at this tyme; and geif thar be any thinge ye wald 
I did advertife as your lordihip thinkis. At Wamfray this laft Tuyfday 
at nycht, and Chrifl haif your lordihip in his keping. Be yoyers at all 
power, 

Robert Scot of Wamfray. 

To ane honorabiU lord my lord 
Quhartoune, wardene of the 
weil marche of Inglond 
anentis Scotland. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS LORD WHARTON TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY. 

Decimbee 4, 1544.t 

Pleased your honorable lordihip to be advertifed that this iiij^ of De- 
cembre at aftemone came to CarliHe one Johne Murray, Scottes man, 
whome the lorde Tulybame afore had fent to his houfe of Tulybame for 
certaine neceflaries to be brought unto him. Aftre whofe arrival at 

* FhMD the Talbot Papers, toI. A, p. 177. t ^tom the Talbot Papers, toL A, p. 175. 



Digitized by 



Google 



14 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Carlifle Tulybarae repayred unto me and fliewed me a lettre writtene at 
lengthe, as he faid, from his wif, which conteyneth many the newes in 
Scotland to hir knowledge. The lettre is one every fyde of a hole fheite 
of papyr, excepte a parte of a leif of the bagger fyd. After the redinge 
wherof and upon devife betwene him and me it was thought good to us 
bothe that the fame lettre, as it was, ihuld pafle by poft to therle of 
Lynoux, of intente his lordihip myght fliewe the fame to the kinges ma- 
jeflies moft honorable counfell. He faid there was fundry vayne woordes 
myghte be rayfyd furth, which I advyfed him not to do, and extemed the 
fame to be a wife lettre convenient in all pointes to be fene. And in that 
conference betwene him and me he fhewed him felf defyrou^ and thought 
it convenient that therle of Lynoux fhuld write a lettre to the Dowagier 
of Scotland to the effe6le, as in one pointe of his lettre is mentioned, at 
which pointe of her lettre as appereth unto me, that there fhuld a coun- 
tenaunce of favour be betwene the Dowager and therle Bothwell, which 
her letter I think be inclofed within his lettre which I fend to your lord- 
ihip herewith. In the fame conference Tylybarne fhewed me that his 
wif entended to be at Carlile upone Tuyfday at nyght next, which ihalbe 
the ix^ of this inflaunt, and ther cummeth in her cumpany a Frenche- 
womane, doughtoure to one Latufhowe nowe the kinges highnes prifoner, 
takene at Boleyne, as he faith, fervaunt to the Dowager, who came with 
her at her cummyng in to Scotlande, which Frenchwomane entendeth to 
mak fute for the libertie of her father; and perceyving the fame to be by 
the Dowager leave and apointment I faid to Tulybarne that I thoughte 
it good that he fhould remayne at Gokpoole with one Patrik Murrey [his] 
kynnefmane unto I myghte knowe your lordfhipes pleafour what faff con«- 
duit fhalbe graunted to the faid Frenchwomane, which devife he liked 
veray well as he faid; lauly defiring that I may be afcertayned of yoitf 
lordfhipes pleafure howe I fhall ufe as well the faid Frenchewomane as 
his wif anempfl faff conduites to be graunted to them. I do pereeyve by 
the faid larde Tulybarne that the Cardinalles crofle with other neceffaries 
are in Cokepoole, redy to be broughte unto him to Carlifle, wherwith the 
larde is mery, for there hath bene fundry devifes betwene him and me 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 15 

howe the fame crofle and neceflaries myghte be broughte throughte that 
untrewe countre. 

I fend unto your lordfhip herewith a lettre which the lard of Wamfray 
fent unto me. 

Many newes was in Jedburghe and weft Tyvidaile yefter nyght that 
they hade wone Coldinghame. 

Thus Almightie Jefus preferve your lordfhip with moche encreafe of 
honor. At the kinges majefties caftle of CarMe the iiij^ of Decembr^. 

Your lordihips humble at commaundement, 

Thomas Whartonb. 

To the right honorable my lord 
of Shrewlbury, the kinges ma- 
jefties lieutenaunt in the north. 

Endarfedj 

Fro the lord Wharton, oflF the iiij*^ of Decembre, 1544. 



LETTER FROM THE BAITSONES AND THOMSONES TO LORD WHARTON, 

BNCLOfBD IN HI8 LBTm OF DbCBMBBA 4, 1544.* 

Mt lords, we commende our fervice to your lordlhip. For fa mekill we 
thanke ^owr lordfhip grettualy that gowr lordfliip has faverit us fa lange 
as 30wr lordfliip has done, and gif that it pleaf ^owr lordfliip we defire 
to be falf fuerit to come and gang and fpeak with gowr lordfliip ane cer- 
taine of the heft of oure freindes, and apoint jowr lordfliip the day and 
place and we fall kepe it, and we fall do al we may to pleaf gowr lord- 
fliip in all thinges. And at we be fikar qholl gowr lordfhip, mettene and 
howrs, bayt at hame and on the felde. My lord the mafler of MaxweU has 
holdene us fray gowr lordfhip, and nowe we man lieff him and all Scot- 

• From the Talbot PH»en, y61. A, p. 179. 



Digitized by_ 



Google 



16 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

land and tak thar difpleafoures. Nocht elles, but God Almychty haff 
Sowr lordihip in his keping. 

^owr fervauntis at commaunde, 

The Baitsons and the Thomsones. 

To ane wrfchipfuU lord my 
lord Whartone, and my 
lorde wardene. 



LETTER FROM JOHN KERR, LAIRD OF FERNEYHIRST. TO THE EARL OF 
SHREWSBURY, Dbcbmie* 20, 1544.* 

My LORD, efter mofl hartlie commendacioun. I do perceive be this 
berar and utharis of the grete fawuour and kindnef yowr lordfchip 
doythe fchew on to my yowng fone Thome Ker, and of yowr lordfchipis 
gwd mynd to hym anentis the fcuyll, for the quhiche kindnef and fawore 
I am nocht fuffitient to rander wnto yowr lordfchip thankis. Qwhairfor, 
yf it mycht (land to yowr lordfchipis plefowr, I wald hartlie defyre yowre 
lordfchip, and al5 for the lowf of God I do pray yow, to hald hym ftill 
witht your lordfchip felf and nocht to fend him fowithwort, for I am aget 
and crafit, and it dois me grete comfort to heyr how he is intretyt and his 
weil fayr, be cawl^ he is haldyn fo neir witht yowr lordfchip, wyche I wald 
nocht hawe yf he war farder fowyth. AW I belyf it is nocht unknawin to 
yowr lordfchip that I am aget and crafyt, and may nocht trawell to mayke 
the kinges majeftie fie fervice as I wald do, quhayrfore I hawe grete loi? 
off the lakyn of my fone Johne, for he is well knawin and the cuntreth men 
will do mekill for hhn, for he hes the ufe of the bordorris wele. Quhair- 
for I hartlie defyre jowr lordfchip to take fie fouerte^ for him as we maye 
get wyth in boyth the realmes and lat hym cum home to do the kingis 
majeftie fervice, quhiche I traift fowld be to his majeftie plefour and al^ 

• From the Talbot Papers, vol. P. p. 325. 



^ -Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 17 

yowr lordfcbip fowld be contentit with all, as knawis God, quhame haif 
yowr lordfchip in his kepin. Frome the Farayherft, the xx daye of 
Defcember, 

3^^s at all powar, 

Farnyherst. 
To ane rycht honorrable and 

my good lord the erll off 

Schrewiflberrye, leftennand 

to the kingis majeflie in 

the northe partis. 



LETTER FROM THE LORDS OP THE COUNCIL TO THOMAS LORD WHARTON, 

FiB&UABT 19, 1545.* 

Mt LORD WARDENE, aftre our right harty commendacions. The kinges 
majefly bathe feene your lettres lately written unto my lord lieutenant, 
wherby, and by a difcourfe fent therwithall in writing, his majefly per- 
ceyveth your procedinges with fir George Douglas, with his defyre one 
the behalfe of the Governour and the refte for embaflatours to cumme to 
treate, and alfo his to the kinges majeflie with requefl to have his grace 
and favour againe. Wherin, and in all the refl of your doynges bothe 
nowe and at other tymes, his majeflie dothe moche commende your 
wifdome, and taketh your fervice in veray good and thankefull parte. 
And what anfwer his majeflie maketh unto the faid fir George fhall 
appeare unto you by a copye herinclofed of his majeflies lettres unto him, 
which letter his highnes requyreth you to fe conveyed to him with dili- . 
gence, and to procure ane anfwer likewife with fpede to the fame; for his 
majeflie intendeth not to tary any longe delayes, wherof you fhall adver- 
tife fir George, and requyre him therfore to ufe expeditioune concemyng 
theffe&e of the fame. And furthermore, in cace fir George or any other 

• From the Talbot Papers, toI. A, p. 385. 



Digitized by 



Google 



18 ILLUSTRATIONS OF TtfE 

Iball mdti^une an abftinence duringe the tyme of treatye, yM^fl^ arifWte 
that nother you thinke good to move the fame td his highnes> ho¥ yet w6lde 
advife theim to demaunde it; for confideringe howe that all the}Te*|)ro- 
cedinges heretofore hath, as they knowe right well theim felfes, ended al 
to gether in delayes, if they fhuld nowe for the tyme of the treaty of this 
mater, (which be not altogedre newe but hath the fubftaotice of^thl^t 
which is now to be commoned upone bene maturely heretofore debated 
and confydered on both fydes), requyre an abftinence, it is to bfe'fh^iyghte 
there is no thinge ment but onely delay. For if they be difpofyd to hive 
thinges cumme to an honeft effedl, as they pretende, they may foone go 
thorowe with the fame, confyderinge that the place which is apointed for 
theyre metinge is fo nere, and that his highnes commiffioners (hall cumme 
fo fully inftrudled as they ihall not nede any after fendinge hither for 
further knowledge of his majefties pleafure. And this poynt touching 
thabftinence you fliall not nede to fpeake except that fir George* or 
others fliall make requeft Q( go about to fett furth the fame. Thus fare 
yow moft hartely well. From Weftminfter, the xix of February, 1544, 

Your lordfliip afluryd lovinge frendes, 

Thomas Wriothesley Cancet. Charles Suff. WiLtiiif "Esdtx 

John Lisle Tho. WestiS. John Gage Antony Browne 

Anthony Wynofeldb 



letter from JOHN WRIGHT, PROBABLY TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

BIabch 1, 1545.* 

Plea'8£ it youre lordfhippe, in mcfte humble wiefe theeii^inayr'be'to 
fignifie unrt6 the* fame that where at my lorde Warden ^f the'MycMIe 
Mardies; upon whos fdde Jefu hkt^ metcie, his departioge f rom Alne^ 
wick6 tdw^rds Scotlande, commaunded me and anoodre to looke torto 
fuche Scotiih^ pledges and prifoliers as weir at that ptef^t with m the 
caftelFlEttd towne of Alnewkke, and aMo at my faide lordes be^g at 

* FK»iii the Ta&ot PiipM; Td. A, p. 299. 



Digitized by 



Google 



BEIGN OF/QUJEEN MARY. 19 

Warke, agayne commaunded me by his lettres, wiche I fende to youre 
lordfliippe herewith, that I iholde put them in fave keepinge till his 
commeing home, wiche accordinglie was doone; and furthre, aftre I was 
acertayned of his deakhe. I, with my felowe, put the faide Scottes in to 
ftreiter holde; — ^befechinge youre lordfhippe wee maie knowe your plea- 
fure for theire ferthre beftowinge. All thinges as yet flonde not at anie 
certayne ftaie heere with in the caflell, wherfore I thought it my duettie 
ta4vertife. you. The names alfo of the faid Scottes I fende to your 
lqr4fluppe herewith. Aud Almightie God preferve the fame for ever. 
From Ahiewipke, the firft day of March, 1544. 

Youf lordfliippesmoft bumble beadifman, 

John Wbiqhte. 

FBIS0NEB8. 

The larde of Bemerfide, 
. The larde pf Marton, 
Thoioas Kerr, 
. AlifeMuder Hamyltpp, 
Thomas Redd^Hf 
..Bohert Kerr, 
The Jarde of Pbilipbawgbe. 

PLEDGES. 

Patricke Rotberforde). pledge for the lard of Hundelee. 
Willie Powglas, pledge for Boui^edwortbe. 

Andrewe, JKerr, pledge. for thq lardpf Corbett. 

Edie Scott, » pleidg6.foi;,HobJbie Scott. 

George Prinze, pledge, foi: G.eprg^ Pringle. 

Dayw Douglas, pledge for JPftvieDpuglafle 

TIVIDALE PBI$pNEBS, 

wiche werr ones affiired andfalcijied their promejje. 
, Dandiet Haliburtpjo/e, 
Robert Hogg, 
John Trumble. 



Digitized by 



Google 



20 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



ANONYMOUS LETTER ADDRESSED APPARENTLY TO THE 
EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

Mabch 28, 1545.* 

Pleasythe it your honorable lordfliip to be advertifled, as I am crediblie 
informed, that on Fry day the xxvij*"" of Marche the Governour of Scot- 
land with monye oder lordes of Scotland was come to Addingtone and 
ther confultyd and devifed what they wold doo. The Governour faid 
that he wold that thay fliuld goo to Tevidall and to the Marfe to bring 
in al ther men agayn, and yf they wold be good Scotifmen they fliuld 
have al ther pardones. Then was their oders lordis and gentylmen, what 
they war I cannot tell, bot they faid, " Sir, ye have monye good lyke 
men here with yow, and thar ar come nowe of ther awen good willes, and 
yf ye do noo dyfpleafur to Ingland nowe or ye retome home agayne 
your folkes will not come fo foyne another tyme." So they concludyd, 
as the Scotifman told me, who I broughte to my lord warden, that the 
Governour and his companie fliuld come to Mwrofe abbay this Saterday, 
and fo to come throughte Tevidall and bring theame with hym, and fo 
to come forwardes to the borders. Therle of Angus, therle of Bodwell, 
Georg Dowglas, fliuld come throughte Lodyne and fo to the Marfe, and 
they to be in Wederborne this Saterday at night or elles to morowe, and 
taik in all the Aflurid Men and to gyf theim a generall pardon, and fo 
on Monday in the morning thair purpofe is to invade Ingland and to 
borne Cornell, and in thair ways home to borne Wark, and to have done 
their feitt by ix of the clok in the morning, and fo to retome home wardes. 
This was their purpofe when he partyd with them, whiche was this Satter- 
day at Addington, and come to Berwyk by vj. aclock at after noon. 
Alfo my lord, he telles me that he hard men fpeke of two lordes that 
lyes in Carlell, and yf by onye meanes or polycie that can be devifed they 
will be gotten home. Alfo he telles me that he faw never fo monye well 

* From the Talbot Papers, vol A, p. 417. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 21 

gered men as they ar; he telles me that they ar above xij thowfand men, 
and that the Govemour is in oon hofl and his cumpany, therle of Angus, 
therle Bodwell, and fir Georg Dowglas, is in another hofl, with all their 
Arendes. 



LETTER FROM SIR RALPH SADLER TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

Auodit22, 1547 .•. 

Please it your good lordfhiptunderflonde that I have receyvedyour feverall 
lettres, for the which I do right humblie thank your goodlordfhip, and am 
glad of your profperous fuccefle in this journey, trufting your lordfhip 
fliall retoume with moche honour, for the which I do and ihall pray unto 
the lyving God Almightie. Your other lettres to my lorde Prote6lor*s 
grace I have depeched, and alfo have wrytten myne opynyon to his Grace 
what lack wolbe of vidlualles if the fumyture that is loked for here comme 
not fhorteley out of the fouth. I have fpokene to Mr Stonehoufe to pre- 
pare for the lading of your cartes whene they (hall com for vidtualles, and 
fpecyally for drynke, according to your lordfhips apoyntement; and Mr 
Stonehoufe humblie preyeth your lordfliip to take order that the cafke 
may be faved and retourned to him, whereof he fayeth that he hathe 
greate lacke. And alfo I have taken order with the capteyne of this 
towne for fending of the garrifon and countrey men here at hande to 
condu6le your cartes hither, which flialbe done accordinglie. The waf- 
ters be come, and the fhippes laden here with vidtailes do tary but for 
the wynde, trufting they wolbe at Aberlady right ihortly, and wherein I 
aflure your lordfliip there flialbe afmoche diligence ufed as is poflible. 

I have ben fo bolde as to wryte to my good lady your wife, of your 
lordefliippes good helth and of your good fuccefle in your journey, which 
I knowe wolbe good newes to her ladyfliip. And fynally, your lordfliip 
mufl; remember that when your cartes flialbe ladene and depeched hens, 

• From the Talbot Papers, toL B, p. 17. 



Digitized by 



Google 



22 ILLUSTRATIONS^OF THE 

which Mr Stonehoufe hath promifiddme flialbe don on Fryday, ywr lord- 
ihip do apo]^te fom convenyent nomber of hoHemen to mete them at 
the Pethes to convey them to your campe. 

Thus Ahnightie God preferve your good lordfliip in long lyfe and heltb, 
with increafe of honour. At Berwyke, the xxij^ of Auguft, at viij a 
clocke at night, with the rude hande of 

Your mofl aflliredly to commaunde, 

Ri Sadlktb. 

To the right honourable and my very 
good lorde the erle of Shrewfbury, 
lieutenaunte generall of the kinges 
majeflies armye in Scotlande. 



LETTER ^ROM SIR RALPH SADLER TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

SirrEMBSB 6, 1547.* 

It m&y like your lordfhip to UBderflond that I have receyved your lettres, 
aod wolde have fpoken with Mr Stonehous for the prifes of the ihepeand 
oxencj according to your lordfhip'^ pleafure if he had ben h^e, but m litle 
biefore ydur lettres arryved here he #as departed hens to Holy Dande^for 
the difpecbe of vi^tualles to the navie» which flialbe fumiihid to morewe 
and the.ncKt day with xxj dayes viduall, and then my lord Clynton with 
the fame woU depart towardes the ryver of iTay for the aceomj^fliMieiit 
of his entreprifes. 

I commonid this day with. Mr Stonehoufe for the vittdiag flifo of your 
CAmpe, and devifed with him for the fendikig of viAaUes to you bythe fee^ 
but^he fayeth playnely that thi^reis no ihip» crayer, ov'otfaer voffiril^bwe 

^ From thtf Talbol Paperir M B^ p. 37; 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QITEEN MARY. 23 

that can lande you any vidlualles nerer then beyonde Donbarre; and 
therefore you muft nede, he fayeth, fende your caryages to fetche it by 
lande, and he woll do all that he can to provyde for the fumyture and 
ladfaigfof your caryages when they com hither. Mary, becaufe he nmft 
nedes be himfelf at Holy Ilande he humbly befecheth your lordihip to 
fende hither one of the derkes that is there in the campe to remayn here 
to4)elpe him, for whiles he is at Holy Ilande he lacketh one to attende 
here to play his parte in his abfence. And where as your lordihip wrote 
to^ne that your lad convey was very fmall, and fpecyally of breade^ Mr 
Stoneheufe fayeth that he loded all the cartes which cam hither, and 
whe& they , were all ladyn they lefte behynde them here, for lacke of 
caryag^, more hreade then they toke with them. This he fayed before 
piy lord Gyey, my lord Dacres, and me, and dyvers other, affirming it to 
be trew. 

I fende your lordihip agayne hereinclofed therle Bothwelles lettre, and 
myn opynyon is that your lordihip can not well denye to fatiffie his re- 
queil. Your lordihip, if it fo pleafe you, may lette him have fo moche 
of the kynges money, letting him knowe non other but that you lend it 
him as your owne, becaufe you may alwayes more boldely aike it agayne 
then, the kingis majeilie may. And thus Almightie God have your lord- 
ihip in his keping. At Berwyk the vj*^ of September, with the rude 
hande of 

Your lordihippes moil afluredly to commande, 

R. Sadleyb. 

To the right honourable and my very 
gMd Idrd^ therle of Sbrewibury, 
Ueutenaunt generall of the kinges 
majeiles army in Scotlande. 

In haile, poil^ hail^ poit, hail. 



Digitized by 



Google 



24 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM SIR EDWARD DUDDELET TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

SirrBiuB& 11, 1547.* 

Aftre my mofl humble recommendaciones. Beyng informyt be Hary 
Ray, barrold, prefoner, that his taker, the lard Gyrulay, hath noght onelye 
wfed him gentlye, hot where he was takyne frome hyme to the Gwnerour 
and lordes of Scotlande he hath maid fuche procurement that he had 
recwured hyme againe, and of his awin will haith browght hyme with his 
hors and all that he had of hym to Howme Caftell, diflyryng your lord- 
fhipp to wi? the faid lard accordynlyie. This mofl humblye I taik my 
lewe. Wretten at Howme Caftell the xj. day of Septembre, 

Youre lordefhypes to commande, 

E. DUDDBLBT. 

To the ryght honorable and my 
vere good lord the erle of 
Shorburye, lord lewtennant 
of the kinges majeflies armye 
in the north partes. 



LETTER FROM H. BOTVYLE TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

JuHB 21, 154S.t 

Please it your lordfhip to be advertifed that there be Fraunche galleys 
and other fliippes of Fraunce at Leight, and hath fet a laud y. or yj. mi 
men, whiche men be Italyans and Gafcans and of al other gatheryns, 

* From the Talbot Papers, toL B, p. 65. f From the Talbot Papen, toL B, p. 10S« 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 25 

brave foldiours and ware lyke, and they make very great bragges; and 
there fainge is that they wil come to Haydington, but I think it is to 
bote for them; they wilbe befye. 

I trull to fee your lordfhip and other in thies partiez to welcome them 
to the contrye and tp qualifye their boflynges. 

At this prefent tyme I have receyved municions that cam from L#on- 
done, as pouder and al thinges perteyning, that when tharmy commyth 
they flialbe wel furnyflied. 

Our Aflured Men in Scotland dyvers leapes out for the trufl that they 
have in the faid Frenchmen, and other fome of them commyth fune to 
my lord Grey to Berwyk. 

The galleys hath bene at Borthy Crage to viewe it and is retyred bak 
a geyn into the flete. Other occurrent newes her is none. But Thal- 
myghty God preferve your lordfhip and my very good lady. From New- 
caflel the xxj. of June, 1548. 

Youres to command, 

H. BOTVYLE. 

To the right honorable and my 
very fyngular good lord, 
therle of Shrewefbury. 



LETTER FROM SIR JOHN LUTTRELL TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY 
AND THE LORD GREY OF V^TILTON, 

August 5, 1548.* 

Aftre my moil humble commendaccions unto your good lordfhips. 
Maye yt pleafe yowe to underlland I have receved my lorde of Shrewef- 
buries joynt letter and your lordfhipps, by which I underlland your 
pleafures ys to have advertifemente of my wantes. I did prefently at 
that tyme uppone the receyte ther offend my lettres unto your lordihippes 

* From the Talbot Papers, vol B, p. 41. 



Digitized by 



Google 



26 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

of fuche wanttes as I had be fyde my vittayles, wher of yf I be not fur- 
niflhed yt maye growe to an inconvenience by decaye of the workes. As 
touching my vittayles I am forniflhed but untyll the xxvij of 06lober, 
and therfore my truft ys your lordihippes wyll commande a newe forni- 
ture out of hand, while oportunite dothe ferve, in which I wolde wyflhe 
ther were appoynted as muche butter, chefe and byiket, as maye be; for 
thofe vittayles requyre no water to the ketle^ which ys a thing verie ikant; 
ther ys none with in the forte, and that that ys withoute ys fcante and 
hard and defycyle to kepe yf I were nere approached. But yff 1 maye 
have good ftore of drynke and fuche vitayle as ys afore fayd I fhall, I 
dought not, do ryght well, and fythe ther ys no other fere but that, I 
humbUe defyre your good lordfhipp to fee me forniflhed accordynglye, 
as the greateft dowbte maye be prevented by your wyfdoms in tyme. 

As touchinge the eftate of thefe parties theyre pride ys fuche as re- 
querethe fpedye punyflhment, trufting yf anye number of mame be fent I 
wyll ikorge them fufficiently. I kepe the paflage of Dunde and Burt the 
iij of this month theyre vilages in the Fyfe, and troble [the] contreth here 
as moche as I maye, to difcorage theyre goyng towardes the campe. I 
thinke the erle of Argyll wylle not be there at this tyme, nor none of his. 
I flewe in the Fyfe iiij men, xij foldyars of Donde, in gevyng a charge 
uppone theyre horfemen, who had certen fote menne emongfl them, and 
in theyr fleyng I cutt thofe herkebufyeres of, and made iij^ fotemenne 
breke home, yf I myght have put to execufione yf my fote menne had byn 
nere, but I durfl nott entre among theyre fote men whenne they were nere 
brokene, by caufe theyre numbre of horfemenne was greatre thenne 
myne. Dunde hath in garrifonne ij ordynarie foldyars, but yf I bed the 
leaft helpe in the wordle I wolde make the towne frye abowte theyre earys. 

Yt ys declared unto me that ther hath byne certene wordes fpoken 
unto my flaunder for certene monaye that I have caufed to be employed 
at Londone for the relyfe of my power, naked, foldyares; meanyng I 
ihulde occupye the kynges monaye to myne owne ufe that fhulde have 
byne other wyfe employed. I befyche your lordihippe to hyare no fuche 
ille and untrue reportes made of me, but bothe to anfwere for me and 
call the tryall to a profe, for though I be not fo ryche as others ar nor 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY, 27 

have nott fo profytable and eafye entretaynementesi yett I truft yt fliall 
not appere that I exteme anye of the kinges majefties monaye above the 
dutie off ane humble trewe fubjefte; and I have difburfed yj« crownes 
and more out of myne owne purfe for his majeftie more then I have 
received, as myne accompte will flbewe, wherfore yt grevys me to be fo 
fclaundred with out caufe. AUe my drinke is donne, referving a lytle 
wyne, which ys nere hand fpent. Thus humblye byddyng your lord- 
fhippes fare well, praying God to fend you good lucke in your forraye. 
The Scottes here faye there contrehe menne wyll nott fyght with yowe 
at this tyme. Frome the kynges majefties newe fort at Burthe in 
Angwyflhe, by your lordlhippes to commande ; the v^ of Augufl, 1548. 
I lacke a ftone of pudour and fhott. 

John Luttbbll. 

The yong quyne ys embarked at Donbritayne and gone towardes 
Fraunce. 

To the ryght honourable the erle of 
Shrewfbere, lord lyutenennt ge- 
nerall of the kynges majefties 
armye» and myne efpeciall good 
lord the lord Graye of Wyltone, 
this be delivered with all pofleble 
fpeed. 

haft, haft, haft, for thy lyf, with fpede. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS LORD WHARTON TO THE EARL OP SHREWSBURY 
AND THE LORD GRAY OP WILTON, 

AuausT 21, 1548/ 

Right honorable and my verie good lordes. Pleafed your lordfhips to 
be advertifed that the xxj^ of Auguft I receyvid your lordfliips lettres of 

* From the Talbot Pigpen, yoL B, p. 69. 



Digitized by 



Google 



28 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

the xvij*^ of the fame, delyvered to me by a fervaunt of the lard of Fer- 
nyhyrftes, coDteynyng that wher certane compleyntes wer maid to your 
lordfhip my lord Gray, for the fpoille of divers tenantes of the lardes of 
CefiTurthe and Fernyhirft by certane menne under my reull, wherin I was 
herto afor writtm unto and nothing donne, as your lordfhips be infour- 
med; 

Yt may pleafe your lordfhips to underftand that upone your lordfliips 
lettre, my lord Gray, wryttin to me, I hadd the perfons complayned upon 
before me, and in the prefent hering of Fernyhirftes manne the matter 
examyned and meitting appoynted betwene the parties for ordre of the 
matter. And as the Armftranges infourmeth me no defaut was in theme 
touching that meitting, but wold have don therin, and for the ordre of the 
caufes as the fame fhuld have requyred. I do perfave that the lard off 
Femyhyrft kepith in ftrait ward in yrons certane Ynglifhmenne who canne 
not be relieved at his handes upon any fufficient bond or feurtie of gentle 
menne nor others, nor by other entretie, but crewellie deteigned ; whoo, 
being frendes to the Lidifdaillis moveth of the evill fort the rather to evill 
difpleafour towardes Femyhyrft and thofe boundes. I fliall, as your lord- 
fhips hath commaundid, do the beft may bee for the ordre of thofe caufes, 
and likwife fhalle, in all I may, caufe anoyfaunces be forborne. And 
Allmightie God fend yore lordfhips proufperous fuccefs and encres of 
honour. At CarMe, the xxj*^ of Auguft, 1548. 

Your lordfhips at commaundement, 

Thomas Whartton. 

To the right honorable and my 
varie good lordes, therll of 
Shrewifburie, the kinges ma- 
jefties lieutenauAt, and my 
lord Gray. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 29 



LETTER FROM WILLIAM LORD GRAY OF WILTON TO THE LORD 

PROTECTOR SOMERSET, 

October 4, 1548.* 

It maie pleafe your Grace, according as I fignefyed unto the fame before 
as the caufe of my commyng hyther was partely to kepe our garryfons in 
good ordre and to plant them for the defence and holding in of this 
wonnen countrey after thennemy had put our men from Jedworth, and 
alfo that our newe frendes fliolde not thinke but that I wolde, in there 
nede, be helping unto them. So when I was come, bycaufe the Gover- 
nour and his fliolde not perceyve but I mynded to ftere among them, I 
put forth the fame nyght the Tynfdale and Rydefdale men to gyve them 
thallaram, who very honeft:ly went to Ancram where a power laye, fet iij 
or iiij°' houfes on fyer, drave meny to the ftronge houfes, and put mod 
in fuche feare that forfaking there lodginges they fled to a warde neare by. 
The next daie, as I advertifed your Grace, making our approche with 
the horfemen towardes Jedworth, where I my felf was proffering to the 
uttermoft the fl^armiftie, they forfoke the towne in fuche dyfordre and fo 
amafed as the lyke hath not bene fene ; and fo hafl;ing to be henfe with 
out ones reftinge, marched the hoole nyght to Peables, and forth this daye 
to Edenbroughe. Whereupon, feyng an enterpryfe fo welle commenced, 
I thought good not to leave it fo, but under one beyng here to make a 
more profytt and notable jomey to thannoyance of thennemye ; and there- 
fore, as my lafl;e lettres to your Grace purported, I fent for certayne peices 
of artillerie, and to be the fl;ronger, bycaufe the Frenche had lefte gar- 
ryfons of fotemen of thers in thefe parties, I defyred Mr Holecrofte to 
fende hyther fuche Almaynes as wear remaynynge at the Peathes, (whofe 
lying there I thought to fmale purpoofe, the peece beyng of fo good a 
ftrengthe as it is, and bycaufe the refl;, wiche war fent into Lothyane, be 
Dowe agayne in there retome), who anfwered in fuche forte as your Grace 
maie perceyve by the copie of his lettre here inclofed, and I agayne fent 
my mynde thereto, the whiche alfo I fende herewith unto your Grace ; 

• From the Ck>tt. MS. Calig. B» Tii. fol. 828. 



Digitized by 



Google 



30 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

and for my dyfcharge was compelled thus to do that your Grace may 
knowe though this jomey hap not fo welle as I trufl it (hall, yet do fault 
was in me, neverthelefs with the power I have tomorrowe I Ihalle foUowe 
my entendyd purpoofe, and for no man wille (laye the thinge which I 
hoope fhalle content your Grace and be to thadvauncement of the kinges 
majeilies fervice, with no more charges in a manner to hb highnefle then 
yf we fholde lye llille at hoome, where otherwyfe retomynge awaye by his 
meanes it wolde be more to confume treafour, lofe the good tyme and 
opourtunyte with honour begonnen, whereby to your Grace my fervice 
myght be devaled. And fo I take my leave of your Grace. From Rox- 
brough, the iiij*^ of Oftobre, 1548. 

Your graces aflured to commaunde, 

William Gret. 

To my lorde Proteftors grace, 
haft, haft, haft, haft, poft, haft 
with alle poflyble dilligence. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS FISHER TO THE LORD PROTECTOR SOMERSET, 

OCTOBIE 11, 1548.* 

Mat it like your Grace tanderftande this evening came hither from Eden- 
brughe Thomas Carlile, who was taken pryfoner at the firft overthrowe afore 
Haddington, and remayning ever fins in Edenbrughe, is now delyverd for 
his raunfome, being ij^ xl^ crowns of the fonne, whiche he hathe paid, as 
he faithe. With whome queftyoning howe thinges procede and arr taken 
betwene the Scottes and Frenche, and fpecyally after the hurle lately 
emonges theym at Edenbrugh, and fins of the overthrowe of the Frenche 
and Almaynes at Haddington; he faith for the firfte, that when this ruffle 
was emonges theim at Edenbrughe, which he faith contynewed a good 
hower and more, the French could no foner efpie a Scotifhe man, woman, 

* Prom the Cott. MS. Cab'g. B, Til fbL 925. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 31 

or childe, ronne out of their dores, or put their heddes out at a windoo, 
but ftraigfat way was markede with an harquebute, fo as of that nacion 
they fpared noone, wherat the Governer and his counntreymen, as they 
dirft, were not a litell ftomaked. Whiche feing, monf '^ Deflee gathered 
his hoU band in hail togithers, and that night in a gret rage, nothing 
pleafed towardes the Governer, departed the towne, not all after the 
gentelleft maner, fending for the Ringrave to mete him with his band, 
as furthwith he did, and ceafied not till he came to Muikelburghe where 
he tarryed awhile, and fo to Haddington to their coile, as was lately 
wrytt^n to your Grace. They were, faith he, no foner out of Edenbrughe 
but the gates were fhutt, and then the townes menu feking for fuch 
French as were lefte, were he fick or hoUe, he was no foner founde but 
furth with flayne and cut in pieces. So fearched they the towne eftfones 
on the morrowe, and as they found difpatched as afore, contynewing flill 
the like order as they can get onne or two French a part, which they 
kill and thrufl into holes and corners to hide theyme as they maye. 

He alfo faith that at fuche tyme as monf '^ Deflie and the Ringrave 
with their bandes were at Haddington, — ^whiche journey he faith was 
reived uppon xiiij*®^ daies before the execution of the fame, in this forte, 
either to attempt the deling of that towne or elles the forte here, and to 
have diftroyed us in our campe, — ^newes came to the Govemour, being at 
dyner in Edenbrugh, that the Frenche and Almaynes had wonne Hadding- 
ton and flayne all the foldiours faving a fewe gentlemen that were gotten 
with in Windham's bulwark, which they kept, to be dely[vered] only 
uppon promife for faving their lyves, whiche the mefienger faid to the 
Governer the Frenche wold not fo take neither graunte, and other curtefie 
then deithe, faid he, they fliuld not have. Wheruppone the Governer 
and the towne of Edenbrughe, rejoicynge not a litell, and clerely forgett- 
ing and frankely forgeving the French former myfdemeanors as though 
it had not byn, caufed his trumpet to wame all thorfemen of the towne 
to be forthwith ready to ryde with him to Haddington, hoping to have 
come in tyme either him filf and his band to have wonne Wyndham's 
bulwark, whiche he wold have defired of monf ' Def&e, or at the leeft to 
have affifted the French in the wynning therof. And fo hailyng forwardes 



Digitized by 



Google 



32 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

with his band of horfemen as far as Laftericke, a mile out of Edenbrughe, 
met with thother newes of the repulfe and overthrowe. Wherwithall 
being aftonyed rode to a hill not farr of, wheras he difcovered and faw 
the French and Almaynes commyng towardes him, wherat he caft downe 
his hede and withall fpede retomed to Edenbrughe, and after him came 
thither both monf ' Deffie and the Ringrave, with the French and part of 
Thalmaynes, whom Thomas Carlile faith that (landing in his hoilel hous be 
fawe enter the towne, and with them in compa[ny] either xxvij^ or xxviij*"* 
cartes and carriages laden with hurt men. And when that monf' Deffie 
and the Ringrave had put of their hames and fhifted theim, they both 
paffing the ftretes went to the Governers lodging to have fpoken with 
him, who wold not be fpoken withall that night nor this daye untill ix 
aclock in the morning, fo as they departed for that prefent, and havinge 
audience with the Governer this daye unto whom, not fhowing anny 
frendely countenaunce, he anfwered they were come rather to fpoile and 
diftroye the realme then to affill and defend yt, as was promyfed; and 
feing no belter fucceffe of their fervice, with alfo confidering the flaughter 
lately made by the Frenche uppone the liege people and fpecially the 
Hammyltons, he told theim playnly and openly in the hearing of manny that 
without more ado the matier ihould be enquered uppon and thoffenders 
Ihall fuffre therfore without remyffion, and fo departed from theym and 
they retorned to their lodginges very faddly, as he faith. Wherupon the 
Ringrave repayred to Leghe wheras he with his hoU band, faving v** left 
behind him with the lord of Buclughe for a feafon, wool remayne all the 
wynter, as yt is fayde. 

He faith alfo yt is reaported in Edenbrughe, both by the Frenche and 
Almaynes, that at this conili6le at Haddington there was flayne and hurte 
of their beft men betwene iiij®' and vS and that the more part of the 
hurte men, as is fuppofed, cannot efcape death; emonges the whicbe 
there was flayne in the bafe courte a very nere kynefman of the Ringraves, 
who being uppone the firfl repulfe left behind ded in the courte, certen of 
the worthieft Almaynes at the defire of their coronnell with anewe fhoute 
eftfones approached and reentred the fame, of purpofe to fetche away his 
faid kynefman, of whom was alfo flaynwith the culverin being newly charged 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 33 

with hayle Ihot xix*®", dyvers of thothers fore hurte, and in fyne retoraed 
without their defire for the ded man, faving one of his armes which they 
recovered and toke with theym ; God fend them many fuche bankettes ! 
and faithe alfo the Scottes rejoiceth as moche of this overthrowe as we 
do, and that it is fpoken in Edenburghe the Hamyltons woll, for their 
bludflieding, feeke no other amendes at thandes of the Frenche but to be 
revenged with the fworde, and therfor it is thought there wolbe good 
fport emonges theym or yt be long to. Marye, had not that affray, by 
the provicion of God, fo tymely happened emonges them, the caftell of 
Edenbrugh for trothe had byn on the morrowe morning by the appoynte- 
ment of the queue and the Governer with thaflent of Mr Hamilton, con- 
(lable of [the] fame, and the provofl of the towne, now fore hurt, and the 
reft of the Governers freindes, delyvered to thandes and charge of mon- 
fieur DeiBe, which I truft will not nowe be fo departed withall. And yt is 
thought in Edenbrugh, faith he, that yf money arry ve not out of Fraunce 
within a fortenight or three wekes the Frenche and Almaynes arr like to 
famifhe for any relief they Ihall get without money, yf in the meane tyme 
the power of the realme fett not uppon theym, which, as he faith, is in 
queftion emonges many. And alredye monfieur Deffie and the Ringrave 
have pledged all their wages, jewelles, cheynes, plate, and credit for 
money, to fatiffie their bandes, untill more come, which is dayly loked 
for; I pray God yt may be intercepted by fea, and then I doubt not 
youre Grace flial here good accompt of theym. 

Ferther, he faith that about xvj dayes pafte, Hughe Dowglas of Long- 
netherye, being in Edenbrughe and lodged within two houfes where he, 
the said T. Carlile, lodged, he faw the Governer com to him in the 
evenyng, wheras they conferred three howres togither, and then the 
Governer retorned home fuffering no light to be carried before him in 
the ftretes, and Hugh Dowglas furthwith departed the towne. And faith 
he certenly knoweth, told him by the mafter of the houfliolde to the 
queue, that the next night after, fomewhat late in the evening, the lardes 
of Ormefton and Bromfton came to the fame lodging, unto whom alfo 
the Governer and monfieur Deffie reforted that night in fecrecie, and 
tarryeng with them the fpace of twoo or three howres, they went to their 



Digitized by 



Google 



34 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

lodginges, and the two lardes departed the toune before the breke of the 
next day. This, he faith, is very true, and woll fo prove it unto their 
faces, yf yt fo pleafe your Grace, or elles oflfreth to be hanged for yt. 
What juggement may be herin, unles they have ferther commiffion from 
your Grace then I knowe, confidering there famyliarite here and the 
credite they arr in with fom in thies parties, your princely wifdom can 
beft judge, and for my parte I pray God yt be for goode, as, faving your 
Graces reformacion, I beleve yt not. 

This day alfo, as he came hitherwardes, he faith that betwene Eden- 
brugh and Long Netherye he met ij®. horfes and nagges, at the leeft, of 
Thaflured Mens, laden with bred, butter, drinke, cheefe, and other 
vi^tuelles, going towardes Edenbrughe and Leghe to relief the French 
and Almaynes, and no daye efcapeth but a niunber of them goeth thither 
to the market, and yet in thies parties we ceafle not to graunt aflurances. 
And under your faveor to ihowe my folifhe opynyon in difcharge of my 
bounden duetie unto your Grace, howe had it byn poflible for fuch a 
powere as the Frenche and Almaynes were, not under iij" or above as is 
reported, to com in the night tyme thorough our Aflured Mens tonnes 
from Mufkelbrugh to Haddington? and never a one of them fhuld heare, 
either of their commyng or paffing, as they fay -they did not, or as I 
thinke they wold not, although in my judgement a goode- part of them 
knewe full well of thentended enterprice ; and yf they did here, or were 
previe therunto, why had they not then let it be knowen by fome meane 
to the capten of Haddington, as it was not? 

He ferther faith the French arr at this prefent in fuche defperacion as 
they had rather adventer and be killed with Engliflunen Uien by the 
Scottes, and yet do they dayly make faire tayles to the Scottes, and 
emongges the reft fay that for troith open warr is proclaymed in France 
betweene them and England, and that prefently they have a mayne 
power afore the toune of BuUoigne, which the Englifh men have offered 
to rendre yf they might be fuffred to departe with bag and bagage. 
Thies lyes, faving your honour, and fuch hke they devife and ymagen to 
make the blynd Scottes beleve that Fraunce woll fo annoy England 
as they may do their willes in Scotland. But God, who feeth and 



Digitized by 



Googk 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 35 

knoweth all, woU, I doubt not, fcuorge them for their untroith and 
nawghtines, according to his mod divyne will and pleafure. 

Laflely, he faith that having had libertie to walke abrode in the toune 
of Edenbroughe with his taker, and fomtymes betwene that and Leghe, 
he telleth that Legh is entrenched round aboute, and that befides a 
bulwarke made by the haven fide towardes the fea, on the ground where 
the Chapell ftode, which I fuppofe yodr Grace remembreth, their is an 
other greater bulwerk made on the mayne ground at the gret churche, 
(landing at the upper end of the towne towardes Edenbroughe. And 
that their engener having at the firfte commyng of the Frenche, devifed 
a traves walle betwene the towne of Edenbrugh and the caflell, the 
fame, faith he, is alredy a good piece builded and ryfen breft highe of a 
man, at the charges of the Govemer, which wall with a poynted bulwerk 
in the myddes ronneth, by the jugement of his eye, twhart the grene 
where fir Chrifl;opher Morres planted thordenance at your Graces 
firft approche there, in forte hereunder grocely pricked out, and at the 
fouth end therof is thentree therunto, which diftance feameth to be like 
a bafe court to the caftell. 

The towne. 




^ M K ^ 



The caftell. 

Fynally, bicaufe the fort here groweth nowe in fuche ftrength as yt 
woU not long defire the tarryeng heir of the campe, it may like your 
Grace to fignifie your pleafure howe and where you mynde to employe the 
fervice of ThaUnaynes, which as yt is thought might be well placed in the 
Weft Bordres, wheras they may be doing both to annoye thenemye and 



^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



36 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

alfo well vi£tuelled for this wynter tyme, as knoweth the living God, who 
ever proufper your Grace in honor and feUcitie longe tendure. From 
the campe at the Pethes, the xj*^. of 03;ober, 1548. 

Your Graces mod humble and 
bounden fervant, 

Thomas Fisher. 
To the right highe and mightie 
prince my lorde Proteftor 
his good grace. 



LETTER FROM SIR THOMAS HOLCROFT TO THE LORD 

PROTECTOR SOMERSET, 

July 24, 1549.* 

Pleasethe your Grace to be advertifed, according to your Graces 
direction for Spanyardes or Italiones to h6 fent to the Hermytage, upon 
fute made by the erll Bothwell, my lord of Rutland did write his letters 
to therll as alfo to the lord of Bromilon to know what day they Ihuld 
be with him, and wQiich] way they might be bed convoyd, the l[ord] 
Bromilon hath written to my lord of Rutland that x Spanyards may 
come to my lord Dakers houfe and to be ther the xxiij*** or xxiiij*** of 
this inflant, fo that I dowt not the nombre of fo many Spanyardes as your 
Grace did apoynt fhalbe at my lord Dakers houfe by the xxyj*^ of this 
fame at the fertheil. Notwithflanding I am informed therll wilbe at my 
lord Dakers houfe the xxiij^ of this prefent monethe, taking his jomey 
towards your Grace, and yet by as moche as I can leme he hath given 
fpeciall direction, thoughe he go throughe with your Grace, notwithfland- 
ing anny letter that he Ihall wryte down to them that kepe the houfe 
they fliall in nowife deliver the houfe. 

The plage being great in Edinburghe [the] queue lyeth at Holy Rood 

• From the Cott. MS. Calig. B, Tii. foL 898. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 37 

Houfe, the Governor gone to Dunfermeling, where did mete him therlls 
of Huntley and Arguyle ; the buflhope of Dunkeld unto St Andros to 
be confecrat buffliope therof, making great feaftes, having with him the 
greateft nombre of all the gentilmen of Lowdyane, Litcofhire, and 
Clyddefdale; therll of Angus gone into Dowglas dale. Monfieur de 
Termes hath bene at Sterling to put things in ftrenghe there, and the 
xxj*^ of this inflaunt retomed to his campe at Long Nethery and Aber- 
lady, who yefterday came to Dunbar to view it and to put things in order 
there with his hole power of horfemen ; and for the tyme that he was in 
viewing Dunbar, his horfemen came to view our campe, whereunto iflued 
out Mr Leek with our horfemen, and made honed ikermifhes, wher was 
one principall gentilman of Monfieur de Termes, named Monfieur de 
Founteralles, ftroken with one of our light horfemen du'ow the face and 
out at the neck and yet is it told me he will lieve, his horfe ilroken throw 
the neck, and throw the fiUetts, fo that then light iij. nortberen ftaves upon 
him and his horfe all at ones. Ther was one of their Almeignes hurt 
with one of our harquebufyers on horfi)ack, alfo ther was one Skottyflie 
gentillman killed with a Frenflie man of ther own company as the French- 
man came to difcharge his piece at our company, killed him in the way, 
his name is the laird of Skogall, dwelling by Temptallon ; and we lofi; 
ne[ither] man nor horfe but one horfe ; and fo they retyred to Dunbar 
and fo over Bell Ha ... . towards ther campe. 

As the brute renneth moche that the Skotts doth not favour the 
Frenflie, yet I cannot leme but ther convention holdeth the fecond of 
Auguft, and alfo ther hole power to be in armes with fourty days vitells 
.... by the fixt of the fame, and yet I am greatly borne in hand the 
day w[ilbe] deferred and put further of. 

And for all the kinges majefl;ies pieces here I truft, your Grace fliall 
perceive they flialbe applyed from tyme to tyme fo that the ennemy fliall 
take no comfort in any thing, and what fervice we are able to do befydes 
fliall not be forflowen. And my lo[rd] intendeth to morow to remove 
the campe towa[rdes] Hume, and as we procede fo fliall I advertife your 
Grace. 



Digitized by 



Google 



38 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Wher Mr Bowes, Mr Wilforde, Mr Pa ... , and other gentillmen 
are fo ftraightly kept as the like hath not bene hard, for Mr Wilford 
can have no kind of lib[erty], but is compelled to put Skottilhmen fuerty 
to the Mr of Erfkin in the fome of x m* lb. to be true prifoner in word 
and dede, and the Skotts will have no les counterband than my lord of 
Rutland, the captens of Barweke, Norhame, and Haddington. 

And for the letters that Monfieur de Toys and Cafle fent to the queue, 
with a letter fent to Mr Secretary Smithe to Mr Wilforde, my trompet 
went with them iij weks agoo and more, and hitherto have they deteyned 
him in ward. 

Where the kinges majefty hath a great nombre of pryfoners in York- 
fhire, Bufflioprick, Northumberland, and other places, and for that our 
gentillmen are fo ftreightly ufed in Scotland as aforefaid, my lord of 
Rutland hath wryten his letters to the kepers of theim that they may be 
like ufed as oures be in Scotland, yet notwithftanding my lord of Rut- 
laudes letters I do know they have fuche liberty as if they were at home 
in their own countrey, and hath their daily repair of ther countrey men to 
them, what conferrence renneth betwix I refer it unto your Grace, info- 
moche as the lard of Cefford fent by his own fervaunt a brace of grey 
houndes unto the deane of Durefine. Remeady I know none, unles it 
wold pleafe your Grace to wryte ftreightly to the archebuflhope of York, 
therll of Weftmer[land], the buflhope of Durefme, the bail[lie] of 
Hexame, the mayor of Newcaftle, the captens of Barwike and Norha[m], 
as alfo to Robert Colynwood, Geor[ge] Heron and Giles, and to Johne 
Car of Wark, that no Skottyfhman fhall pas throw them into England 
without the lord wardeins licence. I am not abill to declare fo moche 
ill of this matter as I know doth grow of it, for I know George Dowglas 
hath made promes to the queue that th[er] fhall no men fti^ in England 
agan[ft] Scotland but he fhall know of it . . . . of theis countreys afore- 
faid. And if anny Englifhman be taken prifoner he fhall neither be 
delivered for reafonable raunfon or few or any Englifhmannes band taken 
for the fame, and if we take any Skottifhmen prifoners it is the ordynary 
fute of our borderers, gentillmen and others, to delyver him home and 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 39 

they to become fuerties for theim. And thus befeching Allmighty God 

to ... . your Grace. From the campe at the [Pethes], the xxiiij^ of 

July, 1549, 

Your Graces moft humble at 

commandment, 

Th. Holcroft. 



FRAGMENT OF A LETTER FROM SIR THOMAS HOLCROFT TO 

THE LORD PROTECTOR SOMERSET, 

Jolt 1549.* 



a throughe poft unto your Grace. 

Alfo he declared unto me that monfieur de Termes hath requyred 
that they two might mete and fpeke together for exchange of pryfoners, 
which the capten had of his freindes and he had of the captens freindes 
taken at Inchekethe. I advifed the capten to fpeak with him, and 
throughe that communication, might myniftere occafion for the commif- 
fion of exchange of all prifoners, forefeing allwayes he refufe the Mr of 
Erfkyn, bicaufe he is a prifoner, untill your Graces pleafure be knowen. 
And when the lieutennant of the gallais was a commiffioner on ther part 
and gone into Fraunce, and that Mr Cotton a commiffioner on our part 
was dead, that the commiffion culd take no place, fo that they might 
name another in the lieutennant of the gallais place and we to name the 
capten of Haddington in Mr Cottons place; and fo the capten faid unto 
me, if he thought to be a commiffioner he wold procede in the matier. 
Aftre the difcourfe of this betwixt us, he faid he thought through this 
matier to dryve greater matiers, affirming and faing unto me this is no 
winter towne, and no fouldiers will tarry here, and if that he knew your 

* From the Cotton MS. Calig. B, vii. fol. 899. 



Digitized by 



Google 



40 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Graces pleafure he thought he could dryve with monfieur de Termes te 
a fute made by him from the Freuche king unto your Grace for the leav- 
ing of the towne; to that I anfwered I wold he fhuld procede in the 
former matier with the meting of monfieur de Termes, and to mete him 
without the town, making him a dynner [with] the bed chere he could, 
wherby monfieur de Termes might take occafion to re[queft] the capten 
another daye to dynner, in the meane tyme I fliall wryte [my] opynyon 
unto your Grace, fo as tyme might be wyn, that your Grace might declare 
your fancy unto the capten of thes [partes], or ells not to medle with that 
matier otherwais than by your Graces letter.unto him. 

As to the newes, monfieur de Termes this day went to Edinburghe 
to the queue, who lyeth at Holly Rood Houfe, where was the builhope of 
St Andros newlie come from his confecration, the Governor lieth at 
Hammilton, therll of Angus in Dowglas dale, George Dowglas in Gallo- 
way, Arguyle and Huntley in their countreys. It is faid that they gather, 
and proclamation is made for all Sterlingflxire, Lithcofliire, Edinboro- 
fliire, and Lowdian, to muiler and be upon Sonday night next comming 
at Edinborough with x days viftuells. Mary, I do not here that the 
Governor wilbe ther, and as for the builhope he goth to Sainft Andros 
againe, but therll of CaffiUs lieutenant, ColdineknoUes, and Hobby Ham- 
milton now Mr of houfliold to the Governor, fliall have thordre of the 
matier, and fome telleth me it is to vi£tuell Dunbar by lande, for their 
yidluells by fee is intercept by our navy, and fome faithe it is to raife 
our campe, which I do know if they have no mo that cometh than theis 
aforefaid they are not abill to do it. Mary, I think it is to vitell Hume, 
which I truft, we wilbe vigilaunt to prevent. But if the Skotts kepe not 
ther day, as I think they will not, for their lieutennant as yet is a nobill 
lieutennant, without either horfmen or footemen, and we intend, God 
willing, upon Tuifday next to make a convoy to Lawther of malt and 
floure and other his wantes, trufl^mg they fliall nede no mo convoyes theis 
ij monethes at left, and by that tyme ther wilbe new come, and if he play 
the good hufliande I thinke he nedeth to charge the king with no mo 
convoys. And under the cullor of our convoy to Lawther I truft your 
Grace fliall here we will bume Peobles and other things which we never 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 41 

bumed to welcome monfieur de Termes to the contrey, if the gathering 
of the Skotts for the vitelling of Hume be not the let ; and if they do 
gather it is but deferring x or xij dayes longer. 

I am informed that monfieur de Termes this next weke will remove 
his horfmen and part of his footemen and ly at Elveftoun and Urmefton, 
fo doing he giveth Haddington a (kope of yj myles ferther, and that he 
will fend ij auntienzeis mo to l[ay] at Dunbar, and leaveth iij antienz at 
Loofnes and iiij^ at Muflilburgh, and the reft of his footeband to lye at 
Liethe, and that his horfmen Ihall kepe athisfyde Muffilburghe water 
untill wynter, and fo to fave all forage and other thinges fafe about 
Edenburghe, where he intendeth with his horfmen to lye all the winter. 
But it is told me there be a c of his horfes fitten down and ftoUen by the 
Scottes ; and intendeth to make thofe frountiers ftrong which he founde, 
and after to buyld and get thinges in his handes as he caime and to lofe 
no part of thofe thinges that he founde, he forceth not what we deftroy 
and wafte in Tyvydale, Marflhe, and Lawderdale. 

Where preparation and great brute is made of the aflembling of ther 
hole power the xxiiij^ of this inftaunt, I am informed, unles a fupply 
of money come from the Frenflie king wherby the nobilyty here may be 
liberally ufed, they will not be fo great a nombre. 

After this my long letter I have thought good to declare unto your 
Grace in ij or iij matiers my opynyon, the firft is in this troblefom matter 
of Haddington, if your Grace doth refolve according to the captens 
letter I think it good fome thing muft be done and yet the kinges majefty 
no further chardged. Your Grace knoweth Mr capten hath offired tat- 
tempt Inchekethe, knowing it to be a thing of great moment, as alfo 
many good captens and fouldiers under him willing to the fame. The 
things being brought away ones from Haddington as fer as Barwike why 
ihould not we embark thole band of Haddington in our navy, and to take 
up all our Ihips and botes at Newcaftl^ and Barwike for the fame ufe, 
and fo to pas to Inchekethe and to lie iiij or v daies about it, in which 
tyme I think they might have it without a ftroke? for that I am informed 
they have no vitell but that that cometh from day to day to them. 



Digitized by 



Google 



4a ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM SIR THOMAS HOLCROFT TO THE 

LORD PROTECTOR SOMERSET, 

SiPTEMBBE 25, 1549.* 

Pleseithe yt your Grace to be advertyfed I have receyved your letter 
dated the xij. of this inftant, and alfo one other the xviij. of this inftant, 
by the handes of Sandy Pryngel ; and I mode nedes confefle your Grace 
hathe fatiffied me in the writyng of quyknes, nor I neyver had other caufc 
nor thoght bot to be alwayes well contented in all your Graces com- 
mandements unto me. And wheare I doe knowe your Grace dyd com- 
mytte the charge unto me for a trufte, in that your Grace hathe done me 
bot right, for as long as I have lyffe or lande your Grace Ihall not be 
dyfleyved in me ; and forafmych as there was many that dyd not take yt 
in the bed parte nor mode honeft fervice otherwayes then a pioner your 
Grace dyd ymploye me, I colde noe leffe doe then wryte unto your Grace 
to procure your Graces letter, wherby yt myght feme unto the worlde yt 
was of trufte and noe otherwayes to be taken, for the witch I moft humly 
thancke your Grace. Sandy Prpgle this day is ryden unto Gedwurtb 
for to knowe the ftate of the cuntrey there, he hathe promyfed to write 
unto your Grace as he findes and knoweth there. 

My lorde Graye dyd tell me he had laide garryfons in Gedworthe, 
Hauwycke, and Pepulles ; and for that he fecched all the horfemen from 
hens bot one lyttle c. I have writtene unto my lord Graye to fee 
Petytts man conveyed unto Hauwycke for the platte. 

I am informed the abbot of Paflelow hathe put iiij" hagbutts into 
Hauwycke, and the lorde of Bocloghe hathe c. waygers of horfemen to 
be at Pepulles and Selkyrke; howe this matter hathe ben prevented from 
us I doe not knowe, whether for lacke of fecretenes, or our horfemen did 
not lye wheare they weare appoynted. 

The Governor and moncier Deffe lyeth in Edenborowe; the Governor 

* From the Ck>tt. MS. C«)ig. B, yii. fol.486. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 43 

hathe made proclamation for rj. dayes vitayles, and all men warned to be 
reydy in xxiiij owres, and to what place as yet is unknowne. 

The quene lyeth in Faukeland; moncier Shapell, beyng nowe coronell 
of the fotehand of the Frenche, lieth with all his bande in Fyffe in 
townes after the fea fyde ; there hathe ben a ikyrmyflhe bytewne the pior 
of Saint Androwes men and the Frenche; Jamy Dogge lyethe at San£l; 
Johnilowne ; the Ryngreve and his bande at Leethe. There was one 
of the anfons of the Almayns commyng away, for that they weare not 
paide ; moncier Deflfe and Ryngreve weare gladd to dely ver them theyre 
chenes and promyfe them payment. 

The horfemen that belongeth unto moncier Defle lyethe at Criilofer. 
I am informed that the quene or the Governor Ihall pafle into France. 
George Duglas laborethe mycch to have the Governor to goe. 

Alfo I am advertyfed that George Duglas came unto Daukethe and 
foe intendet to have fpoken with me, and the fame nyght the capten of 
Hadyngton brende Daukethe and all his come, and George Duglas 
fledde into Edenborowe, and the larde of Blacater fledde away out of 
the towne in his Ihurte. The abbot of Paffelow is now at Edenboroe. 

Peter Lanfled, leyvetenant unto Cortpeny, whoe is a lllowte man of 
warre and lovys to be occupied, as he hathe every other day, made his 
courfe unto Dunbarre with one anfon or ij, and at every tyme brende 
within the towne, foe that there is few or none dwellyng in the towne. 
The xxiiij^. of this inllant I lycenfed hym to goe unto Dunbarre, 
and as he was marchyng towarde Dunbarre with one anfon, to the 
nombre of cccc, beyng within one myle at the towne, there came a 
pece owt of the caflell and kylled ij of his bande next unto his anfon 
and very nere unto himfelfe, and foe he repaired unto the towne of 
Dunbarre and brende. And where there be iij. great flone howfes within 
Dunbarre, witch colde neyver be entered oppon, he brake the wyndoes 
of one of them and therin put his mra, and there gate doles, formes, 
and cupboards, with other fucch neceflaries, and made a fyre and 
deflroyed that howfe, with fuch come and other thynges as was gotten 
there, the caflell Ihotyng contynually dyd nother hurt ner kylle bot thofe 



Digitized by 



Google 



44 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

ij that weare kylled a myle furthe of the towne. The leivetennant teller 
me it is a very old houfe, and he thincks it can not be ftrong ; he faithe 
he can bryng them fo nere the cailell to make theyre trepche that they 
fhuld have hoote abydyng in the caftell, 

Alfo, he faithe that the walles of the caftell next unto the towne be 
very old and lowe, and fyns the firft day of his commyng unto Dunbarre 
they have reyfed the wall with yerthe and moundes, the refydue of the 
cailell he faith is of nature (lone, and (lone laid uppon yt. 

Alfo, he faithe there is one nue bulwerke hot wynne the walle of the 
caftell, and yt beates the bulwerke that noe man is able to abyde in yt. 

Alfo, he faithe that the walle of the inner court is foe highe and lyeth 
faire to be beaten over the firft walle, and as he thynckith noe man is 
able to abyde in nother court. 

I entend to appoint hym another daye for the other two ftone howfes 
within the towne, and to fend one with him to drae a platte of the howfe. 

The leyvetennant bathe declared unto me that he hathe ferved in the 
French court, and was made prevey unto the French kynges procedyngs, 
and that the French kyng hathe ben almoft this ij yere preparyng for a 
navy and to fend men into Scotland ; and alfo that the Frenche kyng 
had his commiffioners with king Criftian of Denmarke for to affifte and 
ayde him with his navy and power, and that he fliuld have the doughter 
of Scotlande for one of his brether; and alfo the Frenche dyd pra6lyfe 
with duke Otto of Lynnuynbrygge, lorde of the cuntrey of Horbrygge, 
for to take men in his cuntrie into his (hippes, and that he would rather 
the realme of Scotland fliuld comme unto kyng Cryftians handes then 
unto the kynges majeftes handes. 

Alfo, he faithe if your Grace take order with the king of Denmarke 
that there comme noe fupplie of fliippes from thens, the kynges majefte 
moft nedes have Scotlande within ij yere, for the fupplie that commes 
owt of Fraunce lyeth foe ferre of that the Frenche wilbe were of the cofte. 

If it myght ftande with your Graces pleafure to determyn whoe fliuld 
have the kepyng of this forte, wicch nowe groweth in a greate ftrength, 
and alfo to appoynt all fuch officers as your Grace fliall thinck mete. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 45 

and wheare of late I dyd write unto your Grace in the favor of Frances 
Aflelbe and for that I am not anfwared, thyncken your Grace otherwayes 
refolved, I have receyved a letter from Mr Aflhton, marlhall of Hadyng- 
ton, whoe defyreth me to write unto your Grace in his favor ; and 
wheare of late at my beyng at Hadyngton I, fynding many honed 
men of fervice there, and to incorage them in the fame I promyfed them 
for that, that I was able to doe of myfelfe to be a meane to helpe them 
for that honed fervice that they have done there ; and accordyng unto 
my promefle I can noe leffe then commende Mr Aftiton unto your Grace, 
whom I founde a carefull man and paynefuU, and fucch one as I juge to 
be dylygent and to have a great refpe6l unto his charge. And for that he 
bathe an honed interteynement of a marke by the daye, whicch will 
lighten the kinges majede of fomyn charge here, and alfo for that I 
thinck Frances Aflelbe were a fytte man to be marihall of Hadyngton, 
for that yt apperteneth alwayes the marfliall to have the charge of the 
horfemen, for there is the place for fervyce for the horfemen, I doe 
thyncke that if Mr Aflelbe may have the c. horfemen wycch he hath 
here with me now, and the c. wycch which Mr Afliton hathe at Hadyng- 
ton, I thynck he wilbe content with thenterteynement with the name of 
the marfliall, and thus the kynges majedee flialbe noe further charged, 
and the captens wages faved by yt. 

I doe thyncke cc. footemen are enoe for this pece, and c. lyghthorfe- 
men to lye in the towne wyich are nowe here, that is fo faye yong Bowes 
and George Selbe. My opynyon is, yf yt ftiall feme gud unto your 
Grace, that the capten of the one c. men flialbe as yt weare marfliall for 
the orderyng of matters and chargying the wacche, and his peticapten as 
provod marfliall. Alfo, the other capten of the other c. men as maifl^r 
of the ordynances, and his peticapten as clerke of the fame, and to ufe 
and treyne theyre fouldiers to fliote in great peces ; and thus I thyncke 
the kynges majedie fliall not be dubble charged. 

I would wyfflie that the capten of this forte and of all other the kynges 
peces to have men allowed to wayte oppon them as thejTe degree, and 
as fliall feme gud unto your Grace; hot to have noe bandes, neyther 



Digitized by 



Google 



46 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

horfemen ner footemen, and then ihall alwayes your forces be well fur- 
nyllhed of men. 

I have fend unto your Grace here inclofed a bille of remembrance, 
what I thyncke is for this fDrte. 

I have thought gud to put your Grace in remembrance of one Q)edaU 
article for this cuntre. 

Firft, that noe enyme that hathe any bande lying within thra the Icyngea 
pale, that noe Allhured Man, being a kynne or frende unto the enyme, 
fhall have the occupacion or the vSe of the ennymey howfes or landes, 
hot flialbe put unto Aflhured Man that is not of kynne or frende, or ells 
unto fome Engleiihe man, whom may unfware the kyng^ majeftie for 
the rents of the fame. 

Alfo, if your Grace thynck yt gud that commiffioners and auditors 
myght be appoynted to furvey all fuch landes of abbies and other as now 
are in the kynges majeilies handes, and fucch landes of the ennyme as 
lyeth within ihe pale, and whoe doeth occupy them, and who ihall 
anfweare the rent, and not to mycch graunted to noe Aflhured Man, nor 
yet Engleflhe* men, for there is fome Ingleflhe that is not content with ij 
or iij holle baronies. 

This pece ones put in flrengh and a difcrete man here, the kynges 
majeilie fhalbe anfwared of the revenyeus of all betwixt this and Ber- 
wyke, and from Lawther to Drybroughe, and part of land nere unto 
Dunnbarre, as I dowte not the capten of Haddyngton wilbe anfwared of 
the revenyeus of the Merce and other landes abowte hym. And as I doe 
take yt, the come and the money that will ryfe unto the kynges majeftie 
of the abbey landes and other betwyxt this and Berwydce will groe unto 
an honeft fome towarde the kynges majefties charges, and foe ihall the 
ennyme have noe relef out of this the kynges pale. 

If your Grace doe fee we foloe not your initruccions and command- 
mentes I may faye the nature of fome is to put noe thyng in execucion 
hot that ryfeth by theyre owne bed and devyfe, though it be not foe 
worthy to be foloed as the expreiTe commandm^it ; I can compayre 
theyre avyfes unto yll workes, levyng the exprefle commandmentes un- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MAEY. 47 

done. Aud thus praying to God to fend your Grace gud helthe with 
long lyffe in honour. From the kynges majefties forte of Dunglafle, 
the xxv^ of September, 

Your graces mod bounde, eyver to commande, 

Th. Holcroft. 

To my lorde Proteftores 
grace; in hafle, hafle, 
poile, haft, haft, with 
all poffible dylygence. 



LETTER PROM SIR THOMAS HOLCROFT TO THE 

LORD PROTECTOR SOMERSET, 

Sbptbmbui 97, 1549.* 

Ple^aith yt your Grace to be advertyfed I have receyved your letters, 
dated the xxj^ and xxij^ of this inllant; and as towchyng George Dug- 
las he is pafled into Murrey lande, and as unto Elvefton he hath^ fende 
me wurde he will fpeke with the capten of Hadynton and that he derre 
not come fo ferre as unto me. And where your Grace makethe mencion 
that Mr Goore, Sandy Pringle, and I, fliall conferre togeyther for certen 
townes within the Merlhe and Tyvidale for the better fumyture of the 
kynges majeftes fortes and peces here, aflbne as we have taken order 
here and know what the tO¥mes are able to doe we fhall advertyfe your 
Grace. 

I have receyved by feverall intellygens this daye that the Governor 
doethe fet furthe of Edenboroe, and this nyght will lye at Nuebotell. 
The Frenche is comen over the water and cometh unto Davkethe; the 
Ryngreve and the Almaynes come this nyght unto Davketh. 

* From the Cott. MS. Gilig. B, vM. fol. 494. 



Digitized by 



Google 



48 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

It is telled me that the Governor is myndet to come mito Lawther and 
foe to Jedworthe, and that the lardes of Tyvidale will take the Gover- 
nores part. The Ryngreve hathe taken in hande to wynne Lawther not- 
withflanding the Governors proclamacion, he is hot a fmall compeny of 
Scottyflhmen. 

Alfo the lord Elvefton fende me worde that this exployt that the Go- 
vemour is abowte to doe myght afwell be to ryde oppon the Aflhured 
Men as unto Lawther; and if it were unto Lawther the caufe is there is 
a greate (lore of flackes of come and heye gotten into yt, and thdy are 
myndet to fet fyre in yt and foe to wynne the forte. 

Alfo he faithe that the Govemour can not tary above xxiiij owres, for 
they lacke money and vitales. 

I am informed the Govemour prepayreth to lye all wynter at Edenboroe 
for feare the towne flioulde revoke ; the quene fhall lye at Sterlyng or 
Dumbretane ; George Duglas wulde have gone into France imbacetor, if 
he myght have had the makyng of the comyffion, wicch the quene wuld 
not agre unto. The quene and George Duglas have labored mycch to 
have the Govemor to goe into France ; the abbot of Paffelow and the 
Hamiltons have anfwared playnly he (hall not goe out of Scotland. 

I am informed the Govemour giffeth noe credite unto George Dug- 
las. I doe underftand after the Govemour hathe done his exployt the 
greateft nombre of the Frenche will paffe into France; it is thought the 
quene will goe hyrfelf into France. 

There are v gales remayning at Leethe, one (hippe of cc, and iiij other 
Httle fmalle fhippes. 

To declare unto your Grace how the prior of Saint Androwes hathe 
dryven moncier Shapell and all the Frenche from St Androws and out 
of Fyffe, and fome of the Frenche flayne and part of the Scottes. The 
quene is gone unto Saint Androwes to appece the matter, I here bot of 
a lyttle welcome that (he is. The Goyernour had not ned to have fend 
for the Frenche unto Edenboroe for they weare dryven out of FyfTe. 

The Govemor hathe declared that the emperor is deade and the 
Frenche kyng chofen emperor, and that the kynges majeile (hall nother 
have Almaynes nor other to ferve hym the next yere, and what a greate 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 49 

annye the Frenche kyng will fende into Englande this next yere and not 
to troble them in Scotland, defyring all men to be content with the 
Frenche for this yere though they lacke money and falle fycke. There 
was ij of the anfons of the Ryngreves commyng from him on Tuyfday 
lafte for lacke of payment, wheare Ryngreve hathe folde his chene 
and plate to paye them. The payment amowntes not to every man 
above a crowne. The Ryngreve hathe hanged one of the capitens 
for goyng away. It is faide the Governor doethe take them to doe 
an exployt wheare they may have fome fpoyle, for feare they ftiulde goe 
awaye. 

The Frenche and the Almaynes afke wayges for v monethes and they 
are hot paide for ij monethes. I am informed that the Govemour waxeth 
wery of the Frenche, and as I can lome more I flialbe gladd to mynyfter 
a preparatyve and doe my dylygens to advertyfe your Grace. 

Hugh Duglas of Longn^her is with the Govemour, and clerely re- 
mytted the Ryngreve labores for Urftiyfton and Brynifton, and their alli- 
gacion is they meaned noe hurt unto the realme of Scotland hot fled for 
opinyon fake. 

Maiiler Fyflher nowe goyng unto Porticragge I colde noe-leflTe doe 
then advertyfe hym of myn opynyon. Firfte, of George Duglas goyng 
into Murrey lande, paflyng through the towne of Saint Johnftones and 
foe into Angwiffe and over the brygge of Britheqhnell into the Mu- 
rjrnes, I have willed Mr Fyflher to conferre with fir John Loterell, callyng 
unto them my lorde Gray of Angwiffe yf he will take in hand to appre- 
heade George Duglas at Brethqnell brygg, wicch is hot viij myles from 
Porticragge, and to delyver George Duglas unto fir John Loterelles 
handes, and that the lorde Graye flialbe well rewardet for his labor; and 
if he will not, then to pra6life with Robart Garrenygene, wicch may be 
a furtherance of the delevery of his maifter the erle of Huntley; and if 
thefe will not take place then to fpeke with the gentelmen of Fyfie, that 
is to faye the larde of Bughany; the larde of Graunge, .... and 
frendes called Kyrkeaude, and alfo Normant Lyfeley fry[ndes] whoe nowe 
remayne prifoners in France, the takyng of George may be the delevere 

Q 



Digitized by 



Google 



60 . ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

of theyre frendes furthe of prifon in France. Or alfo to adventure to 
fpeke with the mailier of Ryven, yf he thoght yt gud, whoe myght wdl 
take hym in Sanfit Johnflowne, hot I have declared the maifter of Ryven 
hathe maried my lorde of Angwifle doghtor. Even as I doe knowe yt 
hathe ben coftely unto the kynges majefte to wynne George Duglas, foe 
I doe thyncke honorable unto your Grace to have hym by one waye or 
other, thogh it code your Grace more money. 

Where I have wryten unto your Grace my fanfie for that the kynges 
majeilie myght be acertenly anfwared afwell of the fervice of the foul- 
diers belonging unto every anfon as money remayng in captens handes, 
bothe deade and aljrve, wicch commyffion dyd not extende unto Mr 
Brende to feafe any money into his handes, beyng hot mufter-mafter, 
and oppoH your Graces inilruccions fend unto hym, I truft your Grace 
thyncketh no otherwayes in hym bot he hathe execute his office dyligently 
without feare or parcialite, nor I am not able to charge hym bot in doyng 
his thynges bothe wifely and honefUy and oppon a greate refpeft ; and I 
wulde wiflhe, yf it myght feme gud unto your Grace, ihat it may appere 
unto Mr Brende yt is noe other wayes taken by your Grace. 

For that I doe perceyve the kynges majefte affaires groeth greate here 
and fortificatione like to increafe, and manyneceflaries lackyng and fcarce- 
nes of wude, and other ; at my commyng from Hegham unto the Newcaftell 
at Efter, rydyng through wuddes ilandyng oppon the water of Tyne within 
vij myles at the Neucaflell, and late beyng the erle of Northumberlandes, 
I fawe many fayre tymber trees groyng and a great nombre newly fallen 
wicch weare a greate deale better then c. ti. femyng unto me that they 
had ben for the kynges majefties fervice, and I did inquire. Yt was 
{aide unto me the trees weare fallen for the reparacion of the weare that 
late was the erle of Northumberlandes, and letten to ferme for v. markes 
by yere. I will fay unto your Grace yt were better the kyng fliulde lofe 
the rent then the wudde fhuld be fo lofte; yf yt myght ftande with your 
Graces pleafure I wulde thincke yt gud that there weare fallen fyve at 
fix hundreth trees this wynter in thofe wuddes and other wuddes oppon 
the water of Tyne, and mads reydy to be broght downe unto the New-^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 61 

caftell or Cheldes, and there your Grace may converte them wither your 
Grace thynketh gud. 

I doe perceyve by my lorde Greye your Graces pleafure is oppon the 
commyng of the navie hither I Ihall fet aborde ccc. of the foldiers 
here. 

Firft, I mode declare unto your Grace I have abowte xiiij hundreth 
remayng here of the bareft and naked men your Grace hathe feen ; and 
within this ij dayes above cccc. fallen fycke and not able to ftyrre furthe 
of theyre cabens, foe that I care how to get them with careages into 
England, and a great nombre very lofe opon theyre bodyes. The con- 
tynuall labor of carying baikettes, foddes, and going unto the wudde and 
waching hathe ben fuch that I thynck your Grace hath not feen the lyke 
paynes taken, and I trufl to doe my dylygence to helpe to make an ende 
of this peece. 

And further, your Grace may not loke for any fervice of thefe men for 
this yere, for if I fhulde put them in any other fervice for the kynges 
majeftie I fhulde not ferve his Grace well, for I knowe I Ihuld deceyve 
his Grace in the fame. Bot for that I wuld the navie fhuld be mayn- 
tened I underftande there cummeth ccccc. cleane men furthe of Lanca- 
fliire and Cheihire, wicch wilbe at Berwyc on Sonday at nyght next 
commyng, and wheare they weare fent for bot as pieners, for that I 
underftande the laft fouldiers the commiflioners fende weare not lyked 
bot fende home or elles made pioners, they thought to make amendes 
and fend of the bed, and giffen every one fyve nobles or xl i. in his purfe, 
wicdi draeth a great charge to the cuntre. And for that the cuntre 
ftiuld be at noe charges bot fendyng the men yt was appointed that fir 
Rieharde Legh (huld fende ij of his men unto Lancader for the condu£l 
of the ccccc. hither, becaufe the cuntre fliulde be at noe charges. I 
have ¥riEed my lorde Graye to take ccc. of the bed of them and fet them 
aborde the fhippes, and fend the red to me. 

And oecafioa rifeth dayly that I do mynylihe my nombre and not with- 
out gud eaufe ; foe am I nowe fory to advertyfe your Grace of myn owne 
eftate lying in my bodie more reydy with great payne to goe unto the dole 
then unto a faire whoman. And thus praying to God to fend your Grace 



Digitized by 



Google 



52 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

gud helthe and long lyf in honour. From the kynges majefties forte of 
Dunglafle, the xxvij of September ; 

Your Graces moft bounde eyver to commande, 

Th, Holcroft, 

To my lorde Prote6lors grace ; 
in hafle, hade, pofte, hade, 
hafte ; for the lyf, for the lyf, 
for the lyf. 



THERLE OF ANGUS TALKES AND MESSAGE SENT TO ME. THEKLE OF 
LEVENAX, WITHT MY SERVAUNT. WILLIAM PATERSONE, 

THB XXIU. DAT 07 FAlBUUAEn, 1549.* 

William Patersone, Scottifman, being at Dowglas for a call of 
halke[s] promift to me, therle of Leuenax, by James Lyndfaye, falconar 
and fervaunt to therle of Angus, the faid erle hering of Paterfonis being 
there appoynted in the dawing of the day nixt following to mete him 
without the caftell upoun the grene ; where therle of Angus, as he fayeth, 
kjmdhe aikyd whow my lorde of Leuenax his fone dyd and his doichtare, 
and there yonge fone, for he wolde be glaid to here [of their] good wel- 
fare. He inquyryd what my lorde his fone thought [him] felf, and what 
he intendyd to doo, " ys there noo fecrete thing th[at he] haith byddin 
the fchew to me ?'* Paterfone anfweryd, " his lordfhippe [comman]dit 
me no thinges in fpeciall at this tyme but to bring his h[alkes], and if I 
faw your lordfhippe to commend him to his father therle of Angus, and 
wolde be glaid he wor in good health, and moore kynde to him nor he 
hath bene in tymes paft." Therle of Angus faid " we[ll], feing he haith 
fend no thing elles to me I will brek a lytill of my mynde to the, for I 
trull the well enewcht, and haith gevin the fervauntts of my landes 

• From the Cotton MS. Calig. B, rii. foL 436. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 53 

charge to reflave the at all tymes. Thou fhall declare my doichtare ys 
thing in the worlde that I luve bed and my lorde hir hufband and that 
yonge boye there . • • ., for my chyldren ar deid that thou faw, and yf 
thei be at hom[e and] well than I am in comforte, and yet I am als 
ftrange to there doy[ings] and procedinges or whow thei intend to pas 
over the worlde as ony innyme they have, rtor I can not fe them, nor 
thei me, whiche brekes my hart ; trowis thou that I wolde fe any man 
aboufe but that man and that boye whiche is my bloode ? And he haitht 
bene of a noble houfe and I have fene him lyke a man, and will he do 
my counfale I Ihall ware thefe ould bones of myne but I (hall mak him 
a man yet ; the worlde is very ftrange, I have fene mony chenges, yt 
haitht bene faid in oulde times that a erle of Levenax and Angus could 
have rulyd fum thing upoun this fyde Fortht. Shew my fone there ys a 
greate man to cum furt of Franche this yere [to] tak the rule and 
authoritie of the realme uponne him, yt is fufpe[<fted] he wilbe ftrait to 
greate men here, and we will abhorre Franche lawes and thei be fcharpe, 
and yt is towlde me . . . cowling, the lorde Graye fhalbe put at fyrft. 
Therefore [de]fyre my fone to get leve and my doichtare to cum down 
to Carlifle that I may fe her or I die, and that I may know his mynde. 
And [if] his waye be better nore myne I will ufe his counfale, and yf 
myne be better nor his yt is naturall for him to tak yt, for I will gife him 
advife in no thing but that whiche flialbe for the well of boitht the 
realmes, and Ihall not be for the hurt of ony thing he broukis in that 
realme. What care I all the reft of the worlde yf thei be in honour ? 
thou may tell him there was bandes betuyn us affore this, but now there 
is greater bandes of flefti and bloode, and where he haitht alwayes put a 
dowbt in George, my brother, fchew him noder he nor Drumlangrig fhall 
go ony waye or doo ony thing but as I will. And thus I pray the mark 
well my wordes and bring me anfwer againe, and he fliall knaw more at 
our meting.'* 

To the right honorable 
and my Angular good 
lorde, my lorde mar- 
ques of Northampton. 



Digitized by 



Google 



54 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM MATTHEW EARL OP LENNOX TO THE 

EARL OF NORTHAMPTON, 

Uamch 11, 1550.* 

Pleastd youre honorable lordfhippe to be rememberit that yifterday, 
the tent of Marche, I dyd entre partly to declare unto youre lordUhipps 
h . . . . thoccationis of my cuming hyther ; and perfayving yoiure lord* 
fhippe not to have tyme to here the hole difcourfes thereof, and alfo 
being now myfelf crafyd I have thowght goode to put youre lordlbippe 
in remembrance of theflfedles thereof by this my wryting. 

Fyrft, lyke as I have declaryd all rady to my lorde Greate Thefe . . . rar 
and to youre lordi(hippe, I have, according to youre lordifhipps letter 
and commandment fent of before to me, takin order witht one Patrik 
Murray, Scottifman, for recovery of the houfe of Cokpule to the kinges 
majefties ufe ; and for the furtherance thereof haith fent him fum money 
of ^mine] awin purfe, the interpryfe, as I fuppofe, being now in wirking. 

Secundlie, albeitht I have had fundry offers and meflaiges from fiim of 
my frendes and fervantes furth of Scotlande for furpryfing of the caitell 
of Dunbertane to the kinges majeileis ufe, being heretofore fo untrewlie 
handlit in that purpofe witht otheris there, I gave fmall eris and refpe& 
to there bare wordes and devifes ; notheles thei being very, as thei faye, 
of the yll handling of Franche men and other, my innymeis there, haitht 
lent, thre dayes affore my cuminge here, one of the principall attemptares 
thereof, declaryng the interpryfe in furetie wroicht ; the portare, watchis» 
and otheris my natyve fervauntes within the place corrupt and wyn, 
putting [no] dowbt to have the caflell, capitane, treflbure, munitioun^ 
[and] all within the fame to the kinges majefties pleafour, to be dely* 
veryd uppon relief and aide, fending to them after the a£l doying. I 
have ftayed the fame gentilman at a houfe of my[ne] in Yorkefchyre, 
unto fuche tyme your lordifhipps pleafour may be knowen. 

Thrydlie, where as therle of Angus, according to his accuftomyd 
fawcioun, haith oftyn fent me fare wordes withtout deids, and having 

• From the Cott. MS. Calig. B, m foL 485. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 56 

experience of his untrewthis to the kinges majefte and unnaturahies 
lUwele to me in Scotland as in this reahne^ I pad the fame lythly over. 
Now of late, the xxiij day of Fabruary, th[ey] being importune upoun 
me witht a more bote meflage I thought goode to putt the fame in wryte, 
whidie I fent herewitht to your lordfhippe, withtout agmenting or paring, 
to know your lordfhips pleafour, witht the reft of my lordes of the kinges 
mijefties moile honorable previe counfale, whow I (hall procede witht 
him. And yf it flande witht there lordihips pleafour that I Ihall repare 
to Carliflie, according to his diflyre, oder to allure him to the kinges 
majefleis fervioe or to put him in greater fufpitioun witht that real[m], 
I Ihall obedientlie accompliih the fame. 

My lorde, I wold be fory to be a inflrument to fet furtht ony thing to 
the hyndrance of ony good purpofes or of peax, but having fuche offeris 
fent to me, in difcharge of my dewite I Uiowght mete to exonerate my 
felf to there lordifhipps; mod hartly diflyring youre good lordifhippe to 
be a meane that I may know there anfwers and pleafours herein. And 
Almyghty God preferve your lordfhipp in mod long lyf, witht increls of 
honour. Written this xj. day of Marche, 1549) 

Youre lordiihipps afluryd to his powar, 

Mathew Lenox. 



LETTER FROM PATRICK EARL OF BOTHWELL TO THE 
LORDS OF PRIVY COUNCILt 
NOTBMBBE 1, 1552.* 

Yt may pleafe your right honorable lordfchippis to be advertifed that 
)R^ere at thefe prefentes ftandyth fyndrye greate divifiones within the 
realme of Scotlande, my freyndes their amongis whom the Karris and 
Humes, forfeing the eftait therof, willing alfo to have me home, haitht 
of lait by large overtures and meflages travaled for my repair, and being 
of mynd alfwele to fatiffie their diflyre, feing the tyme convenienti as 

• From the Cott. MS. CaL'g. B, yu. fol 470. 



Digitized by 



Google 



56 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

alfo to repoffede my roumes and pofleffiones in thofe parties wheir I may 
the better menteynie my owin poore honour and eftait, yet remembring 
with my felf the honouris, charges, and benevolence by me receyved of 
the kingis majeftie and of yow, my Angular good lordis, during my aboode 
heir, I durft not at the firft grant to my freyndis defyres, but of my dewite 
fubmit and accounfale my doyngs to his highnes plefour, Moift humblie 
praying your good lordfchippis to be futors to his majeile for the con- 
tynewance of his highnes goodnes unto me, and yff the faid Karris, 
Humes, and otheris my freyndis doitht conftantlie percift in there over- 
tures and interpriffes whiche they pretend, as moore at lenth I have per- 
ticipate witht my lord Warthoun, deputie generall here, whom I find my 
verray good lord and that gentillie haitht ufed me, to licenc me with his 
majefties favour to jone witht them and fucche otheris as I can adhere 
unto me in that realme, whereby I may be the more abill to gratefie 
hereeftir fum parte of that his majefteis liberalite to me fchewed, whiche 
I fhalbe, God willing, never unmyndfuU of the fam : And yff I and my 
faide freynds flialbe at ony extremite, that it will pleis his majeftie and 
your lordfchippis to permitt and fuffar his hieghnes oflBceris heir to be 
favorable and helping to ws and oure poore pretenfis. 

Forthermore, where I am behynd a yeare and ane half unpayit of my 
pencioun, being now at no lytill charges, that yt will pleafe your honouris 
to geve a command to the paymafteris therof to anfwer my fervaunt 
whiche I have prefentlie fent for the fame ; and that your lordfliippis will 
fignefye your pleffuris in the premiffes witht fuche reflbnable fpeede as 
your difcretiones ftiall think convenient. And thus prayis Almyghty God 
to preferve your honorable lordfliippis in mofte long life, witht mutche 
increfle of honour. From the Newcaftell, the firft of November, 1552, 

Be your lordttiippes humelie to command, 

Pat. Bothweli,, 

To my fingulare goode lordis, 
my lordis of the kingis ma- 
jefties moift honorable Prive 
Counfale 

This be deliverit. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 67 



A LETTER WRITTEN BT THOMAS BISCHOP DIRECTED TO THE LORD 
WHARTON, LORD DEPUTIE LIEUTENANT AND OENERALE OF ALL THE 
MARCHES OF ENGLAND FORANEMPTIS SCOTLAND, DECLARINGE WHAT 
FORCES THE FRENCHE KINGE INTENDES TO DRAWE OUT OF SCOTLAND; 
AND THE EARLE BOTHWELLE APPOINTED GENERALL THEROF, AT THIS 
TI[mE Re]mAININO in ENGLAND IN BANISHMENT. DATED AT NEW- 
CASTELL THE 5 OF NOVEMBER, 1552.* 

Pleased your right honorable lordihippe to be advertifed this Friday at 
night, the fourth of Novembere, arrived here one fir David Dowglafe, a 
wittie ould fellowe, and one other Scotifliemane, fervants to the earle 
Bothwell, forth of Scotlande ; they fliewe that the Governor with the 
nomber of fower thoufande horfmen was at Jedbrught keeping a Juflice 
Court, where was appointed affore the killinge of Botlewith. He hath 
caried with him fower faulcones, feild peeces ; the queene and bifhope 
of St Andrewes temaineth at Edenburgh, and as for the Govemores 
procedinges there they wold declare nothinge therof, I trufle your lord- 
ihippe fliall knowe all the fame more riplie nowe at Barwicke nor I 
cane advertize. The earles faid fervants brought him their lettres, one 
from his fifler the lady Fleminge, as I was informed, one other from Mr 
Kamagy one of the privie counfell of Scotlande, treafourer, clarke and 
all, ruler^ of the Governor and biflioppe of St Andrewes, the third from 
Mr Michaell Balfoure, folicitor of the earles caufes in that realme ; they 
had fpeciall credence from the ladie Fleminge and Kamagey. The 
earle (hewed me the credence of his filter, but not the letter, which was 
that the French kinge had by pofl^e fent to the queene and Governor for 
to fend him five thoufande footemen and five hundred light horfemen 
forth of Scotlande. They have for accompliflimente of that purpofe a 
convention at Edenburgh the xxiiij. daie of this inftante month; the 
earle of Caflilles and the lord Ruthin feweth to bee generalles of thefe 

• From the HarL MS. 858, foL 125. 



Digitized by 



Google 



68 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

men, but the queene willed the earle Bothvilles fifler to fend him word 
that he flialbe generall ; and for the further charge of the earles appointe- 
ment with the Governor and bringmge of daspurpofe to pafle the queens 
hath fent monfer Docye to the Goremor at Jedbroght to eonehide the 
earles appointment conforme to the French kinges minde and requefte. 
And tiierefore {he defired her brotiier the earle to repaire to the Border 
and come in fpeaking with the Grovemory and he ihould have what aSu- 
ranee he woulde. He is verie pleafaot vdth thefe newes and dales till 
he knowe what conclufion Docye takethe with the Governor^ which he 
looketh to be advertized of within thefe three or fower dales by a gentle- 
mssky fenrante to his fifter^ who goeth pofte into Fraunce. The earle 
fliewed me Kamagys letter, which was verie flatteringe, thankinge the 
earle for the encrefe of certayne landes which he holdeth of him in 
Seotlande^ and declaringe that he had Ihewed the Governor and the 
bifhope of St Andrewes the earles mefuage and credence lafte fente to 
hkn, who both was verie glade therof. He writeth alfo in bis letter diat 
he ihall fhc^ely do fudi a pleafure for the earle that he ihall thmke him 
felfe endebted to hnn. I demaunded what he ment by that pomte ; the 
earle fliewed me he was travelinge to have his fonne to marrye with the 
Governors daughter, which he faid he would not do to leave the queene 
and Fraunce but abufe him with faire wordes and vaine hope. The third 
letter from his fervante Balfoure was no othere then the earles privat 
affaires in Scotlande, as he faid. I have, in my communicaiones with 
the earle affore this, learned that the Frenche kinge was his good lorde, 
and that he had thrife written to the Governor to revocate him to his 
honores and pofleffions in Scotland, and that there is intellygence and 
fecret€ tokeninges betwixt the French ambafladore above at London and 
him, and alfo that the queene was his good ladie, and that there pafled 
faire wordes betwixte the Governor and him, who protrad;ed his finall 
appointemente becaufe he knewe him [ ] towards the queene and 

French partie. But breifly, my lorde, I perceave his appomtement in 
maner mad with them all, and now remaneth under the pretence of an 
honefte leave-takinge of the kings majeftie to gett the filver he may of 
his highnes and the counfell and to departe with as good an Englifli harte 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 59 

as the earle of Anguiih or George Douglas caried when they went. I 
writte thus plainelye and truly in difcharge of my poore oppinione and 
dutie, to be weied nottheles and pra6tift with him as your lordfhippes 
wi£Jom thinketh meete. My lorde I had forgotten in my other letters to 
certefye your lordfhippe that the earle had fent a French man, his fer- 
vant, to the French ambaflador at London with writinges in French in 
the favore and helpe of the Duche captaine who ilaieth here for the 
buyinge of the Trinitie fhippe at Newcaftle. Doubtelefe, my lorde, yf fo 
many men goe fourthe of Scotlande as the earle afllires me nothing to be 
truer, the divifiones ftandinge as they are, and fuch wante of noblemen 
there as nowe is, that realme b in great hafarde and lycke to be an 
oppen praye. What your lordfhippes pleafure is to commaunde I fliall 
redyly obaye the fame, God willinge, who preferve your lordfhippe in 
mofte long life with increfe of honore. From the Newcaftle, this Sat- 
tordaye the fyfte of November, 1552, 

Your lordfhippes mofte bounden with fervice, 

Thomas Bischop. 



LETTER FROM JOHN LORD COYNERS TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

Febhuaet, 1553.* 

The xiij**. day of Februarye laft paft Johne Gordone, larde of Loghin- 
ver, hafe lade the earle of Throghwen, Alexander Gordone his brother, 
and Roger Gordone, to remayne and lye wyth my lorde Warden of the 
weft marches of Englande for him in Cayrlyfle, and hafe promyfed to 
fende Roger Gordone his uncle, and William Gordone his broder, to my 
faid lorde Warden on Monday the xx* day of the faid moneth to enter 
and lye for their releyfe, or the faid lorde Loghinver to enter in his proper 
perfon for there fayd releyfe. And for performaunce herof the faid lorde 

* F^om the Talbot Papers, vol. d p. 129. 



Digitized by 



Google 



60 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

has founde the lordes of Heminffelde, Gokpule, and Johne Thomfone 
cuftomer of Carlyfley, furetyes 1<r. 

John Contbbs. 

per me Johannem Thomfone propria manu mea fcriptum; 

faSta collacione concordat cmn originali. 
Endorfed, 

Undertaking for Scottifhe prifoners, 1555, 



COPIE OF THE LORDS OF THE COUNSELLES LETTRE TO 
THE LORD DACRES. 

xxt). Jcmn, 1555.* 

Efter our verie hartie commendacions to your lordfhip. We have re^ 
ceved your lettres of the xxj. of this moneth with the coppie of the Mailer 
of Maxwelles letter unto you. And lyk as we be very glad tunderflande 
the humble fubmiffion that the Greymes have made to your lordfhip, fo 
do we well commende your determination to ufe them welle and gently 
hencefurth in cafe their behaveour fliall deferve the fame, whereby ye 
(hall the better contynue them in their duties of obedience as becommith 
good fubjedtes, and by that meanes kepe there marches the rather in 
quiet and good order. As touching the Mailer of Maxwelles eameile 
callinge upone you for redreiTe of thattemptates committed by the 
Greames, albeyt we thinke very reafonable that juilice be doone afwelle 
in thefe as all other cafes uprightly and according to the treatees betwene 
bothe realmes, yet for afmuche as by the kinges and queues majeilies 
proclamation, lately fent unto you under their highnes grete feale, it is 
ordered that alle matters touchinge the faid Gremes ihalbe harde and 
determined accordmg to juilice by our very good lorde thearle of 
Shrewifbury at hb cumming to New Cailell, we fe not how this order, 
may with their majeilies honour be alterid or broken. And nevertheles 

• From the Talbot Fi^mt, toI. C, p. 67* 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OP QUEEN MARY. 61 

feing we have taken fureties of the Greames to be anfwerable to juftice^ 
and that it will not now be long before my lord of Shrewifbury cum to 
Newcaftell, havinge allredy taken his leve of their majeflies and put 
himfelf in aredines to repaire with as convenient fpeade as he may 
thetherwardes, ye may in the meane while procure by faire meanes and 
gentell perfwacion to move the faide Gremes to agrea to fum reafonnable 
redreffe of the wronges they have don to the Scottes ; wherein, never- 
theless we wolde your lordfhip had fuche regarde to the kinges and 
quenes majeflies honnoures as without breking thorder taken by their 
proclamation ye did rather feame to precede herein by way of counfell 
and perfwacion than by any extremity or compulcion, untill my lord 
Shrewiiburyes coming downe, who, we doubt nat, will caufe fuche order 
to be taken in this behalf as may be anfwerable to juflice, and in refon 
fatiffie bothe Mr Maxwelle and alle others. And becaufe the faid Mailer 
of Maxwell may perceve that the kinges and the quenes majeflies meane 
for their partes to caufe juflice to be as uprightly and indifferently, and 
the league and treaties to be as welle obferved in all pointes, as the 
quene his miflres dothe for hirs, ye may bothe fende unto him a coppie 
of fuche parte of this our letter as may ferve for the declaratione of their 
majeflies meaninge herein, and farder to fignefy unto him that, becaufe 
the diforder committed by the Greames were don afwell againfle your 
lordfhip. and your tenauntes as againfle the fubje6les of Scotlande, the 
king and the quenes majeflies thinking it not convenient for thorder of 
juflice that your lordfhip being a partie againfle them fholde be alfo 
their judge, have appointed my faid lord of Shrewifbury, who is a per- 
fonage bothe of honnour and indifferency, to underflande and order thefe 
matters that the faid Gremes ar to be charged withall, wherein he is 
bothe willed by the king and quenes majeflies and fo enclined of himfelf 
to ufe fuche uprightnes and indifferency as we miflrufl not the faid 
Mafler of Maxwell and others fhall have caufe in refon to be fatiffied. 
And of that he fhall anfwer hereunto we pray you we may be advertifed 
as foon as ye conveniently may. 

As touching the lord Whartons entring to the charge of the Mid- 
d^ll Marches, albeit he did by his lettres written unto you appointe 
to enter that charge within xx dayes after the writing thereof, yet may 



Digitized by 



Google 



62 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

not your lordfbip confider that one in fais cafe ean none othexwife dif- 
pofe of himfelf than his difpoficione and helthe will give him leve. 
And yet do we fuppofe by that we have harde from him that he is 
ahredy, or will be very Ihortly, on his jomey towardes the Middell 
Marches to receve his charge, and in the mene tyme your lordfhip fliall 
do well to fe to thordering of thefe marches to thende ye may at his 
entry finde the fame in fuche good eftate as he have no eaufe to note any 
lak in your lordfhips parte. We* have fo often and fo emeftly written 
unto you touching the good agreament and frendly joyneng togetheres 
of you and the lord Wharton that we are wery to put you any more in 
remembraunce thereof^ and yet fhalbe very forry if you, for your part, fhaU 
not (hew your felf as conformable to the king and queues majefties defier 
and ours herein, as we perceve the lord Wharton, for his parte, very 
honorably dothe, who continueng therein, as we doubt nat he will, can- 
not but deferve for that refpe6i; the prayfe of a good and tractable gen* 
tlemanne, as we have good hope your lordihip will <hi your behalf deferve 
the lyk. And thus we bid you l;c*. 



LETTER PEOM THE PRIVY COUNCIL TO THE EARL OP SHREWSBURY. 

Join 26, 1555/ 

After our right harty commendations to your good lordihip. We have 
lately receyved lettres from the lord Dacres, whereby he fignifyethe unto 
us afwell the humble fubmiffion that the Greames have made unto hym 
as allfo the earned requefl that the Mafter of Maxwell, warden of the 
Scotyfhe marche, makethe to have redrefle of thattemptates commytted 
by the Greames, as by the coppy of the faid Maxwelles lettre written 
unto the lord Dacre, whiche we fende unto you herewith, may at better 
lengthe appere unto youe. And for as muche as the ordering of the 
fayd Greames cafe is, as your lordihip knowethe by the proclamacioun, 
appointed unto your difcrecion and confideracion at your coming to 

^ From the Talbot Papers, vol. C, p. 71. 



Digitized by 



Google 



HEIGN OP QUEEN MARY. 63 

NewecafUe, we ha^e made foehe aunfwer tinto the lorde Dacre as by the 
coppie of our lettres unto hyniy whiehe we fende alfo herewith, ye may 
more fully percey ve ; wbo^ we doubt not, will hereuppon fo fatiffie the 
fayd Maxwell as he fliall have caufe to be content to abyde your lord^ 
fluppes ecftomig downe for that purpofe, whiehe we trull will nowe be very 
flkWtly. And thua we byd your good lordfhip right hartely well to fare. 
Front Hampton Courte:, the xxvjt^^. of June, 1565. 

Yovbt good lordflvippes aflured loving frendes, 

Sr£. WiNTON Cancelf. WiNcfflBsTfia Arondell 

John Gaghi William PETa'sT Fraunets Englefyld 

ROBBET RocHBStBB RiC. SoUTHWBLL 

To ou^ very good lorde the* earle 

of Shrewftury, lorde prefident 

of die king and queues ma- 

jefties counfell eflabliflhed in 

the north. 

hafl, hail poft, haft, haft, haft. 

Delyvered to the jpoft at London, the xxyj of June at viij of the clok 
at after none. 



LETTEtt FJtOM JOHN LORD CONTERS TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

July 4, 1555.* 

Pleasith it your honorable lordfhippe to be advertifed that of late here 
hathe bene a greate voyce of certen ihippes which fhulde have bene fene 
in Scodande, fuppofed to have bene a flyte of the kinge of Denmarkes ; 
and the Scotifhe queue much affirade, as I am enformed, of their landmge, 
and hath gyven ftreighte commandement to all hir officers a longe the 
fea coftes to have a carefull refpe6le unto their charge, and that in 
nowife the fhulde [be] fuffired to lande untill fuche tyme as hir Grace 

♦ From the Talbot Papers, ▼ol. C, p. 75. 



Digitized by 



Google 



64 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

were acl[vertifed.] And alfo their hath bene of late a fhippe . . 

with certen Englifhmenne with in the fame 

cofte and hathe takyne a fhippe, as I am . . . 

queines, wher at hir Grace was muche offended 

appointed a fhippe of warre to go furthe and fee if they 

cnlde mete with the faid Catt of Lynne, and traverfinge the feas the faid 
Scottes fhippe mett with the faid Catt of Lynne, and paf&ng by feamynge 
to the Engliflimen as thoughe fhe hadd bene but a merchamite. Wher- 
uponne the fhipp called Catt of Lynne fhot a pece of ordenaunce, and the 
Scottes fhippe fhot of butt a flynge, as thoughe fhe hadd beene but a 
merchaunte, and valed hir bonett, and then the Englifhmenne beinge in 
the Catt of Lynne called and afked what they were lodene with all, and 
they anfwered, with vi6tualles ; and then they defired them to borde and 
lett them have a tonne of beare for their money, and the Scottes anfwer- 
ed and faid they fholde, and fo fone as they were on borde their raflhedd 
oute of the Scottes fhippe c or iiij" menne welle appointed in armour, 
and ftowtly fet uponne the Catt of Lynne and hath taken her and all her 
menne, and is at this prefent in the haven at Lyeth ; and by that that I 
can leame there is at the left iij or iiij of the chefefl of the Englifhmen 
like to fuffre deathe. Other newes I have none at this tyme to certifie 
your lordfhippe, and fo I commytt the fame unto the tuicion and go- 
vememente of Almightie God. Fromme Barwicke, the iiij^ of Julye, 

1556. 

Your lordfhippes to commande, 

John Contbbs. 

To the right honorable and my 
finguler good lorde the erle 
of Shrewifburye, lieutenaunte 
generall from Trente north. 
In hafl, pofl, hafl, hafl, with 
all poffible diligence; pofl of 
Ferry bridge I charge youe 
with the delyverye herof ac- 
cordinge the dire6lion. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 65 



LETTER FROM THOMAS LORD WHARTON TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

JuLT 23, 1555.* 

My dcwe commendacions to your honorable lordefhippe remembred. Yt 
may pleafe the fame to be advertefed thiat the xxij of Julye I receyved 
your lordefhippes lettres of the paflage of the Frenfhmenne, and of the 
newes frome my lorde Conyeres anempfle the commeng of the quene 
Doweger of Scotland to Jedworth ; 1 do hertlye thanke your lordfhippe 
for the fendinge therof. I was enformed the daye before that the 
Doweger mynded her yntended purpofe to Dumfreis ; I was enformed 
alfo that Johne Maxwell had fent to the Belles and fome of the Johne- 
(lones, Scottefmen, accompted ther rebelles, to kepe them felfes the tyme 
of the Dowagers being ther, and after the fame he wold releve them. 
Sondrye of thofe two farvaundes who ferved under me in the late warres 
haith fent to me that I wold over fee them in the waiftes of Tyndaill yf 
thei be purfwede to thextremetye, which fute I have pafled over faing 
ther wilbe no fuch power againft them and yf ther be then let me knowe 
and I woll confider the fame ; requiring to knowe your lordfhips pleafour 
yf a feconde fute do conune what I (hall do therin. Advertifing your 
lordfhipp that upon Thurfdaye in the aftemone after the lorde Dacres 
commeng, the commiflioners and myne the Wedenfdaye next night before, 
to Newe Caftell, Ingrame Suynbome and Roger Suynbome, bretheren, 
offered to fight with one [ ] Rede, whereuppon a great affiraye 

arofe at Sandhill and in the towne ther, uppon knowlege wherof I fend 
to the maior to fend the Suynbomes to me, who was departed the towne 
jrmmediately, as the maior faid. Whereuppon I wrote for theire repare, 
who at theire comeng nowe faith they have bene in Yorkfhire which 
occafioned their long tarrye, bothe whome I do fend to your lordfhippe 
with my fervaunte this berer to be further ordered at your lordfhipps 
commandement. And Almighty God fend unto your lordfhipp mof^ 

■• From the Talbot Pf^>en, toL C, p. OL 



Digitized by 



Google 



66 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

honorable fucceffe in all your affares. At Alnewik, the xxiij of Julye, 
1555. 

Your lordfliips at commandement, 

Thomas Whartton. 

To the right honorable and my 
fingler good lorde, therle of 
Shrewfburye, lord prefedent 
of the king and queues ma- 
jefties honorable counfell ef- 
tablifhed in the northe. 



LETTER FROM LEONARD DACRE TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY, 

July 23, 1556.* 

My mod humble dewtie unto your honorable lordfhip premifed. Pleafeth 
the fame to be advertifed the rebellis of Scotland, to the nomber of two 
hundrethe men, gathered to gythers yefterday in the momyng, purpofing 
fome exployt of annoyfaunce to be done to the earle Bothwile, lyeutenent 
nowe returned againe and lyeng at Annon, fent furth xvj. perfones, borfe- 
men, and reefed xij horfes abowt Annon town. Wheruppon arofe the 
frey, and the lieutenunt and his foldiores purfewyng to have relkewid the 
horfes followed fo far whils they ranne to the rebelles ambuihe, who fett 
uppon theym and hayeht flaine one capten of the Frenchemen and twoo 
others, and alfo hurt diverfe in perile of deathe, the faid rebels efcaping 
with out eny hurt or daunger, and woone divert horfes, returned hom, 
wherof I have thought yt my dewtie to adverteii? your lordfhip, this berer 
mayking his repayr thyther, and (hall not fayl as the lyk newes her fliaU 
occurr to iignifie the fame frome tyme to tyme, or to accomplifh eny other 

• From the Talbot Papen^ toL €» p. 266. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 67 

thinge which may be with in my compaDs by fervice or otherwife to your 
lordihips contentacion, wh^in I ihall mod humbly befiech your lordfhip 
to commaund me as your own. Even fo I commit the fame to the 
tuicion of Ahnightie God. From Carlifle, the xxiij of Julij, 1556. 
Your good lordihips nephewe mod humble 
at commaundement, 

Leonard Dacre. 

To the right honorable and my 
finguler good lorde and uncle 
the erle of Shrewfburie, lorde 
prefident of the kinge and 
quenes majeflies counfell in 
the north partes. 

Yeftirday the rebelles about x of clock fomon, beyng the xxiiij, of Juli 
inilaunt, run a forrey about Annon, and reifed and had away ccc bed of 
catle and lyke many flieepe, without reikewe, for that the Ueutenant was 
a myle beyond diflroyeng Alexander Carliell com, an owtlaw. 



LETTER FROM WILLIAM SWYNHOO TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY. 

SBPTniBBEy 1557.* 

Right honorable, my mod humble and bounden dewtie remembred. 
Theife may be to fignyfie unto your lordfhip that there came yefterday to 
Hoome xxx fcore of cannon fhott caryed on horfeback in creles, and alfo 
there came before Tiij punchions of wyne, as they fay, it was a parcell of 
the quenes own provifyon and that fhe will come forwards in perfon hir 

* From the Talbot Papers, toL D, p. 162. 



Digitized by 



Google 



68 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

felf. As I can yet leme they intend to befeige Wark, and the captain 
thereof is this daye entered in Scotlande to his taker. The hoole power 
doth mufler upon Fawlawe more on Saterday next, and, as I am en- 
formed, fetteth forwardes on Sondaie, and wilbe a greter power then ever 
I fawe of Scotlande together at one tyme. I tnift to get more perfyte 
knoledge before they fet forwardes of there procedinges and if they hold 
gajrt, yf your lordfhip will give me lycence I truft to finde the meanes to 
fende one Inglyfheman that fliall lye in there campe and fe the maner of 
there doynges, there power, there order of marching, and fo farre as he 
can leme there intent. And thus I comytt your lordfhip to the tuytion 
of the Hooly Ghoft. From Comhill this prefent Wednifdaie at viij of 
the clok at night this [ ] of September, 1557. 

Your lordfhips moil humble to command, 

William Swynoo. 



ARTICLES OF THfi PROCEDINGES OF THE QUENE OF SCOTTES, TO BE 
DELTVERED TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARLE OF SHREWES- 
BERRY, LORDE LEVETENNAUNT FROM TRENT NORTHWARDE.* 

The queue of Scottes haithe hir harmy in redynes, and dothe entend to 
laye feidge to Warke. 

She comes to Howme Caftille where hir proviffione is comede alredy, 
fortie tonne of wyne. 

The ducke of Chatteler is the levetennante generalle of the boUe army. 

The erle of Argille and thearle of Huntley with the holle nobelytie of 
Scotland dothe come in this jomaye. 

• From the Talbol Papen, yoL D, p. 107* 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 69 

The feconnde of (Mlobre fter upone Fallaye More, 

ande that night des on ther joroaye to the borderes. 

The fpiritualle men of .... . burguffes dothe feind fyve 
thoufland charges. 

Thare ordenaimee is com nombre is xxti pece, 

whereof there is ..... . cannon and demye cannon, as it is 

faid, the Skottes, the faid carriges and ord . . . 

.... come over Sutter, the wefter ftreat by Ladder, whiche feam- 
ethe the rather thaie fliulde laye to Warke. 

It is proclamede in Edmburghe fortie daies vettelles. 

All the nobillitie of Scotland are prefently at Edenbroughe, fave only 
the earle of Sonderland, whiche is linge prefently in Jedworthe with no 
great compeny. 

Thaie are prefently thus myndyd one this thare jomaye at this tyme. 

Yet is it dowbtit with many whether thaie (hall agre to come forwardes 
in this jomaye or not. 

But what fo ever thare procedinges flialbe your lordfhippe ihall have 
perfyte entellygence by my next letter to your lordfhippe. 



THE INTELLTOENCE THAT BARWTKE, THE PURCEVAUNT, BROUGHT ^OM 
ATLLMOWTHE FROM KIRKALDT, THE XXVTH OF OCTOBER.* 

The fame Kirkaldy faid that munf Dofell hade changed his purpofe for 
going to Edenbroughe as yett, becaufe he belevid that the Scottes wold 

• From the Talbol Papen, toL D, p. 266. 



Digitized by 



Google 



70 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE r^ 

apprehend the quene; and untill he harde from her, which he thought 
ihuld be fhortly, he wolde not departe from Ayllmouthe, for he was in 
dowbte of hym felfe till the Scottes lordes ware fcaUid whoo be yett in 
Eddynbrou^e. 

Souche jellycy and fufpeAe as prefently is betwixte the Dowager, 
Docelle, and the ftaites of Scotland of many yeres hath not byn feen of 
lyk perfons. 

For the better fayfty of Docelle he hathe emeftly fpoken to Kyrcalldy 
and the larde of Urmeftone to gyve hym one hondrithe lyght horfmen, of 
the bed and mod trufliefte that they coulde by eny meanes gette, to 
garde his perfon contynewally whylles he remaynythe in Scotland, as well 
in peace as in ware, and will move the quene for the fame. 

Alfo Docell faid to Kirkalldy this day that ther fhuld arrive thre or iiij 
hundrithe horfmen in the weft havens of Scotland betuix this and Creflyn- 
mas, commyng out of Fraunce, and that the cheyfe leader of them fhalbe 
Docell fone-in-lawe, all whidi only commythe for the better garde of the 
queues perfon. 



THE NAMES OF GENTLEMEN TAKEN AT THE BATTATLLE OF BLAKBBRTE, 
THE XTH OF NOVEMBER 1557-* 

Sir Andrew Carr of Lyttelden. 
The lard of Gradon, Watt Carre, 
The lard of Corbett. 
Davyd Carre of Shilftokbreye. 
Davyd Carre of Roxbroughe. 

• From thft Talboe Fapem. toL D» p. STB. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 71 

Robyn Carre of the Ldwghe. 

Andrewe Rotherforde of the Hundele. 

Johae Rutherforde lard of Hunthill% 

James Hebbume. 

Phillip Rotherford of Eggerftane. 

Johoe Rotherford of Neflbet. 

Jofame Rotherforde df HunthilL 

The lard of Marqftone. 

Sander Make-DowelL 

Ryvyan of Crinftone. 

Hie lard of Brineflone. 

George Tromell, lard of Towne. 

Davyd Ai^eye, lard of Farlowe. 

Thomas Rotherforde, lard of Deftrobome. 

George Younge of Ottorbume. 

Johoe Davyfoa of Whytone. 

Andrew Rotherforde of Nefbet, and George and Marton 

Rotherforthes. 
The younger lard of Marqftone. 

'Die^ and to the numbre of iiij° or above alredy knowne be taken 
prifonersy befides xltie flaine on the Scottes partie, and but foure Eng- 
liflie men only flaine and fome hurte. 

Endorfed, 

The names of the pryfoneres taken at the battayll of Blackatter. 



LETTER FROM HENRY PERCY TO THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY. 

Mat 21, 1558.« 

Pleasith hit your honorable lordfliip to be advertyfed that yefter nighte 
being the xx^ of this inftantt, William Swinnho, Rauffe SwinhO) the band 

• From the Talbot Piqpera, ¥oL P, p. 828. 



Digitized by 



Google 



72 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

of Norham and my awne band were in Tyvydall, wheras they were ap- 
purpofed to lye clofle untill vij of the cloke in the morninge and then to 
rone a forray unto theire cattell, whereas the thing was done accordinglye, 
and broght awaie viij" head of notte, towe hundrethe (hepe, halfe a dofen 
nagges, fower prefoners, and did retorne home againe withoutt the lofle 
of any man ; God be praifed therefore I And by iij of the cloke in the 
morninge I had perfytt intellygence that the lard of Urmefton, WilUam 
Kirkalldaie and Robyn Lowder withe theire garrifons wold runne al Horke- 
leye that daie and fo feafe fuch goodes as was betwen that and Bar- 
wicke. Thus perfayvinge that the moft part of my horfe men were in 
Tyvydall I caufed a pod to go to my lord Eewerye, difyringe that I 
might have the horfemen whiche was to the number of one hundreth and 
myne awne here remayninge, a thre fcore ; and about viij of the clok 
Mr Raufie Ewers and the marfliall of Berwicke came to me hether to 
Norham, wher as I defyred theym to caufe theire men to he clofle in a 
fecrett place befyde Horkeley and my men with theym. So after 
dynner thaforefaid Mr Ewers and Mr Marfhall and my felfe lept on horfe 
bake and did go untto oure companye, wheras we had not taryed halfe 
an houre butt we faw the Scottes broken and the phorraye commed over 
the watter into Horkeley, and feing theym in the towne we brake at the 
faid Scottes and put theym to flight, being the nowmber of an hundreth 
men. And then did the refydeue of my men which had bene in Tyvi- 
dall come to us even as we drave them over the watter, wheras we did 
take the number of xxviij or xxx prifoners, very good lyke garryfon men. 
And underftandinge bothe by my intellygence the mounff Docell with his 
fottemen to the noumber [of] xvten hundrethe was in the feld, and 
agayne the fmall commyflyon that I have to go into Skottland I caufed 
the chafe to retyer, whereafe I do confiefle more profet might have bene 
had by venture and greter hafarding. And thus when we had over- 
thrawene theire horfemen mouf Docell marches forwardes to the watter 
fyde, which caufed me to fend a fpedy meflinger to my lord Eweres 
defyring him of a fupplye of fottemen ; and moft willingly, as I daily fynd 
him in thadvauncementt of fervice, came forward him felfe with towe 
thowfand fottemen. Howbeit the Scottes were fo evell afliamed on 
theire partt, and mownff Docell withall, bycaufe he had mad a vowe to 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 73 

have burned either Norham or Horkeley that daie, retorned homward 
before the feid lord Eweres came unto us ; and this withoutt the lofle 
of one man, faving one that was taken, we retorned hom, howbehit 
thejrre was a greate nomber of the Scottes that efcaped awaie by fwym- 
myng of the horfle, and fome of theym drowned, which as yett I can 
nott leame the certaine, but I afure your lordfhip he that had a love did 
break a ftafie for her fake. And forafmoche as I had none I did nott 
fo as othyr men did, howbehit I do efteme Gray Brufk better then I 
have done him heretofore. Thus defyring your lordfhip to attribute this 
victory and all others to Godd, geving Him thankes for the fame, and I 
ihall dailye pray for the encreafe of your lordfliips honoure. From the 
caftell of Norham, the xxj of Maij, 1558, 

Your lordihips mod humble to comand, 

Henry Percy. 



LETTER FROM JAMES HAMILTON, EARL OF ARRAN, TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

Septembbe 25, 1559.* 

Sir, Eftir my maid hartly and affedtionat recommendations to yowr 
honour ; this prefent fall be to lat yow underfland quhow all befines hes 
paffit fens my arrivel in this contri, and be raifin it war not feffand to 
maik fo long ane difco¥nrs to the queinis majefty, I will pray yow, if 
commodite prefentis, that ye will make hir majefty fertain of fie newis as 
I knaw at this prefent. Quhilks are as yit na oder hot that eftir I had 
fund my lord my fader heir in his bus of Hamilton, I remanit hot ane 
day with him, tariing on my cufing the erle of Argil and the Priour, that 
war in Dumbartan. Thay biand cowmit we went all thre to Stirling, 
quhair we fand the reft of the Congregation, quhairof the prinfipalis wer 
the erl of Monteith, the erle of Huntles broder, the erl of Kinkem, the 

• From the Cotton MS. Calig. B, x. fol. 180. 



Digitized by 



Google 



74 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

lord Riwwen, the lord Ochiltre, the lord Bold; wdirs was their many, 
findre lardes and barrons, quhirof I haiwe not weill the namis in me- 
more. So being thair aflamblit mani findri maters war pfoponit, bot be 
raifon their wes no man their that wald tak on him to foe hedifman thair 
was litill thing determinet. I feing thb callit them all togidder and chew 
them quhow, quhowbeit the mater fold haive tuichit to my fader of heSov 
for religions caws, that now if twichit him far nerer, fens that the pro- 
fidings of the French chew cleirly that thair heill intention and deflaing 
tended bot to the defrauding of us that ar the richt eris to the crown and 
to impayr them of the rewme; and praiid them that in confederation of 
this that thay wald all togidder tranfport them to my faders hows, and 
that be the experiens that I had of him I juget that he fuld in him to them 
in that fam. Se thay trout my cownfeill, and hes bein all thir twa daiis 
hi paflit with him, and hes fund my faiings trew, for he hes fubfcrivit all 
the bandes. Mairo¥nr he hes wrettin ane letter to the Regent, declarand to 
hir that all the nouble men and he with .them pleignis and findis marvoulus 
ewill the maner of hir proiidings, and gif chew put not the French men 
owt according to hir promis, and alfua lewis not the fortifiing of Lith, the 
quhilk chew garris fortifi, that he is determit with the reft of the nobilite 
to pwt remeid in to it fwa far as it lyis in his powar, and all thes that will 
tak his part. Farder, he hes gart writ fertan articles in his name and of 
the leiwe of the nouble men of the Congregaticm, continan all the extor- 
iions, lik as fewngning (?) of wul . . mwrdors and fclachters, quhair thay 
hes bein na redres apon the oft feling of hir promes, and this to be chawn 
both to hir felf and alfua opnly befor the peiple. Forder, it is determit 
that at the xv day of the nixt moneth all the heill fors that may be maid 
in Scotland fall be togidder, and than to cri doun hir awtorite. Now in 
the mein time that the greit fors be aflemblit wi ar in powrpos to tak the 
toun of Edmburg, iw it may be polfible, for we think takan it the Dorier 
fall be conftrinit to go to Dumbar, for chew dar not tare in Lith and we 
win Edinbourg. It that retards that enterpris is bot quhiles we be aflurit 
of the lord Arlkin, quhilk is capitain of the caftell, and to that affek the 
Priowr, quhilk is his fifters fone, and I, fuld meit him upon Setirday nixt 
in Locklewin; and now prefently my fader hes wrettin to him remem- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 75 

bring him of all his promiflis, and chawand him the greit dangers he puttis 
him felf and his hows if he neclek him felf in that cace. Alfua, he hes 
writen to the erle of Hmitly and I alfua, and he . . . aifis me that he is 
als afllirit of him as of ony man of Scotland. Now haiw [I] maid yow raport 
of the heiO newis at I knaw at this time, praiand your honour to maik the 
queinis m^^fty partiffipent of them, for fo I halve chaw to hir majefly 
that I have wrettin to yow al at linth ; and fo I maik an end, praiand 
the leiwing Lord to haiw yow in his keping and to me grace cum day to 
chaw yow how far I am your freind. At Hamylton, this xxj day of De- 
cember, 

Your mod hartly and trull freind, 

James Hamiltone. 



INTELLIGENCE OUT OF SCOTLAND, 
NOVSMBBR 10, 1559.* 

Firsts, thearle Bothwell, the lord Bortwick and the lord Seaton are 
with the queen Dowager of Scotland, and taketh a plaine parte with her; 
and no other noblemen of Scotland. 

All the reft of the noblemen of Scotland taketh part with the Governor 
of Scotland. 

The Governor, his eldeft fonne, thearle of Argile, Huntley, Glen- 
came, the lord Revin, the Prior of St. Andrews, the Mr. Maxwell, the 
lord of Levington, are made regents of the realme of Scotland by the 
Congregacion, to have the governance of the fame realme untill they 
have a righteous prince amongft them. The which regents with their 
traines came to Edinburgh the xxiij***. day of Oftober laft with xij." 
men with them, and fate in counfell, and there deprived the faid queen 
Dowager of all rule in Scotland, for that (he did not kepe promife with 

• From the Cott. MS. Cab'g. B, x. fol. 52. 



Digitized by 



Google 



76 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

them nor foUowe the counfaile of the nobilitye of Scotland for the wealth 
of the realme and libertye of the fame. 

At the comeinge of the faid lords to Edmburgh the queen with her 
partie, beinge 3000 Frenchmen and 400 Scotiih, removed to Leith. 

The lad of 06tober lad paft in the night thearle Bothwell, accom- 
pained with 24 men, mett the lord of Ormeflon accompanied with 7 men, 
about Haddington, and there tooke from him vj^. crounes (lerlinge, which 
the faid lord was carienge to the Governor, and hurte the fame lord with 
a fword upon the face fore that he lieth upon the fame at his houfe at 
Ormefton. 

Thadvertifement of the takeing of the fame money came to the Go- 
vernor, who fent his elded fonne, the Mr. Maxwell, the Prior of St. An- 
drewes, and others, being 700 men or thereabouts, to the cadle of 
Crighton, thearle. Bothwell his cheefed houfe, didaunt from Edinburgh 
viij miles; who entred into the fame and put 1. gonnefs into it upon St. 
Hallow day, and lay that night there, and came to Edinburgh the next 
daye. 

Upon Alhallayes day after the rideing furth of the faid Governor, his 

fonne, and others, the fame was declared to the queen by a fervaunt of 

the biihop of Dumblaynes; and imediatly after the fame declaracon about 

xv^. Frenchmen and Scottiflimen iflued out of Lieth and fkermifhed with 

about cc. Scottfhmen that had layed two pieces great ordince upon a little 

hill befides the Hallyrood Houfe to dioote at Lieth, and the Frenchmen 

wan thone pece and thother was bruden. And the fame Frenchmen 

entred into Cannogate, and fpoyled the fame to the porte of the toune, 

and flew xxj Scottiflunen and three women, and fixe Frenchmen were 

flaine at the fame fldrmifli, and xl^^r men of armes of France rode in at 

the porte and went almod to the Trone, where they were put back by the 

Governor and his partye. The cadle of Edinburgh fliott two cannons at 

the French partye at the faid fldrmifli, for the which the queen reproved 

the lord Aikyn, keeper of the cadle, as an unjud man to the crowne of 

Scotland, who made anfwere that he would fliote at any perfon that went 

about to annoy the toune of Edinborough. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY: 77 

The third of November prefent the Goveraor fent his fonne and the 
Mr Maxwell with 300 horfmen to CrightonT caftle, who at their arrivall 
there fent to thearle Bothwell, beinge at the caftle of Blorthwick, and 
willed him to come and take parte with the lords, which he refufed to 
doe, and then the Governor his fonne fpoyled the caftle of Crighton, and 
had the fpoyle and all his evidence to the Governor. 

The iiij*** of November aforefaid the queen fent to the lords and 
moved them to quietnes, fayeinge ftie woulde kepe all promifes with them 
if they would doe the like, whereunto they would not agree, faying they 
had found her fo falfe and unnaturall that they would never truft her, 
nor have to doe with her nor France but by the fword. 

The vj*^. of November inftant the Gongregacion and the French- 
men fkermiflied together, at which was flaine Alexander Hallyburton, 
brother to the tutour of Peticur, one of the beft captaines of Scotland, 
and xxx". footemen of Scotland, and divers taken ; and of the French 6 
or 7 flaine and 6 taken. 

The lords of Scotland, perceavinge that theis flcirmiflies chaunced not 
well with them and that they were not in a perfeA readines for the 
warres, put all there ordinance in Edinburgh caftle upon band of the lord 
Aflcyn to have the fame fafely delivered to them againe, and the faid vj. 
of November about midnight removed to Lightgoe, where they remaine in 
confutation preparing for the warres, and will fet up a coyne, fayeing 
they ftiall coyne a good parte of their plate for maintenance of the word 
of God and the wealth of Scotland. 

The morowe next after, beinge the vij. of November, the queen re- 
moved to Edinburgh about x of the clock before none, where ftie remain- 
eth, haveing all thinges there at her will. The moft parte of the inhabi- 
tants of Edinburgh fledd out of the towne with bag and baggage before 
her comeinge hither, and put a great parte of theire beft ftuffe in Edin- 
burgh caftle for the fafety thereof. 

The bifliops of St Andros and Glafco are with the queene, and the 
bifliops of the Out Ifles and Galloway are with the lords and Gongrega- 
cion. 



Digitized by 



Google 



78 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER PROM JAMES STEWART, PRIOR OP ST ANDREWS, TO 

SIR RALPH SADLER AND SIR JAMES CROFT, 

NOTBMBIE 17, 1569.« 

Ryqht wyrihipfuU and traifl freindes, efter my harty commendation. 
Albeit I haif of laitt wryttin to you of before, jit feing it is laitly cum unto 
my knaulaig that monfieur Ruby is direct from the quene Dowiare to the 
queue majeile of England to impefche I dout not, gif it may be, the 
quenis majeile from fchawing of guid will and ayde to our common caufe, 
heirfor I thought expedient to gif yow botht advertifment thairof, not 
doutting bot as I am perfuaded of 3our favour towart this our cans, fa je 
will not faill to meitt be 30ur lettres to the quenis majeile the malice and 
craft of our common enemeis batht to 30U and ws, for fa juiUy I dout not 
to call thayme, as I dout not bot fa ye efteme thaym. And this to do 
maift emiilly I defyr 30U batht, as je tender the procedings quhilk I refer 
to this gentil man the berar. And fa committis 50U to prote^ion of 
God, \c. Sanftandros, the xvij. of November, 1559, 

Be youris aflured frend, 

James Sanctand. 



LETTER PROM HENRY BALNAVES TO SIR RALPH SADLER AND 
SIR JAMES CROPTE, 

NOTBMBBK 19, 1559.t 

Ryqht worfchipfull, after my moil harty commendations. Having no other 
materis to write at this tyme to you, nor they whiche ar knowing mani- 
feiUie by common report, and alfo the bringer hereof can at more 
lencht declare nor is neidfuU to me till write, yit thought I it nedefull to 
fhew you that, notwithilanding theis lait alterations and changes, there is 

• From the Cott. MS. Cabg. B, x. fol. 187, b. f From the Cott. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 82. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 79 

no purpois alterit whicfae ever was begun here by the lordes and nobilite 
of this reahn, atber concerning the menteyning of true religion or kep- 
ing of this realme in the ould liberte thereof from the tyranny of Frenche- 
men.' And to declare thare myndes to the queues majeilie they have 
fend Mr Secretarie Ledington fully inflru6ted with their myndes, to whois 
returning the counfales of our fyde makes refidence in Glafquow and 
Sandtandros for the keping of the countres in order and making of mo 
frendes, as we doubt not hot they will increfle daly, and the rather that 
it be knowing we have your frenfliip, as at more lentht the bringer 
hereof, Mr Randolphe, will (hew you, whom I committe to the tuition of 
Almyty God. From Santandros, the 19 of November, 1559, 

Your loving frend at power, 

Henry Balnaves of Halkill. , 

To the ryght worfchipfull knytes, 
fir Rauff Sadler and James Crofte, 
be thefe deliverit. 



LETTER FROM JACQUES DE LA BROSSE AND NICOLAS DE PELLEVE, 

BISHOP OF AMIENS, TO THE CARDINAL OF LOBRAIN 

AND THE DUKE OF GUISE, 

Mabch 27, 1560.* 

Messeigneurs. Parce que la royne vous a fai£t ample refponce aux 
deux lettres quelle areceu, qui eft tout ce que avons eu de vous depuis la 
venue du ^ 06tavian, ne vous en ferons aultre redidte, et aufly que 
monfo de Ville Parifis vous efcript bien au long tant de leftat des fortifi- 
cations que des vivres, et fuyant ce quil vous a pleu efcrire par lune de 
voz di6tes lettres je. La Brofle, efpere partir dans quatre jours, et pour 
ceft effedi ay envoye devers le due de Norfolk, qui eft fur la frontiere, 
pour eftre afleure de mon paflage encores que jaye ung faufconduidt de 

• Ftom the Cott. MS. Gilig. B, ix. hi 05, b. 



Digitized by 



Google 



80 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THfi 

la royne, fa maiftrefle, ne voullant fallir a vous dire encores particuliere- 
ment quil nefl riens obmis de tout ce quil a efle poffible pour mettre la 
royne d'Angleterre hors de fufpicion dentrer en la guerre, et pacifyer les 
rebelles qui ont touQours infifle, comme ils font encores, de veoir le roy 
pardeca fans fortification et gens de fa nation. Mefi^rs, nous fupplyons 
Dieu, 1c. 

De Edinbourg, ce xxvij Mars, 1560. 

Mefleigneurs. La royne Douugere vous efcript pour les expeditions 
de Tevefche de Rofle en faveur du doyen de Glafcou, qui eft prefident de 
la Seffion. Son age et fort bonne vye et emynent fcauvir ce recomman- 
dent aflez ; et n'avons voulufaillir a vous en porter fa tefmoignage, et vous 
dire quil eft bien affeftione et bien neceflaire pardeca. L'evefchfe eft 
encores eritier. 

Depuis cefte lettre efcripte eft revenu de devers le due de Norfolk le 
trompette, nayant. le dit due vouUu accorder le feurete de mon pafleport 
fans premierement en avoir adverty fa maiftrefle. Je ne fcay ce quil en 
adviendra. Vous m'aviez fai6t promefle et afleurance avant mon palrte- 
ment et depuis par lettre quil vous avoit pleu efcrire pardeca, monfeig- 
neur le cardenal, dung office de confeillier pour mon nepheu, dont il n'a 
obtienu expedition, comme il m'a efcript. Je ne [fcai pas] quelle faulte 
luy ou moy pourroins avoir commis pour nen avoir eu la defpefche. 
Voz treftiumbles et tfefobeiflantes ferviteurs, 

J. Delabrosse. N. E. D*Amtbns. 



LETTER FROM MARY. QUEEN DOWAGER OF SCOTLAND. TO BL D'OYSEL. 

Mat 8, 1560.* 

Depuis la venue de Tennemy a Petit Lyth je n'ay eu aulcunes nouvelles 
de vous. Je vous ay envoye plufieurs, et ay fceu que tous ont efte pris 

• From the Ck^tt MS. Calig. B, ix. foL 98. b. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 81 

en allant, fi ung gentilhomme qui efl a monf^ de Seton n'eft entre, par 
lequel vous ay amplement efcript. La negociation f eft rompue fur la 
venue de due de Norfolk, pource que noz gens ne veuillent ou pouvent 
laifler, et fen alia il ya hui6l jours. La royne d' Angleterre continue fes 
diffimulations, mais que le roy ne fy repofe tant quil . . en ayt adverty 

le roi gne qui lui promi6l bailler vaifleaux et vivres. 

Le roi . . peu .... a fai6l armer vingt quatre gros navires 
pour envoyer pardeca avecques les aultres forces quil fai6l tenir preftes. 
Voila la fomme d'une lettre que meffrs mes freres ont efcript ; le chiffre 
eft fort dangereux, m'ayant depuis deux jours efte monftre une tranfla- 
tion faidle en Anglois de mot a mot de la lettre que je receuz de trois 
endroitz du xix Februaire, ou il eft tant parle du chafteau et de tem- 
porizer avecques les rebelles. Ce que eft efcript de Mr Baptifte eft a 
bon eftient, et vous prye que la remide me foit envoie. J' ay envoye 
quatre cens efcuz au feignur de Sarlaboz a deux foiz depuis dix jours. 
Voyez ung memoire qui me vient d'eftre envoye, bailie de Tenterprife de 
Tennemy. Ca propos eftoit hier au foir de faire leur trenches du coft6 
du north de leau a Tendroidl de la citadelle, affin a miner la di6te cita- 

delle leau deflbubz la di6le citadelle. Unz homme 

nagueres venu de Londres a promis a my lord Gray de feparer, dedans 
trois jours et trois nui6tz, le nouveau boullevert de Sain6t Anthoine 
d'avecques la ville, on forte quil leur fera aife d'aflailer la reftq de la 
ville; pource donnez ordre de ce coufte la. My lord Gray fe vante que 
dedans Lundy ou Mardy prochain, qui fera le fix ou feptiefme de May, 
il entrera dedans la ville, ou il lui couftera beaucoup de fes gens, et eft 
lour intencion de donner Taflault au poin6t du jour. Ilz ont de- 
mande que les lordz, lardz, et gentilzhommes Efcoflbis, preigne chaf- 
cun ung Anglois par la main de pareille qualite quant ilz vont a 
Taflault. 



Digitized by 



Google 



82 



ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LIST OF THE NUMBER OF TROOPS TO BE EMPLOYED IN THE ASSAULT 

MADE UPON LEITH BY THE ENGLISH, 

May 4, 1560* 



May 4, 1560. 



ORDERS FOR THASSALT. 



Uppon Saturdaye in the mornyng at thre of the clock, God 
wiUinge, we flialbe in aredynes to geve the aflalte in order 
as followithe, if other ympedyment then we knowe not yet 
of hyndre us not. 

For the firft affalt. 



Captein Rede 
Captein Markham 
Captein Yaxley 
Captein Suttone 
Captein Fairfax 
Captein Mallorye 
The provoft marfliall 
Captein Aftone 
Captein Conwey 
Captein Drurye 
Captein Barkleys bande 
Captein Fitzwilliams 
Of the Scottes 
Harquebuziers borowed 



"J 
cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

j" XX. 

Summa, iij°^ xx. 



• From the Talbot Papers, vol. E, p. 97. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 



83 



For the feconde aflalt. 
Gaptein Wade 
Captein Deickare\ 
Captein Comelle > 
Captein Shirley J 
Captein Litelton 
Captein Southwoorthe 
Captein Babthorpe 
Captein Hefkett 
Captein Ulewport 
Captein Stanley 
Captein Lowe 
Captein Pringle 
Captein Cunftable 
Captein Mannering 



cc 

cc 

cc 
cc 
cc 
cc 
cc 
cc 
c 
xl 
cc 
cc 



Summa, m^ m^ cc ;d. 



To kepe the fielde. 
Captein Somerfett 
• Captem Cliftone 
Captein Guarde 
Captein Dennye 
Captein Capelle 
Peter Leghe 
Richarde Leghe 
Capteine Buttler 
Capteine Gifforde 
Capteine Veraane 



ccc 

ccc 

ccc 

ccc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 

cc 



Summa, m^ m' iiij®. 

Item, it is ordered that the Vyce-admyralle of the quenes majeflies 
fliipps Ihall, when a token is given, fend v^ men out of the navye into the 
haven of Lyethe, to give an affaulte on that fide of the towne at the 
fame inftaunt wher thaflault (halbe gevene on the breche. 



Digitized by 



Google 



84 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

It is further ordered that captyne Vaughan fliall, at the tyme of 
thaflault of the breache, attempt an affault unto the fyde of the towne 
that lyethe next to the forte of Mounte Pelham. 

And the Scottes ar ordered, with fuche numbre as they canne make, 
to attempt an affalt uppon the weft part of the towne towardes the fea 
fyde. 



LETTER FROM A PERSON UNKNOWN, ADDRESSED TO SIR ROBERT DUDLEY, 

December 31, 1560.* 



Since the deathe of the late king things proceade heare in fuche fort as 
thofe that were worft affe6lid to the queues majeftie and moft defyerous 
to troble her realme fliall not have fo good and readye meanes to execute 
their malice as they had in- the late kinges time. And yet, my lord, this 
I trufte ftialbe no occafion to make her majeftie lefle confiderate, or her 
counfell lefle provident. For afluredly the queue of Scotland, her ma- 
jefties cofen, dothe carrye herfelfe fo honorably, advifedlye and dyfcryte- 
lye, as I can not but feare her progrefle. Me thinkethe it were to be 
wiflhed of all wyfe men, and her majefties good fubjeAes, that the one 
of thefe two queues of the ile of Bryttaine were tranffermed into the fliape 
of a man to make fo happie a marriage, as therby ther might be an unitie 
of the hoU ile, and their appeneances. Whofo ever is converfant in ftoryes 
fliall well perceave eftates hathe by no on thing growen fo greate, and 
laftyd in their greatnes, as by manages, whiche have unyted contreyes that 
do confyne together. The profe thereof is notorioufly feane by the howfe 
of Aufteritche, in whofe handes the one halfe of Europe being Chrifteynd, 
is at this daye, whiche is come to pafle by mariages only. Their firft anceftor 
was not many yeres agon a meane counte of Habft)ourge in Swiferland. 

• From the Harl. MS- 6990, Art. 2. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 85 

And as they have come to this greatnes by this meanes, fo dothe that race 
retayne dill that principle, to mayntayne their greatnes and to increafe it ; 
and that I beleve your lordfhip Ihall fe well veryfied by the bellowing of 
the prince of Spayne, and the emperours children in marriage. 

From Orleanns, the laft of December, 1560. 

Endorfedi 
An unknown perfon from Orleans, 
to the lord Robert Dudley, giv- 
ing fome account of Mary queen 
of Scots after the death of her 
huiband, the French king. 



THOFFICE OF THE TREASURER OF THE QUENES MAJESTIES ARMYE 
SENT INTO SCOTLAND TO THE SEIGE OF LEETHE.* 

A brief abflradte of thentertaynement, wages, and rates allowed per diem 
unto the lord levetennant generall, principall officers, captens, and 
there companyes, fervinge in her majeflies army there, as in thac- 
compte of fir William Inglebye, knight, treafurer of the fame army, 
anno regni regis Elizabeth tertio, amongeft others may appeare. 

THENTERTEYNEMENT AND WAGES OF OFFICERS OF THE FIELD. 

Thomas duke of Norfolke, lorde 
lieveteunte generall, for thenter- 
taynement of himfelfe and his 
retynewe, per diem . . xij^. xij*. ij**. 

The lord Graye of Wilton, lieve- 
teunte of the faid armye, per 
diem .... Ixvj*. viij**. 

* From the Lansdown MS. 58, Art. 67. 



Digitized by 



Google 



86 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

The lorde Scroope, marfhall of the 
feild, for himfelf per diem xl'., 
Ix. light horfemen at xijd. per 
diem the pece Ix. s,and xx*^ foot- 
men at viij**. the pece per diem 
xiiij*. viij**.; in all per diem . cxiij. iiij^. 

Sir Ralphe Sadleir, knight, warden 
of the eafte and midle marches, 
for his enterteynemt per diem Ix'. 

Thomas Hogan, efquire, provofte 
marlhall, for his entertaynemt at 
vj*. viij^. per diem, one gaylor 
and viij tipftaves at xii**. the pece 
per diem, ix*., one harbenger per 
diem ij*. viij**., one clarke of the 
markett per diem ij*., and one 
clarke of the watche per diem 
ij*. ; in all per diem .... xxij*. iiij^. 

Sir Nicholas Straunge, mufter maf- 
ter, for himfelf per diem x*., two 
clarkes at xij^. the pece per diem 
ij'., and ten fervantes at ix^. the 
pece per diem vij. s. vj**.; in all 
per diem ... . xix*. vj**. 

Sir William Ingleby, threafurer, for 
him felf per diem yj*. viij**., two 
clarkes at xij**. per diem the pece 
ij*., and xij horfmen at ix**. the 
pece per diem ix». ; in all per diem xvij*. viij**. 

Edward Randophe, ferjamite ma- 
jor, for him felf per diem xx*., 
and more of increafe per diem 
v'. ; in all per diem , . xxv*. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 87 



Roger Witherington, harbenger, 
for himfelf per diem ijv, and one 
fervaunte per diem xii**. ; in all 
per diem .... iij\ 

William Ifelham, trenchemaifter, 

per diem .... xiij«. iiij^. 

Fewer corporalles at vj». viij**. the 

pece per diem . . . xxvj*. viij**. 

Chefter Harrould at armes at iiijv 

per diem, and two men at vj**. le 

pece per diem xii**. ; in all per 

diem v". 

Roudge Crofce, percevant at armes, 

at ijv per diem, and one man 

vj**. per diem; in all per diem . ij«. vj^. 

Three Trompeters, at ij». the pece 

per diem, and iij. fervants at vj^. 

the pece per diem ; in all per diem vijv vj"*. 

Francis Killinghall, fcoutemafter, 

per diem .... iiij*. 

Thomas Gower, mailer of thordi- 

nance, for him per diem x"., his 

lyvetenant per diem iiijs, and two 

clarkes at xij**. per diem the pece 

ij*.; in all per diem . . xvj*. 

Richard Overton, on of the clarkes 

of the mufters, for himfelf and 

two fervants attendinge on him, 

per diem .... v*. 

Anthony Overton, clarke of the 

muflers, for himfelf and one fer- 

vant, per diem . . . ij^ yj^. 



u ;;■ ;:d 



XXXI JJ^ 1J». IJ 



Digitized by 



Google 



88 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

DEMYLAUNCES. 

The lorde Grey of Wilton, leive- 
tennante of the feilde, for the 
wages of 1^* demi launces, at 
XX**. per diem, iiij". iij\ iiij^., one 
captene per diem v*., lieveten- 
nante per diem ij*. vj**., guydon 
xx**., one trompeter per diem xij**., 
one harbenger per diem xii**., one 
harrold ij*. vj**., one harbinger, 
one furgeon, one fecratorie, one 
chaplyn, one phificion and one 
mafler of the guydes, at ij*. the 
pece per diem, xijv and x*° other 
guydes at xvi**. per diem the pece, 
xiij*. iiij**. ; in all per diem . vj". ijv iiij^, 

Mr George Hawarde, knight, ge- 
neral of the demy launces, and 
capten of c**" launces, for himfelf 
per diem xx*., his lieutennante 
X'., guydon ij*. vj"*., one trompetor 
and one furgeon at iy. the pece 
per diem iiij'., and c^ launces at 
xx"*. the pece per diem viij". vj*. 
viij^. ; in all per diem .. . x". iij*. ij^ 

Arthur Greye, efquire, capten of 
c*^ launces, for him felf per diem 
X'., his livetenante v*., guydon 
ij". vj^., one trompetor and one 
furgeon at ij'. the pece iiij'., and 
c*^ launces at xx^. the pece per 
diem viij". yj'. viij**. ; in all per 
diem . . . . • ix**. viij*. ij*^. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 89 

LIGHTHORSEMEN. 

John Conftable, capten of c**" lighthorffemen, for 
himfelfe per diem vj'., his livetennant iij*., guy- 
don xviij"*., one trompetor and one furgeon at xvj"*. 
the pece per diem ij*. viij"*., and c*^ lighthorflTemen 
at xi^. the pece per diem c*. ; in all per diem . cxiij*. ij**. 

FOOTEMEN. 

William Markeham, efquier, capten of c**" footemen, 

for himfelf per diem iiij*., his leivetennante ij*., one 

enfigne, one ferjeant, one drome and one fargeon 

at xii"*. the pece per diem iiij*., liiij armed fouldiers 

at X**. the pece per diem xlv'., and xlvj other at viij**. 

the pece per diem xxx*. viij**.; in all per diem . iiij". v*. viij**. 

xxv". xiijV viij**. 
Examined, xviij. Jany., 1588. 

P Jo. CONYEBS. 



LETTER FROM SIR WILLIAM CECIL TO THOMAS RANDOLPH. 

JiTNB SO, 1561.* 

Sir, I have not much to wryte in the matter now mentioned in the 
quenes majeflies letters; ye fee our opinion here is that it (hall doo much 
hurt in Scotland if the queue fhuld come thither before thinges be better 
eftablilhed; to ftey her is no better waye than that {he and her frendes 
in France maye fynd lack of conformyte there to the end propofed by 
hir, which is to fubvert the courfe of relligion, and to withdraw the good 
will of hirs hytherward; whyther it be rightly judged of here or no I know 
not. I have uppon theis news of hir comming wifhed to have had but 

* From the Harl. MS. 6990, Art. 6. 

M 



Digitized by 



Google 



90 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

one howres conference with my lord of Ledyngton, as yet I here not of 

Doyzills commingy but as this Frenbh einbafladonfayth he is purpofed to 

be here about the viiij of July; Nowallees is pall here yefterdaye^ fome 

what difgrafed, for the quenes majeftie wold not fpeke mth hym for that he 

fought not to fee hir majefty at his pafladg into Scotland. Uppon the 

recept of thefe letters I pray you make me fome anfwer, although it be 

but that ye can not make any full anfwer. I fend you fuch pamphletts 

as be here, and bid you well to fare untill my better leafure. Me thynketh, 

feing the lords of Scotland be not together, that it war well doone for ij. 

or iij. of the principall recayving the queues majeflie^ letter to fend to 

all the reft fome difperfed coppyes of the letter^ for I have fo proved it 

that fliall do no hurt to be made publick, and fo I end. From Grenewich, 

the 30 of June, 1561, 

Yours affured, 

W. Cecill. 

To my very lovyng frend 
T. Randall, efquire, 
Scotland. 



LETTER FROM MARY QUEEN OF SCOTTS TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

SSPTBMBEE 1, 1561.* ^ 

RiCHT excellent, richt heich and michty princes,' oure darreft fufter aind 
coufid, We gre£e gou hartlie weilh We have prefentlie direfilit towartis 
gou our- rich trouftyandi weilbelovit the goung larde of Lethingtoun, 
oure fecrets^ prmetpall, for fi^ gude offices as h€ h^ in charge df ws, 
quhilk ge will flifficientlie underftand be his report; t)r^yihg ^jou in our 
maifl hartlie maner to gif him als ferme eredehce thairin as ge wald gif 
unto oure felf. Thus richt excellent, richt heich and mighty princes, 

* From the CoUon MS. Calig. B, ix; fbl. 170. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 91 

oure darreft fufler and coufin, we commit gou to the tuitioun of Almichty 

God, At our palace of Halirudhous, t]jie firft day of September, and of 

out regnne ye xix yere, 

3^ur gud lifter and cufign, 

Marie. 

To the richt excellent, richt hiech 
and michty princes, our darreft 
fufler and couiin, the queue of 
En^andy l;c. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

Ogtobsb6, 1561.* 

Ma YE yt pleafe your honour ; thys prefent berrer [ ] 

is defpached from hence at the requefte of certayne marchantes that ar 
partyners in the Ihyppe that was ftayed by the embafladeur of Spaynes 
lute, whear of John Mofton is mafter. Theie have informed the queue 
here that John Morton is, and alwayes hathe byne, an honeft man and 
no pyrate ; that the ftiippe that is ftayed was frawthe onlye with wyne 
and falte, nor anye unlawfull goodes in her. I alleged as myche as I 
had harde to the contrarie ; that Morton was commenlye one of thofe 
that, under pretence of the letter of marque agaynft Portugales, tooke of 
all men that he mette. I alleged for an example v. Iryftie men, my 
meftres fubjedles of Waterforde, that had taken from them v. ducates, 
and were them felves fett alande upon the cofte of Flaunders. I knowe 
alfo that theie had, at what tyme the Ihippe was ftayed, fuger cheftes 
abourde. I thought alfo that it wolde be proved that the Ihippe named 
the John was a Portugales Ihyppe. Thefe thynges beinge ether knowne 

• From the Cotton MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 165. 



Digitized by 



Google 



92 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

or fufpedted unto Mr Holdilocke, the quenes majefties admirall for that 
tyme, myght gyve hym good occafion to ftaye the fhjrppe and brynge the 
parties unto their tryall. All wayes I dyd aflure ihem that theie fholde 
fynde upryght and indyflFerent juftice, to whiche efie6le the quenes grace 
here hathe geven them her letters fent by thys berrer, and I alfo am 
requyred to wryte unto your honour to that effe6le. Morton is myche 
pyttyed, whom men faye to be in great daynger of hys lyf. Wylliam 
Loggen, whoe is cheffe partener of the whole ladinge in the fayde (hippe, 
is he whoe is owner of the letter of marque ; hys harde dealinge at other 
tymes with my cuntrye men gevethe me lyttle occafion to commende hys 
cawfe farther then that I knowe he fhall have no wronge. Thus far I 
am bolde to troble your honour in thys matter. 

May yt pleafe your honour farther to knowe that upon Wenfdaye lafte, 
namely the fyrfte of thys inflant, ther arryved here fir Peter Mewtes, 
upon Thurfedaye he had audience, upon Satordaye he dyned wyth the 
lord James, and to morrow, Mundaye, fliall dyne at the courte with the 
noble men of France, whoe uppon Twifeday take their jomay towardes 
Barwycke. Their accompagnied the embafifadour hyther Mr Tremayne, 
Mr Cornewall, captene Preglie. I truft that hys aboode here fliall not 
be longe, the noble men ar the moft^e parte abfent, only nowe prefent the 
lord James, earles Morton and Huntlye, and the lord of Lidington. 

I have good occafion to commende unto your honour the berrer hereof, 
Mr David Lyndefaye, Rothefay Herawlde of Armes, for that good wyll 
he bearethe unto me and frendeflieppe that I have founde at hys handes. 
Thys is he that only adhered unto the lords in the defence of hys coun- 
trie, and reddye alfo to do that lawfuU fervice he maye unto the quenes 
majeftie my foveraynge. To lette hym be the better knowne unto your 
honour he is brother unto the notable David Lyndfaye, Kynge of Armes. 
He is hable to procure me the fyghte of a booke with one worde of your 
honours mouthe wherin are all the armes of all the noble men and baron{s] 
bothe newe and olde that are in Scotlande. Thus mod humbly I take 
my leave. At Edenbourge, the v^ of O6lober,156l, 

Your honours to conunaunde, 

Tho. Randolphe. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 93 

The flaye of the quenes majeilies horfes was here myche mufed at, I 
burdayned the Flemynges and her owne fervantes that payed not their 
franche. I wrote at the lordes requefte unto fir John Poller. 

[To the] righte honorable fir 
William [Cecil], knight, prin- 
cipall fecre[tary] unto the 
quenes majefiie of Englande. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH, APPARENTLY TO 
SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

October 12, 1561.* 

Althoughe I wrote verie latlye unto your honour by fir Peter Mewtes, 
and at his beinge in Scotlande informed him as I coulde of all thynges 
of that country, yet, for as myche as I have byne in thys towne.at the re- 
ceavinge of the noble men of France that thys daye departed towardes 
the courte, I thought it my parte to fignifie unto your honour thoccafion 
of my beinge here, and alfo what I have feen of the quenes majeilies 
officers and thofe mens doynges that have .charge in this place. Al- 
thoughe fir Peter Mewtes was well accompagnied to Edenbourge with 
fuche captaynes as came thyther with hym, which] were Mr Tremayne, 
Mr Cornewall, and Mr Pregles, yet I thought yt nothynge les honorable 
for hym yf I fllolde convoye hym myfelf owte of the countrye. I had alfo 
to confer at that tyme with the Deputie warden concemynge matters of 
the borders, of accufations made agaynfi^e the lord Hume ; fomewhat alfo 
I had to do with the Treafurer for my owne partyculer; but mofle of all, 
for that I knewe that yt was the quenes majeilies pleafure that the noble- 

* From the Cott. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol. 167. 



Digitized by 



Google 



94 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

men fliolde be receaved unto her highenes honor, that I might be wytnes 
therof and do my indeveur to farther the fame. I[n] ddynge whearof I 
aflure your honor I never fawe in men better wyU norttore reddynes t6 
fet forthe her majefties honor then was in them, for the nmnber there 
were. The Maryftiall, Treafurer, and Controuler, accompagnied with 
dyvers gentlemen mette them fomewhat withowte the boiinde roode, for 
fo farre the lord James merrilye promyfed me that theie wolde ryde into 
Englefhe grownde as our men came into Scottyfhe. The Deputie war- 
den with his compagnie and the vice Marlhall pafled not their lymites. 
I mette them before theie came ther with fome gentlemen with me iij, 
myles before thaye came togyther. Ther were of the noblemen of 
Scotlande thefe ; the lord James and his two brytherne, the erle of Mor- 
ton and erle Bothewell, lordes Borthwycke, Hume, 3^^^^, [and] abowte 
iij*' befydes the French men, as we geffed. At my fyrfte commynge unto 
the lord James he defyred me that no token of unkyndnes myght be ufed 
either to the lord Hume or lord Bothewell, bycaufe that he purpofed to 
convoye them as nere unto the wales as he myghte, here of I aflured 
hym that I wolde do my indeveur, which was juftlye performed. At the 
metinge ther were maynie good wordes and alfo at the departeur. The 
Scottyflie men never ofTerde to departe before theie had harde all the 
artyllerie fhotte of, and floode in the meane feafon within the fhotte of 
the harquebufe to the towne. Yt lyked all men fo well that the Prior 
fwhore by his honour that he never harde thynge more royeal ; monfieur 
Danville fayde that yt was worthye fuche a princes as my meftres was ; 
other ther wer that fayde verie honorably their myndes in heringe of the 
greatefte in the compagnie. Monfieur Prior requefted me alwayes to be 
by hym ; to all fuche queftions as he demaunded I anfwered as then I 
thou^te good. All thynges were in fuch good order that I am fure he 
coulde rather envie it then myflyke yt. Monfieur Danville conunended 
well the harquebufiers, for of them was the greatefte number, the refine 
were armed pyquys. The maior and hys brotherne mette them in the 
foreace, he gave them and receaved good wordes agayne. In the Mar- 
lhall there lacked no good wyll to fliewe that theie wer welcome. The 
Treafurer yf he dyd ever fliewe hymfelf noble, that daye was hys honor. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 95 

he had in one hverie xx parfones well horfed with partifaoes, he lodged 
them in his owne lodginge well furnyflhed with all thinges, and place 
inoughe. He gave them that nyght their ftq^r and breakefafle in the 
momynge^ not one that departed with owte hys belly full of good cheare. 
He gave unto eache of the noble men a geldinge, better thenanye theie 
brqughte owte of Scotlande. Theie were the nexte momynge as hono- 
rably put o¥rte of the towne^ favinge the number of great fhotf^ as theie 
were received. Thus your honour knowethe the maner of their inter- 
teynement in the quenes majefties towne at their fyrfte entrye* Theie 
them felves fpake no les unto me of yt then yt was. Monfieur Prior, by 
cawfe he knewe that I was to retome, defyred me to tell the queue of 
Scotlande what honour bad byn done unto them by two of the lord James 
gentlemen that he lefte of purpofe by hynde to attende upon them untyll 
that theie were owl of the towne, bothe noble men wrote backe unto the 
queue. The Scottyfhe lardes wente that night to Cowdingeham; I 
lemed by the waye of the lord James that the queue took their departeur 
greVeufly. She roofe that momyi^ige to bed them fare well, and to her 
beddie agayne. She lente unto the Grand Prior taccompagnie hym of 
her ladies, Seton, Beton, Livefton, and Flemmynge, as farre as Seton 
wheare theye dyned. That nyght theie laye in Dombarre, and the erle 
of Huntly, commynge that nyght owte of the caftle as he faythe hym 
felf, with a fawle dyd put his arme out of joynte ; fome are To uncherita- 
ble that the wyflie that yt had byne hys necke. He, theie faye, dyftur- 
bythe the whole courte, and yet ys ther not one that gyvethe hym credyt ; 
yf thys mjrflfortude had not byne he had come farther forwarde, and yet 
I aflure you ther is no man cane tell whether he be hurte or not. 

Nowe that thefe Frenche meh are departed we fliall fone gyve a 
geffe unto what yffu^ thynges wyll growe ; her mafle is terrible in all 
mens yees ; the erle of Caffels faid unto my felf that [he] wolde never 
here anye moe. I knowe not yet what myfchef yt maye worke. Her 
uncle, the marquis, fpeakethe great wordes, I fe not in hym to worke 
anye great ^ matter^ I fynde that ther lackethe no good wyll ether in her 
or hym. Mr Knox hathe wrytten unto your honour hys mynde ; I am 
not all wayes of his opinion for his exa6le feveritie, and yet I fynde yt 



Digitized by 



Google 



96 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

dothe moile good. She hathe myilyked the provofte and baylies of 
Edenbourge newe chofen, which lykethe me never a whytte i what {he 
myndethe farther yt cane not be well favored as yet. The povertie of 
her flibje6les greatlye adyancethe whatfomever Ihe intendethe. From 
France commethe her whole counfell, what face fomever fhe bearethe here. 
Thyther goethe fhortly St. Come throughe England, as he thynkethe to 
fette a newe leflbn. The love to the Frenche is nothynge augmented by 
thefe mens beinge here, nor wyll myche increace by the marquis tarrienge 
byhynde. What for gayne or for favour fhe fhall fynde maynie frendes ; 
I here nothynge of the dukes or my lord of Arranes comynge to the 
courte. The erle of Argile lykethe nothynge in her. 

James Macconell, byfydes that that he fpake unto fir Peter Mewtes, 
aflurethe me that he wyll at all tymes be at the quene my meilres devo- 
tion. He had refufall of a requefle he made unto the quene, I knowe 
not yet what yt was. He made monfieur Danville hys meane. He 
hathe promyfed me not to have to do in anye matter of Irelande that I 
fhall not be previe unto. His opinion is that ther wylbe no greate good 
done agaynfte Onel excepte he be invaded upon bothe fydes ; of the 
fame mynde is alfo the erle of Argile, whoe faythe unto me that yt were 
an eafye matter to perfwade Eche Macconell, hym felf, and Mac Lane to 
tayk that enterpryfe in hande. Thus muche I wryte as I have harde of 
them, leavinge the confyderatyon therof unto your wyfdome. 

I have not farther for thys tyme to troble your honour, but that yt 
wyll pleafe you to have in remembrance the queues majeflies my fove- 
raynes warrant unto Mr. Treafurer that my allowance maye be monethlye 
avancede, for that Scotlande is no place whear I cane lyve withoute 
monye in my puree ; he wyll, I trufle, upon your honours letters, fhewe me 
fome frendefhippe therin. Greate meanes is maid bothe unto hym and 
me by Scottyfhe men for Engleflie monye. Thoughe of hym I dowte 
not, and aflure your honour of my felf, yet I feare myche wyll goe that 
waye. 

Thus mofle humbly I take my leave, reddie to retome towardes Eden- 
bourge, whear I praye God that my fervice maye [be] unto the queues ma- 
jeflies as I defyer, and unto your honour fo agreable as thopinion that yt 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 97 

hathe pleafed your honour to conceave of me. At Barwicke, xij^ of 
September, [Oaober?] 1661, 

Your honours to commande, as he is bounde, 

Tho. Randolphs. 

Endarfedj 

12 Septembris, 1561. 
Mr. Randolph to my mailer. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS BISCHOP TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 
Febeuakt 9, 1562.* 

It may pleafe your honour. Being unlooked for charged witht flander- 
ous and untrew inflruSliones againfl the rule of honeftie, I have this laft 
i^etterday fent in the cuntreye a fervaunt of myne for fome letters to an- 
fwer that infamie. I fhall think myfelf well rewarded yf your honour, 
witht one or two of the queues majefteis counfaile, may be then appoynted 
throughtlie to heare my anfwer; and difchargeing myfelf, as I dowbt not, 
to my praes and honeftie, I fhall then ftudie without feare trewlie to 
ferve hir highnes, and as I truft, to hir majefteis and your honours con- 
tentment. I have drawen in the meane tyme hereafter exprefled fome 
Ipedall notes of my fervices, Ibrted not for my vane glory, having not 
ment the fame at thys tyme but for declaration of my demeanour. I 
fhall mofle humble diflyre your honour at yoUr lafar to geve the reding 
therto. I have written them advifedlie and looketh to prove every poynt 
thereof, whiche I am redye. And wheare in one artykle againfle me I 
am touched with George Hammylton, yf he wer fent for by my lorde 
Prefedent and fent up as no prefonar, I thinke he will not onlie difcharge 
my tryfling poynt objed^ed, but alfo after the fame I fhall caufe him, as 

* From the HaiL Ma 289» foL 78. 

N 



Digitized by 



Google 



98 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

I trow, do good fervice for thinges in hande, being in place where he 
may boethe heare and fee, and knoweth more nor he dar fend worde; it 
fhalbe coil to nobodie but to me, he ihall have a gelding of myne and a 
man to wayte uponn him at my charges. 

The Lorde preferve your honour in long lyef. Written thys ix of 
Fabruarii, 1561. 

SPECIALL SERVTCES DONE BY THOMAS BISHOP IN EN6L0ND. 

At the jomey in Dunbertane Gaftell uponn difclofing of the trefone 
againft the kinges majeftie and us, openUe in the Chapell I willed therle 
of Levenax tak a marrifhepyke and f eight, rather then retume witht 
fhame in Englande. 

For my harde efkaping, dowblett alone, with my lyef, and by my good 
polycye after oure betraying in preferving the kinges majeileis powar 
uponn lande eight myles from there fhipps ; the munition, wittelles, and 
the exploeites done at Arrane, Bewte, Dynone, in ArgiUe, and otheres in 
that fervice, for whiche I am attented ; at Bullen I was imbrafed in the 
kinges majeileis armes, witht wordes of comforte, before his hole previe 
counfele in his privie chambre, and had xxv. ti. annewite during lyef, two 
hundret crounes, mony letters in Ynglande to the Previe Counfele, and 
X. s a daye after for my dyet abrode. 

His majeilie, not repenting his former gyftes of landes, pencion and 
mony, a lytill affore his deatht and after the breache with my lady Leve- 
nax, gave to me and my heyres tuenty merkland called Fangefs, withoute 
fute ; and caufed tell me I fhould be called to another vocation nor I 
looked for. Yf his majeilie had leved all by me receyved had been but 
triffills. 

His hieghnes' fone king Edwarde, for my fervices done undre my 
lordes Wharton and Dakres, fpeciaUie in tranying thould erle of Gien- 
carne after his trefone done at Dunbertane in this realme agane, for my 
good fervice at the feage of Langhome wheare the hole armye of Scot- 
lande was, at Caftell Mylk and at Annande, gave me for my better 
provytion in leafe Newbygging beiide GarUilie, wortht c. merkes a yeare. 

For the notable explote done uponn Drumlanrig, devyfed by me and 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 99 

put in execution by fyr Hary Wharton and me witht oure bodys in the 
feilde, therle of Lenenax xvj. myles from ws fleping in his bed, and for 
the oitht to all the Afluryd in that fervice by me geven, I had in rewarde 
ij^ fourty crownes and the abbacye of Holywood, worthe a thoufand 
crownes a yeare ; I was at thys jomey. Yf cruill fortene had chanced 
betrayed to the duke and Dowager by the pro6lor of Bute for ij**. 
crownes and a ferme of xl ti a yeare. 

For my fervice done at Dufdeare, where therle of Angus was chafed 
and elkaped witht fyve men and himfelf, my good advife in ferving the 
hole wardanerye being there by the Afluryde betrayed and others in that 
jomey, fjrr Hary Wharton was made knygbt, I was taken witht the erle 
of Arrandale to the clofet at Wellmifter to the king, who openlie witht 
oration of thankes, promife of rewarde, in prefens of therles of Huntlie 
and Boithvile, my cuntraye men, kifled his hi^hnes hande, either of ws 
had in rewarde foure hundret crownes a pece. 

Meting the duke of Somerfett by his appomtment in his jomey to 
MulBlbmght feilde, tarying but one day at the Newcaflell and fetting 
the affore none in counfale, aftemone omitting all befynes and futeres 
<^nlie in his garden from denner unto mete was uponn the table at 
nyght, conferred his hole entent witht me, underfhide my knowlege and 
intelligence, devyfed at the fame his entre lyke invation uponn the weft, 
after wboes returne from Scotlande to his deying daye ever ufed me in 
all affayres for Scotlande lyke a counfalor. I loeft by his deatht ij"^ 
merklande promift. 

My devyfe to him and the duke of Northumberlande at Shene ftopped 
my lord Graye for mitring Scotlande witht vj thowfande men, whereof 
the greateft force horfmen, being then the floure of Englande, his jomey 
being devyfed by George Dowglas to have broowght them to the 
bowdiery as well was knawen after, the artykle to him in that matter at 
good lengfat will declare. 

From the duke of Northumberlande in his latter tyme I had the fecrete 
garde of therle Boithvile uponn the marches, where he intended to ftoUen 
away and brokin the pace, and for tronyng him from thenfe at the coun- 



Digitized by 



Google 



100 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

fales devife to the courte, the fecrete whereof to thys houre I have kept 
from therle of Levenax and him alfo. 

Quene Marie, thoo my lady Levenax told hir I was an heretyke, hir 
majeftie gave me, miknowen of hir whoo wolde have ever had me for- 
faiking levinges here to have followed hir, my pention of new witht 
addition of the wordes lakking ; and to thende of hir majefleis dayes in 
thaffayres of Scotlande trufted me wheare fhe dyd not hir deare coufing 
of Levenax. 

Whatt plattes, what bookes for knowlege, what orations for fuppref- 
fing the Frence men in Scotlande, and for my difpleafor fent to the 
Dovagere, remane fome witht Counfalors, fome others yet to fhew with 
myfelf I For my allegeance to the croun of Englande fence my cuming, 
yf I have not at my poore powar above all otheres my cuntraye men been 
moile earned, mofle inventyve, moite cruelle and carefuU to fubverte that 
realme of Scotlande, lett a trmnpett be blowen uponn the marches, 
requyring any of that nation or of France to cum and charge me for the 
fame. I feik not Scotfes to trye my doynge, but noble men of Englande 
under whom I have ferved. 

Wheare ever therle of Levenax for any intelligence to thys realme 
gave a croun to any afpyell, I have geven foure fcore; where ever befyde 
the dyet of the prence, being to him fyve markes a daye and for the fame 
fometymes having imdre him eight fervantes, fpent one crown, I have 
fpent of my owne goodes franklie one hundreit poundes; wheare my lady 
and he, to the ewill brute of the cuntreye, hathe defaced caftelles and 
manors, and fould awaye the lede, tymber, byrk and flones, and as I 
think never in there dayes fpent one hundret markes in beilding, I have 
fpent for planting me and my poore rafe eight hundreit markes and above. 
Noo marvell, feing Newbigging gotten away from me by do€toT Smytht, 
deyne of Carliflie, Holywood, my cheif preferment, by the Scottes; the 
deatht of the tuo dukes my frendes, my difpleafour fuftened for my dewi- 
tie by my lady Levenax, above a thoufande poundes throught hir and 
other wayes to long to refyte, and that never man on Ijrve fau my fuppli- 
cation in Gonfale for any fute or releif thoo I be fome thing behynd the 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 101 

nande; and yet let it be inquyred by my Lorde Prefedent where I dwelle 
and all other places in Englonde yf in houfe keping, apperell, trane of 
men, horfes, and all that belongeth to a gentilman I am als lyke the fame 
as my leving wil beare. Where of late therle for my dewitie haith pra£tis 
my daughter in Scodande, in whiche place he knowetht I dar not goo, 
nor no money will fave me for the fervice done heare, and as I am in- 
formed haitht done the lyke heare in Englande, and now witht infamye 
untrewlie by his wieffes procurement goetht aboute to unable my dewite, 
I truil upoun my honeite tryall the queues majelle wilbe alfgood foverane 
unto me as hir gratious father my mailer was in the lyke, and as hir hiegh- 
nes predeceflbres my mailers haitht been, whom without fbare of my lady 
Levenax or any others trewlie and withoute malice I ihall ferve. 

Youre honours moile humble, 
witht fervice during lyef, 

THOBfAS BiSCHOP. 

To the right honourable fyr Wil- 
liam Cecill, knight, principale fe- 
cretarie to the queues majeftie. 

Endorfed, 
Thomas Biihopps lettre of his 
fervice done in England, 
anno 1561. 



MEMORANDUM, APPARENTLY IN THE WRITING OF THOMAS BISCHOP. 
WITHOUT SIGNATURE OR ADDRESS.* 

One Elder, a Scottiiheman, my acquentance, haitht been witht me; he 
tould me he had letters from my lorde Obenje to my lorde of Levenax, 

* From the HarL*MS. 289, fol. 76. 



Digitized by 



Google 



102 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

my lorde Demelie as I think to my lady. Amonges otheres talkes he 
faid my lorde Demelie was muche fpoken of in France, and that my 
lorde Oben^e tould him the king of Naveme aiked him in talkes of my 
lorde Demelie, his ftature, age, and upbringing. Elder faid he fhew 
the quene of Scottes in France my lorde Derneleis hande, whiche he 
wrote being eight yeares of age; he feameth to few for his pencion, and 
yf he fpede not thinketh he flialbe welcum to the Scottifhe quene. 1 
know the man, and haitht gone no fardar witht him as yett; yt forcetht 
not yf he be traited a lytill in his difpeche; he confefled to me he had 
fyftie crownes in his departour from the cardinall of Lorraine; he haitht 
wytt to playe the afpye where he liflitht. The Lorde preferve your hon- 
our in long lyef. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO ROBERT LORD DUDLEY, 

NOYBMBEK 18, 156S « 

My humble deutie confyderede. Since my laft letters unto your honour 
ther hathe occurred here no great matter of importance, which hathe 
cawfed me the longer to ftaye my wrytinges. 

Immediately after the defeate of the erle of Huntlie and execution done 
upon his fone Johne Gordon, and certayne other offenders to the number 
onlye of yj. perfones, the queues grace departethe from Aberdyne to- 
wardes Edenbourge, havinge lefte fuch order in the northe partes as Ihe 
thought mofle neadefull. At her beinge at Downotarie, a caflle of the 
erle Marflmlls, thyther commethe unto her Villemonte; maynfe furmyfes 
ther wer what Ihoulde be the cawfe of hys commynge. Suche as knewe 
hym befte coulde eaflye conjecture that he came for lyttle good. His 
whole arrant was to lyttle eileCbe; he broughte with hym fewe letters, 
and not one of great importance, more then that the Quene Mother dyd 

* From the Oattoa IIS. Calig. B, ix. foL 175. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 103 

grevieuflye complayne unto thys quene of the quenes majeftie my fove- 
reigne, that Ihe had pofleflede certayne of her fonnes townes and geven 
aide unto his fubje6tes agaynfte hym, which fhe thought wolde be a cawfe 
of fome greater dyfcorde betwene the realme of France and Englande 
then coulde fonne be appeaced. Whear yt was dowted that he had fome 
privie commiflion from the quenes uncles unto her, to cawfe her myflyke 
my meftres doynges, and that fhe fholde feeme fo farre to favour ther 
enterprifes that fhe wolde evle allowe whatfomever was done agaynfle 
them, the truthe hereof hathe byne fo farre fearched that yt is for cer- 
tayne knowne that he had no fuche charge, and came rather to feeke 
fome commoditie ether by fervice or other ways then that he was 
fent by anye man. Of this I am aflured, and therfore do the boldlyer 
wryte yt; marrie he is a man that faylethe with all wyndes, and fafhion- 
ethe hym felfe to all mens fantafies that he hathe to do with. He 
fpeakethe to the quene whatfomever fhe lykethe befle, and of my meflres 
doynges to her he fpeakethe dyfpytefullye inoughe. I fee here hys cre- 
dyt lyttle, ether with her Graces felf or anye other. I have oft talked 
with hym, but more accompte I thynke not to mayke of hym then I fynde 
cawfe worthye. 

At Mounte Rofe ther commethe one other, a fervant of monfieur 
Danvilles, of hym there is no lefle thoughte then of the formore; we 
looked then for none nother but opon warre, wherof the brute rane fo fafle 
before that the quene her felf founde great faulte therat. He arrivethe 
abowte one bower before the quenes fupper; he prefented unto her, in 
the fyght of as maynie as were in the chamber, onlye one letter from his 
mafler, and moe then that he had not unto her. Yt contayned iij whole 
fheetes of paper, I was prefent at the deliverie, and fawe her Grace 
reade yt, greatelye yt appeared to her contentment. He reportethe the 
whole flate of thinges in France, as well of the prince and his power as 
the Guifians, with all the fupportes, I thynke as trewlye as he coulde. 
Divers and longe tawlke hathe byne betwene the quene and hym, the 
purpofe is more fecrete then ys yet knowne unto anye excepte yt be unto 
the lord of Lidingeton, whoe thoughe he ether will not or yet cane not 
afiure me what his arrant is, yet dothe he put me owte of dowte that yt 



Digitized by 



Google 



104 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

nether conceroethe my meflres noranye thynge that cane be prejudicial! 
unto her. I thoughte yt better for a tyme to contente my felf with this 
then over emeftlye to preffe hym for further knowledge then he was wil- 
linge to imparte unto me, thoughe I wyll not fo leave but rather lette 
tyme worke yt. This advantage I have gotten by the haftie arrivall of 
thefe two gentlemen and by the fufpicion that is growne of their com- 
mynge, which gave all men occafion to thynke that theye came for lyttle 
good, that I perceave that yf thys queue were bothe of wyll and power 
to annoye my meflres that fhe fholde wante bothe couqfellers thereunto 
and mynifiers to be imployide therin, excepte fuche as dwell upon the 
borders, whoe what kynde of men theie are your honour knowethe righte 
well. Excepte that I had fomewhat to perfwade me thus to wryte, yt 
were to great boldenes of me fo to aflure your lordfliip. Touchynge the 
good will that is borne unto the queues majeflie my fovereigne in the 
queue her felf, I fynde yt nothynge demenyflhede of that that at any 
tyme I have before wrytten; and in her fubje£tes, I meane onlye the 
godlie, I fynde yt fo increace, in fpeciall fince the fupporte fent into 
France, that I thynke her majeflie t^e happiefle woman alyve. Her 
majeflies fyckenes bathe byne hevelye lamented, and God nowe as great- 
lye prayfed for her recoverie, whome He for his mercies fake fo preferve 
that His glorie in her afiles maye alwayes be knowne unto the worlde. 

At Dundie ther commethe unto the queue the duke to demaunde par- 
don for his fonne-in-lawe, the lord Gordon, whome he hym felf flayede 
by the queues conunandement. He bathe receaved hytherto lyttle com- 
forte, nor fhall not knowe what fhall become of hjrm before the parli- 
ment, which wilbe abowte Candlemas. At Dimdie I tooke my leave of 
her Grace to be before her in Edinbourge, wheare fhe purpofethe to be 
within viij dayes, takynge her jomaye by Sterlinge. I here that James 
Graye is arryved; he wente the nexte waye to meete the queue, and fo I 
dyd myffe hym. iTiis queue at thys prefent wrytethe to my fovereigne, 
as alfo the lord of Lidingeton unto your honour; my lord of Murraye 
willed me to prefent his hartie commendations unto your lordfhip, he 
defyrethe God to fende your lordfhip to the increafe of honour that latlye 
you have worthylie receave fuche advauncement as maye be mofle unto 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 105 

your hartes defire. Mode humblye I tayke my leave; at Edenbourge/ 
the xviij*^ of November, 1562. 

Your honours lordflieps at commaunde, 

Tho. Randolphe. 

• . the right honourable my verie 
good lorde, . . . rte Duddelie, 
one of the . . • mode honorable 
Previe .... 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPHE TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

NOVBMBEE 30, 1562.* 

Maye yt pleafe your honour. Immediatlye upon the queues arrivall 
here fhe fell acquaynted with a newe dyfeafe, that is common in thys 
towne, called here the Newe Acquaintance, which pafled alfo throughe 
her whole courte, nether fparinge lorde, ladie, nor damoyfell, not fo 
muche as ether Frenche or Englifhe. Yt ys a payne in their heades that 
have yt, and a forenes in their flomackes with a great coughe; yt re- 
maynethe with fome lenger, with other Ihorter tyme, as yt fyndethe apte 
boddies for the nature of the-dyfeafe. The queene keapte her bedde vj 
dayes, ther was no appearance of daynger, nor maynie that die of the dyf- 
eafe, excepte fome olde folkes. My lord of Murraye is nowe prefentlye 
in yt, the lord of Lidingeton hathe had yt, and I am afliamed to faye that 
I have byne free of yt, feynge yt feekethe acquayntance at all mens 
handes. By reafon of thefe occafions I have not feen her Grace fince 
{he came to towne. I was the unwillinger alfo to reforte to the court 
untyll the commen brute of the takynge of Roan was pafle, whear I fliolde 
ether have harde that that wolde have greved me, or perchance fpoken 

• From the Cott. MS. Calig. B, jx. fol. 177. 



Digitized by 



Google 



106 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

that that fliolde have greved other, for that I fee nether meafure in their 
joye nor moderation in their doynges, when anye thynge, be yt never fo 
lyttle, come to their knowledge to be as theie defyre yt. Hytherto theie 
knowe noAynge for certayne but that which I have reported by fuche 
advertyfement as I had from my lord prefident of Yorke, and that in 
fuche forte that nowe theye begyne to dowte what honour was had of that 
vi6lorie, or what great caufe theie have to rejoyce. Ther came nether 
fhippe nor man by lande oute of France fince Chatellet came to the 
courte. Theie have as lyttle intelligence here as the cofle is that theie 
beflowe to have yt, yet notwithllandinge their neighbors of Barwicke wyll 
not fpare to lett them knowe what theie here. 

The duke came unto thys towne upon Thurefdaye lafle ; he broute 
with hym the lord Gore (?) by commandement of the queue; upon Sater- 
daye he was committed unto th^ caflle. Upon Sondaye at nyght the 
duke fupped with Mr Knox, wher the duke defyered that I fholde be. 
Thre fpeciall poyntes he hathe promifed to performe to Mr Knox before 
me; thone is never to goe for any refpefte from that that he hathe pro- 
mifed to be a profeffor of Chryftes worde and fetter forth of the fame to 
hys power ; the nexte all wayes to fhewe hym felf an obbedyent fubje£le 
tb his foveregne, as farre as in deutie and confcience he is bounde; the 
thyrde never to alter from that promes he hathe made for the maynte- 
nance of peace and amytie betwene bothe the realmes. I had of hym 
byfydes thys maynie good wordes my felf touchynge thys latter poynte, 
I wyll beleeve them all as I fee thfend tayke effefte, but trufte that yt 
(hall never lye in his worde alone. Before the parliment be appoynted 
ther ihalbe a convention at Newe Yeres tyde, we are defyerus to here 
farther of the fucces of thynges in France, before we fommon our parli- 
mehi, les that we tyne our fillie poore meflfe agaynfte our wylles. 

Ther hathe byne here fome good report made unto the queue of the 
valiantnes of certayne of her fubje6les in the defence of Roan, lyttle I 
thynke to her Graces contentment, but fpoken by hym that yet never 
worde owte of his mouthe came to her amyffe, the erle of Glancare, fo 
that yt was forced to be pafled over in merrines, what fomever flie thynk- 
ethe. But yf nede were of any fuche men in fpeciall of light horfemen. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 107 

I beleve ther wolde yet an honefte companie befounde that wolde be 
glade to receave intettaynement and wolde do well their partes; I wryte 
yt not unto your honour but that I thynke ther are of my owne countrie 
that cane do as well as theie, but bycawfe I knoWe dyvers here well wyll- 
inge, and wyfhe that the iholde all wayes be fome in the eye of the 
p^yftes, that thei Iholde not overwell conceave of the whole cuntrie* I 
leave farther for thys prefent to trouble your honour, mode humblye 
takynge my leave. At Edenbourge, the lafle of November, 1562. . 

Maye yt pleafe your honour, Davis is arrived at the wrytinge hereof^ 
yt wilbe two dayes before he receave hys anfwer, and more I thjmke cane 
not be fayde then is alreddie wrytten. 

Your honours all wayes to commande, 

Tho. Randolphs. 

To the right honorable fir Wil- 
liam Cedll, knighte, principall 

Secretarie queues ma- 

jeftie. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

Dbcbmbib 8, 1562.* 

I HATB receaved your honours letter by Davies, the ladie Hirokemor- 
Ums fervant. Wher yt pleafethe your honour to write that two fpeciall 
refpe£tes ther are to be had in all our doynges, thone that the papyftes 
growe not fo ftronge and bardie that theie over looke the whole worlde 
yf theie become vidtors, thother that the Guifes builde not their caftles 

« IVom ^Cott. MS. Calig. B, iz. foL 179. 



Digitized by 



Google 



108 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

in other princes dominions and pofleflions, yf their tyrannie be not re- 
flrayned, I thynke your honour judge therof as you fynde mode lykeiye 
and as by experience you are taughte, but in whofe handes yt lyeth to 
fiipprefle their rage, or whoe dothe any thynge therin, the queues majeilie 
onlye excepted, yt lyttle apperethe; and therfore is thoughte of the 
worlde that examinethe not the cawfes fo dieplye as the wyfer forte do, 
that yt ys a great adventeur for her majeftie to mayke her felf partie 
alone to fuche a prince, and to fo maine fupportes as he fliall fynde in 
thys cawfe. Thys worldelye reafon of theirs, wayinge lyttle the power of 
God or the juflenes of the cawfe, maketh them bothe colder then theie 
Iholde be and negligenter then theie oughte to be to the fupporte of the 
Godiye, and to the withllondinge of the rage and furrie of that vayne 
and ambitious forte of men that are the authors of all thefe mifcheves. 
I knowe them as mortallya hatede here of the mode parte of men as ever 
anye generation was, but I fynde not that thefe men do fo farre cafte 
before hande as to provide for the dajmgers that maye infue yf their 
wicked purpofe tayke effe6te. For ther is no thinge more aflured but 
that the contynuance of thys mafle, the ilackenes of punifhement of 
offenders daylie agaynfte fuche ordinances as are made for the fuppreff- 
inge of papyftrie, Ihalbe an entrye to brynge in agayne as myche wicked- 
nes as ever was ufede. Thys is ofte fpoken, thys is maynie tymes called 
upon; the Godiye notwithflandioge goe to wracke, the mefchevous 
flande and prevaile in difpyte of God and his Worde. Seinge that yt 
bathe pleafed God to flurre up the harte of our fovereigne to gyve her 
that boldenes and courrage, poftponynge all hazardes and perils, to be 
the defence and I doubte not but the deliverance of Hys people owte of 
the handes of tyrans, what great cawfe have we to prayfe God in her and 
to praye God for the maynteynance of her majefties profperus eftate ? 
Seinge ther is here no kynde of fupporte or aide to be had, lett the God- 
lye yet at the leafle, as I aflure your honour daylie theie do, praye taflyfte 
her with Hys gyftes, ftrengthen her with His myghtie hande, that His 
power maye be knowne as well in the hande and wyfedome of a woman 
as at other tymes hys glorie bathe appered in the a6tes of men. Of 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 109 

thys nation onlye thys maye be fayde, that the quene her felfe, howe well 
fomever flie favour her uncles, that yet Ihe lovethe better her owne fub- 
jeGtes ; flie knowethe the neceflitie of my fovereignes frendefliipe to be 
greater then a preile bablinge at an autour ; fhe is not fo affe6tioned to 
her mafle that flie wyll leave a kyngdome for yt, but whenfomever flie 
will do her worfte, byfydes that that God will be her enemye, flie fliall 
fynde but fewe frendes at home and les abroode. Your honour neade 
not dowte anye thinge of thys queues evel mynde, her defyer was never 
greater to lyve in peace, nor never more hartelye defired the queues ma- 
jefties kyndnes and good wyll then nowe flie dothe. Yeflerdaye flie 
fpoke yt, and wylled me to wryte the fame. Maynye vayne rumours ther 
are fprede here of warres, in fo myche that I fliolde be fent home, that 
charge was given unto the wardens to mayke a roode into Englande, 
with fuch lyke ; flie flieweth herfelf greatly offended therewith. I harde 
yefterday a newe charge gevin to the lord Cofforde to do good juftice. 
Upon Twefdaye lafl^ I dyned wyth the lordes of the Counfell at the 
provofts houfe of the towne, their whole tawlke was of little other purpofe 
then of the amytie betwene the queues, minift;erde of purpofe that being 
ther prefent of dyvers partes everie one myght report what he harde. I 
accompagnied the lordes to the courte that daye, I fpake with the quenis 
grace above ij. hours in their fyght and heringe, I never fawe her grace 
merrier nor better dyfpofed. Some thynge of thefe matters, bycawfe 
theie were merrie, I have written unto my lord Robert. To gyve your 
honour thys aflurance of thys queues good wyll towardes our foveregne, 
and of the devotion of thys people towardes her majeftie, excepte I fawe 
goodreafon that moved me yt were no fmall offence and fuch a faulte as 
none coulde be greater ; wherfore I ought the more advifedlye to con- 
fider what I wryte, or howe I do reporte. Maynie wyfer men then my 
felf have had their eyes blynded in courte, fo that wyfedome wolde I 
fliolde have rather a miflrufte in my felf in my wytte and judgement, 
and report rather the lefte and to keape me within my boundes, then to 
fpeake the mofte and to let yt pafle under my penne, whearof nothynge 
coulde be keapte backe or hylde in ftore. Thys hathe byne the good 



Digitized by 



Google 



no ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

advice unto me of fome) which I accepte frendlye in parte, but not fo 
that I Ihall do injurie to anye parte. My deutie is to my forer^ne to 
confile notbinge of that that is trothe when I am called to make an ao- 
compte therof ; the deutie of an honefte man to fpeake honoraUye 
of all princes and trewlye of all men. Seinge tjrme requirethe that I 
Iholde trewlye report what I knowe or can judge, I mufte agayne aflbre 
yt unto your honour that I beleve the quenes majeilie our fove- 
regne was never better beloved of anye queue or princefe then flie b of 
thys, nor never fo honored of anye flxaynge nation as flie is of thys 
people univerfaUye. The reafon of my knowledge is thys, I here the 
queue her felf fpeake yt, yt is the opinion of all men ; and not onlye that, 
but thofe that knowe in her mode of anye other, nerrefle unto her in 
confill, preivefl unto all her doynges, do aflure me of the fame, and I 
my felf fynde nothynge done nor faide to the contrarie. Whear your 
honour wyflhethe that thys queue fholde wryte, I perceave that then her 
Graces laile letter wrytten at Dundie was not come unto the quenes ma- 
jefties hande, their wilbe no want therof, at the leafle to gyve letter for 
letter ; and at thys tyme I here that the quenes majefUe bathe one to 
thadvantage. Yf Chattellet retome fhortlye I thynke her Grace wyll 
wryte by hym, yf not ther wilbe none writt^i excepte thoccafion of the 
lafte letter maye move my foveregne to wryte unto her Grace againe. I 
leave in thefe matters forther to treble your honour, onlye gevinge your 
honour to wytte that wheare you thynke that trafique wyll growe colde 
betwen the Frenche and yow, yt femethe alfo that yt dothe the lyke 
wyth us here ; ther is not one Ihipe with wyne come thys yere. The 
counfell have made an ordenance that none flialbe folde above iiij ti. 
X 3 iterling the toune ; other trafique by reafon of the trebles theie have 
none. I leave further to treble your honour. 
At Edenbourge, the thyrde of December, 1562. 

Yefler nyght ther came unto me George Butlheade from Jame Mac- 
oonelly and he fiillye latiffyed of what fomever he cane demaunde ; he 
bathe £ent a fervant of his to confer with me of certayne matters, I 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. Ill 

knowe not yet the purpofe. Your honour fhall lacke no advertyfement 
ffhat fomever the matter be, but I here faye he is offended. 

' ' Your honours bounden at conunaunde, 

Tho. Randolphe. 

To the right honorable fir Wil- 
liam . . . ' . . knyghte, prin- 
eipall fecretarie .... enes 
majeftie. 



ANONYMOUS LETTER TO LORD .... 
Decembeb, 1564.* 

Upone this lafl Monday I wes in Edenborough hot thre hours, quhair 
I faw and hard the erle of Lennoxis reflitutioun at the market cros pro- 
clamed be fyve harrottis in coit armour, tua maifferis, in prefence of 
the lordes on hors bak fittand ; the market cros hung with tapaflrye, 
how for the fpeciall fawour the quenis graice bure towart him of her 
fpeciall graice and ryall authorite, and at the requefl of her derrefte fyfter 
Elizabeth queue of England, and for others gret and weythye caufis 
movand her graice, rellorit him in integrum to all his honours, dignyties, 
offices, lordfhippis, barronis landis, roumes, and pofleffionis ; cafland and 
ddnulland the forfaitor led be my lord duke agains him the xly 3eir of God, 
and aH proceffes led and proceiding thair uppone. And to that efkStj 
and for uthcrs caufis concerning the weill of the realme, prodamit be 
Mall fydyke of trumpett the parliament to begyn the ferd day of I>e- 
cember. The lordis raid up the gait in pairis, my lord of Argyle and 
Lennox togidder, and doun the gait my lords of Lennox and the chauce- 
lare ; all tfie lordis that day dynit with the erle of Lennox. One Mon- 
day it wes belevit be fum that my lord duik fuld be in Eklinburgh this 

* From the Cott. MS. Cidig. B, is. (cl 210. 



Digitized by 



Google 



112 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Furifday, or elles the morne, and be other few that he wald not cum in 
at this tyme. It is fuppoiffit the quenes graice will not depairt of £din- 
borough befoir Zule. The bruyt is my lord Lennoxs fone fuld be 
haiflellie in, and the bruit is fyclyk in court that my lord of Murray fuld 
be cheifin be the quenes graice and lordis of Secret Gounfell Idfeten- 
nand generall of this realme, but not yit proclamit. It is ment that how 
fone ye wedder beginnes to be flablit and apparand to continew that my 
lady Murray will fe ye water of Tueid ; gyf fcho cumis there I think 
your m. will get her 1. prefente. 

Poft fcripta. 
It is thought ftrainge the fuddane ftayment of the melting between the 
Lordis Gommiflioneris, and fpeciallie be you, hot gyf all be at reft at the 
courte abouff I talk the les cair. 

To my lord this be deliverit. 



LETTER FROM THE PRIVY COUNCIL TO THOMAS RANDOLPHE. 

FaRUAMT 10, 1564.* 

After our verie hartie commendacions. We have of late receved ad- 
vertifementes that the Frenche have fent into Scotlande twoo fhippes of 
viij" tonne the piece, with ordnance, armure, powder, and other muni- 
tions ; meaneng, as is to be thought, to attempte fome exploite upon the 
frontiers of this realme adjoyneng to Scotlande. And albeit we thinke 
that if theife advertifementes were certaine you Ihould have knowledge 
thereof, and fo fignify the fame unto us, yet for that we have underftanding 
otherwife that the Frenche have made preparation to the feas and per- 
happes meane to fende the fame into Scotlande, we have thought good to 
require you to have efpeciall care and regarde hereunto, and to ufe all 

• From the Laoidowne MS. No. 6, Art. 18. 



Digitized by 



Google I 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 113 

the beft meanes you can poffibly certainly to underftande what prepara- 
tion of the Frenche is either alreadye come into that realme, or by any 
likelyhode to come thither out of Fraunce, and to advertife what you 
fhall leme herein with all fpeade unto us. The more care and diligence 
that you fhall ufe in the doing hereof, the more acceptable fervice fliall 
you do unto her majeftie. And thus we bid you hartely fare well. 
From Windefore, the x*^ of February, 1563. 

Your loving frendes, 

F. Bedford Penbroke 

R. DuDDLEY W. Howard 

E. Rogers. Willm Petbe. 
Thomas Randolphe, e(q. 

Endorfedj 

To our very loving frende Thomas 
Randolphe, efquier, . . . fident 
for the queues majeftie .... 
Scotlande. 

Haft, haft, poft, haft, haft, for life, for life, for life.' 

at Windefor, x. February, at 
thre, after noone. 



LETTER FROM SIR JOHN FORSTER APPARENTLY TO 

THE EARL OF BEDFORD, 

April 3. 1565.* 

May it pleafe your honour to be advertifed of the Scottiflie newes in 
Liddifdale, toching therle Bodwell his procedinges. Upon Tewfday at 
nyght laft paft the faid erle, being at his fupper in the Armitage aboute 

• From the Cotton MS. Calig. B, k. foL2dO. 



Digitized by 



Google 



114 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

tenne of the clok, a fervaunt of his lordfliips called Gabriell Symple came 
from Edenbrugh in mod fpedefull maimer, and cryed at the gates, 
** Horfe, horfe." My lord Bodwell demaunding what the matter dyd 
meane, " Therle of Murray," faid he, ** is commyng towardes your lord- 
fhip with a great company of horfemen, and all the fumames of Carres 
and Scottes doeth mynd to be in your way.** Therle hearing this, by his 
owne trufty fervaunt, tooke prefent order for the keping of his houfe, and 
he hymfelf dyd horfe and rode to the hylles all that nyght, where all the 
Liddefdales did accompany hym ; and perfayving on the morrow that 
there was no fuche partie nyghe hym he pafled to the Armitage agayne, 
and fent the faid Symple bak agayne into Lodyan for difpatche of certen 
his bufynes, which he doith acredyte hym withal, more then any other 
fervaunt or frende that he, the faide erle, hath. The fame nyght it 
fortuned therle to leave his horfe keper at home in the Armitage, who 
then prefently did fteale twoo fhertes of the erle, for which cryme he 
caufed him to be put in pryfon and did threten to hang hym for the 
fame, by reafon wherof the horfe keper grew in feare and defired that he 
might fpeke with therle his mailer, faiyng that and his lord would be 
mercifuU unto hym and forgyve hym that offence he fhould open matters 
of more greater ymportance touching his lordfhips owne perfone. Therle 
then, being contented to here what he wold fay, called hym before hym, 
where he then confeffed that Symple, Murrey, Pringall, and his lordfhips 
page and he, the faid horfe keper hym felf, was all of one confederacie 
and mynde, and alfo his lordfhips harbor, a Scottefman that he carried 
with hym to France, they all thynking to have pufoned hym in Fraunce, 
and had all their pufon reddy myxed for the myneflring to his lordfhip. 
The faid harbor, his harte wold not ferve hym to do his feete, as he was 
purpofed to have done. That being fo left then they devifed to have 
flayne hym in his owne chamber, and when they were going up the fleres 
to have don the fame, being three fteppes up, and none in the chambre 
but therle hymfelf, they darred and grew in feare of the matter, and fo 
pafled yt over without proceding any farther. Thus muche the horfe 
keper hathe confeffed, and the page hath made the fame confeflion, and 
faith that they were hired and procured to the doing therof by fecretory 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 115 

LyddingtoD and the lord of Pencreth. ITierle Bodwell flayes unto the 
returne of his man Symple fourth of Lodyan, to heare what he will opon 
in this matter, and then myndeth to fend them all and their confeifions 
to the quenes grace to confyder upon. All which matter he never knew 
nothing therof unto Fryday lad pad ; all which I thowght good to figni- 
fie to your honour at length, and fo humbly taking my leave I committ 
the fame to the tuyffion of Almighty God. From my houfe nigh Alne- 
wick, the third of April!, 1565. 

Endarfeds 

3 April, 1565. 
Sir John Forfter, towching 
therl Bothwell. 



LETTER FROM THE PRIVY COUNCIL OF ENGLAND TO QUEEN MARY, 

May 1, 1565.* 

The quenes majeflie having underftand from hir good Mer the 
Quene of Scottes, by hir principail fecretory the lord of Liddington, 
that the quene his miftres continuing in hir former intention to require 
the advife of the quenes majeftie in hir mariadg, and having for hir fake, 
as he fayeth, forboren to harken to the matching with any foren prinee, 
hath thou^t mete to fend him hither to underftand hir majefties mind 
in a matter moved to the quene his miftres for a mariadg with the lord 
Damly, what her Majeftie liketh therof; and farder to lett hir majeftie 
underftand that if the quene his miftres may have hir majefties good 
will and aflent therto, ihe could endyne hir felf to the fame. Herupcm, 
although hir majeftie at the firft found this matter vary ftrange and un- 
likelye on the part as well of hir fifter as of the parentes of the lord 
Damley and himfelf, being her majefties fubje&es and fo much bound to 

* From die Hari. MS. 6990, Art S2. 



Digitized by 



Google 



116 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

her and the crown of England as none could be more, yet hir majeftie 
thought it convenient to communicat this meflage to hir Privy Gounfell 
and to underftand their advifes in the fame, and to this intent the Coun- 
fellors, whofe names be underwritten, were mad privye to the meflage 
abovementioned, and to all other circumflances thereinto conveniently 
belonging. 

And after fundry conferences, long deliberations, and many argu- 
ments amongft them felves, they all with one aflent and judgment 
thought this mariadg of the lord Darnly, being attended with fuch cir- 
cumflances as therin do appeare, to be immete, improfitable, and dire6lly 
prejudiciall to the lincere amity betwixt bothe the queues ; and confe- 
quently perillous to the continuance of the mutuall good concord and 
tranquillity that prefently is knowen to be and were to be eameflly de- 
fired on both partes to be made perpetuall betwixt both the realmes. 
And therfore the faid counfellors did, for farder advife therein, think 
mete that if the proceding in this intended mariadg with the lord Darnly 
fhould depend upon the queues majeflies aflent, flie fliould do well not 
to accord therunto, but according to the profeflion of the fincere amity 
that is betwixt their majefl^ies and in refpe6l of continuance of the com- 
mon tranquillity, fliould move her to forbeare from this as a thing 
playnly prejudiciall to them both, and confequently dangerous to the 
weale of both their contreys, and offer unto her a free election of any 
other of the nobility either in thys whoU realme or ile, or in any other 
place being fortable for hir eflate and agreable to both the realmes, and 
therwith alfo for hir fati(Ta6lion to yeld u^to hir as much frendfliip and 
benefitt as upon furder conference might be devifed ; to be firft as hono- 
rable as this is that is intended, and fecondly more commodious to both 
the princes, and more profitable and plaufible to the nobility and common 
people of both the realmes. Wherin the faid counfellors, thinking the 
like of the refl of the nobility and fage men of the realme, did for their 
partes according to their mofl bounden duties, humbly offer to hir ma- 
jeftie that whatfoever fhuld feme mete to hir majefty and could be de- 
vifed for the fatifTa6lion of the queue of Scottes, with fome other meter 
mariadg, being agreable to the honor of God and to juftice and conve- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 



117 



nient to manteine the concord and amity alredy begon betwixt the two 
realmeSy the fame (huld be allowed with their advifes and furdered with 
their fervices at all tymes whan hir majefty Ihuld command them, accord- 
ing to their mod humble and loyall dutyes. 

Whenipon they do firmely truft that if the matter may be furder 
thought upon and confidered by wife and good men on both partes, good 
fuccefs may enfew to the comefort and honor of both the princes, and 
to the eftablifhing of a perpetuall concord, peace, and tranquillity betwixt 
the nations. 

At Weftminfter in the Palace there, the firft daye of Maye, 1565, 
et anno feptimo Elizabethae reginae. 



Winchester 
Pembroke 
E. Rogers 
Ambrose Cave 
John Masone 



T. NORFFOLK 

E. Clynton 
E. Knollys 

WiLLM PeTRE 

Ry. Sakevyle 



Edward Derby 
W. Howard 
W. Cecill 



the queen of SCOTLAND TO THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND, 

Junk 14, 1565.* 

Right excellent, richt heich and michtie princeffe, oure dearefl fuller 
and coufin, in our maifl hertlie maner we commend us unto gou. For 
certane matteris of importance, tending to the mantenance and conferva- 
tion of the gude intelligence and amytie (landing betwix ws, we have pre- 
fentlie dire6l towartis gou the berair hairof, oure trufty and weilbelovit 
counfalour, maifter John Hay, Commendatare of Balmerynoch, oure 
principall maifter of Requeftis; praying 30U thairfore, gude fufter, to 
grant him audience ; and, in fie thingis as he fall declair unto 30W on 

• Addit MS. 4126, n. 3; from the Sute Paper Office. 



Digitized by 



Google 



118 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

our behalf, to gif him firme crydet as unto our felf. And fa, richt heicfa, 
richt excellent and michtie princeffe, oure deareft fufler and coufyn, we 
commit gou to the tuitioun of Almichtie God. Gevin under oure lignet 
at oure toun of San6l Johneftounn, the xiiij day of Junij, and of oure 
regime the xxiij jeir, 1565. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF ARGYLL AND JAMES STEWART TO 

THOMAS RANDOLPH, 

JoLY 1, 1565.» 

AfteiT maid hartly comendaciones. This is fartife you that my lord 

of Argyll, me lord Boyd and I hais conwined this day togythar to detter- 

myn apon fome matters of confequence, the whiche we are wyllinge to 

communicatt unto you, and tharfor hais fent this barrar unto you to 

declair our mynd att lenthe, to quhom we pray you to gyfe credit as 

ontw our felvis; and this we commyt you to God. At Lochlevin, ye 

firfte of JuUy, 1565. 

Be your aflured frindes, 

Ab. Argyll 
James Stewart 
To maifter Randolph, agent 

for the queens majeftie of 

Englande. 



LETTER PROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 16, 1565.t 

Of the receate of the queens majefties letter, and alfo your owne bearii^ 
date the xxvij of June, 1 wrote unto your honour immediately after theie 
came unto my hands, with declaration of the cawfe whye the aofwer unto 

* From the Cott. MS. Calig. B, ix. fol.2d6. t From the CoU. MS. Calig. B, z. foL 311. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 119 

them requyred fome longer tyme then perchance her majeilie looked. 
Nowe that I have fpoken with this queen I thoughte good with fuch 
diligens as convenientlye I cane tadvertife your honour in what forte I 
have proceded, gevinge your honour by the waye to underftonde of fome 
of the occafions that fo longe delaye my intente foner to have wrytten. 
For two dayes after the embafladors arrivall ther was fuche dyfpleafure 
taken that I thought their whole boddies wolde have byne torned into 
dyfpyte, fo lyttle the anfwer he broughte dyd contente them. Theie 
retome at lengthe to their owne nateur, and I, perceavinge the fume to 
be pafle, thoughte upon the Monday e to have fpoken with the queen. 
That whole daye was folemnifed, as I do believe, to fome divine God, 
for fuche quietnes was in courte that fewe coulde be feen and as fewe 
fufferde to enter. After thys ther ryfeth a brute upon letters wrytten, as 
was faide, by my ladies grace to her howfband, which I beleve not, that 
he (houlde be of good comforte and ftowtlye go forward in his matters, 
for that the queen of England dyd but boft ther wolde be nothinge of the 
matter. Thefe newes were broughte to me, I Ihewe as maynie appar- 
ances as I cane of the unlykelyhoode that that fhoulde be trewe, and 
blafe that as farre abroode as theie had done theirs. That nyght her 
horfes were fecretlye prepared, and at viij. of the clocke at nyghte roode 
to Seton accompagnied for women onlye the lady Eriken; for even thefe, 
the father, the fonne, one brother of the lord Erikens, fir David, and 
monfieur Fowler. Howe Seton flondethe from Edenborough your hon- 
our knoweth, and with what honour or fuertie ihe maye fo ryde I reporte 
me to other, but here yt is altogyther myflyked. Here upon rofe maynie 
fowle tales, whear libertie inoughe is geven for men to fpeake what theie 
wyll. Thys was the belle that fome faide, flie durfte not tarrie in thys 
towne but wolde to Donebar, the fyrfte viage to Seton, and from thens 
the lord Hume to convoye her ; of thys ther was nether apparance nor 
cawfe geven for her to fufpe6le. Other faide that the lord Seton and 
lord Bothewell were arrived, and that flie wente to confer with them and 
to welcome them home. Two nightes Ihe tarried ther and the next daye 
came to her dinner to the caflle of Edenboroughe ; then was it faide that 
flie wolde remayne ther. That afternone flie and my lord Darlye walked 



Digitized by 



Google 



120 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

up and downe the towne dyfguyfed untyll fuppertyme, and retomed 
thyther agayne, butlaye that nighte in the Abbaye; thys manner of paf- 
finge to and fro gave agayne occafion to maynie men to mufe what 
might be her meaninge. The nexte daye in lyke forte flie comethe 
after dyner upon her feete from the Abbaye, the lord Darlye ledinge 
her by the one arme and Fowler by thother. In that troupe ther were the 
ladie Erfken and old ladie Seton, the erle of Lenox and feignor David, 
with 2 or 3 other. Thefe vagares mayke mens tonges to chatter fafte, 
in fpeciall whear fo great libertie is for them to fpeake what theie lyfte, 
or at the leaile fo greate occafion as thys is that movethe them fo to do. 
The commiffioners in thys meane tyme attende for anfwer of the 
articles accorded upon at the lafte convention, whear* of I fente your 
honour a copye ; upon Frydaye the matter was in longe confultation, 
nothynge coulde be refolved upon, and fo were theie commanded to 
retome upon Sondaye nexte, which is this daye 8 dayes. In thys tyme I 
coulde have no opertunitie to fpeake with her Grace and as farre as I 
cane perceave flie hathe as lyttle wyll to have to do with me. Upon 
Thurefdaye my lord of Liddington retomed in the mominge from the 
lord Athall, but dyd lyttle good betweene the parties; no hurte is yet 
done but theie ftonde upon their gardes and wayght their tymes. That 
daye after dynner the lord of Liddington commethe to my lodginge, he 
faythe fliortlye that the queen his meftres founde her felfe greved that 
the queen my miftrefs fliolde fende a heraulde oute of England to pro- 
clayme my lord Darlye' and his father traytors in her realme, her Grace 
not beinge fyrft advertyfed. I afked hym whear that was done and when, 
he anfwerde that he knewe not, but defyred me to let hjmi knowe yf aiiye 
fuche man were come to me, and whye I keapte hym fecrete. He faide 
that the rumour hereof was greate, and that the earle of Lenox had 
reported to the queen; I wolde fayne have made the lord of Liddington 
beleve that yt had byne fo but he was to Wjrfe. I tolde hym that the 
queen his meftres dyd injurie to the queen my meftres to thynke that flie 
had fo lyttle underftandinge as to fende a heraulde hyther to that effe^;e, 
but fuche counfell as flie receaved fuche flie muft utter, but wolde that 
flie had chofen an other mefienger for that arrante. ^^ I have more,'* 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OP QUEEN MARY. 121 

laytbe ke^ ^^ to faje unto jou. The queen is infonned tbat you perfwade 
the lord of L^nox men and the lord Roffes to leave their miftrei^ wlueh 
(he thynketh evle done of you." I denied tbat I bad fo done, and therin 
had forgotten to do as I fhoulde have done, for that I knewe yt dyd not 
ilonde with the queens majeflies pleafure that anye fiibje£te of hers 
iboulde be in this countrie without her licence, and that yt was agayi^ 
the treatie betwene the two princes, and yf that that dyd offended, yt 
fliolde be fhortlye feene whoe wolde tarrie, for tbat I dyd inAende M 
charge them all upon tl^ir allegiances to retome and aroide tbe eouirtrie. 

The thirde acculation was that I had fpoken evle of fome fervantes of 
theirs. 1 anfwerde that yt was falfe, favmge of Fowler, whome feinge 
tbe queen bis nuftres bad taken into her protection, and that my man 
eoulde not be revenged upon hym for his falce reporte, nor gett other 
order of hym, bothe I myfelfe wolde, and all theie that ferve me fliolde 
let hym be knowne to be a viUayne, a Iyer, and fpeake as muche evle of 
bjrm as theie eoulde. Thefe were the thre greveus matters tbat flie fotmde 
her felfe offended with ; and when 1 locked that the lord of Liddington 
wolde have ent^ed with me in tawlke of fome grave matters howe thys 
breache of amytie myght be reconciled, and what offers wolde be made of 
hys meftres parte to that effe&e, he faide that he had ended hk comif* 
fion, for of thofe matters be hearde not a worde. I defyred that to t^e 
poyntes ihe founde her felf greved with I might have acceffe to her 
Grace, and anfwer them my felfe, be thought that verie good, and therby 
I thought to have the better occafion to feele her mynde in thofe poyntes 
eontayned in tbe queens majefties letter. 

Tbe nexte daye yt pleafed her Grace to gyve me audience. I anfwer 
fyrft unto the accufations, and fomewfaat fliarplyer then I had fpoken td 
the lord of Liddir^on, as quarels rather foughte then jufte cawfe ofSetdef; 
the injurie not finale to the queue my meflres to be thought fo unadvifed 
as to fende a heiawlde to prodaime her rebels traytors m a ilraynge 
eountrye at tbe marquet croffe, a tbynge agaynft order, agaynfl cuftome^ 
aiBd unadvifedlye Qioken of hym that was the author of h to her Grace; 
Thother two matters, for that theie dyd toudie my felf^ 1 dyd avonehe die 
doynge and my wordes, and yf dier be no matters greveufer thra^ tliefi 





Digitized by 



Google 



122 ILLUSTRATIONS OP THE 

the occafions were fmale to be offended, yf (he had anye greater {he had 
power yf (he wolde to commande me home, yf not fo flie myght informe 
my meftres whome I ferve, whoe wolde not allowe of my myflbehaviour, 
Yt was had in confultation with the queen, the lord of Lenox, the lord 
Darlye and fome other, whether I (hold be fuffered to go and ryde 
whether I wolde and fpeake with fuche as I pleafe. No man fo cruele 
as my lord Darlye to have me awaye, yt was refolved that yt would not 
be with her honour to reftrayne me, but flie might ufe fuche ftrayngnes 
towardes me her felfe as fhe wolde. After thys tawlke, which fhe mytti- 
gated with maynie good wordes, I gave fome token of forrowe that my 
fortune was fo evle eveir to have feen her Grace, or fo longe to have re- 
mayned in her countrie to fee fo greate apparance as I do of the breache 
of that amytie which I hoped fliolde have byne contvnued betwene them 
for ever. She excufed her felf that yt came not of her. Manye matters 
were called to remembrance, and fome thyngs of her parte fpoken in 
coller. I faide that yt myght appeare ether yt was done for dyfpyte, fo 
I knowe fhe faide herfelf, or els her ingratitude was to greate after fo 
manye promefes had pafled her to foUowe the advife and counfell of my 
miftres fo in thende to deale with her as fhe dyd. " I knowe," faythe 
fhe, ** that your meflres wente aboute but to abufe me, and fo was I 
warned oute of England, France, and other parts, and when I founde yt 
fo indeade I thought that I wolde no longer flaye upon her fayer wordes, 
but beinge free as fhe is I wolde flonde to my owne choyce ; for yf your 
meflres wolde have ufed me as I trufled fhe wolde have done, fhe cane not 
have a daughter of her owne that wolde have byne more obediente to her 
then I wolde have byne, and yet defyer to lyve in that peace and amytie 
with her that before I dyd. Let not her be offended with my manage, 
no more than I am with hers, and for the refle I will abyde fuche fortune 
as God will fende me. I knowe," faythe fhe, " that kinge Harrie in 
hys teflament thoughte hym worthye more favour then is nowe fhewed 
hym, but yf he have dyffavour for my cawfe I wyll recompence yt the 
befle I maye, and will feeke that frendefhip that I cane yf injurie be done 
unto me or hym alfo." Thys kyndeof fharpe fpeache gave me occafion 
to anfwer her Grace with the lyke, thoughe with reverence inoughe, 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 123 

whear fhe faide that my meftres wente abowte to abufe her, yt was not 
her Graces parte fo to faye, for whear fhe had good cawfe and julle oc- 
cafion to become her ennemie before her home commynge, and myght 
when Ihe wolde force her to the fulfillinge of her howfbondes promes and 
her owne, yet fhe forbore fo to do, and willinglye oflForde her felf to be- 
come her Graces frende, and fhewed as maynie tokens of good will as 
fhe coulde, excepte fhe fholde prefentlye have taken the crowne from her 
owne heade and put yt upon hers. Theie were no fmale tokens of good 
will that fhe offerde, to ufe her as her fyflar and to do with her as her 
daughter, and for her parte to reje6le all thefe thinges of fo greate 
wayght, or to negle6te fo greate a benefyte as was lyke to infue hereof, 
for fantafie of one man at the fyrfle fyght, with owte inquifition of his 
eflate, maner, or behaviour. No man coulde blame my meflres yf 
that fhe were offended, or if fhe foughte to have hyt knowne unto 
the worlde the injurie that was done unto her and the unkyndnes 
that was fhewed unto her for her good wyll. Whear fhe faide that 
ihe was a free princefle as my meflres is, and therfore might tayke 
her choyce, I faide that the queen my meftres never chalenged farther 
righte in her then her owne promes, and in that poynte rather gave her 
advife, beinge defyered therunto by maynie requefls, then that fhe wolde 
dayme anye autoritie above her in that matter. For that which fhe 
fpake of kinge Henries teflamente I thought that her grace knewe not 
much of his mynde, or howe fo ever yt were of valeur or flrengthe theie 
coulde not bothe have anye greate righte from thens, and therfore whoe 
foever he was that dyd put anye fuche matter into her heade dyd but 
abufe her, which in thende fhe fhoulde verie well knowe ; and that I 
dyd well knowe that by other meanes then my meflres favour nether fhe 
nor the lord Darlye coulde never have foote within the realme of Eng- 
lande. For her frendes I knewe none better hable to flonde her in fleade 
then the queen my meflres, yf fhe had fo byne counted of, for the refl 
theie were as well knowne to my meflres as to her felf, nether of fuche 
power nor of fuche wyll as perchance fhe dyd imagen, nor at all tymes 
reddie when fhe hathe neade of them. ^< Yt mufle nowe," faythe fhe, 
^< be with me as yt maye be, and I praye you tell me what wolde the 



Digitized by 



Dy Google 



I2i ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

queen my good fyftar that I flioulde do?" I faide that I knew 
np better then to fende home bothe the lord of Lenox and lord 
Parlye» then iholde my meftres and ihe be frendet and her countrie 
at good repofe and quietnes as yt was before. ^^ To fende them 
hom^ I maye not; is there no other waye but that?" I faide that I 
JuiQwe that to be the befl, ihe had wyfe men aboute her that coulde 
thynke upon the matter* and paradventur fynde fome what els that 
myght at the leafla flaye the prefente evle, and the refte might be 
gotten in tyme* ** What yf your majeftie woulde alter your religion?" 
" What wolde that do?" faythe ihe. " Paradventure," faide I, " fome- 
what move her majeftie to allowe the founer of your marriage." " What ! 
Wplde you^" (aythe ihe, ^^ that I iholde mayke marchandize of my religion, 
or frame myfelf to your meneilors willes? yt cane not be fo." I tolde 
her thqgt to knowe her deutie to God and by that meane to be called was 
no makinge of merchandes, and to frame her will to Godes will was but the 
humble defyer and prayer of her Graces fubjedles and mynefters of Godes 
tjreyfe worde. I procede no farther with her Grace in thys kynde of tawlke, 
but defyred her Grace to confyder her eftate in tyme, that the queen my 
meftres were not forced by her unkinde dealinge towardes her to do that 
fpr honors cawfe that agaynfte her ihe wolde be loothe to attempte. '^ I 
n^i^ile," faythe ihe, '^ abyde the worfte, and yet am I loothe to offende 
her, wd fo I wolde you ihulde afliire her." I tolde her that the worlde 
was powe growne to wyfe, or at the leafte we our felves become to fyne 
and fubtyle to gyve greate credit to wordes. " And feinge the fayle pro- 
cedethe from your majeftie felf yt mufte be repayred by fome apparante 
^e^de," " You c»ne never perfiiade me," faythe ihe, " that I have 
fayled to your mei^res, but rather ihe to me ; and fome incommoditie yt 
wilbe as weU for her to lees my amytie as hers wilbe to me ; and yet," 
faythe ihe, ^^ I will refufe to do nothinge that well I maye." 

Thys was theffed;e of a whole bowers tawlke ; and havinge obferved 
as nere as I coulde with what mynde her wordes were fpoken, do rather 
fynde that in apye thynge that is fpoken uqto her of miflykinge of her 
mariage dothe more offende her then anie thinge that cane be faide, and 
in no pafe WPlde b^ thoughte but her doynges have byne upon confydera- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 125 

tkm inougbe. For fendinge of any other man with anye offers, or that 
Ihe hathe will to have farther tawlke of conference of the matter, I nether 
here nor fee anye likelihoode. Gounfell fhe takethe of no man but the 
lord Lenox and his fonne, David, and the ladie Erfken. At this prefent 
of her olde councellors fhe hathe at the comle onlye thefe, the lord 
Erfken and lord of Liddington ; thone medelethe not, thother maye do 
what he wyll, for nether is he nor wilbe of their counfell. 

Your honour hearde in fo myche as is above wrytten what conference 
I have had with the queen, and doubte not but that your honour lookethe 
alfo to here fomewhat of thother partie, who hytherto remayne in one 
conftante mynde, that whatfoever be attempted agaynfte religion or the 
amytye, or yf anye one perfone be put at for anye of thefe cawfes, that 
theie will not onlye not gyve their confentes, but withftonde the attempters 
agaynfte the fame with all their forces. For this cawfe the Proteftantes 
hid appoynted agaynfte thys daye the xv^^ an other aflemblye, thone half 
at St Johnftone, thother at Glafcowe, which bothe by her commando- 
ment (he hathe difcharged, and to impeache the fame hathe fente the 
lord Ruthven to St Johnftone, and thys daye is my lord of Lenox 
departed towardes Glafcowe ; but the Proteftantes havinge forewaminge 
of this aflemble themfelves in fome other partes, as hereafter your honour 
jfhall knowe, as alfo of theyre doynges, I fee no appearance but of con- 
tynuall treble, and as lytde care taken therof as ever was feen in anye 
realme. I have written in my other letters what trufte is repofed in the 
queens majeftie not to fee fo greate a number of good frendes as (he 
hathe in this realme to be overthrowne, whoe whoUye do yelde and put 
them felves in her majefties will, fo fane as in honor theie maye, and as 
ever her majeftie requerede. Your honour knoweth nowe their eftate 
and cafe, you are not ignorant what theie do demande, no man cane fee 
farther then the queens majeftie felf howe myche yt will avayle not to 
fuffer thys queen to have her wyll, whearunto I aflure your honour 
ihe is myche bente, and as I thynke in my confcience intendethe but to 
drive tyme, excepte that fhe be forced to greater confyderation of her felfe 
and ftate then yet fhe beinge onlye tranfported with love can frame her 



Digitized by 



Google 



126 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

felf unto. Yt is pyttie to here the lamentation that is amongefte all fortes 
of men, the Papyftes I faye that myflyke her maners and mifgoveme- 
mente of her felfe as the Proteftantes that knowe the lykelyhoode of Gods 
worde to be overthrowne, and the weale of the comon wealthe ; theie 
thanke God that theie have fo good a neighbores, that nowe that the 
whole countrie maye be their owne theie will yet rather beholde their 
miferie and pyttie their cafe then do them hurte. The borders never in 
worce order, more murder and fpoyle amongefte them. Within thefe fix 
dayes a d]rfcorde ryfen betwene the lord ^^^^ ^^^ the Humes in an 
a£fcion of the lord of Liddington ; the lord Seton looked for, whoe hathe 
quarell agaynfte the Duglas; the earle Bothewell, ennemie to all honefte 
men, wrytten for; Edenbourge never fo withowte order; in Fyff the erle 
of Rothes and lord Lindefaye at daylye dyfcorde; of the earle of Argile 
and AthoU your honour hathe hearde. 

Here your honour feethe our prefent ftate, we lyve as we lyfte and do 
what we will; I nowe onlye attende what fhalbe farther the queens ma- 
jefties pleafure. The more ftrayngenes that is ufed the foner I am fure 
thys queen wilbe broughte to knowe her erreur; better fomewhat beftowed 
in tyme, thoughe yt be agaynfte her will, to the prefervation of her ftate, 
then ether to have thefe noblemen ruenede or driven owte of the coun- 
trye to fet here after releef and livinge at the queens handes. Your 
honour confyderethe more hereof then I cane fpeake. I beleve that 
theie wyll tayke fome determination to fende unto her majeftie fome one 
man from themfelves fufficientlye inftru6lede, and that verie fecretlye; 
of this advyfe ther is one whome your honour befte knowethe. 

Your honour judged not amifle in that you wrote that you thought the 
lord of Liddington to be of counfell, or knewe the man that anfwerede 
the booke; he fliewed me your honours letter fente by the embafladour, 
wrytten to verie good purpofe and reade to the queen, but little accompte 
made therof. Yt ftialbe anfwer but I knowe not howe fone, we are lefte 
beholdinge unto thre perfons that have receaved mofte good of Englande 
of late, and are all thre prefoners; the lord Graye, fir Andrewe Carre, 
and yonge Goudingeknows, as he fayeth hym felf, to fir James Croftes ; 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 127 

your honour will confyder whether yt were bed to have them called for 
to their entres. The parlement, that iholde have byne the 20 of this 
inftante, is proroged I knowe not howlonge; this is the lord of Lidding- 
tons opinion, thoughe an other tolde me the contrarye. Mod humblye 
I tayke my leave; at Edenborouge, the xvj of Julye, 1565. 

Your honours bounden at commande, 

Tho. Randolphe. 

Yt wyll pleafe your honour to remember a fipher. I knowe that my 
letters pafle throughe maynie dayngers, and myfelf no fmale care howe 
faulflye theie come to your handes. 

Tyme dothe not ferve me to overfee that which I have wrytten ; yf 
anye thynge haftelye hath efcaped, your honour muft pardon yt. 

I trufte fo well at this tyme to here of fome releef towardes my owne 
charges by my fervant that I wyll trouble your honour no farther at this 
tyme. 



THE QUEEN TO MR RANDOLPHE, 
July 30, 1565.* 

Trusty and wellbeloved, we grete yow well. We have fent our trufty 
fervant, Jhon Tomworth, on of our pryve chamber, to the queen there, 
and therfor uppon the impartyng to yow of the meffadg which he hath 
in charg, we require yow both to creditt hym and to imploy your knoledg 
and labor that accordyng to the intention of our inflru6);ions our fervice 
may be furdered. Gyven under our fignet [30 July, 1565.] 

30 July, 1565. M. of the queen's 
majeflie's lettres to th'Erle of 
Bedford and to Mr Randolph, 
by Mr Tamworth. 

• Addtt.MS.4196,n.4. 



Digitized by 



Google 



128 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF BEDFORD TO SIR WILLLUf CECIU 

AuGrar 18, 1565* 

After my haftie commendacions. I mofl hartely thank you for procur- 
ing fo fpedie refolucion from her majeilie for thes matters of Aymowthe, 
but the fame ftandeth upon fo many uncerteine and doubtefidl pointes as 
If for my parte, do not well underftande, fo do I alfo moft hartely for 
your long and frendely letter of advife towdiing the fame, whidi I 
recejTved before I have written to her majeilie for fome further explana- 
don of her pleafur, and to cleare us of fome doubtes which we coDceire; 
that we maye, as occafion fhalbe offired, more certeinely and redyly pro- 
cede herin, wherof I hartely praye you faile not to do your bed. If Mr 
Tamworthe come in tyme he Ihall be the bearer herof. Common newes 
be thes, referring matters of eftate to his reporte. There newe kinges 
fouldiers and the townefmen of Edinbroughe have bene togither by the 
eares, and fome of the townes men flayne; their king was putting on his 
armor to have parted the fraye but did not^ or if he did, came not abrode. 
He lofeth many of his freindes dayly, who feing his government leane to 
thother parte. The queue getteth as many to her mafle, and never was 
there fo many as now there were at it on Sondaye laft. The Broodies 
have done great thinges of late, as the burning of a towne called Hawydie, 
and therefore are to be confidered ; preparacioD is made to ryde upon 
them by Aat reahne, and had they not fo ftyrred as they did on their 
owne neighbours and countreymen, our marches had loi^ before this 
time fmarted therefore; and if they be ridden upon and be not bolpcn 
they cannot hold out but muft nedes give over, and ihall have theire par- 
dones, as it is thought, for this time oSred them; and if the earle Bothe- 
well come, who is their lorde, then will they go with him if there be Bone 
other waye taken before, which I referre to your wifedome. And to feiye 
to you mine opinion, things might be wrought on their partie and bebalfe, 

• From the CotL MS. Calig. Qr z. foL 881. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 129 

dad that in fuche forte, if the quenes majeftie fo wold, as bathe might 
diverte the force meante againfl them fome other waye, and no dommage 
enfue to therle of Murrey by fuche as wold ftirre againft hym; how and 
in what forte I (hall declare to you herafter. 

He that was fcholemafler to the lord Darley, whether he be an Eng- 
liihman or a Scott I knowe not, is, as I heare, come out of Flanders into 
Scotlande and is well receyved there. 

Towching the books that fliould declare the payes and impreftes of late 
made here, as well in the garryfon as in the workes, I have receyved 
copies from fir Richard Lee and Mr Marfliall, whereby you (hall. fee 
howe the fame is deffiraied, and if you have not all nowe you (hall have 
than by the next. 

I wrote unto you heretofore that there were iij. men of the quenes 
ftaied here, they are fo poore that they cannot paye their owne charges, 
and to kepe them ^diere they fliould putt fuche poore men as they are 
with all to more charges were pitie. I praye you procure both refolucion 
^at fliall become of them, and alfo fome order howe their charges flialbe 
anfwered. 

Here was flayed of late, and yet remayneth here, a young fellowe.that 
fometime was Mr Sheres man; he was going into Scotlande, he had no 
letters about him and was, as I heare him faye, departed long before from 
his mafters fervice. 

The erle of GUncarne fent a gentleman to me from his houfe of 
Cunyngham, to declare that, thoughe he were not nowe with the erle. of 
Murrey and the reft, yet was he of their minde, and wold defende. the 
Gofpell, and defiered me in the meane time to have none evill opinion of 
him. To whome I made not any wordes, but faied I hoped he wold do 
like a good Gofpeller, who had fo long contynewed therin, and whome 
all that knewe hym conceyved well of; for nowe, I faied, I thought reli- 
gion there was quite overthrowen excepte it were now holpen; and fo we 
ended with other talke, and I gave him thankes for his paynes. I was 
this other daye at a meeting at Morpeth, where were the erle of Weft- 
merlande, the lord Scrope, and the lord Eury, and fir John Fofter, with 
a great mayny other gentlemen; the byfliop being ficke came not. My 



Digitized by 



Google 



130 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

br4 of WeAmerlande and the reft werQ fa honourable and fo forward 
for that fervice as could be devifed. I declared to them diat the queena 
majefties pleafure was to have all thinges in readynes as if it were warrest 
notwithftanding ihe meante all peace and good amitie, and (hewed to them 
both my commiffion, and alfo her majefties letter ftur the temparing of the 
commiffion in feme pointes, and faid furthw that if the queen of Seottw 
wold not agree to fuche honorable offers as her majeftie had fent, that 
theoQ (he woJd deale otherwife, wherin I did comforte them, wA pubfifli- 
eng my commiffion I declared that her majefties pleafiire was that if mif 
i^temptes or diforders were committed by her fubje&es the fame flioiiM 
be puniflied as the lawes of the Marches do require, and fo wUled e¥efy 
man to live in peace and be obedient to their warden till the queeos plea- 
fiire were further knowen. 

I praye you helpe us with money and viftualles as fone as you can, of 
thone though we heare ther is non yet come, and of thother ther is afanoft 
Mme leaft. If thes matters growe hotter then wold there be both fome 
mea Ifent and fome of wifdome and experience, as have bene in tymes 
pafte, by caufe you fee we have litell helpe here. 

I heare out of Scotland by good meanes, albeit it came not fowi Mt 
Randolphe, that bothe the lord Hume and the lard of Oollbrd wefe 
ehedced and tamed at ther khig and quenes handes for not Making the 
proclamacion at their laft dayes of trewe in his name alfo. At the tyme 
appomted for their next trewe dayes^ eyther we ihall not meeto at al or 
if we do I will provyde fo as te make our partey as good as theira^ coma 
if they mH. And fo, with right hartie thankes, I «(»nmit yen to God. 
From Barwlck, this xviij^ of Auguft, 1565, 

Your right aflhred frende, 

?. Bedforp. 

And whereas 1 ftid before that I 
wold fende to you the copies of 
the booke you wiite for, bycaufe 
tlie fame be not al redy I wiU fond 
them to you by Mr Tamwortb. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 131 



LETTER F&OM HENRT LORD SCROPE TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

August 22, 1665/ 

It maye pleafe you to be ftdvertifed, where by my lafte letters I did fig- 
nifie unto you that I wad enfortned the lords of the Congregaciou wolde 
write unto me to devyfe eaufe whie to call home fome fuch as thei thought 
were then attendaunte upon their queue and to theym unfrendlie, that I 
hare nowe received letters from thearle of Murraye to the like effe6te^ 
wherin, and in all other his caufesi I doo meane and intende lefuUie to 
ihewe him and his the furtheraunce and frendihip that I maye, fo long as 
the fame maye ftande with the queues majefties pleafure. I have alfo 
received intelligence from Edenbrough that Mr Tomworth was there 
aimfwered and willed to departe on Fridaye laifte, and for his fafegardu 
liad unto him fent a pafporte, whiche he refufed becaufe the fame wa^ 
graunted both in the king and quenes name, alledging he knewe no 
fuche king; whereat the quen^, being greatlie movid and doubting of hid 
fudden departure, did ymmediatelye dire6te hir letters towardes all hit 
irountiers for his ftaye and apprehenfion. Wherof, as my dewtie was, 
I made advertifment unto my verie good lorde, my lord lieutennante, al- 
though I doubte not but his lordfhip had both received and advertifed th6 
fame in more perfe6fc ordre before. I have received fro my faide lord 
eommiffion for mufters, whereaboute I and thothers, jufUces of peax, nowe 
prefentlie are; and upon the viewe I aflure you wee doo fynde a greate 
wante and weaknefle bothe of hable men, hoifes, and their fumytures, and 
that, as thei alledge, thei are not hable to amende^ thei are fo impove- 
rifhed, partlie by meanes of the late dearthes, and partlie by exacciofls 
dailie made upon theym by their landes lordes, in levying of fynes and 
greflumes, in more extreme forte than hath ben accuflomed, fo as if any 
bufynefle fliall fall furth upon thefe caufes of Scotlaunde, as almofte of 
all men is looked for, I mufte be forced with thayde and frendfhip of you 
and others my frendes to become an humble futer unto the quenes ma* 
jeftie for fufficient guarrifons here to be planted. 

• From the Cott. MS. Calig. B. iz, fol. ^6. 



Digitized by 



Google 



132 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Alfoi it maye pleas you tunderflande that upon the brute of warres, and 
fpeciallie upon thefe muilers, the borderers doo growe wanton ^d verie 
gredie of the firfle fpoile, and are in fuche hope therof as thei have in their 
headdesi that the princes on both fides are fullie bent and doo meane 
warres, and that the peax is onlie contynued by their officers contrarie to 
their pleafures. Wherebie I am driven, to keep theyme in good order, 
at one tyme to ufe feveritie and at an other to ufe them frendlie; by 
whiche dealing, God be praifed t thefe marches are at this prefente in as 
quiett flate, both towardes this realme and thothers, as thei have ben long 
before; wherin, fo long as it fhall flande with the quenes majeflies plea- 
fure, I will do my bed to kepe them. I have alfo intelligence from Eden- 
brough that if it wolde pleas the quenes highnes, of hir bounteous libe- 
ralitie and greate goodnefle, to make fome ayde and reliefe to the 
gentlemen and others nowe there for Chriftes Churche diftrefled, that 
certenlie many of the befl forte nowe bearinge towardes their queue right 
faire countennance wolde become whollie hir majeflies aflured. And 
then I have thought good to befeche you, if hir highnes fhall intende that 
matter, or otherwife by force to come even with the Scottifhe dealinges 
and attemptes fo dyverflie offered, praftifed, and innovated, that you woU 
on my behalfe humblie declare to her majeflie that according my mofl 
bounden dewtie either here or elles where it maye pleafe hir highnes tem- 
ploye my fervyce undre my verie good lord of Bedford, to whom I flande 
greatlie bounden, I fhall mofle willinglie and obedientlie ufe the fame 
with my life and uttermofle force, in all places and refpe6les as to my 
dewtie apperteynith. And fo praying you taccept in good parte that I 
am thus bolde at all tymes to troble you, I commit you to Almightie God. 
At Garlifle, the xxij of Augufl, 1565. 

Your frende aflured to commande, 

H. SCROPE. 

To the right honorable fir Wil- 
liam Cecill, knight, principall 
fecretarie to the quenes majeflie. 

Hafly bafl, pofl, hail, with all diligence poffible. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 133 



LETTER FROM MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS TO THOMAS RANDOLPH. 

SbptbmbbeS, 1565.* 

Teustie and welbeloved we grete you well. Whereas the earle of 
Sutherlande, a borne fubyedl of this our realme, comynge fro beyonde 
fea and reparinge towardes this his native countrie, is taken» llaied, and 
deteyned pryfoner at Barwicke, we mervalle of it in deede, feinge it a 
thinge tendinge fo manyfefllye to the breche of the good intelligence be- 
twixt us and our good iifler the queen, your foveragne; prainge you 
therefore that ye will write to the erle of Bedforde with the berer hereof 
that, by your letter, the faid erle of Sutherlande may be put at libertie 
and fuffired to departe frelie towardes this our realme without ftope or in- 
quietacion, as you will do us good pleafure. Subfcrived with our hande 
at Glafcoo, the viii of September. 

The Queen of Scottes to Tho. 
Randolphe. 



THE PRINCIPALL POTNTES TO BE REMEMBRED AND CONSIDERED IN 
THE MATTER OF SCOTLAND. 

SBmMm 24, 1565, Aimo 7 Euzabbthjb Rboxn^ apud WssTM'.t 

18 November, 1564. The erle of Murray and Lyddyngton mett at 
Barwyk with the erle of Bedford and Thomas Randolph, to treate of a 
mariadg with the queen of Scottes, where they lyked not the nomination 
in fpeciall wordes of the earle of Leicefler, but wolde have the choils 
gyven to the queue of any noble perfon within England; and furder to 
have the queue of Scottes title examyned and llabliflied to be next heyre 
to the quenes majeftie. 23 November they departed. 

• From the Lmdowne US. No. 8, Art. 89. f From the Cott* MS. Calig. B. x, ibl. 340. 



Digitized by 



Google 



134 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

3 December. The erle of Lennox reilored by pariement to all his fw- 
mar eilat in Scotland. 

14 December. The quene was content that it fliuld be ordered that 
no mafsihuld be ufed within the realm but in hir owne chappell, and that 
only for hir owne howfhold. 



II January [1565]. It was foght to have a new conference for the 
queen of Scottes mariadg; wherunto was anfwered by the queues majellies 
order by the fecretories lettres to the erle of Murray^ that the proceding 
of the queues majefly to nominat any perfon cam of the quene of Scottes, 
who alweis prefled hir majefly to gyve hir advice, and expreflly to nomi- 
nat fome perfon. 

13 Februar. The lord Damly went to the quene in Fiff from fiden- 
burgh. Nota, about the 5 of Februar, a noyfs of armed men was hard in 
the high ftretes of Edinburgh, in the mydnight, and yet no perfon cold be 
feene. 

4 Marcij. Mr Randolph ; that the quene of Scottes defyreth to be made 
ether apparant doghter adoptyve or fiflar to the quene of Englande. He 
noteth by his lettres exceding great love in the quene of Scottes towardes 
the queues majefly, and gyveth great hope of a full contentation in the 
fayd quene to marry as the queues majefty will, and a ddyre to lyve here 
in England with the queues majefly. 

5 Marcij. Before the recept of the letters from England of the 4th, 
the queues majefly willeth Mr Randolph to acerteyn the queue of Scottes 
that if fhe will be content to follow hir advife in the mariadg with the erle 
of Leiefler fhe fhall fynd hir reddy to avance hym to all the honor fhe 
can, and to favor his title in all forte that fhe maye; faving for the inqui- 
fition and declaration therof fhe wold have that quene underfland (hat 
theria notbyng fliaU be do<me untiU hir majefty ftiaU be marryed, or flull 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 136 

Rotefy hir determinatioD never to marry that on of whidi (he meaoMdi 
flioitly to doo. Hereuppon is the quene of Scottes fo offended as flie 
ufeth evill fpeche of the qumes majefty, alledging that (he hath abufed 
hir» and made hir fpend hir tyme. 

15 Mareij. Randdph wryteth that the erie of Ai^Ie told hym that he 
miflyked the comming into Scotland of the lord Damly, for he fufpe£ted 
the quenes great favour to hym; but Randolph affirmeth that he doth not 
dout any thyng therin, but only that it is of hir curteous natur than othw-^ 
wife. 

17 Mareij. Randolph wryteth that he hath (hewed that quene themeT* 
tmAg fent from the quenes majefty by letters of the 5 of March, where- 
with (he is much difmayed and wept; fhe faid fhe wold fend for a pafljpmt 
for Lyddyngton to pafs through England into France, and he wryteth 
thai ibe duke, the erle of Argile, eomplayne to hym of danger fyke to 
eome both to relligion and to ther felves if fhe fliall marry with a popill. 

Mefladg was f&A to that quene from the two cardinals, Lorrayn and 
Granveile, that flie fliuld not haften hir mariac^. 

20 March. Randolph wryteth that great miflykinges ar growing be- 
twixt that queue and hir fubjeftes; fhe hatelh the duke and the erle of 
ArgBe, thefe twoo feare that flie wiU many with a paptft ether in Sp$ejwm 
or otherwhere. 

The lord Damly is much favored by the quene, but yet Mr Randoljphe 
doth not thynk any marriadg lykly. The erle his father maketh a band 
with the eries of Athell, eatnefs^ the k)rd Rytheni Mid fuch. The qoene 
prelefteth that Ihe wifl be at liberty in rdligion, md that a3i perfons JhaH 
lyve as they will. 

97 MarcQ, Mr Randolph. How nodi that quene is grevcd wkb the 
news of the cardinal of LfOrrayns evill entreatment at Paris by the Mar^ 
fliiA Montmorency. 

The eft of Murray firjeth thai the fayd cttrdmal kadi i 



Digitized by 



Google 



136 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

riadg for that quene with the duke of Orleance, which that quene miflj^-: 
eth. The cardinal alfo defyreth that Lyddington might be fent into. 
France to conferr for hir mynd in hir mariadg. 

The erl of Murray flill profequuted mariadg with England, and with-, 
out that fuccede douteth of all thynges in Scotland ; the quene hir felf 
iheweth flill a difpofition therto. The queues chapplen, tarryeng at Hol- 
lyrood Houfe whan the quene was in Fiffe, faid openly mafs, wheruppon 
complaynt was made to the quene and Ihe anfwered that it Ihall be re-, 
medyed. 

30 Marcij. The new bifhop of Dumblayn cam from Lovayn with a 
Jefuite. 

The queues phiiicion.Lufery pafleth into France with fondry French-, 
men. 

7 Aprilis. The lord of Lyddington is in redynefs to depart hyther ; 
the.erle of Murray gon from the court to avoyde the fuperftitious cere- 
monyes of that queen in reUigion, but yet it is reported that he is departed 
in that queues difplefur, becaufq he hath bene fo emefl with hir to dif- 
fuade hir from idolatry. 

15 Aprilis. Randolph wryteth that now he fyndeth it playne how that 
quene is affected to the lord Darnly, even to marry with hym, and he 
thynketh the lord of Lyddyngton at his commyng (hall fhew the truth 
therof. 

18 Aprilis. Randolph wryteth that all good men fee the ruyn of that 
contree by the marriadg yrith the lord Damly, which is defyred by them 
to be difappoynted. 

A cave found at Muflelburgh lyke a moniment of the Romayns, where- 
in is a (ton found graven thus, ApoUoni Granno Q. L. Sabinianus Proc. 

Aug.. 

The lord of Lyddyngton arryved at Weftminfter, 18 Aprill. His mef- 
fadg is to reqiure the queues confent to the marriage with the lord Darply. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. '137 

23 Aprilis. A confultation at Weftminfter uppon Lyddyngtons mef- 
fadg; the marriadg miflyked of all. 

The quenes majefly fendeth letters to the erle of Lennox and the lord 
Darly to revok them. 

30 Aprilis. The lord Darly fick of the meffells, that quene watcheth 
with hym. 

Primo Maij. A generall determination by the whole counfell at Weft- 
minfter to difallow of the marriadg with the lord Darnly, 

Sir Nicholas Throkmorton appoynted to retorn with the lord of Lyd- 
dington to fliew the quenes majefties difcontentation therwith. His in- 
ftruftion refted upon two poyntes; the one to procure that quene to ftey 
hir marriadg with the lord Darly, the fecond, to marry with the erle of 
Leceftef or fom other in England, and if he fliall fynd it palfled remedy, 
then to fliew how much it fliall greve the quenes majefty. 

Sir Nicholas went towardes Scotland the 7 of Maij. 

3 Maij. Randolph wryteth that the erle of Argile and Murray cam 
to Edenborough with v". horfees to the law daye ageynft the erl Both- 
well, who was condemned for lack of apparance, and yet the quene com- 
manded the Juftice Clerk to forbeare judgment ; wheruppon a generall 
miflyking of that quene by hir nobles, and the erle of Murray oppenly in 
difplefur with the quene. 

8 Maij. Randolph wryteth that my lord of Murray was fent for to 
Sterlyng wher that quene made as much of him as ever flie did, and 
being togither in the lord Damlys chamber flie fliewed to hym a wryting, 
conteaning a promifs to confent to hir marriadg with the lord Darly, and 
that he fliuld fortefy it ; and fo being required to fign it, he defyred re- 
fpe£t to confider uppon it, but that was denyed to hym, and he more 
prefled to figne it becaufe others had promifed to do the lyke after hym. 
He refufed, and alledged that it might be Tome diflionor to hir fo haftely 
in that fort to feke it without firft makyng hir frendes abrode prive ther- 



Digitized by 



Google 



138 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

to, and in fpeciall feing fhe had fent Lyddington to the quenes majefty, 
who was not yet retomed but was on the waye. Beiide this he miflyked 
this match becaufe he douted that the lord Darly wold be an enemy to 
trew relligion, and heruppon he departed, in fome difplefure of the 
quene. Other noble men are fent for to be at Sterlyng the 13 of Maij. 
The quene hath fent Beton to (ley Lyddington, for fhe wold nether have 
hym nor any from England untill the matter wer accorded by the nobilite. 

11 Maij. Sir Nicholas Throkmorton and Lyddington arryve at Bar- 
wyk. Lyddington receaved letters from that quene about Newark, by 
which he was commanded to retom to the queues majefty, and to 
declare that feing (he had bene fo long trayned in hir mariadg 
without fruit by the queues majedy, (he was determined with thadvife 
of hir (latis to ufe hir own choife in hir mariadg. He was alfo willed 
to repayre into France and to make the French King 15 to allow 
of hir choifs, with lardg promifTes of reward to him for doing hir this 
fervice, but Liddington did not follow this commandment but proceeded 
northwardes. 

Sir Nicholas wryteth of the doutfull date of thynges in York(hyre of 
the E. M. 

12 Maij. Sir Nicholas Throkmorton wryteth that 13 of the nobilitie 
hath confented and (igned a wrytyng to accord to the marriadg. The 
duke is on, to whom is promifed alSurance for his oun eftate ; the erle 
Morton and Juflyce Clerk are great doers in it ; the erl Murray will not 
confent; the erl of Argile cometh not to the court. 

21 Maij. Mr Randolph wryteth to the erle of Leicefler how the lord 
Damly was, xv of May, fird created lord, knight; fecond, than a baron, 
a bannerett, and named lord of Armonoch ; third, was beltit erle of Ro(s, 
and after that he made 14 knights, wherof four wer Stuardes ; he made 
othe of a knight, which ar fondry articlees ; he did alfo homag to the 
quene, not referring any duety to the queues majedy or crown of England. 

Ther is fuch miflyking of this marriadg, that if fome ther might know 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 139 

wherunto to truft, they want no will to put both father and fonne from 
ther purpoofe% 

21 Maij. To W. C. Randolph wryteth how the lord Damly offered 
to have ftrycken the lord Rythen with his dagger, becaufe he brought 
hym word that the creation of hym to be a duke was proroged fill an 
other day. 

21 Maij. Sir Nicholas Throkmorton to the quenes majefly wryteth 
that he arryved at Edenborough the xiij^, wher the lord of Lyddington 
was commanded to ftaye hym untill all the Creations war doone at Ster- 
lyng, neverthelefs he departed to Lythgoo the 14; in the morning of the 
15 at Sterlyng, and comming to the caflle the gates were fhutt uppon 
hym. The Mr of Arikyn with the Juftice Clerk cam to hym, and re- 
quired hym to retyre to his lodging and afterward he fliuld know the 
quenes pleafure for his audience, fo he went to his lodging, and in that 
aftemoone was fent for by the lords Arfkyn and Rythen, and at his com- 
ming to the queue he did his mefladg by fetting furth the quenes ma- 
jefties myflyking of the match, as well for the matter as the manner, and 
for that the lord Damly and his father had erred in their duetyes to en- 
terprefs fuch a matter without the quenes majeflies advife. That queue 
anfwered that ihe had made the quenes majefly privee of hir intent as 
foone as her felf was determined ; and for the party ihe thought of all 
other that hir majefly wold be content therwith, becaufe Ihe was by Mr 
Randolph advertifed that the quenes majefly left to hir hir choifs, fo (he 
wold forbeare the houffes of France, Spayn, and Auflria ; and confyder- 
yng the lord Damly was an Englifhman, and nere kynfman to the quenes 
majefty, Ihe thought hym metefl. Mr Throkmorton replyed, fhewed the 
quenes majeflies advife to have allweis confifled in 3 poyntes ; firfl, to 
take on for hir own contentatioi^ ; fecondly, on to be allowed by her 
people; thirdly, to be on that fhuld contynew the amyty betwixt them 
two and ther contrees. 

He wryteth that the matter is irrevocable otherwife than by vyolence, 
and yet it is not confummat, but fhe promifeth not to finifh it thefe 3 



Digitized by 



Google 



140 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

monthes, which ought to be about the 15 of Auguft, and meaneth in the 
meane tyme to procure the queues majeilies allowance ; for which pur- 
poofs Ihe will fend on, but not Lyddyngton, who is in fufpicion with hir. 

The lord Darnly receaved all the honors above mentioned the fayd 15 
daye, after audience of fir Nicholas Throkmorton. The 18, fir Nicholas 
Throkmorton dyned with the queue alone, and Mr Randolph with the 
duke ; at his comming awey, being the 19> the queen fent hym a chayne 
of 60 ounces of gold. 

A memoryall fent by fir Nicholas Throkmorton for advifees of thynges 
to be done. 

3 Junii, Randolph. Monfieur Malvafyer arryved at Edenborough. A 
man of the lord Bothwells, commyng by fea, was taken in Fiffe with fon- 
dry letters of pra6tice ageynft the erl of Murraye. 

4 Junij. A generall confultation of the confell, which was Ihewed to 
hir majefty in wrytyng, 

14 Junij. The queue of Scottes letters by Mr. Thomas Haye, he cam 
hither the 24, the fame daye the lady Lenox was committed to the Towre. 

Ult. Junij. The French kyng wryteth to the queues majefty in favor 
of the lord Darnly, and to relefs his mother. 

4 Julij. Randolph writeth of a fals rumor fpredd that the erll of Ar- 
gile and Murray had aflembled power to have taken the queue and the 
lord Darnly, wher in dede the lord Murray was fick at Lorghlevyn and 
the erl of Argile quietly at his howfs. Heruppon the queue cam in haft 
to Edenburgh and declareth hir indignation againft thefe lordes, and they 
make all meanes that may to pacefy hyr ire, but nothyng avayleth. 

4 Julij. A conunand from the queue of Scottes to apprehend four 
burgoofs of Edenburgh, being known proteftants, heruppon ryfeth alarme, 
and the nobilite begyn to looke to their favety. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 141 

Randolph wryteth that the lords ar loth to defyre fupport of men but 
only of money, and doo require for this yere but iij™ fterlyng. 

6 Julij. Mr Thomas Hay arrived at Edenburgh. 

7 Julij. The erles of Argile and AthoU gather ther powers, on to 
offend the other. 

The lord Ruthen and lord of Lyddington ar fent to Athell ; the Juftice 
Clerk and St. Colms ar fent to Argile to perfwade them to peace. 

II Julij. The queues majefty fent by letters to Randolph to give 
good advife both to the queue and the lords. 

16 Julij. The queue of Scottes was marryed to the lord Damly at 
Holly Rood Howfe in fecrett the 9- of this month, and from thence went 
to the lord Setons houfs to bedd. 

16 July to W. C. a long letter, Mr Randolph. The queue and lord 
Darly walk difguifed in Edenburgh in the ftretes. The queue chargeth 
Mr. Randolph with three thynges; I, that the queues majefty fliould 
fend a harrold to Edenburgh to proclayme the erl and lord Damly tray- 
tors to England; 2, that he perfwaded the erle of Lennox and lord Dar- 
lyes men to forfake ther mafters ; 3, that he had fpoken evill of ther 
fervantes. She alfo fayd that kyng Henry the 8***. thought the lord 
Damly by his teftament wordy of more favor than is Ihewed hym. 

The lord Grey, fir Andrew Carr, yong Coldyngknowfs, being prifon- 
ers to England, wold be fent for to repayre into England, for they ar 
not frendes. 

18 Julii. Letters fent by Levynftun from the lords to Rychmont. 

19 Julij. Mr Randolph maketh anfwer to the queues majefties letters 
of the II; firft, the queue hath aflembled all hir force to be at Eden- 
burgh the 20, ether to aflayle the duk, erl of Argile, and Murray, who 



Digitized by 



Google 



142 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

ar aflembled at Sterlyng to confider for ther owne fuerty, or els to affift 
the folemnization of the mariadg, which (hall be the 29 of July. 

Nota, in the letters fent by her for the aflembly ihe maketh mention of 
hir old enemyes. Mr Randolph hath received a cipher from me. 

The erl Bothwell is fent for. 

20 Julij. Mr Drury, marfhall of Barwyk, wryteth of an outrage doone 
by Scottiflunen in throwing downe certen burghes, wherfor the fame 
morning he hath caufed a mill to be overthrown, without breach of any 
peace. 

21 Julij. Randolph maketh anfwer to the quenes majefties letters of 
the 10*^, for gyving advife to the quene and to the lordea. 

The quene thanketh the quenes majefty for hir good will, but they that 
ar called hir beft fubje&es are not fo to be called, for that they obey hir 
not, and therfore fhe hath remedy ynough to rule them, 1£. At that 
anfwer wer the erle of Morton, lord Arfkyn, lord Lyddyngton, Juftice 
Clerk, Mr Maxwell. He alfo wryteth that the 20, after he bad fpoken 
with the quene, he fpak with the erl Lennox, puttyng hym in mynd of 
the formar chardg gyven hym to retom upon payne of his allegiance, for 
that he before fufpended his anfwer untill the retom of Haye. The erle 
anfwered that, confydering the emprefonment of his wiff, he ment not to 
come into England except he wer more fure of the quenes majefties 
favor. The lord Darly anfwered that he did acknowledg no other duety 
or obedyence but to that quene ther whom he ferveth and honoreth ; 
^^ and feing,'* fayth he, ^* that the quene your miftres is fo envyofs of my 
good fortune I dout not but fhe maye alfo have neade of me as you ihall 
know within a few dayes. Wherfor for to retom I intend not, I fynd my 
felf very well wher I am, and fo purpofs to kepe me." 

23 Julij. The erle of Murray is commanded, uppon payne of treafon, 
to fhow who wer the authors of the bmte that he ihuld have bene killed 
at St Johns Town. 

Levynflon fent from the lords. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 143 

Beton fent to the quenes majefly, who cam to Rychmont about the 28 
of July. 

34 Julij. Randolph wryteth that the 22, being Sonday, the bannes of 
matrimony wer aiked betwixt the queue and lord Damly. Information 
o Roger^Laflells. 

25 Julij. The erie of Bedford writeth that he arryved at Barwick the 
20; he moveth to have licens to fuccor the erie of Murray and hym felf 
to beare the blame. 

28 Julij. The queue of Scottes anfwer to the lords of Scotlandes re- 
queft. 

29 July. The quenes majeflies letter to the lordes by lord Levynfton. 

30 Julij. Randolph wryteth that on Sonday the 29 the marriadg was 
eriy, betwixt 5 and 6. 

The lord Darly was not prefent at the mafle; The queue was thus 
ferved; erie AthoU, fewar; Morton, carvar; Crayford, cupberar. He was 
thus ferved; Eglenton, Gaflells, and Glancam. Commiffion of lievte- 
nancy to the erles Salopp and Bedford. 

30 Julij. Tlie quenes majefly fendeth Mr Tomworth with inftru&ions 
to (hew the Scottiih queue the caufees of hir miflyking of the mariadg, 
whofe negociation with the anfwers ar in wrytyng 

Nota^ that he was flayed at Dunbarr in his retom. 

19 Augufl. Mr Tomworth retomed from Edenburgh. 
21 Augufl. Mr Tomworth at Hume Gaflle. 

26 Augufl. Gapten Bryckwell fent from Barwyk. 



- --Blgttfzed by VjOOQIC 



144 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

27 Auguft. Mr Maxwells letter to the lord Scroope, with a copy of 
the quenes letter of the 23 to hym to repayre to Sterlyng. 

27 Auguft. Randolph writeth that the queue wold have had hym garded, 
or promi& not to deale with her rebells, or to refort to Barwick, but with 
good anfwer made he enjoyed his Uberty. The queue hath levyed a 
powre, and hath in wages vj® harquebufiars. 

The lord Gordon reftored to honor by proclamation. The provoft of 
Edenburgh put out and Cragmiller put in; Petarrow, the controller, re- 
moved and the lord of Tillibam in his place, Francife Yaxley arryved 
the 26 of Aug. The queue is gon with hir power agaynft the lords who 
are in.Ayre. 

28 Auguft. Captain Brickwell depeched with power for vj*^ new men 
to be levyed in Yorkfliire. 

Ult. Auguft, Randolph. The duke and his company cam that day to 
Edenburgh, being about xv^ horfs; the queue is v". 

The French ambaflador with Malvefyre at the court at Wyndfor. 

1 Sept. StaflFort fent with the letters of the French ambaflador and 
Malvefyre to Scotland. 

1 Sept. Erl of Bedford writeth of the taking of the erl of Sutherland 
by Wilfon, 

2 Sept. Randolph writeth that the lordes depart from Edenbrough, 
being not hable to remayne in the town for battery of the caftle. 

3 Sept. Randolph. The lords ar at Dumfrefs, condu6led by the Mr 
Maxwell. 

•5 Sept. The Mr Maxwell fignefyeth to the lord Scroope in comming 
of the lords to Dunfrefs ani requyreth ayde 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 145 

9 Sept. Randolph writeth by Staffort his fervant- The quene of 
Scottes anfwereth to Mr Randolph by hir letter the 7* Arthur Lallard 
is drowned. 

10 Septemb. Beton cam from Barwyk and fo pafled through into 
France. 

1 1 Sept. Mr Melvyn with letters from the lords at Dunfreefs. 

12 Septemb. The queues majefty fent to the erl of Bedford to fend 
iij^ foldiers to Garliile to be nere to ayde the lords at Dunfrefe. 

19 Sept. Mr Randolph writeth of juftyce denyed to fondry Englilhmen. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF BEDFORD TO THE EARL OF LEICESTER, 

October 5, 1565 • 

After my hearty commendacions to your good lordfliip. The laft letter 
was fent to the lords, who receyved the fame. The earl of Murray above 
all the reft feemeth beft to continue a good opinion of us, notwithftanding 
he thinketh that our ayde might here before now have in much better 
fort appeared unto them; and they thinke they have gone too farr, and 
trufted us too much. They fee now none other waye but by theyr flight 
to provide for themfelves; whether, or where, are divers opinions amongft 
them. The duke would over into Germany or Italy, the earle of Mur- 
ray fticketh onely to our country, and meaneth fliortly to come to me, 
whom I will receyve and ayde all that I can. They are of noe force and 
ftill growe weaker; our ayde they have already will doe them fmall plea- 
fure or good to encounter with the queen, and flie will heare of noe peace, 
but will have eyther the duke or the earle of Murrayes head. The coun- 

• From the HarL MS. 787, fol. 11. 



Digitized by 



Google 



146 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

tefs of Murray is, upon her comming to Berwick, to be there delyvered of 
child. The earl Bothwell hath wrought fore with the Elwoods to call 
them to him, but my lord Warden here of the Middle Marches hath de- 
ferred great thankes for keeping them, as flill he will. And this being 
all that at this tyme I have to fay, with my mod hearty thankes I commit 
your lordfhip to God. From Anwicke, this 5*^* of Oftober, 1565, 

Your lordfhips right affured, 

Fb. Bedford. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

January 16, 1566.* 

I HAVE the longer forborne to write unto your honour, attendinge upon 
fome matter worthe the reportinge. Thys courte of longe tyme hath 
byne verie quiet, fmale reforte of anye, and maynie of thofe that come 
but flenderlye welcome for the greate and importune fute made by them 
for my lord of Murraye and the refte, whoe by no meanes cane fynde 
anye favour at her Graces handes, in fo myche that Roberte Melvin hathe 
receaved for refolute anfwer that let the queen of England do for them 
what flie wyll theie fhall never lyve in Scotlande and flie togyther. I 
cane not but thynke them in verie hevie cafe, and fo God aflyfle them 
as yt is Hys wyll. Roberte Melvin departethe towardes them Ihortlye 
agayne, and what farther commethe of hym I knowe not. Yt is nowe 
fpoken for certayne that flie is with chylde ; and, as yt is faide, flie fealte 
yt fturre in her bellye upon newe yeres daye. Some ladies affirme that 
flie hathe milke in her breftes; and fyndinge all other tokens to concur 
belonginge to women latlye maried, aflure yt for certayne that yt cane 
be none other. What other foulkes opinions are I neade not to wryte, 
onlye I maye faye that maynie cane hardlye beleve that ther is any fuche 
matter, and therefore I dowte not but you wyll for a tyme fufpende your 

* From the Cott. MS. Calig. B. ix. fol.220. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 147 

judgemente, feing ther are here fo maynie that knowe not what theie 
maye thynke that are as cureious to knowe the verietie, yf yt were poffi- 
ble, as anye men maye be. I cane not tell what miflykinges of late ther 
bathe byne betwene her Grace and her howfbonde ; he prefleth emeftlye 
for the Matrimonial Croune, which flie is loothe haflilye to graunte, but 
willinge to keape fomewhat in ftore untyll flie knowe howe well he is 
worthye to injoye fuch a fovereigntie, and therfore yt is thoughte. that 
the parliament for a tyme flialbe dyfferred, but hereof I cane wryte no 
certayntie. 

The foddayne deathe of the late pope bathe greatlye altered manye 
of our purpofes, and to have the more to greve us with we here that 
the legate that laye in Flanders that came from hys hoUynes is drowned 
in a fhippe befydes Abordyne, driven by tempefle to that code. We 
here alfo of the fhippe that wracked befydes Bambreke, and feare that 
yt was he whom from hens we fente into Spayne; we defyer rather the 
letters that were fende with hym then than mayke any greate accompte 
of fo fmale a fome of money as ij" li. that was founde with hym. Yf of 
all thefe cares we be not releeved throughe the good hope we have that 
the cardinall of Lorayne flialbe pope, we thynke our felves farre behynde 
hande. Ramboyliet is daylye looked for with the order; whether he 
commethe to anye other intente or purpofe that unto the good amytie 
that is to be defyered betwene the ij countries maye be hurtefuU, your 
honour knowethe better then I, and am aflured wyll provyde for yt in 
tyme yf any fuche be. I am forrie to fee thynges flonde in fuche termes 
that I cane not aflure the queen's majeftie at this prefent whoe in this 
countrie is her frende. I am loothe to mayke anye thynge appere worce 
then yt is, but am myche loother that her majeftie fliolde be abufed, for 
fo I feare her hyghnes fliall fynde yt. This queen attendethe daylye the 
anfwer touchynge commiffioners, but in fpeciall what flialbe faide to the 
lafte complaynte agaynfte the erle of Bedforde, upon which onlye yt 
ftayethe, that Blacader and other feeke not the revenge whear theie 
thjrnke to tayke mofte advantage. Yf of my doynges her Grace have 
made anye reporte, I trufte fo myche in the queens majeftys mofte fpe- 
ciall goodnes and favour that her hyghnes judgement flialbe fufpended 



Digitized by 



Google 



148 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

uDtyll I maye prefendye anfwer what fo ever anye of this nation is hable 
to charge me with. 

I have wrytten unto your honour at fome tyme of fome confederacie 
or league to be betwene my lord of Argile and Shane Onell, I fee nowe 
that withowte delaye yt takethe effe^le. Theie have of late mette to- 
gyther and manage concluded betwene James Macconel fone and Onel 
daughter, and Onel fone and James daughter, to mjoye the lande that 
James Macconel made clayme unto in Irelande. The earle of Argile 
fyndinge here fo lyttle favour, and fo fmale fupporte otherwyfe, makethe 
hym felf by other meanes fo ftronge as he cane. His wyff is prefentlye 
here in this towne, arrived but yefterdaye, and hathe not yet byne at the 
courte; what her fute is I knowe not, nor yet James Macconel wyf, whoe 
alfo is here, with whome I trufte to fpeake with in one daye or two to 
knowe farther of thefe matters. I have no farther to troble your honour 
with at this tyme, but mofle humblye tayke my leave. At Edenborough» 
the xyj*"* of Januarie, 1565. 

Your honour's bounden ever at command, 

Tho. Randolphs. 

Excepte yt pleafe your honour to 
chyde my man from courte, he 
carethe not in what cafe he leave 
me, bothe for monie or anye 
thynge els. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

Jamuabt 24, 1566.* 

Yt maye pleafe your honour. Immediately upon the receate of the queens 
majefties letter of the x*** of thys inflant by Robert Drax, my fervante, 

* From the Oott. MS. Cifig. B. is. fol. 216. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 149 

who arrived at Edenbourgh the xvij*^ of the fame, I defyred to have au- 
dience of the queens grace, and was appoynted the nexte daye, Sater- 
daye, to come unto her. Her Grace that daye keapte her bede, and yet 
was I admitted to her prefence. I declared unto her Grace that I had 
receaved anfwer from the queens raajeftie my foveraign touchynge the 
appoyntinge of conuniflion, and for hqr majefles parte, for the good 
trufte and credit her majeflie hathe in the earle of Bedford, her majeilies 
lieutenante, and fir John Fofler, one of the Wardaynes, that her majef- 
tie hathe appoynted thofe two to concurre and meete with any fuche of 
lyke eflate and degre that her Grace fholde thynke fitt to do good, for 
the compoundynge of fuche controverfies as prefentlye are betwene their 
majeilies; and as her Grace myndethe in myght be knowne, fo fholde 
the tyme and place be appoynted, and commiffion fent unto the faide 
lord of Bedforde and fir John Fofter to theflfe6le above faide. To thefe 
wordes her Grace gevethe thys anfwer, " I looked," faythe flie, " for 
little better, and howe feete thefe men are to do good in thefe matters I 
refer me to your felf, in fpeciall my lord of Bedforde, agaynfle whome I 
have mode jufte cawfe to complayne upon his lordfhips doinges;" and 
of all that her Grace could charge my lord with we tawlked verie longe, 
and in the ende flie confeiTed that flie coulde have allowed no les of hys 
doynges yf he had byne her owne fubje£i, yf the matters were no other 
wyfe then I fpake them ; and fo her Grace and I dyfferynge upon the date 
of the cawfe in controverfie could growe to no certajme poynte, and for 
anfwer referred me untyll the nexte daye that flie had fpoken with her 
counfell. Beinge nowe reddie to departe flie afl^ed me howe the queens 
majeftie dyd, I anfwered, verie well, her majeflie being in repofe and 
good quietnes, and never better accorde between the nobilitie then 
at this prefent. I fpake the more of this matter bycaufe of divers brutes 
that are fprede here to the contrary; and for that I knowe flie is nuryflhed 
with fuche lyke fantafie I had the better aflurance to faye fo myche by 
the teftimonie of your honours letter concemynge good matter to that 
effe&e, which fervethe me to mervileus good purpofe. Her Grace excufed 
her lyenge in her [bed] and that flie had not fleapt that nyghte. I 
tolde her that I thought that flie had fomewhat in her bellye that 



Digitized by 



Google 



150 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

keapte her wakinge, with that fhe fmyled and faide, ^.< in deade I maye 
nowe fpeake with more affurance then before I could^, and thynke my 
felfe more owte of dowbte that yt fholde be as you thynke then before I 
dyd." So that nowe your honour knowethe in what cafe flie belevethe 
herfelf to be, thoughe I mufte allwayes faye that yt is hardelye beleved 
of maynie. 

Upon Sondaye after dyner there come to my lodginge the perfon of 
Flylke and Juftice Clerk ; their arrante was to declare the queen*s 
anfwer touchynge the commiffioners. The perfon begynnethe a longe 
dyfcourfe of the queue his meftres good will and ernefle defyer to live in 
peace, and fayde that he was forrie that ther was lyttle apparance of the 
fame mynde to be in the queen my meftres that had named fuche men 
as were partes them felves and nurryfhers of the unkindenes; yet not- 
withftondinge, bycawfe yt fholde appere that his fovereigne wolde be 
conformable to all reafon, Ihe was willinge to name of her parte the two 
Wardens of the borders as the queen my meftres had done, and therfore 
had appoynted the lord Hume and larde of Cefforde, whome Ihe thought 
as fufficient of her parte as thofe whom the queen my miftres had namede 
and therefore other then fuche flie wolde not name, and therfore defyred 
me to accepte that for an anfwer. Havinge thus underftonde her Graces 
mynde, I aflted of them wheather that theie tooke thofe ij. men the fettefte 
to do good in the matters in controverfie. Theie confeffed unto me 
playnlye that theie thought them as feete as thofe named by my fove- 
reigne, and that theie looked for lyttle good to be done of nether parte. 
I alleged the imparitie of the perfones, in fpeciall the inequalitie of my 
lord of Bedforde, a earle, a counfiller, and lieutenant to my fovereign. 
Theie faide that the queen their meftres thought yt to be but a Warden 
Metinge, and therefore appoynted the Wardens, and yf that the queen 
my meftres had appoynted anye other flie wolde have done the lyke. 
Marrie, for that I fpake of the inequalitie of the perfons theie wold 
fpeake agayne with the queen, and let me knowe the nexte daye farther 
of her mynde. The nexte daye, beinge Mondaye, theie bothe came to 
my lodgynge agayn. Theie tolde me that the queen their meftres had 
farther confydered of the matter, and in place of the lord Hume had 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 151 

appoynted the earle Bothewell, of equall degree with the earle of Bed- 
forde. I fayde that I wolde not greatlye withftonde or withfaye her 
Graces determination yf that were yt, but defyred their lordfliips to put 
her Grace in mynde what good opinion the queen my meftres coulde 
conceave of her meaninge when fuche men were appoynted, and yf that 
good infued not that is to be defyred for her owne weale, Ihe iholde im- 
pute yt onlye to her felf, or at leafle to fuch counfell as flie had takene. 
Yt maye therfore pleafe your honour to tayke this for the refolution, that 
other then the earle Bothewell and lard of Cefforde flie will not appoynte, 
and this have I taken for a refolute anfwer by them as the queen theire 
fovereyns mynde for this prefent. In longe tawlke with them I founde 
that their meflres cane be well contented to appojrnte in plaice of them 
both, or either of them, fome other to joyne with my lord of Bedforde, 
of whom though at thys tyme flie hathe no good lykinge, yet by her 
complayntes made of hym hathe procured herfelfe fuche envie that I 
beleve flie wold that thofe matters flie had dealte more moderatlye. Yf 
therfore yt feeme good unto the queens majeflie to fende anye other 
one or two to joyne with his lordfliip, I dowte not but flie wilbe perfwaded 
to do the lyke; and in fo doynge I dowte not but thynges maye be ended 
to her majefl^ies honour, whear other wyfe no good is to be looked for 
but farther envie daylye to increace to the dyfpleafure of both the 
countries. 

Towardes my lord of Murraye I fynde that fome parte of her extre- 
mitie is aflwaged; flie nether ufethe fo greveus wordes as flie hathe 
done, nor fo unpatient to here hjrm fpoken of as flie was. Nowe as he 
defervethe by anye fute or meanes that he cane mayke that no fuche 
thynges as flie wolde be at or wolde have granted by the queues majefl;ie 
to her advantage, fo fliall he fynde at her Graces handes. Into particu- 
larytes, withowte farther knowledge, I cane not dyfcende, but leave thofe 
matters to be guefled at by others that knowe no farther. Of the anfwer 
to the complaynte made of my lord of Bedforde ther hathe not one worde 
byne fpoken unto me, and therfore I maye beleve that ether flie is con- 
tent therwith or that yt hathe not byne fliewed to the counfell. 

Wheather the parlement yet holde or not yt is uncertayne ; her howf- 



Digitized by 



Google 



152 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

bonde preflethe fo emeftlye for the Crowne Matrimoniall that (he repent- 
ethe to have done fo myche for him as is pafte. Hering of my lord of 
Bedfordes evle dyfpofytion with leave optayned of the queen for viij. 
dayes I came to Barwicke, whear I fynde his lordftiip better at eafe then 
I luked for. Mode humblye I tayke my leave. At Barwicke, the 
xxiiij^ of Januarie, 1565. 

Your honours bounden at commande, 

Tho. Randolphs. 



LETTER FROM THOMAS RANDOLPH TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

FnBUAKT 7, 1566.* 

My humble duetie confidered. What to write of the prefent ftate of this 
countrey I am fo uncertaine, by reafon of the daylie alteracion of mens 
mindes, that it maketh me much flower then otherwife I would. Within 
theis XV dayes there was fome good hope that this queen would have 
fliewed fome favor towards the lords, and that Robert Meluin fliould have 
returned unto them with fome comfort upon fome conditions. Since 
that time there are come out of France Clernaw by land and Thorneton 
by fea, thone from the cardinal!, the other from the bifliop of Glafcowe ; 
fince whofe arrivall neither can there be good word gotten nor apparance 
of any good intended them, except they be able to perfwade the queens 
majefly our foveraigne to make her heir apparent to the crowne of Eng- 
land. I write of this nothing les then I know that flie hath fpoken, and 
by all meanes that flie thinketh beft doeth travayle to bring that to pafle. 
There was a bande lately devifed, in which the late pope, themperor, the 
king of Spayne, the duke of Savoy with divers princes of Italie, and the 
queen Mother fufpe6led to be of the fame confederacy, to maintaine 

• From the Cotton MS. Calig. B. z. fol. 369. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 153 

papiflrye throughout Chriilendome. This bande was fent out of France 
by Thorneton and is fubfcribed by this quene, the copie whereof re- 
mayneinge with her, and the principall to be returned very fliortly, as I 
heare, by Mr Steven Wilfon, a feit miniiler for fuch develifh devifes ; yf 
the copie hereof can be gotten it flialbe fent as conveniently I maye. 
Monfieur Rambolet came to this towne upon Munday, he fpake that 
night with the queen and her hufband, but not longe. The next day he 
had long conference with them boeth, but nothinge came to the knowledge 
of any whereof thei intreated. I cannot fpeake with any that hath any 
hope that there wilbe any good done for the lords by him, though it is 
faid that he hath verie good will to doe to the uttermofl of his power ; 
he is lodg'd nere to the court and leveth upon the queens charges. 
Upon Sonday the order is geven, great meanes made to many to be 
prefent that daye at the mafle, upon Candlemas day theye carryed their 
candles, with the queen her hufband, thearle of Lennox and earle AthoU. 
Divers other lords have been called together and requyred to be at the 
mafle that daye ; fome have promifed, as Caflels, Montgomerie, Seton, 
Catnes, other have refufed» as Fleminge, Leveflan, Lindfay, Huntley 
and Bothwell, and of them all Bothwell is ftowteft but worft thought of. 
Yt was moved in counfell that mafle fliould have bene in St Giles 
Church, which I believe was rather to tempt mens minds then intended, 
indeed flie was of late minded againe to fend Robert Melvyn to nego- 
ciate with fuch as Ihe trufteth in amongfl^ the queens majeflies fubjedts, 
of whofe good wille this way I truft that the brute is greater than the 
truthe, but in theis matters her majefly is too wife not in time to beware 
and provide for the worft. Some in that countrey are thought to be privy 
unto the bands and confederacye of which I have written, whereof I am 
fure there is fomethinge, though perchance of all I have not heard the* 
trouthe. In this courte divers contencions, quarrels, and debates, nothing 
fo much fought as to maintaine mifchief and diforder. David yet re- 
tayneth ftill his place, not without hart-griefe to many that fee their fove- 
raigne gwyded chiefely by fuch a fellowe. The queen hath utterly re- 
fufed to do any good to my lord of Argile, and it is faid that that fbalbe 
the firft voyage that fhe will make after that Ihe is delivered. Of her 



Digitized by 



Google 



154 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

bemge with ciiUde ih^ bnite is oofninoo that flie is, but faardliie beleeved 
of mmy9 wd of thM I can affure yon that tber^ hath of late appeared 
fome tokeof to the contrary. 

Two of the Hauler the heft of thofe that latetye loppe out of Eog** 
laj^di are futers here for fupport and comforte; what aunfwer they ihall 
get as yet I know not My lord of Argile and Shan Oneil have mett 
and accorded to take each others parte. I trouble your honour no further 
at this tyme, but mode humblye take my leave. At Edinburghf the vij^ 
of February, 1565. 

Your honour bounden alwayes to comaund, 

Tho. Randou'hb. 



LETTER FROU THE EARL OF BEDFORD TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL* 

FimoABT 8. 15Sa.* 

After my hartie commendacions. I have receyved your letter^ and the 
queues pdajeflies alfo directed to Mr Randolphe I have fent unto him, 
thanfwei^e wherunto maye chance to be the longer for thes Frenche men 
and the ceremonies of that order. Towchipg this commiffion, and by- 
caufe I fee by your letters fo litell likelyhoode of a0iilence graunted 
therin, I cannot hut tjiinke that lefle fruyte and good fucce^e ihall every 
waye epfue therof then peradventure every one maketh jufl accompt of; 
for a|} concerning thes lordes» whos cafe is not» I am fure, the lead parte 
of tho caufe of this meating if any bci their parlament in Scotlande long 
fythens appointed holdetth, as I thinke you here, at the prefixed dayot 
and in the meane tyme the lordes of the fame are alredy aiTembled, as I 
doubt not you underilande their maner is, to determyne and conclude 
before hande upop fucbe a^d fo many articles ai ihall there be brought 

• From tbe Cott. MS. Calig. B, iz- foL 214. 



Digitized by 



Google 



HEIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 1S3 



hi queftion. Whidie loidt s mofle oi daem beiog herunta appoifltcd 
utter enemies to the cafe, end die^ chiefeft pointe, or il it be not the 
chieffeft it is not the lieaft,. is tfcat tEies good lories be exduded from all 
pai don and their goodies and landes confifcate, and fo farre forwarde it id 
with fome of diem abredy, that dierle of Mmrays landes be gyvov awaye^ 
«d he having nowe but a liteM pkce leafte mnft fell the fame for tbo 
iuxthet raaintenoEice of him fdfe, like as I tbinke he will Dowe fhortely 
fignifie and declare to the queens majeftre. 

As to iStit quiete ordering of Bovder matters^, as long as Botheweli is 
contymied m the commiffioii I fiee not what good can be done, for if he 
eyther feared God or loved jufldce there were fonaoer hope tkaA fbme what 
wold be amended. As for myfelfe and my fervice therein to thuttermoft 
fliall not wante, and as fou degrees te matche me eythef with hym or any 
other inferior then he of that realme I pafle not ; for fo I maye ferve m^y 
prince, do good to llies borders,, and proffite to fuche as I knowe have 
nede therof, it is all one to me, if my healthy which I have not weE had 
thes three weeks pad,, be na lett heruntow If that contynewe which 
hathe troubled me then muft eyther the commifBon for the tyme ceafe, 
onles fome further affiflance be fent. Thone I referre to God, and 
thother to your confideration to thinke on*. 

The lord Dameley and this quene fall ftill to popecy^ for on Candlemas 
day lafl they caried their candells, and fyns that tymSy fi^e ftivther to 
advaunce it, wherunto whether this ambafladors comming will do good or 
evill it is hard to faye. He was with the quene the firft night of his 
comming, and very well ufed. Ther have bene many mafles fayd of 
late in that realme in private houles^ as well in the inlande counUtey as 
here nere the border. 

I hartely thanke you for letting me underfland of Fowlers apprehen- 
fion and^ examination dfo^ I w«s very fure, bs I wrote^ he came not tHi» 
waye»; dyvers mew thinke that he can difcover many fecret pra^fes^, 
which- yi)ur wiftlbmesr theife and tyme* alfo will ibne bring to light. 

I praye you lett me hartely de&e you tb have confidbracion of us here, 
for money; as well for our paye, being fo long behinde, as for other 
neceifarie caufes many and gr^at whibh dayelye'maye occurre, for never 



Digitized by 



Google 



156 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

was thys towne fo long without money, nor this poore garryfon dryven 
more hardelye to deale for lack of theire paye. 

Herewith I fende you a letter of fir John Forilers, whereby you (hall 
fee that dyvcrs of his Riddefdale men to the nombre of c. or vij". were 
lopen abrode ; who, hearing of his preparacion to ryde upon them, are all 
come in, as you fliall fee by hys letter more at large, faving that two 
be yett abrode who went to the Scottes queene furthwith, and were by 
her very well receyved and welcome. 

Albeit I have tarried fo long therabout yet do I at the leafl fende you 
an anfwere from my lord of Durefme towching D. Maifters matter ; this 
might indede have come foner for it is long Athens I receyved the fame, 
but I did not till now underilande what he wold fo faye as I might fende, 
till that now verye lately he was contented that I ihould fend this letter 
of his unto you. 

And thus with my hartie thankes I ende and comitt you to God. From 
Barwicke, this viij^. of February, 1565. 

Your right afllired frende, 

F. Bedford. 
To the honorable fir William Secill, 
knight, the queue's majelly's 
principall Secretarie. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF BEDFORD TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

Fubuaat 14, 1566.* 

After my hartie commendacions. I fende you herewith Mr Randolphes 
letters, wherby you fiiall, I doubt not, underflande the whole eftate of 
thinges there. Religion is moche feared by the godly and honeft, and 
poperie fought to be fett up and advaunced. 

• From the Cott MS. Calig. B. z. fol« 390. 



\ Digitized by 



Google 



k 



HEIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 157 

' The quene there ufeth fome fpeche to fome, and to other (he ufeth to 
take them by the handes and offereth to leade them with her to mafle, 
which thinge therles of Bothwell and Hunteley bothe refufe to do, that 
thone fo did I mervell not a litell. The lord Dameley fometyme wold 
(hutt up the noble men in chambres, thereby to bringe them to heare 
mafle, but fuche kinde of perfuafions take no place with them. 

At this great aflemblie now at thembafladors comming were ten erles, 
wherof thone halfe went to mafle, thother halfe to the fermon, and fo did 
all the luftie gentlemen and courtiers triple in nombre in refpe6le of 
thother went to the fermon, notwithftanding the ceremonie, fo that the 
quene at their retoume thence marveled thereat not a lytell. 

Thambaffador bathe, as I heare, dealt verie eflfe6hially for thes good 
lordes, but nothing will be heard nor no goodnes graunted for them. 
The parliament draweth now neere, whereat both ther lands and goodes 
ihalbe confifcate. It wold do well that the commiflion were haflened, if 
it were but for their caufe, to affure what good might be done for them, 
peradventure fomewhat might be done for to drive of time and to pro- 
longe their parliament, or otherwife by friends at home fome eafe might 
be had thoughe grace be not granted them in fuche forte as they defire. 
And it maye be that this fetting at libertie of thefle of Sowtherland at ihe 
fuite of my lord of Murrey may be a meanes to do therle fome goodnes, 
thoughe not prefently yet will it in tyme to. come encreafe amitie and 
frendlhip betwene therles of Murrey and Hunteley, and I hartely tbank 
you for the fpedie refolucion for this erle of Sowtherland's enlargement. 

I have fent Colwiche, my man, to the courte of Edinbroughe to de- 
clare to the lordes there the delayes and wante of juilice ufed by Cef- 
ford, and to demaunde redreffe therof now while Ceffourd is there ; I 
hope ther will fome good order be taken therin. 

As for the matter of the keping of Carre, Ceffourdes man and coufyne, 
I have referred the fame to be betwen us compromitted to two borderers 
for eche parte, wherof fir John Forfter to be one, and what order they 
ihall agree upon the fame to be followed. 

For our other matters of the Mariihe, as the deteyning on eche fide 
eerteine prifoners upon thoccafion of the fpoile made upon the victuallers 



Digitized by 



Google 



158 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

in our boundes, my k«d Hume and I ihall, I doubt not, rig^ well com* 
pounde the £>ixie. 

The duke of CSbaAdyberaidte hathe altered his detariaioatioB ter gdug 
by fea, md miiideth now to come poft thetber to the courte, fop the wUdfc 
purfKufe I have a fewe dayes paft gyven him a comHiiffioa for himfdfe mA 
xv}^""^. to poft thither with hinu His oune borfes he fendetbe by landfe, aa 
fhaU appere unto you by my certificate meBtioniog the numbre and 
couloura of his geldinges, the marks, pa£fes» luid height ihall as nere as 
maye be appere thereunto annexed usder the handes of the maior of 
Newcailell and fir Robert Brandling,, knight, and under the cemmoi^ 
feale of the touoe, which thifig they for their prefiraee could better do 
then I. Many here do conje^bire that the quraes majeftie meaneth to 
make warres,^ by caufe they fee neyther good peace, neyther yet nothing 
in hande towards the redrefle of fuche caufes as might minifter warres. 
But herin I knowe her majefties meaning and diipoficion to be fully bent 
to the contrary, and that ihe myndeth peace and good amitie as moehe 
as maye be. I receyved a letter from the queue here for the reftitution 
of the money loft on this coft, the copie wherof I fende you ; to like 
e&6i:e, as I gefle, fhe wrote to my lorde of Northumberlaiuie, and the 
lords Hume and Liddington fliould have come to me for this matter and 
for tiie compoficion of other matters on the borders betwene the lord 
Hume and me ; and ihe perceiving that according to her commandement 
Liddington was willing to come, fufped;ed bylike his upright dealing, and 
faid fecretly that he was verie willing to deale with me, thoughe he 
femed to the contrary, fo aa hearing therof and being booted and ready he 
refufed to come. He is but in meane £avour as mmsi and never did 
better in religion then at thi^ prefent, nor never fo coixftaunt. Ther 
Cometh now verie (hortely unto you^. Robert Melvyn, to treate for the 
lady Lennox libertie, for Fowler^ and foit ceffitution of the money loft. 
I cannot tell what to foye to* it, that his credite is now fo great having 
heretofore bene employed on a contrary parte. This is all I can faye, 
Scottes be and will be Scottes for dieir owne matters. As for the man,, 
I have opinion of hint good enougbe till li heare credibly the contcary; 
yet thought I good to adrertife you of thus muche that you might harkei^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OP QUEEN MARY. 169 

)vith whome he dealetfa and pradtifeth withall. Aflure yourfelfe the 
poore afflicted lords are in that hard eftate as depende onely upon the 
queues majeftie next under God^ and otherwife they are. in utter niyne 
and undone. 

There ia a league concluded betwene the king of Spayne, the duke of 
Savoye, and dyvers other psqpifls princes for the overthrowe of religion^ 
as you (hall heare more by other, which is come to this quens hand but 
not yet confirmed. Thereof and of her uncles the houfe of Guyfe ihe 
hopeth moche» and Clerevault with his coming hathe moche altered her 
difpoficioui as well towching religion as to the earle of Murray, wherof 
Robert Melvyn will declare to you more at lengthe. Thus with my hartie 
thankes I ende, and conunitt you to God. From Barwicke, this xiiij^ 
of February, 1565. 

Your right afllired friend^ 

F. Bedford. 

I thmke you Ihall underftande by Mr Randolphes letters that ther is 
fome hope that for Bothwell fome other maye be placed in this commif- 
fion. Monfieur Remboullet will, as I heare, be here to morrowe or on 
Saturdaye at the furtheft; and of my rheume I am now better then 
I was. 



LETTER FROM QUEEN ELIZABETH TO SIR JOHN FORSTER, 

Mat 7, 1566.» 

THE COPFIE OP THE QUEENS MAJTBSTIBS LETTER. 

Trusty and right welbeloved, wee grete you well. Whereas the quene 
of Scottesi our good fifter, charginge the erle Morton^ lorde Ruthven, 

* From the Lansdown MS. No. ix. Art* 19. 



Digitized by 



Google 



160 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

and otheres their complices, remayninge nowe at our towne of Newe^ 
caille, not onlye with the flaughter of hir fervant David, the Italian, not 
far frome hir perfone, but withe certen other treafons towardes hir owne 
perfon, haithe thereupon maide diverfe emefl meanes to us, bothe by 
meflages ande letters, to deliver them unto hir; and on hir behalfe the 
Frenche kinge haithe emeillie required us to deny them any fuccour ; 
ande feinge that wee maye not in dede maintein the keppinge of them 
withe in our realme, ande yet confideringe the difpleafour that the quene 
their foveraigne prefentlie bearethe towardes them, we wolde be lothe to 
committ them in to hir handes duringe the tyme of hir indingnation, wee 
therefore wolde that thaie fliulde devife of fome place out of our realme 
where they male provide for ther lives and fafety untill fuch tyme as ether 
they maye procure their foveraignes wrath and difpleafure to be afluaged 
towardes them, or ells that fuche indyfferency of lawe as they cane 
reafonablye defier may, accordinge to ther doinges, be miniftered unto 
them. 

Wherefore, we requier you furthwith to repaire to them, ande thus 
muche to fignify unto them, that therafter thay male take fpedy order 
for fome place for theyr faiftie oute of our realme where thaie (hall think 
raeteft. This matter you fliall, as of your felf, friile declare unto them 
as a thinge convenyent ande neceflary for them to do; ande if they Ihall 
not thereupon mak their refolution to departe, then you {hall figniffie unto 
them this our pleafure in our name expreflely. And therefore faile you 
not to fee it executed. Geven under our fignet, at our manor of Grene- 
wiche, the vij*** of May, 1566, the eight yere of our reigne. 

Endorsed by Cecilia 

The coppie of the queens majef- 
ties letter to fir John Fofler, for 
the retome of the lords. 
May 8, 1566. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. I6l 



LETTER FROM QUEEN ELIZABETH TO THOMAS RANDOLPH, 

Mat 28, 1666.* 

Elizabeth R. By the Quene. 

Trusty and welbeloved, we grete you well. Forfamuch as of late we 
percaved by fome advertifementes fent you out of Scotland, that there 
Ihuld in a communication lately betwixt the erle of Argile and another 
certen wordes pafle from the faid erle, pretending fome remiflenes and 
diminution of his former good will towardes our fervice, and fpecially for 
the matters of Irland, in refpedi, as he alledgeth, that he found fome 
lack of our favour in time of his nede; and yet it feemeth by thofe ad- 
vertifementes if he might be fure of our favour towardes him he wold be 
as redy to gratify us with his good will as in former times^he profefled 
to be. We have hereupon thought mete to have the faid erle fomewhat 
delt withall for the reteyning of him to beare like good will to our fervice, 
fpecially in Irland, as heretofore he did; and to forbear from all maner 
of ayde and comeforting of fuch as are knowen to be rebellious in the 
fame realm, lyke as by the faid advertifement fent unto you it doth 
appeare, that he which is the principall and almoft the only rebell in that 
realme hath his fervices, fecretly following pradiifes about the quene there 
in Scotland and others to fuch purpofes. 

And therfore, firft, we wold have you, by fuch good meanes as you 
can fecretly leme, to knowe the truth of the difpoficion of the faid erle of 
Argile towardes us; and if he be dowtfuU in dede upon the refpe&es 
intended we wold gladly have him reduced from the fame, and to be 
made aflured, as the truthe is, that we were not only right forry for the 
troble wherin he and his frendes was, but did alfo as much as we could 
be in honour perfwaded to be convenient for us to do, omitting nothing 
but open hofUlity for the prefervation of him and the other noblemen 

• From the Lansdown MS. No. ix. Art. 20. 



Digitized by 



Google 



162 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

joyned with him [in] that a6tion, as we truft the erie of Murray can truly 
report. 

And becaufe we knowe not by what more convenient meanes be might 
be induced to be aiTured of our good will and favour, we wold have you, 
for the acquaintance you have with the erle of Murray or fome others 
as you fliall think mete, to require them to communicat thus much to the 
faid erle of Argile. And as you fliall think metefl fo wold we have you 
ufe any convenient perfwafion for the time to alter the faid erle of Argiles 
mind herin, and to withdrawe him from the favouring of that principall 
rebell, being not only rebellious towardes us but alfo a fwome cruell 
idverfary to the date of all true religion. For which refpe6l we think 
the faid erle of Argile ought to be moved to impeache his enterprices; 
and yet this we do not conceave of that rebell as of one whom we can 
not correal; and fuppreffe, though he fliuld have aide of diverfe, but for 
that if he be not ayded and comeforted otherwayes he fliall ether fubmitt 
hitefelf thefoner to our corre6lion, as he doth al waves in fpeches do, or 
be the more fpedily and with our lefle charges chaftifed or fuppreffed. 
And fe we wold have you ufe this matter ias none might think otherwife 
of him, for in dede fo we well underftand what we can do to the Aibver- 
fioii of him and fo we meane playnly to ppocede if we Aialbe therto pro- 
voked. Nevertheles, confidering we think the faid rebell may growe die 
more audacious upon the ho|>e of helpes and fuccour out of Scotlmd, 
and therby provoke us to the greate charges for the fubduing of bfm> we 
could be well content to have all go6d meanes ufed both to underftandhis 
pradiifes there and his aflurances, and finally to have him difapointed of the 
Ikme. And the rather then he fliuld receave any ayde or comefort from 
thence, we could be ccmtent to have feme portion of money by way of 
reward fecretly bellowed there to the hindrance of his ayde, or rather to 
the piayne anoyance of him at fuck convenient time as fliuld be thought 
toete by our direction, or by thadvertifement of our deputy in Ireland. 
And yet of this lait matter of money we rather make mention as of a 
thing for you to think thereupon untill you may beare farder from us then 
that you fliall deale with any perfon therin, for we have of late fent our 
vicechamberlen into Irland «to confer with our deputy there; and untill 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 163 

fome returoe of aofwer frpm Urn we have fufpended our refoluUon. And 
yet upon thefe advertifementes fent from yow we thought mete to comn 
municat thus mudi unto yow, not dowting but you will ufe the fame 
fecretly and difcretely to the he& of our fervice as the time may forve 
yow. Yeven under our fign^t, at our manor of Grenewich, the xxiiij*** of 
Maye, 1666, the eight yere of our regne. 

To our trufty and welbeloved 
fervant, Thomas Randolph, 
efquier. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF BEDFORD TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

August 8, 1566/ 

After my hartie commendacions. Now that Mr Madhall hathe bc^a 
with you and declared the flate of all things here* I ihall da}4y looke 
for fome directions from you howe to procede, and chiefly for the lettes 
fent me from my lord Warden, wherof I faartelye praye you lett me 
heare if it be thought good that I fhall do any thing as the Mr Sugaple 
requireth. And then let me praye you to have in repaembraqce my 
comming hence at Michaelmas, for being fubje^e to rhewme and 
catarres, as doctor Hewycke, who kQoweth bed the ftate of, my bodie 
and lay complexion, can declare, and feeling iome grief therof alredy, tiw 
wyqter will make an ^nde of me; and this I fpeake not as for coloiur ope 
any otb^ caufe then prefervatipu of health, which being gone or declined 
I oapncrt ierve as is looked for,, nor as I would my felfe» I trufl you will 
therefore tender this my fuite. For newes out of Scotlande^ you ihaU 
underftand that Liddington fhould fpeake with the queue as yefterdajiet 
at Allowaye, and this meeting will bring reconciliation, as it is thought. 

• From the Cott. MS. Calig. B. x. fol. 360. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



164 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

The lardes of Brymftone and Elvefon, who were ftbrode with the etle 
Moreton, have by the erle of Murreys meanes gotten their relefle and are 
gone home. 

The quene thinketh, as I heare, that therle Moreton is retomed home 
from where he hathe bene, and is come to the ladye of Craffordes, who of 
old tyme and long contynuance hathe bene a freinde and wellwiller of 
hys after the Scottes maner, and that he is with her, for the whiche pm*- 
pofe the quene hath fent a great company thyther to make ferche for 
him and thos that were with him abrode. She meaneth now fhortely to 
go againfl the larde of CelTourd and his fonne with great force, and to 
kepe a juftice feate at Jedworthe for that purpofe, but fome doubt whether 
it will hold or not, and that Bothwell fhall come with her force and fub- 
dewe all; but the gentlemen borderers, as the lord Hume, the lardes of 
Cefiburd and Buclughe, and the reft of the fumames, (a very few only 
excepte, not a handfuU to be accompted of,) have promifed to lyve and 
dye with CelTourd and to withftande Bothewell, oneles the quene came 
in perfon. And for that purpofe have the heft of thos fumames, afwcU 
the Elwoods, whome we feared wold become open enemies, as many other 
ells, fent and defired my lord Warden and me that if they fhould fo be 
diftreffed we wold fuffer them for iiij. or v. dayes to lye clofely upon our 
borders for their better fuccour, and we have anfwered that, as moche as 
we maye do without breache of amitie and as the treaty will in any wife 
beare we will fliewe them, and they fliall fynde with favour, and they all 
promife towardes us all quietenes and good neighborbod. 

The Mr Maxewell, who hathe long tyme depended upon Bothewell, 
is now farre out with him and at fuche feede as notwithftanding that the 
queen hath fent for him yet will not Maxewell come. The caufe is that 
Bothewell, he fayeth, feeketh his deathe, and he tharefore will not come 
at hym nor neere where he is, excepte it be againft his will or with fome 
force to make his partie good ; Bothewell contyneweth the moft hated 
man of this realme, and it is faid that his infolence is fuche as David was 
never more abhorred then he is nowe. 

The queene and her hufbande agree after thold maner, or rather 
worfe ; fhe eateth but verie feldome with him, but lyeth not nor kepeth 



Digijiz.ed by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 16& 

no company with him, nor loveth any fuche as love him. He is fo farre 
out of her bookes as at her going from the caftell of Edenboroughe to re- 
move abrode he knewe nothing therof. It cannot for modeilie nor with 
the honour of a queene be reported what fhe faid of hym. 

One Hickeman, an Englifhe merchaunt there, having a water fpanyell 
that was verie good gave him to James Melvyn, who afterward, for the 
pleafure that he fawe that the king had in fuche kind of dogges, gave 
him to the king. The queue therupon fell merveloufly out with Melvyn, 
and called him diflembler and flatterer, and fayed fhe could not truft him 
who wold gyve any thing to fuch one as fhe loved not. Malvefier, as I 
heare, worketh all that he can for the calling home of the lordes that are 
abrode, fome thought he wold not have done any thing for them, moche 
lefle thus moche as nowe he dothe. 

I praye you remember the difpatche of fuche anfwere as it fhall pleafe 
her majeilie to make for the lord of Simples matter, eyther of or on. I 
praye you alfo remember the poore gonners of this lad fupplye, being xij in 
nombre, mod of them remayne difcharged out of all wages, and fome 
were never yet entred into any paye here. Their cafe therefore is pite- 
full, which I praye you tender. I praye you alfo if my ladie of Rutlande 
be at the courte or ells not farre of, caufe this letter to be delyvered to 
her, on whos behalfe I mud gyve you my moil hartie thankes for helpyng 
to difpatche her of this long and troblous journey. 
: Graunge bathe advertifed me that Malvefier and La Crocq bothe 
worke verie erneflly and efie^ually for Moretones calling home, it wold 
do well that a Dowglas fhould be called home rather by Englandes 
meanes than by the Frenche. The queues majeflie might wynne moche 
honour and many hertes if fhe would do any thing therein, now is the 
tyme meetefl ; his lordfhip, as I have heard, alwayes accompted himfelfe 
moche beholding to you for your favour and great good will towards him 
and his cafe. 

' Oraunge bathe taken his leave of writing to me, for he is the mofl 
fufpedted man of Scotlande. I wifihe it might pleafe the queens ma- 
jeftie to have confultation of him and to fende him fomewhat as a token 
of remembrance. 



Digitized by 



Google 



166 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

I prayeyou lett me heare from you, for it is nowe a long while fynce I 
herd eyther fiom my lord of Leycefler or you^ excepte it were ones with 
a lyttell letter. . . 

And thus having troubled you to long, with my mod hartie thankes I 
ende, and committ you to Gods keping. From Barwicke, this iij. of 
Auguft, 1566. 

Your right aflured freinde, 

F. Bedford. 



LETTER FROM SIR ROBERT BIELVILL TO THE ARCHBISHOP 

OF GLASGOW, 

NoTSMum 18, 1566.* 

It may pleifs your lordfchip be advertifl that I refavit ane letter frome 
your lordfliip be Sande Boge apone the feventhe day of this fame 
monethe, quhairbye I did underftand that your lordfchip had refavit no 
comfortable novelfs frome the queue's majefte, quho is weill convaleft, 
thanks be to God, and dayle bettar^ as this berar cane declaire your 
lordihip. I refavit the firll word apone the (axt daye of this monethe, 
with ane packket of letters from Johne a Betoun, your lordfliip's broder, 
to be fend you, quhilk he willit me to deliver to the Spaynifs embaffa? 
dour to fend your lordihip. I wald advertifs your lordihip oft^ner, geve 
I had fure berars, quhilk I lake quhane I wald^ SeQs I wret lail to yow 
lordfliip of the eftait heire the quene hes eontfoewit alwayis of one myndt 
contrarye that the fucceffione fould be tuychit at this parliament, and 
the fubje^lis alfs bent to knaw quho fould be ajrre apparant of this 
realme ; and albeit the quene perfuadit them her {fM to defifl mxd deale 
no moire therin it flayit them nothing, and apone the tentbe of the 

« From the Sloane MS. 8190, foL 144, b. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



J 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 167 

fame monethe fche gave the Lawer Houfs ane charge, as thoy wald 
anfwer apone theire alleageans, to meddille no moire therin, quharat 
they fturre marvelouflie arid hefs not abfolutelie obeyit the faid charge 
hot hefs concludit amongft themefelf till hiif the charge put in queflione, 
quhither be the lawefs of this realme they maye difobeye or not. In the 
inene tym the parliament dryVis, and at this prefent the iflew is Werraye 
uncertane quhat is lyke to fall fourthe. At the begynning the lordis Unit 
with the Lawer Houfs to enter in fute together to the queue, but efter 
the charge wefs given onder fie paynis the lordis takkis not the mater 
kpone to difobeye the charge or to concurre with the Lawer Houfs, fuaye 
the eftait heir hefs byne dryven this long tyme withoute onye thing re- 
folvit. My awne judgement is that there falbe nothing done at this tyme 
tuyching the fucceflione, and albeit that it is judgit that the fubjeftis will 
grant no fubfide I am of the contrare opinione. The queue our fove- 
rane hes alfs mony frendis as any other in this realme, and in caifs the 
tittill had cum in wotyng it wes thought the judges and gravte men with 
the maid part of the nobilite fould haif gone with ufs ; in lyke maner 
th^ ftaying of it at this tyme is judgit to be profitable for us, feing all the 
khyghts of the Lawer Houfs are pykkit fourthe, the maift part enemeis to 
bur miftrefs. The queue hes faid fcho will marrye Charlis of Auftr}'che, 
and hefs promift the Spaynifs imbafladour that fchortlie the erll of Suffex 
falbe fend till the Emperour for that effe6l ; my awync opinione is fcho 
myndis no fie thing. There is ane buk pryntit in Parys fet oute in 
werfis to the commendatione of our prynce of Scotland in the name of 
ane Scottis mane callit Patrik Ademfoune ; ane of the faid bukis is fend 
to the queue heir, he gives our prince the titill of Scotland, England, and 
Irland, quhairat the queue and counfell is ofiendit, and I haif beyne fend 
for be the counfell to wret to my foverane and declare her majeflie that 
the queue heire diflu-is to knaw quhither fche will advow the fame buk, 
and requires her Grace to wret to the kyng of France to fe that it be pro- 
hibitet and the prynter punifled. And becaufe it is ane mater of confe- 
quenfs I thought meit to give your lordfhip knowledge qfuhat anfwer I 
maid to the counfell heir ; firft, I aflurit them that the queue my fove- 
rane wefs not pryvei to it, and I belevit in lyke maner that your lordfliip 



Digitized by 



Google 



168 



ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



underftud it not, adding therto geve the quene heir wels in no waye 
tuychit nor the iflew of her bodie, that there wefs no caufs of offence in 
that buk, becaufe the quene my foverane did tak her felf nyxt the quene 
heire and the iflew of her bode to be ayre apparent of this realme, and 
that buk advancis her to be better thane any in this reakne excepting her 
felf. They anfourit me they could not beare that tittill, it prejudgit the 
queues felf, and it apperteint to none bot the prynce awyne childryng. 
They haif fpokkin withe the French imbafladour to advertifs his mefter 
that the buke maye be difchargit, quhairof he hefs not maid me pryvei. 
Geve it be your lordfchip's pleflbr it is meit that your lordfchip advertys 
heirof to the cunfell there, and that theye nether difcharge the buk nor 
yit geve anfour to them heir till they underiland the quene my foveranifs 
intentione. Fore my awyne opinione me think the fetter forthe of the 
buk maye excufe the tittill be rayfoun we eileyme that in namyng hym 
prynce it prejudges not the quene heir, becaufe we do tak it meanis the 
fecond parfoun, and theye underflande it is the pryncipall. I refaire the 
reft to your lordfchip's wifdome, onlie this that theye in thifs partis fchaw 
not fo unkyndlie in this matter to ather allow it or difawow it withoute 
my myftrefs' awyne mynd; the reft I remit to the fufficiencie of the 
berar and ontrubling your lordfchip forder I praye God geve yow gud 
healthe and long lyff. At Loundoune, the 13 of November, 1566. 

Your lordfchip's humil} to command at powar and fervice, 



R. Melvill. 



This Patrik Adamfon was at queen 
Bllizabeth's deiire imprifoned at 
Paris, but foon delivered; he 
was a dependant of the Duke 
of Chatelrault, who wrote in his 
favor from Arks. 
7 Dec. 1566, 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 169 



INFOBMACIONE FOR MY LORD OF BEDFORDE CONCERNYNGE THE ERLE 
OF MORTON, LORDS RUTHVEN, AND UTHER FRENDES, TO BE DE- 
CLARED TO THE QUENES MAJESTIE OF ENGLONDE, AND SUCH 
OTHERS AS THE SAID LORD PLEASETH BEST.* 

In the firil, to fliewe to the quenes majeflie thoccafion and mannor as the 
flaughter of Davye Rifcio proceded, like as the truthe is and as you have 
harde by informacion. 

Secoundlie, to defire to the quenes majeflie not to creditt any reporte 
made upon us by our unfrendes unto fuch tyme as her majeflie take full 
triall in our caufe, whereby her highnes may underflonde the truthe there- 
of ; for in veritye nether we, our frendes, affiflars, nor pertakers, mened 
any other thinge in our proceedinges but the eflablifliinge of the religion, 
confervacion of the amytie betwixt the towe realmes, and the relief of 
our frendes. 

Thirdlie, to fhawe the quenes majeflie, as we are enformed, mafler 
James Thometon is directed to the howfe of Gwife, to theflFeft that they 
may labor at the kinge of France and all other princes, favorers of the 
papiflree, for obteyning of fupporte of men and monye to the quenes 
majeflie of Scotlande for fettinge forwardes of her diflaignes, whereunto 
good head wold be taken. 

Fourthlie, to defire the quenes majeflie that we may have her highnes 
prote&ion to us, our frendes, and fervandis beinge with us, and others 
that are to come to us, to remayne within her highnes realme induring 
the tyme that we fliall happen to abide therin. 

Fyftlye, we beleve the quenes majeflie of Scotlande, like as flie haithe 
maide fynyfler and wronge reporte of us to the quenes highnes of Eng- 
lond, fo alfo we fuppone her Grace haith enformed the like thereof to all 
other princes her frendes or favorers, which may bringe our good caufe 
to be evell fufpe£led, and worce opynion tane thereof nor yt meryttes. 
Herefore to defire we may have the queens majeflies of Englande favor 
and lycence to make our caufe and adlion patent unto all fuche princes 

» From the Hari. MS. 289, foL 96. 



Digitized by 



Google 



170 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

as we fliall pleafe informe of the truthe, whereby our honefl meanynge 
and partes might be kDOwne. 

Sixtlie, to make our hartie comendacions to my lord of Leicefter and 
the Secretorye, and declare unto there good lordfhippes that our proced- 
inges meaned nor tended to no other fyne but to the eftablifbing of the 
religion, confervacion of the amytye betwixte the towe realmes, relief of 
the erle of Murray, and our frends beinge in troble for the tymey whofe 
a3:ions and ours are cowpled and convened all in one. Of the which we 
beleve there lordftiips wilbe Ihortlie enformed by the iSiid erle of Murray, 
defyring there honnors to ftande our good lordes and frendes in obtayn- 
inge the queues majeftie favor and good will unto us in fuche reafonable 
affaires as we (hall happen to have adoo with her majeftie induringe the 
fpace of our remayninge within her highnes realme, with there good lord- 
fliips affiftance and counfaile. 

Item, to lett it be knowen to my lord of Leicefter and the Seeretorie 
that it is come to our knowledge that fome papiftes have bruted that theis 
our procedings have bene at the inftigacion of the mynyfters of Scot- 
lande, we aflure your lordfhip upon our honour that there was none of 
them arte nor part of that deede, nor was participate thereof. 

Laft of all, it wold pleafe your good lordfliips to comunycate our caufie 
and procedinges to fome of the counfaile and nobilitye as your lordfiups 
wifdome thinkes expedyent, and when occafion ferves after your cominge 
to the Courte we may have advertifement from your good lordihtps in 
write of the fuccefle of our befynes, together with your good lordfliips 
counfaile in what manner we fhall further travell. 



LETTEE PEOM MAEY QUEEN OF SCOTLAND TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF 

GLASGOW, 

Feb&u^bt IS, 1567.^ 

Maist reverend £ad^ in God and our traift counfalor^ we greit you weiU. 
We reffisivit your letter of the 28 day of Januar upouo the tenth of this 

* Vum Htm SbMBi MS. U1», £d1. 168. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 171 

ioflant, and that fame day wrait to you with Clarevault of the fuddane 
inifchief happinnit to the king our hufband, which being then fa grevit 
and tormentit we culd not mak you anflbur to the particular heids of 
your faid lettre, bot remittit the fame quhill now. And firil touert your 
communicatioun with the king and Queen Moder for intertenyng of gude 
luf and familiaritie, we find your ufinge and proceding thairin fa tymouilie 
and perfitlie done to our weill and honour that we can wyfche na better, 
nor can find na thing to be amendit in ony poynt of your doyng. We 
wrait fumthing of our mynd heranent, and thairupoun gaif fum memoire 
of our mynd with monfieur Du Crocq at his retume, be the quhilk ye 
will have fum farther inflru6tioun of our pleflbur. Alwayes we pray you 
that with al diligence ye menteng gud offices of freindfchip with the 
queen, and latt her underftand how far we thmk us obliil to hir for hir 
gude counfalis and admonitionis from tyme to tyme fchewin us, alfweill 
be you as hir owin lettres to our felf ; and as we thmk thame maifl prof- 
fitable for us, fa will we apply our felffis and our affaires to be govemit 
be thame befoir all uthirs ; and all gude perfuafionis that ye can ufe to 
this end and purpofs ar maid neidfull, and we will allow thame weill. 
We pray yow be verie emiflfull for the fortie thoufand franks, and tak 
not it quhilk ye have ellis reflavit for a refolute anflbur, bot travell for 
paimdfit of our aifignatioun, for it will putt ws partly by our purpos and 
we be fruftrat of that quhairwith in our compt we had appoynted diverfs 
thingis to be done quhilks can not guidly fuflene delay. And for the 
cumpany of men of armes we pray you ufe evin the like diligence to have 
the mater quickly brocht to pas in favours of the prince our fone, as we 
mentionat in our uther letter fent you for that purpos. And althoucfat 
the haill companyis paiment can not be grantit, leif not of, bot tak that 
quhilk f^lbe offerit, fa that utheris be accordinglie handillit. The cap- 
taine mon be our fone ; for the lieutenent thair is naiie in that cuntre to 
quhom we can be content to place in that rowme, for it is not decent that 
he quha anys wes nominat to have bene captane and then refufit fall now 
be lieutenent, nor we cannot underftand that we can in honour fule it. 
Alwayes upoun your advertifment we fall fend thair other the lieutenent 
or fum qualifiit perfounage for him to tak up the cumpany, being afoir* 



Digitized by 



Google 



172 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

hand affurit be you that he fall expeid and not find his travell fruflrat, 
for utherwyfs we wold be layth that our proceding fuld be knawin without 
certane knawledge of the effe6l. Nixt, for the capitanriie of Tours we 
like your awin devyfs and counfall, being fa formall that nane can gif ws 
better, and is weill contentit that he quha the king hes namyt enjoy the 
place, upoun provifioun that we be not harmit be the exemple, hot that 
the declaratioun be maid null according to your letter. We thank you 
hertlie for your advertifement maid to us of it quhilk the ambafladour of 
Spangse (hew you, as alfua of your communicatioun with the Queen 
Moder towert our eftait ; hot, allace I your meflaige come to lait, and 
thair wes ower gude caufs to have gevin us fie warning, the like quhairof 
we reflavit of the Spanyfche ambaflador refident in England. Bot evin 
the verie morning befoir your fervands arrivall wes the horrible and tref- 
fonable a6l execute in the kingis perfoun, that may weill appeir to have 
bene confpirit agains our felf the circumflance of the mater being confi- 
derit, quhairupon at this prefent we will be na mair tedious, abyding 
quhill God manifefi; the authors to the warld. For knawlege quhairof 
nother we nor our counfell fall fpaire the travell that pofliblie may be 
maid, quhairthrow trewth may cum to lycht, and thairin is our cheif cair 
and ft;udy at this prefent, quhilk we pray God may fuddenlye tak gude 
effeft to his glorie and our comfort. Further, ye fall in oure naime gif 
thankes to monfieur de Maine for the payne that he hes takin in con- 
voying of the uthir mannis letters to us, and defyr him that he will afiTuir 
the fame man of our recept of his letteris and gif him thankes : thairof 
quhill we may have oportunitie and occafioun to latt him knaw further 
of our gude mynd and afie6tioun, quhilk he fall taifi; in efie6t, if God 
lend ws dayis. Finallie, we pray you, as of befoir, be cairfull and dili- 
gent towart our aflignatioun, for we have wrettin prefentlie to monfieur 
de I'Aubefpine and monfieur du Gomvoir for that purpos, quhom alfua 
ye fall folifi^ and pretermit na occafioun to bring the mater to perfe6lioun, 
feing we have fa neceflary to do with the fame. And thus we commit 
you to God. At Seytoun, the 18 day of Februar, 1566. 
Your richt gud friend and mefi;res, 

Mabie R. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 173 



LETTER FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OF GLASGOW TO QUEEN MARY. 

MiLfiCH 11, 1567.* 

Pleiss your majeflie. Sen my laft depefche wyth my fervitour Robert 
Dwry, of the 27 of Januar, I have refavit your majeflies pacquetts of the 
20 thairof be monfieur Du Croc, of 1 1 of Februar be monfieur De Clare- 
vault, and of the 18 of the faming be your thefaurair Dolu. As towarts 
the firft, I am aflurit that the faid Du Croc has acquittit him conforme 
to the inflru£liouns giffin him, better than gif they had ben fend to me, 
aqd becaufs thay ware fa fpeciall, and the fam felf heids wes contenit in 
your wrettings fend to me and fum part mair ample, I am glaid that I 
wes relevit thairof, and that he cums himfelf to render you anflbur thairof, 
quhairby your majeflie, gif je pleifs, may learne that thair is na occafioun 
juillie to refufe me your benevolence to reteir me, having na thing ado heir, 
and your majeflies affairis aiflellie and mair commodiouflye may be handyllit 
in femblable fort than be me. Swa I remitt the anfour onto that depefche 
to his fufficiance, faif onlye it refls me to anfour to that part that con- 
cerns my fervitours, William Walkar and William Hegait, quhilk falbe 
fchort, that in caice thay have controvenit the dewtye of trew fubje6ls to 
your majeflie I have na thing ado with thaime, nor never intends in 
that behalf to mak inflance to do forder towarts the tryall of thair deme- 
reits than conforme to juflice. It mot pleifs your majeflie to beleve fure- 
lye this for my part, and that as from the beginning I have had na knaw- 
ledge of thair procedings, fwa will I noucht melle me thairwyth in tym to 
cum. The fecond wes onlie the difcours fchortlie of the horrible, mif- 
chevous, and flrange enterprife and executioun done contrair the kings 
majeflie, quha be craft of men hes fo violentlie bein fchorttit of his days. 
Off this deid giff I wald wrett all that is fpokin heir, namelie of the mi- 
ferable eflait of that reaulme, and als in England, by the difhonour of the 

* From the Sloao MS. 9199, fol. 135. 



Digitized by 



Google 



174 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

nobilite, miftraift and trefoun of your haill fubje^, yea than that your 
felf is greittumlye and wrangouflie calumneit to be the motive principall 
of the haill of all, and all don be your command, I can conclud na thing 
by that yoUf tnajeftie W^etts to tne your felf, that fen it hes pleffit God to 
preferve you to tak a regorowfe vengence thairof, that rather than it be 
noucht a6luallye taine it apperis to me better in this warld that ye had 
loflit lyf and all. I aik your majefties pardon thatt I wrett fa far, for I 
can heir na thing to your prejudice but I man contryvitlie wrett the 
faming that all may cum to your knawleige, for the better ramaid may be 
put thairto. Heir it is neidfull that ye furthfchaw now rather than ever 
of befor the greit verteu, magnanimities and conftance that Ood hes 
grantit you, be quhafe grace I hoppe ye fall ourcum this maift havy en^- 
wye and difpleflbur of the committing thairof^ and conferve that reputa- 
tioun in all godlinefs ye have conquift of lang, quhilk can appeir na ways 
mair deirlie than that ye do fie juftice as to the haill warld may dedair 
your innocence, and gif teftimonie for ever of thair trefoun that hes com^ 
mittit, but feir of God or man, fa cruaiUe and ongodlie ane murther, 
quhairof thair is fa mekle ewyll fpokin that I am conftrynit to aik you 
mercie that nothir can I nor will I mak the reherfs thairof quhilk is our 
odiowfs. Bot alace, madams, this day our all Europpe thair is na porpoifs 
in heid f^ frequent as of your majeftie and of the prefent eftait of your 
reaulme^ quhilk is for the maid part interpretit feniftrelye, yet is noucht 
the hand of God and his mychty powar fchortit, bot be his confort and 
help, imploring trewlie the faming and fervidg him with all ^our hart, ye 
may have fie confolatioun be him that ye falbe hable to remoffe that is to 
your mayefti^s hairme or difavantaige^ and eftableife that expe^tioun 
that heirthirtylls the haill warld hes confavit of your verteu. And I befeik 
your majefUe richt humblye, cail heir the fondment of your releif, and al 
the reft of your defyrs fall cum to pafs to your contentment and honour; 
uthirways I feir this to be onlie the beginning and firft a€t of the tragedie, 
and all to ryn frome evryll to worfs, quhilk I [pray] God of his infinite gudnefs 
to awoyd. Thredliei be Dolu it hes pleffit your mi^eftie wrett to me (bm 
anfour of my laft depefche and your will quhat I had ado at court prefent- 
lie for your afiairis, quhilk appeiris to me to be onlie that fam wes conte- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 173 

nit in moi^eur De Crocs inilrud:ions. I fall conferr wyth bim quhat he 
hes done, and thaireftir fall perfew forder as fall be thocht expedient. I 
have noucht ben at court fen the kings departing, quhilk wes the 19th 
day of Februar, quhilk monfieur Du Croc arrivit, and that for mony con- 
fiderations. Firfl, that faming day I depechit towarts your majeflie Ro- 
bert Dury I twik the fevre, quhilk contenuit quhill neir his majefties 
departing, fwa I faw nathing of the facefairs of this laft faflinewin, yet 
thair majefties caufit vefye me bayth be gentlemen and als Caftellaina. 
the kings firft medicinar. Schortlie thaireftir arrivit Du Croc with fie 
novells that I wes conflrynit to abbyd forder refolutloun quhilk thre days 
therefter I rafavit be Claureuault, than wes I conflrynit to abyd quhill I 
had put my felf and my haill fenrimts in dewlle habit, the haill comme fa 
to pafs that gudlie I ha^e bad na moyen to depart. And trewlie fuppois 
tbir impediments had noucht chancit it wes noucht in my powar to fal- 
low, for I had noeht ane fowfs, and abbydds now onlye quhill Dolu gif 
me fom moyen to pafe fordwart, quhair I pafs agains my wyll in refpe& 
your majeftie logein, quhairof Montmac hes ane brevette and pretends to 
have that logein be force eft^ that it wes markit for me and your ch^ir 
cellair Laubefpioe, be the faid Montmacs moyen monfieiv de Alancons 
efcurie wes logeit thairin. I fall labor for the reflitution thairof that falb^ 
in me, abbydding your refolutioun. It war noucht importunity ye wrett 
twa word$ to the Quein Mothir on this behalf, that fche may knaw your 
will heiranent, and in my next wretting I fall wrett mair particulairlie 
bayth anent the companye of men of armes, the aflignatioun of the 40 
thoufand franks, as of this efter that I have conferrit with thair majefties 
thairon. I did thank the ambafladour of Spangse on your behalf of the 
advertifement he had maid you, fuppois it comme to lait, quha yit hes 
defyrit me to remembre your majeftie that yit he is informit and adver- 
teift be the famyn moyen he wes of befoir thair is yit fum notable inter- 
prife »g9irm you, qu^airwycht he wy^ you to bewar in tym; I wrett this 
f^ wUb greitt regraitt, be reafoun I can cum na ways to the knawleige 
oi oay particularite of bis maifter. He eftemis him to depart the 25 of 
this prefent, and the quen in lykwys, quha is wyth cheild, and to pafs to 
Flanders with him gif ibhe may travel, uthifways to remaine at Mylan to 



Digitized by 



Google 



176 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

bis returning. The duk of Aiwa departit alreddye, the 25 of the lait 
monethe. Now having na mater of confequence to wrett, I maid humblye 
thank your majeflie of the liberalite ufit towarts roe of the brevete of five 
thoufand franks it bes pleffit you fend me wyth your laft depefche. God 
grant me his grace to do you fervice als aggreable as it bes bein to me 
thankfull and acceptable, fuppois it is mater noucht fchortlie to tak effe^ 
yit I refave the faming as giff alreddy it war in my hands, and bes this 
onlie fimpule in mynd that I lament with all my hairt that my fervice, 
quhilk in deid bes bein to litle effedi, is fa little regairdit that your ma- 
jeflie bes noucht thoucht me worthy anfour of my maift humble requefl 
that I have maid you at fundry tymis, to have your majeflies benevolence 
to retreive me quhiU I may be hable heirefter to do you fervice. I am 
affurit gif your majeflie knew the eflait and neceffite I am at, be the greit 
and furffet expenfis that I have maid and maks daylye, that ye wald now, 
quhen thair is litle ado in court for your affairs, fynd my requefl maifl 
rafonable. As for generalls novells of court I remitt to the berrar heirof, 
monfieur Claurevault,quha I [am] afTurit, as he bes wyllit to do your fervice 
at his uter power, fwa fall pretermitt na thing he bes hard heir that re- 
dounds to the faming on fchawing and declarit onto you. And fwa I 
pray the eternall Lord God have your majeflie in his prote6lioun, and 
grant you that confolatioun that your hyenes miflers. At Parys, the 1 1 
day of Marche, 1567. 



LETTER FROM QUEEN MARY TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF GLASGOW, 

Mat 27, 1567.* 

Maist reverend fader in God and traifl counfalour, we greit you weill. 
We have prefently dire£t the bifchop of Dunblane towert the king, the 
Quein Moder, oure uncle the cardinall of Lorayne, and utheris, oiire 

• From the Slow MS. 8199, fol. 150. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 177 

freindis thair, amply inflru6lit to mak thame declaratioun and report of 
our prefent ftait and procedings fen our laft wretting to you of Striveling. 
The event indeed is ftrange and utherwifs nor, we wait, ye wald have 
lukit for; hot as it is fuccedit we mon tak the heft of it, and fa, for our 
refpe6l, mon all that luffis us, of quhilk nowmer we have evir thoucht 
and yit dois fpecially efleme you. For we think to gif you na other oc- 
cafion quhill we leave, and on your part we lippin for na alteratioun. 
Becaufs we are aflurit that this is noucht your firfl advertyfment, hot that 
ye are informit and hes hard generalie of the fuccefle aiid proceding of the 
mater, we will not be prolixt in wreting; and the rather by reafoun in our 
inflru£tioun to the bifchop of Dumblane we have maid full difcours of 
the verie trewth of the mater, and hes willit him, befoir he feke prefence 
or mak ony report of his meflaige, that he mak you previe and participant 
of his faid inftru6lion, and follow your advyfe and counfell in the handil- 
ling thairof in all behalffes. Praying you thairfore emeftlie and eflFe6lu- 
uflie, — as ye have evir in tymes pall fchewin your diligence and integritie 
in the procuring and advancement of all maters that hes occurrit to our 
pleffour, commoditie, and commendatioun, als weill fen we have particu- 
larlie employit you in our aflFaires as of befoir only upoun the favour ye 
bare us, fa now in this caifs, being na lefs wechtie bot rather of gretar 
confequence nor ony mater that evir we had in hand, — that ye beflow 
your ftudy, ingyne, and efiedluall laubours in the ordering of this prefent 
meflaige, and in the perfuading thame to quhom it is diredl to beleve 
that thing thairin quhilk is the very trewth, according as we have men- 
tionat the famyn finceirlie from the verie beginning in our faid inflru£tion, 
a greit part of the circumflance quhairof is alfweiU knawin to your felf as 
to ony man levand. The mater is fie as we wald wyfche it weill, and 
fua forbearis prefentlie to mix it with ony uther purpos, bot remitting to 
new occafioun and trufling and repofing our felf chiefly upoun your dex- 
teritie and faithfuU travell, quhairof we doubt not, committs you to God. 
At Edinburgh, the 27 day of May, 1567. 

Pqjlfcripty in the QueerCs awn hand. 
Je vous prie le conduire et affifl:er a toutes fes ordiauces, et faire ce que 



Digitized by 



Google 



178 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

il vous fayra entandre nefcere poar mon fervice, car je lui ay donne 
charge de vous faire entandre ma voloDtay en toutes mes affayres, tant 
par defla que par dela, et croyez le comme moy mefmes, 

Voftre bonne meftrefle et amye, 

Mabie R. 



LETTER FROM BOTHWELL TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF GLASGOW, 

Mat 27, 1567.* 

Mt Lord, efter cure maift hertlie commendationes. The bifchop of 
Dunblane is prefentlie direct in thay parts be the queens majeilie that, 
be your avyfs, convoy, and affiftance, he may declair and mak difcours 
to the king, the Quein Moder, the cardinall of Lorraine, and utheris, hir 
freinds, of the mariage contradtit and folemnizat betwixt hir hienes and 
us, and the verie occafiones quhilkes hes movit alfweill hir majeilie as us 
thairunto. The particularitie quhairof it wer fuperfleu for us to recite, 
knawing the fufficiency of the meffinger and the large inftrufitionis that 
he hes in write, quhilk he is commandit not onhe to fchau you, hot in his 
proceding to do that quhilk ye fall fynd maiil likly and agreeable in all 
behalffes. Now for our felf fum quhat mon we fpeik, althoucht breifly. 
We can not marvel indeid howbeit this meflaige and the brute that hes 
preventit it appere f icht ftrange to you, namelie, for our part, quhairanent 
to be plane with you, as with him that is oure auld acquentence and 
quhais undefervit freindfchip and gude will we have fund in mony hard 
difficulteis, as materis hes fallin out, we traifl na nobleman being in our 
flate and caifs wald have left ony thing undone that we have attemptit. 
The place and promotioun trewly is greit, hot yit with Gods grace, now- 
thir it nor na uther accident fall evir be able to mak us forjett ony part 
of our dewitie to ony noble men or utheris our freindis, and cheiflie to 
you, quhome we have had gude occafioun alwayes to efleme with the firft 
of that nowmer. 

^ From the Sloan MS. 3199, foL 150, b. 



Digitized by 



Google J 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 179 

Hir majeflie mycht weiB have manit with man of gretar birth and efti- 
mation, bot we are weill aflurit nevir ane mair affe&ionately inclynit to 
do hir honour and fervice^ nor mair loring and weihrillmg to you in all 
things that may gratefie yon^ or do you, or any of yours, avaneenient 
and pleflbur, quhilk we wald wyfche to God we mycht declair be fum 
etteSt rather noc in wordes. Bot like as at this prefent we can ufe but 
the ane, fwa may ye be aflbrit of the other as God fall prefent the com- 
moditie. To condude with jaa, we think not neidfull to be mair prolix, 
bot eamiftUe and effe&Qoflie will we d^re and pray you to bellow and 
extend your wiU, ingyne, and labourj^ io the convoy and accomplifching of 
this meiTaige, fa fer a& poffible may be for the honour and contentation of 
the queens ma^eftie* The Uame indeid we mon confefe and underlye 
in fa farr as fum things may appCT'e omittit in ceremonyes» counfat tak- 
ing, as utherwyfe that of dewitie aucht to have b^ie done, yet the wife- 
dome and diligent cair of a faithfull fervand and freind is able to remove 
and fett by the force of mony greit accufationis, and gar the excufes be 
taken in gude part, quhilk we doubt not bot ye will at your poifibilitie. 
Further the bifchop of Dunblane will fchau you at lenth, quhome we 
pray you credit in that quhilk he fall fpeik in our behalf; and fa com- 
mitts you to the prote6lioun of God, At Edinburgh, the 27 day of 
May, 1567. 

Youx k)rdi<d»p8 bjufing imd affiurit friend, 

James D, 



LETTBR FROir QUEEN ELIZABETH TO QUEEN MARY, 
JiTHi 80, 1567.* 

Mia)AM£, ow perplcxite is fiiclo^ bodi fop your trooble and for the occar 
iiQns thoffof, tihttt we cavot fysd the old wanye wfaick we were aceuftomed 

« From the AMU 10.4126, o. 7. 



Digitized by 



Google 



180 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

to walk in by wrytyng to you with our own hand ; and yet therin we meane 
not you fhuld conceave on our part any lack of our old frendfhipp, in any 
cafe that with our honour and reafon we may exprefs. Wherfor we have 
fent this beror, our very trufty fervant and confellor fir Nicholas Throk- 
morton, knight, to underftand truly your Hate ; and theruppon to impart 
to you our meaning at more length than we cold to your owne faythfull 
fervant Robert Melvyn, who, although he did, as we beleve, accordyng 
to the chardg gyven hym, ufe much earned fpeche to move us to thynk 
well and allow of your doyngs, — yet, fuch is both the generall report of 
yow to the contrary, and the evidency of fondry your a6ls fence the deth 
of your late huiband, as we cold not be by hym fatiffyed to our degre. 
Wherfor we require yow to gyve to this berar firm creditt in all thyngs 
as you wold gyve to ourfelves, and fo we end. From our howfe of Rych- 
mont, the laft day of June, 1567, the ix yere of our reign. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 1, 1567.* 

Syr, — Thys day I have bene with my lord Keper, and have made hym 
pryvie to my hole dyfpatche. I fynd hys opinion to concurre with yours 
for the neceffary havyng of the prynce of Scottland, the fame beyng 
growndyd uppon grett reafon. Me thynkythe he dothe yn thys, as he 
dothe yn all other matters, confyder depely and advyffydly ; and ther- 
fore yt fliall be well don, howfomever hys healthe do not ferve hym to be 
amongfl yow, [you] let not hys opinion be from amongfl yow. Whylfte I 
was with hys lordftiip, Mr Randoll fent me a paquett from the northe ; 
wyche, uppon your order, I was fo bold to breake upp, and have perufyd 
as many letters as you fe unfealyd. In them all I note fpecially that 
the purfute of the murderers wyll not (land with the quens lyberte ; for 

* From the Addit MS. 4126, n. 8. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 181 

fhe doth impugne that manifeftly and eameftly ; fo as, me thynkythe, 
howfomever after juftice done (he may be reftoryd to hjnr lybertie, I 
fynd not that fhe ys lyke to be enlargid untyll the principalis and accef- 
faries be tryed and convi6led. I myflyke, alfo, that the Hambletons 
have Dunbryton at theyr devocion ; fo do I Argyles beyng amongfl hys 
Redfhanks. Let the queens majeflie take hede that fhe caufe not the 
devidyd factions taccord on wey or other, and every wey to hyr dyfad- 
vantage. Syr, ether the queen hath forgotton what ihe fayd to Melvyn, 
or he dyd myflake hyr, or the lords be more conforted then I fe caufe. 
I have bene with my lord and lady of Lenox, to whom I declaryd brefely 
hyr majeflies honorable intent to procede with the queen of Scotts, with 
the lords, and with the prynce, refpe6ling the queens lyberty, the prynce 
and the lords favetie, and alfo the du execution of juftice ageynft the 
murderers. I fownd them moche troblyd with wante of money, my 
lady wepte bytterly, my lord fyghed depely. Suerly her majeftie 
mufte neds have fome commyferation of them, and namely for hyr owne 
fervyce. He ys, as you fliall perceave by Granges letter, defyerid yn 
Scotland. Thys afternon my lord Treafurer hathe gevyne me order to 
receave my money. To morrow, God wyllyng, I wyll fett forward and 
take the Frenche embaffador yn my way, to fe hys cowntenance, and to 
here what he fayethe. I do meyne to let him know that my fpeciall 
arand ys to procure the queens lybertye, and not to towche any other 
thyng. Thus I do humbly take my leave of you. At my houfe at Lon- 
don, thys evening, the firfte of July. 

Yours to ufe and commande. 



To the right honorable fir William 
Cecil, knight, on of the queues 
majefties cownfeil, hyr highnes 
principall Secretary. 



Digitized by 



Google 



182 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LBTTBll FllOM WCWRTABT MAJITIANP TO SIR WILLUM CECIL. 

SiB> Having ciwferred with Mr MiulvoU foDce hi$ r^tume, I pero^aro a9 
wdl tbfi CQatmQwa»ce off your conftant frendllup towardis me in particu- 
lar, a^ 3,oiir allowance of* this coxqqq quarrell interpryfed by a good nomhre 
of OUT noUraictn for recovery of the honor of this couBitry, ahvoft loft 
for that ihamefuU murtber in the fan comitted and not punilhed ; for 
which your good diipofiUon I prayfe Qod> and do mofi bartily thank yow. 
I do alfo ondorftand by hi9 report that the queens nutjefty, your miftces, 
IS mod gent^ inclined to allov of the juftice of our caus, and by her 
countenaii^oe to advance the fame ) ?rhieh doing I wx fure her majefty 
fall nev^ have occa0on to repent berfelE For as the mater is in the 
felff godly and worthy to be well takeji of aU Chriftian princes, fo I truft 
her n^ajody Ihall fynd hoiafter thele nobl^nen not onmyndfull off that 
cawfortft whatfoever they fiu^ reeeave at her hig^nes hands to the fur- 
therance th^eofi^. The mlnifters pf thofe foreign princes, for whofe 
favour we le^ lodged, as havings no fuche particular intereft in th/e caus 
as the queen ywn miftres hath^ have Caid ynough in it to thofe have 
travayled with them ; and m^ conier^ace with feme noblemen have made 
veary great and honeft offers, which UQ man wold have thought fit to be 
refiufid if fome, looking more narowly to the confequence than the reft, 
had not fearect tl;^ under the fayte ^ward fhewe there were hyd fome- 
thing prejudiciall to thintelligence hath continewed betwix thefe two na- 
tions fence the mater off Leyth, which is not yet paft the remembrance off 
fome off us. I will not deny but fome be heere of that opinion, and I 
amongft others, that it is veary convenient that we ke^pe France ux hand 
in fuch forte that we do nothing whereby they may take juft office 
againft us, or thinke that we have altogeather caften them of; for Cddo- 

* From the Ad^t MS. 4126, n. 9. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 183 

mg we may procure an oimeceflkry and onprofitable iniinety. Yet I dare 
well oodertake, onles we fynd more coldnefs with yow then for myn own 
part I will ever fufpeA, yow Ihall fynd this nobility alwayes addiS;ed to 
lyke beft of your amity, and for your fake negled; offers which myt feame 
profitable and advantageoufe to many in particular. liiave, althogh 
one of the meaneft yet having fome credit with the beft part of the whole 
ftate, off a long tyme bene a procurer of the union of this He in on mynd, 
wheather for myne owne private retp^A or for publick I leave to your 
jugment. I fliall never weary till yow uterly rejed us, which I truft ihall 
never happen in my tyme. I have, for my particular, no caufe to miflyke 
off France, for they have done me more honour than many of my coun- 
trey of greater degre, and fome will perhaps fay more then to any ; yet 
for that publick refpedl which is paft for my part I fliall never put yow 
and them in equal balance, and fo I am to fynd this whole fellowfliip 
conformable to the fame. So that neyther they will traft France nor 
other nation fo moche as yow, be it in comon frendfliip or be it for 
the fure cuftody of our prince, if at any tyme we wold put him out of 
our owne hands. If any come here from the queens majefty he will on- 
derftand more to this effe6l off themfelffes, as alfo of all other purpofles 
tending to your fovereygnes contentation. For our caufe I take it to be, 
by Gods help, in good fuerty, fo that within the realme we feare no party 
onlefs they be fet out by the queens fubftance, or by foreign fupport by 
money. We have, to prevent that danger, leveyed fome companies of 
harqueboufiers by comen contribution, the enterteyning whereof will be 
the greateft difficulty we will have in our whole caufe. I pray you we 
may, for the relieff of the noblemen who are willing aneugh according 
to theyr ability, fynd fome comfort at the queens majefties handes off 
money, which being accorded the game, I dout nothing, is wonne. 
Mary, whatfoever it fliall pleafe her majefty to grant, being les and fo- 
deynly conveyed hyther, ihall do more proffit then a greate deale more 
may do hereafter if it be long a comyng. I wold be fory we ihold be 
conftrayned to receave comfort at the hands of any other, which yet we 
muft neades do if we be refufed of yow. My next requeft is, that, if the 
queens majefty will not condefcend to fupport thefe noblemen, as I can- 



Digitized by 



Google 



184 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

not fufpe6l but flie will, I may fynd that frendfhip with yow that I may 
be with dihgence advertiffed; to thende they who upon my woorde will 
fomewhat depend upon it may take another courfs to provide other 
meanes, for I wold be forry to fruflrate them long. On the other part I 
defyre not that any thing come to any man his private ufe, but onely to 
a publick, for furthfetting of this caufe. I pray yow, that I may have 
anfwer of this lettre with fpeede ; and that I may alwayes remayne in 
your gude grace, and fo, after my moft harty commendations, I take my 
leave. From Edinburgh, the firft oflF July, at nyt. 

Yours, at commandement, 

[ ] 

To the ryght honorable fir William 
Cecill, knyght, principall Secre- 
tary to queens majefty of Eng- 
land, 



LETTER FROM SIR HENRY NORREYS TO QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

July 2, 1567/ 

Yt may like your moft excellent majeftie to be advertized that, inconti- 
nent upon worde brought hether of the queue of Scottis takinge, which 
came hether the 25 of June, the earle of Murrey was prefently fent for 
hether; who is now at Parys, and hathe bine and is continually plyid withe 
fayre words and great promiffes, yf he will ftande at the devocion of the 
Frenche touchinge the helpinge hether the prince and his mother; whom, 
the kinge hathe feyd, it fhall coft him dere but that he will have them 
bothe hether into France. Ther hathe bine the cardinall of Burbon, the 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, n. 13. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 185 

Conflable, and Bandelot with the kinge and his mother, to urge them to 
leave no means unattempted to bringe this enterprice to good effe6le; 
and thinkinge the foner to doo yt by my lord of Murreis good helpe they 
have not only proflFeryd to oflFer him the Order, but alfo great giftis of 
lands and lyving. 'to which ende, I underftande, younge Villeroy is 
gone into Scotlande to offer them of the Spiritualty fpirituall promocions 
and honors, and to the temporall lords foche temporall preferments and 
honors as he thinkithe he may bed wine them that be now the chefeft of 
the contrey and in moll autoryte. 

My lord of Murrey dothe intend fhonly to make his repayre home ; but 
firft will difpatche one thether, who fhall paffe by your majeflis coorte; 
by him, I dowt not, but the feyd earle will advertife yow what hys deter- 
minacion and proceedings ys. 

This kynge hathe made a convocation of his nobles, as well fpirituall as 
temporall; whereof fome hathe exchufed themfelfs to comme, as the Ad- 
mirall, and fome other proteftants; who think not good to be altogether 

at the coorte; wherfor fome kepe always abrode 

I underftode that ther ys a brute throughe the coorte that the queue of 
Scottes fhulde be flaine, wherof I think your majefty is fully by this in- 
formyd of the truth, whiche is occafion to make them all fore trublid, as 
[it] apperith they are. 

I havynge no other newis to advertife your majefty, but that all things 
here are like to be very trublefum, havynge not only ther brother-in-lawe 
fufpe6l, of whom they ftand in great awe, but alfo in miche feare of their 
owne contrymen Proteftants, fo that wyfeft of them are at ther witts ende 
what is beft to be done . . . . . . . 

From Poyfey, this 2 of July, 1567, 

By your mayeftis moft humble and obedyent fervaunt, 

[ } 



To the quenis moft excellent majefty. 

A a 



Digitized by 



Google 



186 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

Jolt 2, 1567.* 

Sir, According as I did wryte unto yow yefterdaye, I pafled by the French 
ambafladour this daye, whom I founde at cardes with mounfieur De 
Villeroye. 

He moved unto me, that yt might pleafe the queues majeftiey that her 
myniller might concurre with fuch one as the Frenche kinge fhould fende 
into Scotlande to procure the queues Hbertie ; for that is thonehe marke 
I perceyve theye fhoote at. And by howe muche they defire that 
^ matter to proceede firll without anie other condycions, by fo muche the 
more me thinkethe her majeftie ought to qualifie her affedlyon to bringe 
that to eSe&ey untill juftice be done of the offenders, and furetye pro- 
vyded for the lordes ; with fuche other things as flial be agreable to the 
queues majeflies purpoofe. I fynde theye take yt yll that mounfieur De 
Villeroye was denyed audyence. Me thought by fome words that the 
ambaflador let flyppe, eyther monfieur De Crocke weere lyke enought to 
be flayed in Scotland appon my goinge, or he is lyke enowghe to be 
retomed thether agayne apon his arryvall at London. I fhewed them 
that the queues majeftie did fend me into Scotland to counforte the queen 
in this her calamytye and to procure her libyertie, which her majeftie did 
take for to great an indignytie to be ihewed to a queen by her fubje^es. 
I faid that I lowked for no better acceptation than monfieur De Ville- 
roye had amongft the lords, and to be denyed to have accefle to the 
queue. They femed to make no dowbte of libertye to be geven unto 
me to fpeake with her, I ftiewed them that, in cafe they would refufe me 
to have accefle, I mynded to addrefle myfelfe to the Hambletons, and that 
partie which mynded to fet their e foveraigne at libertie, as the thing that 
the queue, my miftris, chefflye faught, thoughe her majeftie could well al- 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. IL 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 187 

lowe that juftice fhould be donne of the murderers. Thyg muche I 
have thought meete to advertize yow, to thende her majeftie and yow 
may ufe the like fpeedie unto them to morowe at their audyence, yf yt 
fo ftand with her majeflies pleafur and your lykynge ; for I thought 
not good to appeare anie other man unto the Frenche, or that her ma- 
jeftie had anie other defygnemente. There pafled a pakette by the 
waye this aftemoune which I did not fee ; and therfore it maye pleafe 
yow by your next to let me knowe what is chaunced in Scotland fince 
the xxvij* of the laft, which weere the lettres that I fent yow yefterdaye. 
Thus I do humblye take my leave of yow. At Ware, this feconde of 
July, 1567. 

Yours to ufe and commaunde, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, one of her majefties 
privie counfeD and pryncypall Se- 
cretorye. 



LETTER PKOM THE EARL OP MURRAY TO SIR WILLIAM CECILL, 

JoLY 2, 15«7.* 

Mr LoBi:^ efter my maift^ hartHe recommendatiotm. I haif tain occatloim 
to fend this berer, my ferritour, mto England, for fie cawiSes as he wiU 
dedair imto gowr lordihip at lenth : to quhom il will plds Sflm lordfliip 
gif credit. Upon this refpec, I will not wrett unto gout lofdfli^ at fie 
lenth as I wald baif done utherways. I bdeif always that jour lordflap 
will put to jour belpin hand quhen occacioun offers^ as ge haif (kme at 
other tymes afoir; and thus eomits sour lordflup to the prote^oim of 

* From the Addft MS. 4120, n. 10. 



Digitized by 



Google 



188 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

God; with my hartlie recomandations unto gour lordfhips wyf. Of Paris, 
this fecund of July, 

Be ^our lordfhips at all pouer, 

[ ] 

To the richt vorchepfwll fir Villem 
Sifill, kneycht, fecretarie to the 
quenis majefle of Ingland. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

Jolt 8, 1567.* 

Sir, I mett with this pacquet at Stylton. Emongft other the occurrants 
which you fhall perceave by Mr Marifchalls letter, me thinketh I fynde 
fome contrarietye conceminge the lord Ceyton, but I praye God the laft 
advertifment of him, and other the lords partycularlye namyd, be true. 
I doo marveill that Boyd and Fleminge have chaingyd theyr tackle; but 
I percieave they canne do lyke coninge maryners, fayle with all poynts 
of the wynde. I am lyke to mete monfieur Le Croq by the waye. Sir, 
me thinketh yt fhulde ferve to good pourpofe to brynge your defleigments 
to pafle, that my lorde of Bedforde, the lorde Scroupe, and fir John Fof- 
ter, might be wyllyd to make generall mufters in theyr wardenrys, and to 
gyve waminge that as well horfemen as footemen fhulde be readye upon 
a dayes waminge to doo as theyre governors fhulde comaunde them; not 
naminge any enterprice nor part takynge of any fide. Herby the Ham- 
meltons wolde be afrayd, and fo become calme; hereby the lords wolde 
yelde to better conditions; hereby Bodwells favorers wyll faule from him 
and be afrayd, and the queue of Scotts wolde become more conformable; 
and this is a matter of no charge. Thus havinge no other matter mete 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, du 13. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 189 

to trowble yow, I doo humbly take my leave of you. From Stylton, the 
thyrde of Julye, 1567. 

Yours to ufe and comande» 



[ ] 



To the right honorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, on of hir majef- 
ties preve counfeil and hir high- 
nes principal Secretary. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF MORTON TO SIR JOHN FORSTER, 

July 6, 1567.* 

My Lord, after my hartye comendatioun. I wrait laitlie unto your lord- 
fliip with my fervand, Baird TumebuU, to lat yow underftand our proced- 
ingis heir, and willit your lordfliip to wryte to my lord Scrupe to dope the 
mailer of Maxwell unjoyned with our adverfarys, whiche I underftand 
may eafelye be done; for I beleve himfelf be not eameft in our contrar, 
nor yet the countrey willing to ferve agaynft us. Therfoir gour wryting 
to my lord Scrupe micht doo us pleafur, yf he wryte according to your 
defyer, and no difavantage but honour to hymfelf, as wil be knowin here- 
after. But as ever it be, we are provydid for the worfte, and caris not 
at thofe that wil be our unfreindes, God being our freind. The bearer 
hereof, tweching your owne particularis, can declayr the manner therof. 
I have fome mterlgeons to fend gow, but be reflbn of the waiknes of ther 
fedders wer not able to be careit at this prefent. Yf any commes from 
gow fliortlie lat me be advertefit of your mynd at more lentche nor ye 
have done, and from tyme to tyme ge fliall know myne in lyk maner. 

• From the Addit MS. 4120, n. 14. 



Digitized by 



Google 



190 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

And fo for the prefent^ taking my leave, I comit your lordihip to God. 
From Edinburghe, the fext day of July, 1567- 

Your lordfhips aflured freind, 

[ ] 

Lat me be advertefit yf my lord Scrupe wrytes to the mafter of Max- 
well and of his anfwer. 

To my vearye good freind fir Johne 
Fofter, lord wardane of the myd- 
dill marches of England. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECILL, 

July 7, 1567.* 

Sit» at Newcaftle I met witb thys pacquet, wfaerby I perceyve matters 
frame better with the lordes than yt dyd appeare by the laft. I gather, by 
that Killwynmnge would wymie tyme, he is in fome hoope and expeSts^ 
tkm to have fome thynge fiirtlie of France to his eontentirtion. Tli^e- 
fore, fir, whatfoever ihaU be thought meete to be brought to paflfe for her 
Hu^dties purpoofe^ and for the benefyte of the reahne, I praye yow let yt 
be dome fpeddye, and keapenot matters longe in fnfpence with delayes. 
I know I neede not wryte thys to yow for yourfelfe, but to yow for others. 
The rei^ I refer yow to onderftande by the difpatcbe, and ta I hunblye 
take my leate of yow. At Newcaftle, thys 7 of July, 1567- 

Yours to comaunde> 

[ 1 

« Frem tfae AMt. MS. 4198^ a. 15. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 191 

j^^ It comethe yll to paffe for my purpoofe that the lard of Lyddyngton is 

not at Edenboroughe, and therefore yt wyll be the longer er I goe from 
Barwicke» for I thynke yt not good to confer with the lordes in hys ah- 
fence. 

] To the right honorable fir Wylliam 

Cecyll, knight, one of her ma- 
Im- jellies preve counfayle, and pryn- 

cipall Secretorye, geve theys. 



t 



LETTER FROM MAITLAND OF LETHINGTON TO SIR NICHOLAS 
THROCKMORTON. Jolt 8, 1567.» 

Sir, By your lettre, which this bearar hath delivered onto me, I have 
onderftand how fordward yow are on your jornay hytherwardes ; wheroff 
I am glade, being mod aflured no minifler could have ben imployed in 
this mefiage fo afie6lionat to ws as yow ar. And fo not douting but 
the fucces thereoff ihall worke fome good to the caus we have in hand, 
according to your defyre I intend to mete yow nygh Coldingham on Fri- 
day, and to leade yow that nyt to Faflcaftle, my lord Hwme his hous ; 
wheare althogh yow can have no good cheare, yet, I dare well aflure 
yow, yow fliall be welcome. The next day yow may be eafily conveyed 
to Edinburgh. I remit all other things to meating, and fo I wifhe yow 
to farewell. From [ ] this viij*^ of July, 1567. 

Yours alwayes at comandement, 

[ ] 

I pray jow take the panes to diredl 
this other pacquet to France, 
quharin ther ar lettres to my lord 
of Murrey, with the greateft dili- 
gence that may be. 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 17. 



Digitized by 



Google 



192 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM MR HENEAGE TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 
July 8, 1567.* 

Sib, This afternoone ther cam one owt of France from therle of Murrey ; 
with whome after the queen had talked an howre, fhe called me, and 
commanded me that I (hold imedyatelye goe to yow and tell yow that 
therle had fent a meffenger with letters to the queen of Scotland, ftraytly 
charging him that he (hold delyver them only to her own handes, and 
that by no meanes that the lordesfhold fee them; telling him that he dyd 
not a lytle myflyke that they wear fo far overftiotte as to keepe ther 
miflris in durans, and that he wold be her true fervant in all fortunes. 
And the queen badde me fay unto yow that her pleafure was that with 
all haift yow fhold wryte a lettre to the queen hir fitter, which Ihe wold 
fette her hand to ; not meaning to wryte with her own hand unto her bi- 
caufe fhe had not ufed her well and faithfully in thefe broken maters 
that be paft, Theffecte of the lettre fhold be that, whereas fhe under- 
flood that the caufes fhe charged therle of Murrey withall wear three, 
firfl, that he fhold very dyffamedly fpeake of her, bothe for the death of 
her hufband and otherwife, the next, that he fholde deale with the queen 
heare for the fecret conveying of the prince her fone hether, and the 
third, that he fhold be a confederate with the lords to depofe her, her ma- 
jefly coold not now in her fiflers mifery but let her underfland of the trothe ; 
which was, that therle nether ever fpake dyihonorable woord of her, ne- 
ther delt any way hear for the conveyinge of her foonne, and was fo far 
from the confent of any confederafy agaynfl her as fhe was certenly per- 
fwaded that their was not fo honorable and true a fervant to her in Scot- 
land. After that fhe had thus difpatched me, comanding me in great 
haifl to go to yow and retume hearwithall that fhe might difpatche this 
meflenger away with all fpeed, fhe bade me looke who yow had left hear 
to wayte ; and when I had told her Hampton and Somers, fhe bad me 
calle Hampton unto her or Somers, and fo fynding Somers in your chamber, 

» From the Addit. MS. 4126, d. 16. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY, 193 

I called him unto her, with whom fhe dealte a good while, telling me 
that I fhoold not need to take the payne. Yet, considering the true good 
will I beare yow, as yow have bownde me, I cannot chufe but wryte thus 
mooche unto yow; leaving the refl to your judgement and my Arendfhip 
ever faythfuUy youres. From the Courte, hailely, this viij^ of Julye, 
1567. 

All ever at your comandment, 

[ ] 

Sins, I underfland Mr Somers is fent to London, and I gefle to yow, 
yet it is but my mans paynes to fhewe yow that I thinke myfelfe bound 
ever to tell yow. 

To the right honorable fir Wil- 
liam Cecill, knight, principal! 
Secretary. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

Jult9, 1567.^ 

SiB, At lengthe with muche adoo I ame arryvyd at Barwicke, and here- 
with doo fende yow the lorde of Ledingtons letter for anfwer to myne, 
wher of I dyd advertife yow by my former lettres. How things doo ilande 
in Scotlande I doo referre yow to Mr Marefchalls lettres, datyd this daye, 
which I mett within fowr myles of Barwick, and wolde not ilaye them 
becaufe of the paequet fent to my lorde of Murrey, which ys reaquyryd 
eameftlye to be conveyed to him with fpede. You fliall alfo perceave by 
a letter of James Melvins, fent yow by Mr Marfchall, how die lorde of 
Ledington hathe fpedde with the earle of Argyle, and of fomme other 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 18. 

Bb 



Digitized by 



Google 



194 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

particularities. Thus I doo humbty take my leave of jow. From Bar- 
wyck, the ix*^ of Julye, 1667. 

Sir, I have had fome conference with fir John Fofter, and do fynde by 
him the ftate of the borders very tickle. I have alfo wrytten to my lorde 
Scrope my opinion how he fhall deale with the lorde Harrys, and what 
language he ihall ufe unto him, to compaiSe things the better to the 
queues majeflies pourpofe. 

Yours to ufe and comand, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir Wylliam 
Cecyll, knight, one of her majef- 
ties Privie Counfell and pryncy- 
pall Secretorye, geve theys. 



" ORDER OF THE LORDS AGAINST THE QUEEN; FOR CUN3ING HER 

PLATE,- July 10, 1567.* 

The lordis, underflanding that their is fum filver work of the quenis ma- 
jefties in the handis of her Frenfche officiaris^ quhilks neceflerlie mon be 
cun^eit, alfweill for outredding of fum fowmes of money award to the faids 
Fr^cbmen, as furthfettang of uther hir hienes fervice, and in fpeetall in 
the handis of Gervais de Condy,, vallet of diambre, ane nef of filver our- 
gilt» twa coupis wyth thair coveris ourgilt, ane aflay ourgUt, twa flaikettui 
ourgilt, twa great coupis ourgilt, ane caUce, ane i^tine ourgilt, ane beU 
auf gilt» twa peces ourgilt^ ane croce ourgilt in the bordis, twa diopinettia 
ourgilt in the boidis» twa grmt baflins ourgilt in the Ixmlis, fex goblettis 
add ane covering and twa feit of coppis, extending to thre fcore fourteine 
maikiSft Thairfor (HKlanis> commaodi^ aod chargeis the faid Genrais to de* 

« Fiom the SloaQ MS. Z\99, fol 157. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 196 

liver the pecis of fiber wori^ above fpecifiet, being in his handb> to Jhone 
AcbdboD, bir majefteis maifter cunjeow, to be cunjeit be him to the 
tffeA above tnentionat. Subfcrivit at Edinburgh, the tent day of July, 
the £^ of Grod ane thoufand, fyve hondreth, three fcoir, fevin geirs. 

AtHOLL. MoKTUN. CKAGMlLLEft. 

Sim Jas. Bai^fur. Jo. Thesatj^. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 11, 1667/ 

Sir, Your lettre of the fixth Julye I reoeyved the tenth at Bar^ke. I 
am forreye to fee that the queues majefties difpofytion altrethe not to- 
wardes the lordes ; for when all is doune, yt is they which muft ilande 
her in more fteede than the queen her coufen, and will be better inflru- 
mentes to worke fome benefyte and quyetnes to her majeftie and her 
realme than the queen of Scotlande, which is voyde of good favour. 

This daye I take my joumeye towardes the Fauxcaflle, and am accom- 
panyed with Mr Marihall and 200 horfes to the bounderoode» where the 
deputy wardens to the lorde Hume, well accompanyed, doe receyve me, 
and fo doe conveys me to my lodgynge, where I lowke to meete with the 
lorde Hume and the laird of Lyddyngton by theyre owne appoyntemente. 

Sir, I praye yow by your nexte geve Mr Marihall thankesfor my good 
ufage here, which b verye frendlye, and I praye yow let hym knowe fome 
cenfirmacion from yow and others of the queens majefties Counfell of her 
^Boajefties good acceptation of hys fervyce and dylygence in this office ; 
for in myne opynyon he is well advyfed, paynefull, and very dylygent 

I tbanke yow for the good newes of my lord Stewardes amendemente. 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 19. 



Digitized by 



Google 



196 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Sir, I doe well perceyve that the borders doe begyn to grow far owt of 
order, for even now at my beinge in theys partyes fpoyles and theftes 
be comytted by the Scotts. So as it feeniethe unto me, by the maner 
of yt, the worlde wyll grow broken yf yt be not wyflye prevented ; and, 
as far as I can perceyve, it is not in the power of the wardens of Eng- 
lande to remedye the matters without fome hazard of bretche of peax. 
The beft waye ys to procure the lordes of Edenboroughe, at whofe devo- 
tion theys pryckers be, to retejrne the heade men and theyre followers in 
good order, or elfe peradventure it may prove a more coftlye matter than 
the fatiffying of the lordes in theyre demandes. Thus I humbly take 
my leave of yow. At Barwyck, this xj^ of Julye, 1567. 

Yours to ufe and comaunde ; 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir Wylliam 
Cecill, knight, one of her majeilies 
Preve Counfell and pryncypall Se- 
cretorye. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF ARGYLE TO SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTQN, 

July 11, 1567.^ 

My Lord, after my vere hartie comendacions. Heringe of your lord- 
fliips arryvall to this countre I could do no lefle nor to fend my fpeciall 
fervant with my mynd to your lordfhip, to know the eflate of matters as 
your honour thinks moft expedient to communicate with hym. For the 
good will that I know that your lordfhip doth beare to this countrie, and 
m3me acquaintance with you, makes me more homelye to wryte to your 
honour, and what plefure I may do to your lordfhip in this countrie I pray 
you to let me underfland, and it fhal be at comaund. Further, I will not 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 20. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 197 

troble your honour with longer lettre, but comitt your lordfhip to Al- 
mightie God. From Caftell Campbell, this xj of July, 1567- 

Your lordfliips aflured frind, 

[ ] 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL 

July 12, 1567 • 

SiB, As yow might perceave by my lettres of the xj of July, I lodgyd at 
Fafcaftle that night, accompanyd with the lorde Hume, the lord of I^e- 
dington and James Melvin; wher I was intretyd very well accordinge to 
the flate of the place, which is fitter to lodge prifoners then folks at ly- 
bertye, as yt is very little fo yt is very flronge. By the conference I have 
had with the lorde of Ledington I do fynde the lords his aflbciats and he 
hathe left nothing unthought of which maye be eyther to their daynger or 
worke them fuertye ; wherein they doo not forgett what good and harme 
Frawnce may doo them, and lykewife they confyder the fame of England. 
But as farre as I canne perceave, to be playne with yow, they fynde more 
peryll to growe unto them throwgh the queues majeflies dealynge then 
eyther they doo by the Frenche or by any contraye fadlion emongil them- 
felfTs, for they afluer themfelffs the queue wyll leave them in the bryars 
y{ they runne hyr fortune. And thowghe they do acknowledge greate 
benefit, as well to them as to the realme of Englande, by hyr raajefties 
doings at Lethe, wherof they faye mutuallye hir majeflie and bothe the 
realmes have receaved great fruit, yet, upon other accidents which have 
chawncyd fithens, they have obfervyd fuche things in her majefties doings 
as have tendyd to the dainger of fuche as fhe hath dealt withall to the 
overthrowe of your owne defleigments, and lyttle to the fuertye of any 
partye, and upon thefe confiderations and difcourfes at lengthe, me think- 
eth, I fynd a difpofition in them, that eyther they mynde to make their 

^ From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 21. 



Digitized by 



Google 



198 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

ba!rgiae with FVacwnce, or els to tdeile neytli^ with France imt yowe; bat 
to doo what they fliftl thinke mete for thejr fUte nmd foertye «ad to ufe 
theyr remedyes as occafion (hall move them, meaninge neyther to irritate 
Frawnce nor Englande mityll fuche tjrme as they have made theyr bargin 
affurydlye with on of yowe, for they thinke yt conyenyent to proceade 
with you bothe for a whyle " pari paffu," for that was my lorde of Le- 
dingtons terme. I doo perceave they take the matter very mikincHye 
that no better anfwer ys made to the lettre which the lordes did fende to 
hyr m^efle, and lykewife that they here nothinge from you to theyr iatif- 
fa6lion. I have anfweryd as well as I canne, and have alledgyd theyr 
owne proceadings fo obfcuerlye with the quene and theyr uncertentye 
hath occafionyd this that is yet happenyd ; and therf<^e hyr majeftie 
hathe fent me to thende I may enforme hyr throwghlye of the date of the 
matter, and upon the declaration of theyr myndes and intents to fach 
purpofes as fliaH be by me propofyd on hyr majelUes behalfe unto them, 
they fhatl be reafonablye and reafolutelye anfweryd. At thefe thinges 
the lorde of Ledington fmyled and (hoke hys head, and fayd, « yt were 
better for us you wolde let us alone then neyther to do us nor yourfelfis 
good, as I feare me in the end yt will prove." 

Sir, yf there be any trothe in Ledington, La Crocq ys gonne to pro- 
cuer Ramboillet hys cominge hither, or a man of lyke qualitie, and tode* 
lyver them of theyr quetie for ever, who fliall leade hyr lyef m Frawnce, 
in an abbey reclufyd; the prince at the Frenche devotion; the realme 
govemyd by a cownceii of theyr election as the Scottilhe nation; the 
forts commyttyd to the cuftodye of fuche as fhall be chofen emongftthem- 
felffs. As yet I fynde no great lykelihode that I fhall have accefle to the 
qiiene, yt is objeiSlyd they maye not fo difpleafe the Frendie kinge un- 
leffe they were fuer to fynde the quene of Englande a good firynd ; and 
when they have ones by my acceffe to the quene offendyd the Frenche, 
then, they faye, you wyll make your profTet therof to theyr undoinge. 
And as to the quenes libertye, which was the firft head that I propofyd, 
they fayd that therby they dyd perceave that the quene ment tbejr iia- 
doinge, for as for the reft of the matters yt was but follye to talke of 
them, the lybertye goiage before, " but," fayd they, " yf yowe wyll doo 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 199 

us no good, da us no banme» and we wyll provyde for our fel&." In the 
eade they fayde we ihukle reafufe our owno eomoditie before they ewr 
dudyd with any other, which I jQiukle here of at my cominge to Kdtti- 
bur^ie. By my next I hope to fend yow the bande conchidyd by the 
HambletonSv Argyle, Huntlye, and that fa^on, not fo muche to die pre- 
judbce ^ the lords at Edenburgh as that which was fent into FrawDee. 
Thus havinge no more leyfure, but compelled to leap on horfe backe 
with thefe lords to goo to Edinburghe, I humblye take my leave of yowe. 
FhHp Fafeaftle, the xij"^ of Julye, 1567. 

Yours to ufe and comande» 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir William 
CeeyUy knight, one of h^ majel^ 
ties Prive CounfeU and principall 
Secretorye. 



LETTER FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OF ST ANDREWS AND THE ABBOT OF 

ARBROATH TO SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON, 

Jolt 12, 1567.» 

RioHT honorable^ efter piaifl hartye comendacions. Heringe of your 
cominge in tliis realme, as we underfland, dyre^ted from the qu^iies 
majeflie of England for releve of our foveraigne, wee thought gude to 
certefie you of the good mjrnde of the grettefl and maifl parte of her no- 
bylytie altogether to employe themfelves as gudde fubjedles for her 
highnes relieve. And that your wifdome fhould not thinke flraunge of 
our longe delaye, yt proceeds of no lacke of gud will but for efchew- 
iag ctf gfetter inconvenyence^ ; for wee ^e verye laith to enter into blude 
ii)P0ng9 ow felies, gyv her majeflies lybertie may otberwaies be haid by 
hw^. OAd readable condycjoos, which we have cravit and luks efter at 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 22; 



Digitized by 



Google 



200 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

theire hands, wyllinge na waies the hurt of the noblemen detenars of her 
graces perfon maire than our awne, but is alwaies delyberate to procure 
theire fecurytie as gyf our felves, whilk God forbid, weere fallen in lyke 
cace. And gyf they refufe the famin, wee doubt nought of the gud fa* 
vour and alfiflance of the queues majeflie your miftris, as becomis her 
grace, na les of tendemes of blude nor of her princelie honour for man- 
teynaunce of her lyke eflate. 

And heirefore [we requeft] yow, in our maift eflfe^uus maner, to graunt 
us that favour, that gyf by your gud pleafur, that we may knaw ane part 
of your foveraines mynde in that behalfe. As concerning the poniflh- 
ment of the iklaunderous murther comytted in the perfon of the hufband 
of our foveraigne, and the fure perfervation of our natyve prince, her 
fonne, ther fal non in this realme be maire willinge to affiil theireto nor 
wee, which fhalbe notorlie knawen as occafion ihdl ferve. Not willinge 
to trouble your honour with longe wrytinge, wee hartelie deiire yow to 
credyt this bearer in the premifles. Thus comytts you to the protefityon 
of the Etemall. At Hamilton, the xij^ daye of Julie, 1567. 

Your luffing friends to comaund, 

St Andrews. Arbrothe. 

To the right honorable fir Nycholas 
Throckmorton, ambafladour to the 
queens majeflie of Ingland. 

12th Julye, 1567. The copye of the bifchop of St Andre?FS and lord 
of Arbrothes lettre to the ambaflador. 



LETTER FROM MR JENYE TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 
July IS. 1567.* 

It male pleafe yow, right honorable fir, that my lorde of Murraye, fynd- 
ing hymfelffe in fome difcontentmente by his longe delayes of the Frencbe 
kinge, as alfo in hazerd of deteynynge by force, befide fome perell of his 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 2S. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 201 

perfon by fuche as have grutcht muche his aflfe^ion towardes Englcmd, 
requyred my lorde my mafler to affifl bim by fome policye to efcape fe- 
cretlie owt of Fraunce. Wherupon I was depeched towardes Deepe to 
ftaie fome Englifhe barke under fome colour, for my lord of Murraie 
will pafle in no Frencheman, and if I found not an Englifhman therc5 to 
haft over thether to Rye to provide hym with all diligence ; where I am 
arrived this aftemowne at foure of the clocke, and meanes as fowne as 
tide and wynde ferves, God willinge, to repaire towardes Depe againe, 
where a meffenger attendes my arrivall to give knowledge to my lord of 
Murraie at the court, wherebie he may, under an aiTurance of his veflell, . 
determyne and adventure his purpofe. 

The prince of Condye fodaine departure from the courte bothe with 
muche difficultie and muche myfcontentment, as alfo other emulacion in 
courte and differences other where, 'which promyfeth fome newe garboyle 
in one particuler of the myftrufte my lorde of Murraye haith of hymfelffe, 
befide other caufs with the reft, which I have by word of mouthe to ad- 
vertife your honour of at my arivall with yow, which Ihal be, God 
wiUinge fo, fowne as I have landed my lord of Murraye, in what part of 
Englande fo ever it be. Thus in haft I humblie take my leave of your 
honour. From Rye, this xiij of Julie, 

Your honours humblie bounden. 



To the right honorable fir. William 
Scicill, knight, principall Secreto- 
rie to the queues majeftie, and one 
of her highnes moft honorable Pri-^ 
vie Counfaile. 



c c 



Digitized by 



Google 



102 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETT£a PSOIf KiUEEN ELIEliBETH TO SIR KiCfHOLAfl THROCKMORTON, 

JUL¥ U, 1567.* 

BT THE QUEENE. 

Trusty and welbebvedl, we greete j/ou weU. Though we thinke that the 
caufes ib^e will often chaiige upon vjuryetie of accidents, yet tlus we 
think for fundry refpe6bB not amille ; that^ as yow ihall deale with the 
londes having charge of tibe y<M9g {niBce for the comaiitting of him into 
our realme, fo fhall yow alfo do well in treaty with the qtieene to offer 
her, Aat, where her reahne appeeridi to be fuhjeft to fundry troobles 
from tyme te fyne, and therby, as it is maaifeft, her lone cannot be free 
&om periU, yf fhe Ihall be conteoted her fone may enjoy iberty and quiet- 
ms wathm this our reaime, bemg fo seere as he knowith it is, we ihall 
not faile but yeld to her as good iavefty therin ibr her chiide as can be 
devifed for any that might be otir diitde bom of our own body, and Ihal- 
tie glad to fiiew to her theria the trew effed; of natursdl fremUhippe. And 
herin die may be by yow jemembrid how muche good may enfew to her 
fone to be nooriihed and acquainted wkh our contree. And therfere, 
all things confiderid, this occafion for her childe wer rather to be fought 
by her and the freends of hym then offrid by us. And to this ende we 
meane that yow fhall fo deale with her, both to Hay her in deede from 
enclyning to the Frenche pra&ife, which is to us notoryous, to convey the 
prince into France, and alfo to avoyde any juft offence that fhe might 
heerafter conceive if fhe fhulde heere that we ihuld deale with the lordes 
for the prince. 

Minute, 14 July, 1567. 

To fir Nicholas Throkmorton, 
being in Scotland. 

* From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 27. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 203 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

Jm.Y 14, 15a7.* 

It maye pleafe your maj^ie to be adv^tized ; I did fignifye to Mr So* 
cretorye, by my lettres of the H a»d 12 of Julye^ the daye of myne 
entrye mto Scotlande* the caufes of my daye, my lodgynge at Fafcaftle^ 
a place of the lord Humes^ where I was met by the faide lord ami the 
laird of Lyddyngton, and what had pa0ed in conference betwixt us whileft 
I was at the faid Fafcaftte. Synce which tyme, accompanyed with the 
lordes afforefaid, a^d with 400 horfes by theyre appoyntemente for my 
better conduct, I cam to Edenboroughe the 1^ of this prefent. The 
13, beinge Soundaye, appoynted for a folempne comunyon in thys towuQ, 
and alfo a folempne faft being publyflhed, I could not have conference 
with the lordes which be afl*embled withm thys townq, as I defyred ; that 
is to foye, the earles of Athell and Moreton, tb^ lorde Hume and the 
larde of Lyddyngton, fir James Bawfor capytayne of the caillet Mr 
James Magyll and the prefydent of the Seflyon. Nevertheles, I made 
meanes by the lard of Lyddyngton that theye woulde ufe no protra^e of 
tyme in myne audyence, fo I dyd lykewyfe to the earle Moreton, whom 
I met by chaunce. I was aunfwered by them bothe that, albeyt the daye 
weere deftyned to facred exercyfes, fuche as weere there of the Counfell 
woujde confulte uppon my mocypn tou^ynge myne accefle unto them 
and my conference with them, and fayd alfo that in thaftemoune 
eyther they woulde come to me, or I fhoulde heare from them. 

About 4 of the cloke in thafternoune^ the faid 13 daye, the laird of 
Lyddyngton cam to my lodginge apd declsured unto me, on the behalfe of 
the lordes and others, that they requyred me tp have pacyence thoughe 
they had dyflferred my conference with them, which was grownded pryncy- 
pallye upon thabfence of the earles of Mar and Glenkerne, the lordes 
Symple, Kreyghton, and others of the Counfell ; fayinge alfo that they dyd 

• From Uie Addit. MS. 4126, No. 36. 



Digitized by 



Google 



204 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

confyder the matters which I was on your majeflies behalfe to treate with 
them of weere of [fo] great importaunce as that they coulde not falfelye 
nor convenyentlye treate with me nor geve me aunfwer without thadvyce 
of the lordes and others theyre aflbcyates. The laird of Lyddington alfo 
fayd unto me, that, where he perceyved by hys pryvat conference with me 
in my joumeye hetherwardes, that I prefled greatlye to have fpedye accefle 
to the queen theyre foveraigne, he perceived by the lordes and others which 
weere heere, that in that matter there was great dyfiycultie for manye re- 
fpe3;es, but fpeciallye becaufe they had refufed to the Frenche ambafladors 
the lyke acceffe, which beinge graunted unto me might greatlye offende the 
Frenche kinge, a matter which they defyred and intended to efchewe, for they 
dyd not fynde by your majeflies dealynges with them hetherto that yt be- 
houved them to irrytate the Frenche kinge and to lowfe his favour and good 
intellygence with hym. I aunfwered that as unto theyre refufall made unto 
the Frenche ambafladore, mounfieur De Villeroye was difpatched forthe 
of Fraunce before theys accydentes heere happened, and hys fpecyall ar- 
raunde was to impeache the queues marryage with the earle Bodwell ; 
for fo indeede fince my cominge hether I learned his commiflyon tended to 
that ende, and to make offer to the queen of another maryage. And as 
to monfieur Du Crocq he coulde have no order forthe of Fraunce concem- 
inge theys matters fynce they happened, and therefore they might verye 
well hoidde them fufpe6led to have conference with the queue, leafte 
they might treate of matters in thys tjrme without inflru6tyons, and fo 
rather do harme than good. But your majeftie, beinge advertized of all 
thynges which had chaunced, had fent me hether to treate with them for 
the weale of the realme,for the confervacion of theyre honors and credyttes, 
and for theyre furetye ; and I might bouldlye faye unto hym that your 
majeflie had deferved unto the moofl of this alTemblye and to the whoUe 
realme than the Frenche had. He fayd, for his owne parte he was muche 
bounde unto your majeflie, and had alwayes founde great favour and cour- 
teoufTye in Englande. ** But to be playne with yow, fur," fayd he, " there 
is not manye of thys aiTemblye that have founde fo great oblygacyon at 
the queue your foveraignes handes as at the Frenche kinges ; for the 
earles of Moreton and Glenkeme be thonelye perfones which towke bene- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 205 

fyte by the quenes majefti^s ayde at Lyethe ; the reft of the noblemen 
weere not in that adtyon. And we thynke," fayd he, ** the quenes ma- 
jeftie your foveraigne, by thopynyon of her owne counfell and all the 
worlde, towke as great benefyte by that charge as the realme of Scot- 
lande dyd, or anye partycular perfon. And not to talke with yow as an 
ambalSadour, but with fir Nycholas Throkmorton, my lord Moreton and 
fudie as weere in payne for the deathe of Davye founde but coolde favour 
at the queens majefties handes when they weere banyflhed forthe of theyre 
owne countreye. But I woulde all our whoUe companye weere as well wyl- 
linge to accomplyfhe the quene your foveraignes entententes and defyres 
as I am for my owne parte ; I am but one, and that of the meaneft forte, 
and they be manye noblemen and fuche as have great intereft in the 
matter. Marye, yow fliall be aflured I wyll employe myfelfe to em- 
ploye my credyt and all that I may doe to fatyffyce the queen your 
myftrys as muche as lyeth in me,* and, for your owne parte, yow have 
a great meanye of frendes in thys affemblye," with manye other good 
wordes. But for conclufyon, I muft take thys for an aunfwer, to ftaye 
untill the other lordes weere come ; and thereapon I thought meete to 
advertize your majeftie what hathe pafled, and how farforthe I have 
proceded, your expeftacyon beinge great to heare from hence. 

And now to advertyze your majeftie of the ftate of all thyngs as I have 
learned fynce my cominge hether, yt maye pleafe your majeftie to under- 
ftande as foUowethe ; 

The quene of Scotland remeynethe in good helthe in the caftleof Loughe 
Leven, garded by the lordes Lynfey and Lougheleven, the owner of the 
howfe, for the lord Rutheven is employed in another comifTyon, becaufe 
he began to fhew favor to the queen and to geve her intellygence. She 
is waited on with five or fix ladyes, four or five gentlewomen, and two 
chamberers, whereof one is a Frenche woman. The earle of Boughan, 
thearle of Murreys brother, hathe alfo libertye to come to her at hys 
pleafure. The lordes affbrefayd, which have her in garde, do keape her 
verye ftraytlye, and as far as I can perceyve theyre rygowre proceadythe 
by thorder from theys men, becaufe the queen wyll not by anye meanes 
be induced to lend her authorytye to profecute the murder, nor wyll not 



Digitized by 



Google 



206 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

confent by anye perfwacyon to abandon the lord Bodwell for her hufbande, 
but avowethe conftantlye that ihe wyll lyve and dye with bym, and fayetbe 
if yt weere put to her choyfe to relynquylhe her orowne and kyngdome or 
the lord Bodwell fhe woulde leave her kyngdc^e and dignytye to lyve as 
a fymple damofell with hyin> and that &e will never confent that he Ihatt 
fare worfe or have more harme than herfelfe* 

And as far as I can perceyve the prynoypaU caufe of her detmtycoi ya, for 
that theys lordes doe [think] the queen beinge of fo fervente aibftyc^ to- 
wardes therle Bodwell as fhe is and beinge put atlybertye, fte woulde ufe 
her authory tye and power to hys mantenaunce as they fhoulde be compelled 
to be in contynuall armes and to have occafyon of manye battayles, he 
beinge with manyfeft evydenee notoryouflye dete^ed to be the prynoypaU 
murderer, and the lordes meaninge profecutyon of juftyce agaynil hym 
accordinge to hys merytes. The lordes meane alfo a dyvoree betwi^U the 
queen and hym^ a^ a maryage not to be fufibred for manye refped;es, 
which feparacyon cannot take place yf the que^fi be at lyb€9i;ye and bave 
power in her handes. They do not alfo forget thejrre pwne peryll, oon- 
joyned with the daunger of the prynce. But, as far a$ I can perceyve, 
they entende not eyther to towche the queen in furety or in honor, for they 
do fpeake of her with refpe^l and reverence, and doe affirme, as I do 
leame, that, the condycyons afTorefayd accomplyllhed, they wyll bothe 
put her to lybertye and reftore her to her ellate. Theys lordes have for 
the garde of thys towne 450 harquebuflhers, which be in verye good or- 
der ; for thenterteynment of which companyes, untiU all matters be com- 
pounded, they dyd fue unto your majeflie to ayde them with fuche fomme 
of money as hathe ben mencyoned to Mr Secretorye by the lard of Lyd- 
dingtons wrytingei amountynge, as I perceyve, to ten or twelve thoqfand 
crowned of the fonne. They weere latelye advertized that the Frenche 
kynge dothe mynde to fend hether mounfieur De la Chappelle dez Ur- 
fines, a knight of the Frenche Order and alwayes well affectionate to the 
howfe of Guyfe. And howfoever La Foreft, Villeroye, and De Crocq have 
ufed language in the queens favour, and to theys lordes dyfadvantage 
thereto your majeftie, La Crocq dothe carye with hym fuche matter a3 
ihal be lytle to the queans advauntage, fo as yt is thought the Frrachje 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 207 

kynge, apon hys comynge to hys prefence9 wyll rather fatyffye the lordes 
than pleafure the queen, for they have theyre partye fo well made as the 
Prenche myVL rather make theyre proffet by them than anye other waye. 

Herewith I {ende your majeflie the lad bounde agreed one and figned 
by the Hamyltons, the earles of Argyell, Huntleye» and foundrye others, 
at Dumberton. 

Nevertheles, fynce my commge to thys towne, the Hamyltons have fent 
unto me a gentleman of theyre fumame, named Robert Hamylton, with 
a lettre from the bullhope of Saynt Andrews and the abbot of Arbrothe, 
the copye whereof I fend your majeflie, and myne anfwer unto them, re* 
ferrynge to the bearer the declaracyon of fome thynges, as they dyd by 
.hym unto me. 

The earle of Argyell hathe, in lyke maner, fent another unto me, with 
a lettre and credyt, I have ufed hym as I dyd others; the copye of bothe 
whidi iettres I fend your majeflie alfo. The lord Harryes hathe alfo fent 
unto me, bot not written; and I have retomed anfwer unto hym in lyke 
forte. 

Againft the 20 daye of thys monethe there is a generall aflemblye of 
all the chirches, Ihyres, and bc^roughe townes of thys realme, namelye of 
iuche as be contented to repayre to theys lordes to thys towne, where yt 
is thought the whoUe flate of thys matter wyl be handled, and I feare 
modie to the queens dyfadvauntage and daunger, oneles the lorde of 
Lyddyngton and fome others, which be beft affe6led unto her, do provyde 
ibme remedye. For I perceyve the great nomber and in maner all, but 
chyeflye the eomon people, which have aflyfl^d in theys doinges, doe 
greatlye dyffavour the queen and mynde feryouflye eyther her depryvar 
cyon or her deftru&yoiL I have ufed the beft meanes I can, confyderynge 
the fiirye of the worlde here, to proroge thys aflemblye, for that appear* 
«the to me to be (he beft remedye, I may not fpeake of dvflblucyon of yt, 
for thai oiay not be abyden, and Iflioulde thereby brynge myfelfe in great 
kitred and peryll. The dby£eft of the lordes which be heere preafent at 
tbf» tjme dare not fliewe fo muche lenytye to the queen as I thynke they 
couldte he coirtented for fear of the rage of the people. The women be 
nooft furious aod impudent againft the queen, and yet the men be mad 



Digitized by 



Google 



208 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

enoughe; fo as a ilranger ever bufye maye foone be made a facrafyce 
amongeft them. There was a great brute that the Hamyltons with theyre 
adherents would put theyre force into the feyldes agaynfl the 24 of thys 
monethe, but I doe not fynde that entent fo true as the comon brute 
goethe. 

The earle of Argyell is in the Hyelande, where there is fome trouble 
amonge his owne countreymen ; the earle of Lenowxe ys by theys lordes 
muche defyred heere, and I doe beleave your majeftie maye fo ufe hym 
and dyre6l hym as he fhal be hable to promote your purpoofe with. theys 
men. 

The earle of Argyelle, the Hamyltons and he be incompatyble. I doe 
fynde amonges the Hamyltons, Argyell, and that companye, twoo ftraunge 
and foundrye humors. The Hamyltons doe make fliow of the lybertye 
of the queen, and profecute that with great eameflnes, becaufe they 
woulde have theys lordes deflroye her rather than ihe fhoulde be reco- 
vered from them by violence. An other whyle theye feme to defyre her 
lybertye and Bodwells de(lru6lyon, becaufe they woulde compafle a mar- 
ryage betwixte the queen and the lord of Arbrothe. 

Thearle of Argyell dothe affe£le her lybertye and Bodwells deilruc- 
tyon, becaufe he woulde marye the queen to hys brother, and yet neyther 
of them, notwithftandynge theyre open concurrence as appearethe by 
theyre bande, dothe dyfcover theyre myndes to eache other, nor mynde 
one ende. 

Knox is not heere but in the weft partyes; he and the reft of the my- 
nyfters wyl be heere at thys great aflemblye, whoofe aufterytye agaynft 
the queen I feare as muche as anye mans. 

By fome conference which I have had with fome of thys counfell me 
thynkethe they have intellygence that there [is] a dyfpofycion in the queue 
of Scotland to leave thys realme and to retyre herfelfe eyther into Eng- 
launde or into Fraunce, but mooft willinglye into Englaunde, for fuche 
traveries and myflykynges as ihe knoweth hath ben and is ment unto her 
in Fraunce, leavynge the regymente of thys realme eyther to a nomber 
of perfons deleagued and authorized by her, or to fome one or moe. 

And yt pleafe your majeftie, I thynke yt not amyfle to put yow in rer 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 209 

membrauDce that, in cafe the faid queen come into Englaunde by your al- 
lowance without the Frence kynges confent, flie fliall lowfe her dowrye 
in Fraunce and have lytle or nothynge from hence to entertejrne her, and 
in cafe flie doe goe into Fraunce with the kynges contentemente fhe 
maye be an inftrument, yf flie can recover favor, as tyme wyll helpe to 
cancell her dyfgrace, eyther by matchynge with fome hufl^and of good 
qualetye, or by fome other devyfe to worke newe unqueyetnes to her owne 
countrey, and fo confequentlye to your majefties. Therefore, yt maye 
pleafe your [majefty] fo confyder of thys matter, and to let me know 
your pleafure with convenyent fpeede how I fliall aunfwer the fame, yf yt' 
be propounded unto me, eyther by the queen or by thys counfell as a 
peece of thende and compofytyon. For I am fure of late flie hathe 
femed very defyrous to have the matter brought to paife that flie might 
goe into Englaunde, reteyninge her efl:ate and juryfdy6lyon in her felfe, 
thoughe flie doe not exercyfe yt. And lykewyfe I underflande that 
fome of thys counfell, which be beft affe6led to her falfetye, doe thynke 
there is now other waye to fave her. Thus Almightye God preferve 
your majeftie in helthe, honor, and all felycytie. At Edenboroughe, the 
14 of Julye, 1567. 

Youre majefties mooft humble, faythefull, 
obedyent fubje£te and fervaunt, 

[ ] 

To the queues moofte excellent 
majeftie. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF 

ST ANDREWS AND THE ABBOT OF ARBROATH, 

July 14, 1567.* 

It maye lyke your good lordfhips. I have, by Mr Robert Hamylton, 
receyved your lettre of the xij of Julye, the xiij of the fame, and therby 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 25. 

Dd 



Digitized by 



Google 



210 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

doe perceyve your honorable difpofyctons and refolucyoos for the enlarge^ 
ment of the quene, your foveraigne, annexed to other good confidera* 
tions; whereof I wyll not fafle to advertize the queens majeftie, my fove- 
raigne, who dothe concurre with you in thofle heades, as I double not 
but Mr Hamylton Ihall perceyve at his cominge to her majefties courte» 
whom I have recomended to have favourable paflage through her realme. 
As unto the ftate of things heere fince myne arryvall, and howe theis 
lords dothe deale and treate with meane^ I leave your lordihips to be 
informed by the gentleman, this bearer, unto whom I have declared fum- 
marlye theffe^te of that I knowe. Thus, with my humble comendacions 
to both your lordfhips, in the fame wyfe I take my leave of you. At 
Edenboroughe, this xiiij of Julye, 1567* 

Your good lordihips to ufe and comaunde, 

[ ] 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO THE EARL OF ARGYLL, 

July 14, 1567.* 

My verie good lord. After my due commendations to your good iord- 
fhip, this fhal be to geve yow myne humble thankes for your gentle vyfy- 
tation, bothe by your lettres and by your fervaunte, this bearer, unto 
whom I have declared breefelie the heades which the queens majeflie, 
my foveraigne, hathe geven me in charge to treate of with the noblemen 
heere, as well for the queen their foveraignes enlargement, as for the 
ponyfliinge the late horryble murder, the prefervation of the prynce, the 
fecurytie of the lordes which have put theire hands to this aAyon, and 
lafUie, a good Concorde betwixt the queue and her fubje^ with a gene* 

» From the Addit. MS. 4126» No. 24. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN QF QUEEN MARY. 211 

« 

rail tranquillytie in the boUe realme. Thu8» prayinge God to fend your 
lordfhip good helthe with muche honour^ I humblye take my leave of 
yow. At Edinboroughe, this 14 of Julye, 1567* 

Your lordfhips to ufe and comande, 

N. Throkmobton. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTONT TO SIR WILLIAM CECILL, 

July 14. 1567.* 

Syr, I do at thys tyme wryte unto yow partyculerly with gretter brevyte 
then if I had not wryten at large to hyr m^jeflie, whearunto I reaffere 
yow, and do humbly pray yow to confyder the ftate of thyngs as they be, 
and to let me know from yow what certayne poynte her majeftie wyll 
grow to, for thefe men be to well acquaynted with ower humors. I do 
^d, by the lard of Lydyngton, who is wyfyfte, to hyr majeftie and hyr 
realme befle affe6tyd, and ys the only meyne to worke any good thyng 
fo as'yt be probable, that it ys no tyme to fpeake of the delyvery of theyr 
prynce, and yet, as on that wold wyn thyngs to your porpofe by tyme 
and degres, he whyflythe that hyr majeftie wold not have made fuche 
dyfiycultie to have employed amongft them 10 or 12,000 crowns ; in re- 
fpede publykely that hyr majeftie woUd purfu fuche a murder comytted 
ageynfli hyr fubgett and kinfman, and to feparate fuche a advowterer 
from the queue hyr coflyn as Bothewell ys, thowghe hyr majeftie do not 
wey theyr fecurities, nor the prefervation of the prynce. He layethe, at 
long rekonyng the benefytt wyll prove almofte as moche to hyr advantage 
and the realmes as any money beftowed fynce her comyng to the crowne, 
and fhuld have won hyr more fuer fervants and frends heere to compafle 

• From the AMt. MS. 4196, No. 28. 



Digitized by 



Google 



212 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

hyr defyera then foure tymes as moche beflowed amongfte them by any 
other prynce, or at any other tyme. 

Syr, I pray you note the poynts yn her majeflies letter whyche requier 
hyr pleafure to be fyngnyfied unto me, and by your good meyns let me 
here of yt withowte delay. Thus I humbly take my leave of yow. At 
Edenborowghe, the xiiij of July, 

Yours to ufe and comand, 



LETTER FROM CHARLES THE NINTH, KINO OF FRANCE. TO QUEEN 
ELIZABETH, July 16, 1567.* 

Tres haulte et tres excellente princefle, noflre tres chere et tres amee 
foeur et confine. Ayant fjeu au retour du fieur de Villeroy, et, depuis, 
du fieur du Croc, noflre ambafladeur en Ecofl*e, Teflat auquel ilz y ont 
laifle le§ chofes, qui a befoing du confort et vifitation de fes amys ; et 
pour le defir que nous avons d'y veoir plus de repoz et tranfquillite qu'il 
n'y avoit lors, et la royne du di6l pays, noftre tres chere et tres am6e belle 
foeur et confine, hors de Taffli^tion en laquelle elle eft ; nous avons ad- 
vile y envoyer le fieur de Lignerolles, gentilhomme de noftre chambre, 
prefent porteur ; auquel nous avons donne charge vous vifitt* en paf- 
fant de notre part, et dire de noz bonnes nouvelles, auffi nous rapporter 
des voftres a fon retour. Vous pryant, tant et fi affedhieufement fur ce 
que faire pouvons, le croyre et adjoufter foy a tout ce qu'il vous dira de 
noftre part, tout ainfy que vous feriez a nous mefmes ; qui prions Dieu, 
tres haulte et tres exceUrate princeflei noftre tres chere et tres amee fceur 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 73. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 213 

et coufine, yous avoir en fa tres fain€te et digne garde. Efcript a Efco- 
ven, le xyj"»« jour de Juillet, 1567. 

Votre bon frere et coufin, 

Charles. 



DB L'AUBEfiPINE. 



A tres haulte et tres excellente prin- 
cefTe, noftre tres chere et tres 
amee foeur et coufine, la royne 
d'Angleterre. 



LETTER FROM CATHARINE DE MEDICIS, QUEEN DOWAGER OF FRANCE, 

TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 
JlTLT 16, 1567.* 

Tbes haulte et tres excellente princefle, noflre tres chere et tres amee 
fceur et confine. Envoyant le roy, noflre tres chere feigneur et filz, le 
fieur de LigneroUes, gentilhomme de fa chambre, prefent porteur, en 
Ecofle, pour Toccafion qu'il vous efcript ; nous lui avons donne charge 
vous vi^r» en paflant, de noflre part, afl^ de confirmer et conforter, 
par tons bons offices, la commune, fincere, et parfai£le amitye que efl 
entre nous. Vous pryant tres affedlueufement le croire et ajoufter foy 
a tout ce que fur ce il vous fera entendre de par nous, tout ainfy que 
leriez a noflre propre perfonne. Pryant Dieu, tres haulte et tres excel- 
lente pryncefle, noftre tres chere et tres amee fceur et confine, vous avoir 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 74. 



Digitized by 



Google 



214 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

en fa tres fainde et digDe garde. Efcript a Efcoveoi le xyj"^ jour de 
JuilH 1567. 

Votre bonne team et confine, 
Caterinb. 



Ds l'aubbs^inb. 
A tres haulte et tres excellente prin- 
cefTe, noftre tres chere et tres 
amee foeur et confine, la royne 
d'Angleterre. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

JuLT 16, 1567/ 

It maye pleafe your majeflie. I did advertize by my letters of the 14 of 
Julye how theys lordes aflembled at Edenboroughe had deferred myne 
audyence and conference with them untill the retume of the eailes of 
Mar and Glenkeme, and the reft of theyre afibciates, unto thys towne. 
But perceyyynge the fayde lordes abfent dyd not mynde to make anye 
fpedye repayre hether, I dyd eameftlye prefle theys lordes agayne to 
geve me audyence, and the rather, for that I fawe that theyre aflemblye 
agaynft the 20 of thys monethe drawe on, wfaerof I advertized youf aia* 
jeilie in my lafte. Whereapon, the 15 of this monethe, the carles Atbdl, 
Moreton, the lord Hume, the lard of Lyddyngton, Sir James Bowfior, 
capten of thys caftle and clerke of the Regyfter, the lard of Tyllybeme, 
and the lard of Cragmyller, provoft of thys towne, dyd come to my lod- 

^ From the AdUit. MS. 4126, Na 29. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 215 

gynge ; where, after ordynarye falutacyons donne, I dyd requyere them 
to heare and receyve what I had to faye unto them from your majeftie. 
The lordes defyred me to forbeare thopeninge of myne inftru^tyoos un-* 
till theyre hoUe companye weere afiembled, notwithftandmge I prefled 
them to defift from delayes, and fo the fayd lordes aunfwered me thatt 
albeyt they cam at thys tyme to falute me and byd me welcome and to 
entreate me to forbeare to negocyate with them untill the reft of the com- 
panye weere aflembled, yet, to fatiffyce myne importunacye, they woulde 
enter into negocyacyon with me, and fo requyredme to declare your ma- 
jefties pleafure. Whereapon I dyd delyver them your majefties letter, 
and dyd declare unto them your majefties inftrudtions geven unto me, 
refenrynge that artycle which dyd conceme the Frenche, and thalyeana- 
cyon of theyre myndes from dealynge with them. The lordes receyved 
your majefties lettre with great reverence, and harde verye attentivelye, 
without interrupcydn, the hoUe dyfcourfe of myne inftru£lyons, whereunto 
they aunfwered by the mouthe of the lard of Lyddyngton, who fat hyett 
but the two earles and the lord Hume, that they humblye thanked your 
majeftie, that yt woulde pleafe yow to deale fo honorablye with them ; 
whereby they had good occafyon to be well advyfed in theyre anfwer to 
your majeftie ; and therefore they thought convenyent to tell me they 
might not make aunfwer to the matters propofed by me upon the fodayne, 
and fo requyred me to take in good parte theyre delyberacyon of fuche 
matters as were conteyned and uttred by me in myne inftrudlyons at good 
lenght. And thoughe they had, agaynft theyre owne determinacyon and 
good order, for the fatilfa6lyon of my defyre and to avoyde at your majefties 
handes mifconcejrvinge, adventured in thabfence of theyre complyces to 
receyve your majefties lettre, to reade the fame, and to heare what I had 
to faye on your majefties behalfe unto them, yet they requyred that bothe 
your majeftie would allowe, and I would take in good parte, the fufpen- 
cyon of theyre aunfwer untill theyre aflbcyates weere joyned with them. 

I replyed, fayinge, that thoughe there weere bothe noblemen and wyfe 
men abfent^ and fuche as I coulde have bene verye well contented ftiould 
have harde what your majeftie had geven me in charge, yet I knew right 
well that aflemblye, confyftynge of fuche perfons as yt dyd, bothe for 



Digitized by 



Google 



216 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

honor, wyfdome, and credyte, had fuffycyent habylytie and au6lhorytye 
as well to anfwer and refolve as to heare what had been declared. And 
therefore I requyred them to abfteyne from ceremonyous delayes, and to 
make me aunfwer to that I had declared on your majeflies behalfe, and 
no longer to defer my repayre to the quene theyre foveraigne. 

Than thearle of Moreton anfwered, and requyred me that I woulde not 
thynke that they ment anye unneceffarye delayes, but dyd forbeare upon 
good advyfemente to make aunfwer to fo manye and weyghtye matters 
as had ben opened by me on your majeflies behalfe without thadvyce, 
delyberacyon, and confent of theyre fellowes. And there with all the 
reft of the counfellors dyd, as yt weere with one voyce, confyrme what 
had ben fayde by the earle Moreton and the lard of Lyddyngton, where 
apon I was compelled to take thys for an anfwer at thys tyme. 

Then I entred with them conceminge the ftate of the borders, havynge 
receyved the fame daye advertizement from fir John Fofter of a great 
fpoyle made upon the frontyere of Englande by two hondred Scottes, 
accompanyed with the fugytyves of Englaunde. The lordes aunfwered, 
by the mowthe of the earle Morton, that they weere verye forye of fuche 
dyforders, and that they had geven as good order as might be to keape 
all thynges apon the frontyeres in good ftaye ; nevertheles, the dyvycyon 
beinge fo amongeft them as yt was, and Bodwell the murderer favored 
as he was, bothe apon the frontyers and elfe where, yt coulde not be 
otherwife but trowbles woulde be rayfed and nouryflhed. And fure they 
weere that the pryncypall au6lhors of thys forreye weere eyther of Bod- 
wells fadlyon or fet on by hys partye, who had non other meane to helpe 
hymfelfe, thoughe yt weere but for a tyme, but by trowbles, bretche of 
peaxe, and fpolyacyons. Notwithftandinge, they dyd afliire me they would 
wryte to all the wardens and to all the heade men apon the frontyer to 
conferve the peaxe and to lyve in good order. And moreover they 
woulde entreate the lard of Graunge, who had good credyt with all the 
borderers, and namelye with the lard of Famiheft hys fonne-in-lawe, to 
goe to the frontyeres and fet all thypges in good ftaye, which donne, the 
fayde lard of Graunge fhoulde repayre to the lord of Bedforde in Bar^ 
wicke to ufe hys advyce and concurrencye in the matter. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 217 

And yt maye pleafe your majeftie, fince the wrytinge of my lafte, I do 
underftande the quene of Scotlande is [in] great feare of her lyflfe, and 
therefore hathe uttred to fome of the lordes aboute her that ihe can be verye 
well contented eyther to lyve in a cloffe nunrye in Fraunce, or with 
thoulde dowgier of Guyfe, her graunte mother. 

The earle Bodwell hath ben of late with the earl of Huntleye at 
Strawboggye in the northe of Scotlande, where he hathe attempted to 
leveye force and make fome ftyrre. But thoughe the earle of Huntlye 
weere holden fufpedted to theys men, he, fyndynge Bodwell fo lytle favored 
in all quarters, wyll not adventure muche for hym. And now I heare 
faye the fayde earle can be contented that Bodwell fhoulde myfcarye, to 
ryd the quene and hys fufter of fo wicked a hufbande. Whereapon I 
underflande that Bodwell dyd haflelye retyre hymfelfe awaye from the 
earle of Hunteleyes howfe in the night into Spynaye, the buflhope of Mur- 
reys howfe, where alfo yt is [ ] he wyll not make anye longe taryinge, 
but retyre himfelfe to the Ifles of Orkeneye, which be in nomber 32, 
whereof the quene did create hym duke. But I heare faye, theys lordes 
have geven good order to impeache hys entrye into thoofe iflandes, and 
namelye, by the brother of fir James Bawfor, who is captayne of the 
ftrongeft peece there; the bufhop alfo beinge at theys lordes devocyon. 

The Hamyltons and the earle of Argyelle begyn to enter into trafyque 
with theys lordes. 

I doe heare faye, the Hamyltons can be pleafed with the queues de- 
tencyon, or a worfe fare; and concurre with the lordes in all thynges, fo 
as the crowninge of the prynce nor non other adle may be defeaite them 
of theyre poflybylytie to thys crowne, which they feare by the fettynge 
up of the howfe of the Stuardes. 

Theys lordes have fent Robert Melvyn over the water to Lowgheleven, 
to talke with the quene and the lordes which have her in garde, at whofe 
retome as I can leame any thynge worthy your majefties knowledge I 
wyll not fayle to advertize the fame by my nexte. The lorde Roberte 
of Holyeroode howfe, halfe brother to thearle of Murreye, came yefter- 
night to thys towne well accompanyed, and repayred to the earle of 
Athells lodgynge, where all the lordes fat in counfell. The fayd lorde 

E e 



Digitized by 



Google 



219 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



V 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECILL. 

JuLT 16, 1567.* 

Sir, Me thynkythe thefe lordes be on the way to make an end of theyr 
matters with theyr foverayne amongeft themfelfes, albeyt they kepe bothe 
the Frenche and us yn hand; for they can not tell how to be rydd of 
theyr quene; wyche I myftnifte they intend on wey or other, witbowte 
the confent of the Frenche; takyng them to be better inclynyd to ferve 
theyr humours than we. And fyndyng they wyll [ ] thys courfe, not- 

withftandyng any threatenynges of any princes, I mulle take hede that we 
lofe them not holy, and dryve them to be more Frenche then they wold 
be, thoroughe the queens majefties iharpe impungnyng theyr defeygnes. 
It wer well don to make a vertu of neceflyte, unles hyr majeflie woll ufe 
armes ageynfle them; and I fe no happie end deftynyd unto us in thofe 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 30. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 219 

matters. To be playne with you, I feare the end, bothe for Gods dyfple- 
fure and for fome unaptnes amongefl ower felfes to enter and profecute 
the warr. To underfland what hathe paflyd fynce my lafte dyfpatche of 
the xiiij July, I do reafferre you to her majeilies letter fent now, and fo 
do humbly take my leave of you. At Edynboroughe, the xyj of July, 
1567. 

Yours to ufe and comand, 

.[ ] 

As yet thefe lordes wyll not fuflfer Mr N. Elveilon, fent from my 
lord of Murrey, to have accefle to the quene, nor to fend my lord of Mur- 
reys letter unto hyr. 

To the right honorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, on of the queues 
majefties Prevye Cownfayle, 
princypall Secretorye. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

July 18, 1567.* 

TO THE QUENES MOOSTE EXCELLENT MAJE3TIE. 

It maye pleafe your majeftie; yow might perceyve by my lettres of the 
16 how far I had proceded with theys lordes, and what was theyre aun- 
fwer. Synce which tyme I have fpoken particulerly with the earle 
Moreton, the lard of Lyddyngton, and fir James Bawfor, captayne of 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. SI. 



Digitized by 



Google 



220 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

thys cafUe, at whoofe handes I cannot perceyve that as yet accefle to the 
quene to Lougheleven wyl be graunled me ; ftayinge themfelves dill by 
thabfence of the lordes and others theyre aflbcyates, which, they faye, 
they lowke for within twoe dayes. And for that I fynde by lykelyehoode 
and apparaunt prefumptyons that myne accefle to the quene wyl be 
hardelye graunted, I have thought good not to defer thys dyfpatche un- 
tyll I have a refolute aunfwer in that matter. 

Maye it therefore pleafe your majeflie to underflande, Roberte Melvyn 
retorned from the quene at Lougheleven to thys towne the 17 of Julye, 
and brought a lettre from her, wrytten of her owne hande to theys lordes, 
which dothe contayne, as I underflande, matter as foUowethe. 

A requeft unto them to have confyderacyon of her helthe, and yf they 
wyll not put her at lybertye, to chaunge her place of reftraynte to the 
caflle of Sterlynge, to thend fhe might have the comforte and companye 
of her fonne. And yf they wyll not chaunge her from Lougheleven, (he 
requyred to have fome other gentlewoman about her, namynge non, to 
have her pothecarye, to have fome modefl mynifler, to have an imbro- 
derer to draw forthe fuche worke as flie would be occupyed about, and 
to have a verlet of her chamber. 

Touchynge the govememente of the realme, flie maketh twoe oflfers, 
which are but generally towched in her lettre; the particularyties be not 
fpecyfyed, but referred to Roberte Melvyns credyt. Thone is to comyt 
yt onely and whollye to the earle of Murray, thother is to the lordes whoofe 
names enfue, aflyfled by fuche others as they fhall call unto them, that is 
to faye, the duke of Chaftilleroe, the earles Huntlye, Argyelle, Athell, 
Lenowx with muche adoe, Moreton, Murray, Marr, and Glenkeme. 
She hathe written unto them that I might have accefle unto her. 

She requyreth further that yf they wyll not treate her and regarde her 
as theyre quene, yet to ufe her as the kynge thayre foveraignes daughter, 
whom many of them knewe, and as theyre prynces mother. 

She wyll by no meanes yelde to abandon Bodwell for her hufl^ande, 
nor relynquyflie hym ; which matter wyll doe her moofle harme of all, 
and hardnethe theys lordes to greate feverytye agaynil her. 

She yeldethe in wordes to the profecution of the murder. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 221 

I have founde the meanes to let her knowe that your majeilie hath 
fent me hether for her relyeffe. 

I have alfo perfwaded her to conforme herfelfe to renounce Bodwell 
for her hufbande, and to be contented to fuffer a dyvorce to paffe betwyxte 
them; flie hath fent me worde that (he wyll in no wyfe concent unto yt 
but rather dye, groundinge herfelfe apon thys reafon, that, takynge her- 
felfe to be feven weekes gon with chylde, by renouncynge Bodwell (he 
(houlde acknowledge her felfe to be with chylde of a baftarde, and to 
have forfayted her honoure, which (he will not doe to dye for yt. I have 
perfwaded her, to fave her owne lyffe and her chylde, to chewfe the lefte 
harde condycyon. 

Mr Knox arryved here in thys towne the 17 of this monethe, with 
whom I have had fome conference, and with Mr Cragge alfo thother 
mynifter of thys towne. I have perfwaded with them to preache and 
perfwade lenytie. I fynde them both verye audere in thys conference; 
what I (hall doe hereafter I know not. They are furny(hed with manye 
arguments fome forthe of the fcripture, fome forthe of hydoryes, fome 
grounded, as they fay, apon the lawes of thys realme, fome upon prac- 
tyzes ufed in thys realme, and fome apon the condycyons and othe made 
by theyre prynce at her coronatyon. The buflhop of Gallowaye, unckle 
to the earle of Huntleye, hathe fent hether to theys lordes, that hys 
nephewe the earle and fome others of that fyde maye at Lyethcoe or Ster- 
lynge have fome comunycacyon with fome appoynted on thys fyde; aflur- 
ynge them that there is a good difpofycion in the lordes of thother partye 
to concurre with theys; afiyrmynge further, that they wyll not dyffent for 
tryfles or unneceflTarye thinges, and, as I am gevin to underftande, they 
can be pleafed the queues redraynte be contynued untill the murder be 
punyflhed in all perfones, wherebye the feparacyon of the queue and 
Bodwell is implyed, the prefervacyon of the prynce, the fecuritye of all 
men, and a good order taken for the governaunce of the realme in tran- 
quyllytie. 

Capten Clarke, which hathe ferved fo longe in Denmarke and ferved 
at Newhaven did the 16 of this monethe, accompanyed with one of his 
fouldyers, or rather the fouldyer as the gretter fame goethe, kyll one 



Digitized by 



Google 



222 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Wylfon a feaman, and fuche a one as had great eftjrmacyon amongeft 
theys lordes, bothe for hys Ikyll, hys hardynes, honeftye, and wyllingenes 
in thys a6lyon ; where apon Gierke hathe retyred hymfelfe. Theyre 
quarell was about the fhyp which towke Blacketer; which fhip was ap- 
poynted by theys lordes to goe to the northe of Scotlande to impeache 
the paflage of the earle of Bodwell, in cafe he went eyther to the Ifles or 
any other place; by the deathe of which man thys enterpryfe is daflhed. 

The buflhop of Gallawaye is come to Lyethcoe, and dothe defyre to 
fpeake with the lard of Lyddington. 

The abbot of Kyllwynnye hathe fent to fir James Bawfor, capten of 
the caftle, to have conference with hym. 

As I wrot unto your majeftie in my lafte, the Hamyltons now fynde no 
matter to dyffever theys lordes and them a fonder, but woulde concurre 
in all thynges, yea in anye extremytie agaynil the queue, fo as they 
might be affured, yf the prynce of Scotlande weere crowned kynge and 
ihoulde dye without ifliie, that the earle of Lenowx fonne lyvynge fhoulde 
not inheryt the crowne of thys realme, as nexte heyre to his nephewe. 

And thoughe theys lordes and counfellours fpeake reverentlye, myldelye, 
and charytablye of theyre queue, fo as I cannot gather by theyre fpeecbes 
anye intencyon to crueltye or vyolence, yet I doe fynde by intellygence, 
that the queue is in verye greate peryll of her lyffe, by reafon that the 
people affembled at thys conventyon doe mynde vehementlye the deftruc- 
tyon of her. 

It is a publyke fpeache amongeft all the people and amongeft all 
eftates, faving the counfellors, that theyre queue hathe no more lybertye 
nor pryveledge to comyt murder nor adulterye than anye other pryvat 
perfon, neyther by Gods lawe, nor by the lawes of the realme. 

The earle of Bodwell and all hys adherentes and aflbcyates bee put to 
the home by thordynarye Juftyce of thys towne, named the lordes of the 
Seflyon, and comaundemente geven to all Iheryefis and all other offycers 
to apprehend hym and others his fawtors and receyptors. 

The earle of Bodwells porter and one of hys other fervauntes of hys 
chamber, beinge apprehended, have confeffed fuche foundrie cyrcum- 
ftances as yt appearethe evydently that he, the fayde earle, was one of the 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 223 

pryncypall executors of the murder in hys owne perfon, accompanyed 
with fondry others; of which nomber I cannot yet certeynlye leame the 
names, but of three of them, that is to faye, twoe of the Ormiftons of 
Tyvydalle and one Hayborne of Bolton. The lordes woulde be glade 
that non of the murderers fhould have anye favor or receypte in Eng- 
land; and hereof theyre defyre is that thoffycers upon the border maye 
be warned. Bodwell doethe ftyll remayne in the northe party es; but 
the lordes Seaton and Flemynge, which have ben there, have utlerlye 
abandoned hym, and doe repayre hetherwardes. 

The intellygence dothe growe daylye betwixte theys lordes and 
thoofe which helde of; and notwithftandinge theys lordes have fent an 
hundred and fyftie harquebuffiers to Sterlynge, to keape the towne and 
the paflage from furpryfe, and fo have they donne in lyke maner to 
Sayndl Johnflouns, which be the twoe paflages from the northe and the 
wefte to thys toune. I doe underflande the captayne of Dunbar is 
muche bufyed in fortefyinge that peece. 

I doe merveyle the caryages be not impeached otherwyfe then they bee. 
Of late thys queue hathe wrytten a lettre to the capteyne of the fayde 
caille, whiche hathe ben furpryfed, and thereby matter is dyfcovered 
which makethe lytle to the queues advauntage. 

Thus havynge non other matter worthye your majeilies knowledge, I 
befeache God to profper your majeflie with longe lyfFe, perfect helthe, 
and profperous felycytie. At Edenboroughe thys 18 of Julye, 1567, 

Your majeilies moofl humble, obedyent, faythefull, 
fubje6l and fervaunt, 

[ ] 



Digitized by 



Google 



224 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 18, 1567.* 

SiE, Your letter of the x of Julye, wrytten at CoUyarrewe, I have re- 
ceavyd the xviij of the fame; fince my laft of the xvj, yow fliall perceave 
by my letter to hir majeflie what ftate things flande in here. I dyd never 
fe greater confufion emongft men; for they chamge theyr opinions very 
often. Marye, always they be refolute to ufe all feveritye to the quene; 
they cannot agree yet emongft themfelffs abowt the forme of yt. The 
preachers, with a great nomber which depende upon them, be of on 
mynde; the lordes be devyded emongft themfelfls; the wyfeft wyll not 
fpeake to advoyde the furye of the people. 

Always I fynde the quene in very greate dainger, as yet they wyll not 
fuflFer Mr Elvefton to have acceffe unto hyr. Sir, I praye you let me 
underftande how I Ihall dyre6t myfelfe, confederinge in what tearmes 
thinges be here. 

I doe perceave thefe men be not afrayde of anye boaftinge, and they 
be to farre over the fliewes to leave them felfs unprovydyd for. The 
people be greatlye anymatyd againft the quene, they lett not to fliewe 
yt. Thus I humbly take my leave of yow. From Edinboroughe, the 
xviij. of July, 1567> 

Yours to ufe and commande. 



To the right honorable fir Wylliam 
Cecyll, knight, one of her majef- 
ties Preve Counfell, and pryncy- 
pall Secretorye. 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 32. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 225 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 19, 1567 .• 

Sir, By my letter to her majeftie you may perceave the (late of the 
worlde here. I pray you advyfe fubftancially what ys the befte, and fo as, 
the quene beyng deadd ether yn body or eftate, thys prynce and contre 
runne not the Frenche devotion to ower comber. 

If hyr majeftie do not yn tyme wyn thefe lordes and recover hyr crafyd 
credytt amongft them, before they have endyd theyr matters and fettlyd 
theyr porpofys withowte hyr ade, I fe they wyll take a cowrfe lytyll to 
ower advantage, and paraventure as lytyll to theyr owne. Herewith I 
fend you a tragicall dyalogue wyche I dyd omytte by my lafte; and 
verely, thowghe yt feme to procede from a poetts flioppe, the hole nomber 
here, I feare me, and the lordes alfo do thynke as ys conteynyd^heyryn ; 
and fo meyne to performe the effedle. What you wold have browght to 
paffe mufte be wrowght by the eyrie of Murrey, and that in tyme. Thus 
I humbly take my leave of you. At Edynborowgh, the xix of July, 
1567, 

Yours to ufe and comand, 

[ ] 

Sir, You fhall do well bothe to caufe my lord of Leceft^r and your- 
felffe to dyflypher truly how the Frenche have procedyd with my lord of 
Murrey and to advertyfe me thereoff. 

To the right honorable fir Wil- 
liam Cecill, knight, on of her 
majefties Preve Cownfayle, 
and principal Secretory. 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 34. 

F f 



Digitized by 



Google 



226 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM SIR WALTER MILDMAY TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 20, 1567.* 

Sir, I mod bartelie thanke you for fparing fo much tjrme as to remember 
me with your lettres, which I was veary glad to receave. For thowgh fir 
Nichilas Throckmorton paffed by me, yet his taryinge was fo Ihort, and 
the company fuch by chaunce as my talke was fmall with him; fo as, 
thowgh fummerlie, yet I did not fo particularlie underfland the caufe of 
his legation as now I doe by this your gentle advertifment. And as of 
thos Scottifh matters there is to be hoped for good fuccefTe, fo I promife 
you to my underftanding they remayne yet in dowbtefull termes, fpeciallie 
if a man confider the pra6lifes of the French and the natur of the Scotts, 
which heretofore have been mervayloufly carried by them. Therefore in 
my pore opinion it behoveth us to be the more carefull, and by no meanes 
to fuffre the Frenche to have that au6loritie or credyt emongft them 
which they feek; for if they have, you fee well inough how nice our 
trouble is. If thees lordes in Scotland agree, the cafe is the bettre ; if 
not, that good end which is to be defired I fear will not follow. I nede 
not fay thus moch to you, that feeth farther into the matier than I can 
expreffe, but as one that wiflheth all things for the beft, I am bolder with 
you than otherwife I nede to be, taking thereby alfo an occafion to falute 
and thanke you with thes few lynes. The Iriflhe matiers I perceave 
profper fo well as I cannot but be glad to heare of them as I doe. The 
taking up of vij thoufand pounds by fir Thomas Grefliam doeth en- 
creafe the queens eating charge, yet being employed as I underfland 
from my Lord Treaforer in fo neceflary a fervice, I fee not that it could 
for the tyme be otherwife. Thus for end, I wiflhe, as you doe, that ye 
were here to vifite youre owne things for a while. And thowghe theis 
Scottifli matiers will fcarfely fuffre you, yet me thinketh it fliall go hard 
but ones or fummer pafle ye may perform your defire, which I pray you 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 35. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 227 

in any wife doe. In the meantyme, if occafion ferve here that may con- 
ceme you or yours, that litle I can do I fhall be readye. And fo with 
my vearie hartie commendations and my wives to you and my good lady, 
I leave you both to Gods tuicion. From Apthorp, the 20^^. of July, 
1567, 

Your veary aflured to my poowre, 

[ ] 

Your fonne and I entend to mete fometymes thowgh we cannot have 
you; furely you have caufe to be glad of him, for he is veary honed and 
well liked emongefl his neighbours. 

To the right honorable fir Wil- 
liam Gecill, knight, the queues 
majeflies principall Secretarye. 



LETTER PROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO THE 

EARL OF BEDFORD, 

July 20, 1667.* 

My Lorde, I think yow fee and fynd dalye newe occafions to gyve you 
caufe to feke from above the remedye of the diforders comytted upon 
the borders, and my advyce to your lordlhip flial be that you follow and 
procuer the fame with all fpede you canne, for I perceave and fynde 
here that theye be fhewdlye bent that waye, and do meane to do unto 
yowe all the difpleafure they canne, fo fone as they fynde that the queenes 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 36. 



Digitized by 



Google 



228 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

majeilie our miflrys jQiall not favour them in thefe their prefent a6iions. 
As unto the late offenfe donne upon youre border, I can afTure your lord- 
fliip, yt was not by anye knowledge from thefe lords, but only by Feme- 
herft and his followers, at the folicitations of.Bodwell and hysfrynds ; for 
your frynds here be forye for yt and wyll not lett to gyve yowe fome 
waminge before they breake with yowe, yf the fame mayebe donne by 
any convenyent meanes. In the meane tyme, my lorde, travayle for 
fome order from above ; for I promife you yt is high time. And touch- 
inge myfelf and my beinge here, I mud confeffe to your lordihip, I never 
was in fo bufy and dangerous a legation in my lifTe ; not knowinge al- 
moff which way to tome me. Thefe lords have not yet geven me any 
audience ; excufinge the fame by the abfence of the erles of Marre and 
Glencarne, the lord Simple and others of their bande, fayinge they dare 
not take upon them the hearinge and the anfweringe of fo weightye 
matters without the prefence of the hole companye ; but I take yt rather 
to be ufyd towards me for delaye then otherwyfe, not beinge in any fort 
wyllinge that I Ihall fpeake with theyr queue. Notwithftandinge I have 
eameftlye preffed the fame and have wonne on of the wyfeft amongfl 
them to my defyer therein, but no otherwife then that he dare not yet be 
acknowen to the reft of the fame, fuche is theyr difficultye in this matter. 
What hereafter may come from them I knowe not. My perplexitye is 
the more, when I reamember thefe mens defyers here and our humors at 
home, and thereof breadethe my greateft dowbte of any good to be donne 
for us in this tyme. I have been wrytten unto by the other fyde, as 
namely by the Hambletons, the earle of Argyle, by the mafter of Max- 
well and others ; and I do beare them all fayre in hande, to thende I 
may the better be able to difcover theyr meanings and defTeignes ; al- 
thowghe I muft tell you truly I lyke nothinge of theyr doings. The 
queue is in great danger by reafon of the great rage and furye of the 
people againft her. The earle Bodwell ys thowght to be in the north 
partyes with the earle of Huntleye and others, to make the beft partye 
he canne. The affembly contynuethe the 20*^ daye of this monthe, where 
I thinke lytle wyl be donne to the quene of Scotlandes advantage. I do 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 229 

humblye pray your lordfhips, dyfpatch thys pacquet with great dylygence 
to mailer Secretary. Thus I doe humbly take my leave of your good 
lordfhipe. At Edenboroughe, this 20 of Julye 1567. 

Theys men have heere in paye fowre houndred and fyftye harquebuf- 
Ihyers in convenyent order. 

Your good lordihips to ufe and commande^ 

[ ] 

To the right honourable the earle 
of Bedforde, knight of the Order 
and one of the lordes of her majef- 
ties mod honorable Prevye Coun- 
fell, hevetenaunte of the borders of 
Englaunde forgeinft Scotlande. 



LETTER FROM QUEEN ELIZABETH TO SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON, 

July 20, 1567.* 

We greete yow well. By your lettres from Edinburgh, the xiiij of July 
we perceive at good length how yow have procedid to have had audy- 
ence of the lordes there, for declaration of your charge, and in what fort 
you have ben anfwerid to forbear imtill the reft of their aflbciats now ab- 
fent be returnid thither, and in what other fort, by privat conference had 
with the lard of Liddington and yow^ it appeerith the lords will be loth 
to have yow repaire to the queene, fpecially becaufe of a refufall made 

« From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 37. 



Digitized by 



Google 



230 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

to the French ambafladors in the lyke cafe, although it was by yow well 
anfwerid for the diverfitee betwext your coming thither with expreffe 
comaundement from us to fee her, upon knowledge of her reftrainte, 
whereas the French cold have no fuch commaundement, her captivitee 
being not knowen to the French king at the depech of Villeroy. We 
perceive alfo by Liddingtons other pryvate fpeech to yow, as a privat 
man, dyvers things whereby we are moved to behold fome harder difpo- 
lityon in the lords there towards their queue than feemeth to us conven- 
yent. And fuerly we think the more part of them regard their owne 
furety upon thefe a6tions already attempted, howfoever the pretence is 
made for the profequution of the murder and prefervacion of the prince ; 
which two things we meane as eameflly and perchance more eamellly 
then mod of them. And to gyve them any ayd for thofe two pourpofes 
we do not refufe for any miflyking we have of any parfon that is zealous 
in profequution thereof ; but confidering we fee the purfute is by theim, 
as it wer of neceflitie, joyned with her captyvitee, whereof wee can for no 
refpe6ls allow, we do forbeare to fatiffye their demaunds in that behalf. 
And therefore if any devyfe can be fownd by them wherby the queen 
may be reftorid to her liberty and ftate, and that it fliall appeere need- 
full to have our ayd to the profequution of the murder or the preferva- 
tion of the prince, they fliall fynde us very ready to fatiffy fuch reafonable 
' requefts as may be made in that behalf. And otherwife we cannot devyfe 
how to confent to their demaunds, how beneficiall foever the matter may 
be made unto us by ayding of theim from adhering to the French, whilft 
the queue there flial be in this maner of captivitie. 

We lyke very well of your dealing with the erle of Argile and the Ha- 
miltons. 

As to the laft mater in your lettre, which we perceive you have under- 
fl;and by fome fecret meanes, that fome of that counfell which favour the 
queue thinke her bed end fliulde be to comme into this realme and to com- 
mit the government to fome there, whereof alfo yow think the queue her- 
felf very defyrous to have it brought to pafTe, we cannot prefently refolve 
of any certeyn anfwer thereto ; but wiftie yow, if it be moved unto yow 
by the queue herfelfe or any other from her, to anfwer that you will here- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. ^ 231 

of advertife us, and fo wold we have ybw to do ; at which tyme we ftiall 
gyve yow a more dire6l anfwer. For we fynde her removyng either into 
this our realme or into France not without great dyfcommodityes to us, 
and yet the dyffycultyes thereof grow upon divers refpedls, as we doubt 
not but yow can well confider. 

Thus much for the things conteynid in your lettre requyring our 
anfwer. 

We think it not amifle that fome perfwafionbe ufed to the lords 
there to forbeare any hafty proceeding untill the retorn of the earle of 
Murrey, whome we truft they Ihall Ihortly fee. 

We underfland by lettres from our couiin thearle of Bedford of dyvers 
diforders and forreys made upon our frontyers there, for remeady where- 
of he hath writen to know our pleafure. And, for the firft degree, we 
have requyrid him to advertife yow particularly of the fame fpoiles and 
to requyre yow, as we alfo do, to impart the fame to the counfell there 
and fuch others as yow fliall think have the mod powre to refourme the 
fame, and to procure fome reafonable day to be lymited for the fame 
redreffes. And if they will not agree therunto you may fay unto them, 
as from us, that now of long tyme our people upon our frontyers have 
indured notorious and open fpoiles, fpecially upon the Middell Marches, 
the redreffe whe'reof hath ben according to the treatyes orderly and fre- 
quently demaundid, and yet without any effe6l, and hitherto fufirid upon 
promifles and hope, which now we fee by new and greater incurfyons 
more doubtfuU than before. And therefore yow fliall, as yow fynde it 
meete, prefle theim to make fome fpedy reformation and redrefle, or other- 
wife not to finde it ftrange that redreffe be otherwife fought. And upon 
your doings heerein, we will yow to advertife our coufyn of Bedford, 
for we have given him ordre how to proceede upon advertifement from 
yow, 

20 July, 1567. 

Minute of the queens majellies 
lettre to fir Nicholas Throk- 
morton in Scotland. 



Digitized 



dbyGoOg 



le 



232 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



" THE ANSWER OF THE LORDS OF SCOTLAND TO SIR NICHOLAS 

THROKMORTON, AMBASSADOR THERE," 

July 20, 1567.* 

We cannot convenientlie at this tyme gif gou a refolute anfwer to the 
firft part of gour mefTaige declared unto ws on the quenes majeflie gour 
foverains behalff, being heir hot a fmall part of that nowmer for the pre- 
fent affembled, to quhome ge are directed ; the others being before gour 
cuming difperfed in feverall comers of the realme upon gude occafiones 
tending to roanetenance of the jull querell we have in hand, and for fup- 
preffing of dangerous interprifes mycht be attempted for the owerthraw 
thairofF. In abfence of quhom, their confent not obteyned, we may not 
refolve ony matter of confequence, leafl the fame mycht breade in thame 
occafyon of myflyking, and confequenthe breache of the affociation quhair- 
by we are joyned togidder, quhairin we praye gou to beare with ws. 
Nochtheles, acknowledging how far we are bounde to the quene gour 
foverane, in that it pleafith her hienes thus lovinglie to deale with ws, 
and to allowe of the grundes quhairupoun our interprife is foundit, add- 
ing allfua thabunto a fpeciall care of our faulfgarde, we meane to dryve 
na mair tyme with you towards the anfring of gour demandes then the 
cais itfelf doith of neceffitie require. For quhilk propos we have written 
out of hand for the remanent noblemen abfent to be here with all fpede ; 
at quhaife cuming ge fall weill perceave, by our and there procedynges 
with gou, quhat refpe6le we beare to the quene gour maiflrefs, as a prin- 
ceffe in whom we have repofed our fpeciall truft, as weill in confidera- 
tion of the jullice of our caufe as that the murther quhilk we ga about 
to revenge wes perpetrated in the perfon of him quha had that honour to 
be nere her majellies blude ; and that the prince, for quhais prefervation 
we have put ourfelves in hazard, is hir hienes next coufing. Althogh 
we can prefentlie fay na further for fatilfying of gour demandes till 
the cuming of the remanent noblemen, git perfaving by that ge have 

• From the Addit MS- 4126, No. 39, 



Digitized by 



Google 



EEIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 233 

propounded unto ws that the queens majeftie gour maiftreffe findis flrange 
our behaviour towards the queens majeftie our foveraigne and her hienes 
imprifonment^ quhairupon ^e have maide ws a large and greate remon^ 
ftrance, putting ws in mynde of dewitie of fubje6lz towards theire natu- 
ral princeffe ; we will, for your bettir fatiffaftioun thairin, difclofe fome 
part of our intention and procedynges, quhilkis we will defyre gou to im*' 
part to the queue gour miftres, not doubting bot, quhen hir hienes fal 
have underftand the fame, fhe fal not fo far difallowe our doyngis in that 
behalf. And firft^ we praye her heynes thus to confave of ws, that we 
take no plefur to deale with our foveraigne after this fort as we are pre-* 
fentlie enforced to do, being the perfoun in the warld quhome, according 
to our bounde dewitie, we have in our hartes maift revered and honourit, 
quhais grandeur we have maift earneftlie wifhit, and with the verie ha^ 
zard of our lyves wald have endevoured ourfelffs to have procured it. 
We nevir wer about in any wyfe to reftrayene hir libertie, nor nevir en- 
terit in deliberalioun at the begynnynge of this caufe of ony thing mycht 
touche hir perfon ; the groundes of our intentes are to weill knawen to 
the warld and bettir a greate deale then we wyftie they were ; forfa- 
mekle as thay import the ignominy of this haill natioun, and touch in ho^ 
nour als weill the queue hirfelf as ws all. How horribly the king, hir 
majefties hufband, wes murthered is the conunoun fable of the vulgare 
throghout Chriftindome ; quhat forme of juftice hes bene kepit for pun» 
ifhment thairof, or rather how fcomfully a difguyfed malk wes fett up 
in place of juftice ; Gif our teftimony be fufpe6l, we traift the queue 
your maiftres awn confcience is fuflftciently informed of the trewth by 
other meanes. How fchamfullie the queue our foveraigne wes led cap* 
tive ; and by feare, force, and, as by mony conjectures may be weill fuf- 
pe6ted, other extraordinary and mair unlauchfull meanys, compelled to 
become bed-fallow to another wyves hufband, and to him quha not thre 
monethis afore had in his bed maift cruelly murtherid hir huft)and, is ma^ 
nifeft to the warld, to the great difhonour of hir majeftie, ws all and this 
haill natioun. In quhat cafe the innocent babe, our native prince, thea 
ftude, is eafie to be confiderit, quhen the murtherair by fie ungodlie 
meanes had atte3rned the place of him quhome to the fame end he had 



Digitized by 



Google 



234 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

murtherid. Quhat end, think ge, culd we have luket for the erll of 
Boithwillis procedyngis with progres of tyme ? or in quhat boundis culd 
his immoderat ambitioun have bene concludit, quha, not content of his 
awne eftate, had in thre monethes founde fie hap in an unhappy enter- 
prife that, by the murther of the babes father, he had purchaifed a pre- 
tendit manage of the mother, feafed her perfoun in his handes, envyroned 
with a continewall garde of twa hundreth harquebufiers alfweil day as 
nycht, quhair ever Ihe went (befides a nomber of his fervandes and others 
naughty perfonis, murtheraris, and pyrattis, quha, to impetrate impuni- 
tie of there wickkit lyfTe and libertie to do ill, maid thair dependence on 
him,) and by thir meanys brocht the nobilitie to that miferable poynt, 
gif if ony had to do with the prince, it behovit him, before he culd come 
to hir prefence, to ga throgh the rankes of harqueboufiers under the mercy 
of a notorious tyran, as it wer to pas the picques, a new exemple, and 
quhairwith this natioun had nevir bene acquayntid ; and git few or nane 
admitted to hir fpeche, for that his fufpicious hart, brocht in feare by the 
teflimony of ane evill confcience, mycht not fuffer the fubje^lis to have 
acces to hir majeflie as thay were wont to do ? Befides all this, the prin- 
cipall flrengthis, fortreffis, with the haill artalliery and munitioun, the haill 
govemament and dire6lion of all the affairs of the realme, feafed in his 
handes. Quhat refined to finifli the work begonne, and to accomplifiie 
the haill defir of his ambicious hart, but to fend the fone after the father ? 
and as mycht be fufpefted, feing him kepe another wyfe in (lore, to mak 
the queue alfua drink of the fame cupe, to thende he mycht invefi; him- 
felf with the crowne of the realme ? quhilk behovit to be the mark he 
fchot at ; for that quhilk be wikkit meanes is purchafled mon be by the 
like manteaned. Quhen this wes the condicion and eftait of the realme, 
quhat wes the office of the nobilitie ? or quhat became it thame to do 
quhome Ood had callit to honourable place in this common weill? 
Sould they have wincked at it? Allace, that wes to lang done, and 
that we may fair repent! Sould thay have contented tbamefelffis to deale 
by way of advife or counfale, quhen no counfellour of the realme had 
the libertie of free fpeeche nor furetie of there awin lyfe, gif they fuld 
in counfale refift the inordinat afred;ionis of that bloody tyran, gea, quhen 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. S35 

a few nombre or in a manner nane duril refort to court ? Quhair 36 
have fpoken that, failgeing thairof, we fuld have recomended the reft to 
Almichtie God, the advife may be good for the foule but not fauf for 
the body, and hard to be followed, for thairwithall it behuiffit ws affurit- 
he to have recommendit the foule of our prince, and the maift part of 
ourfelffis, in God his handes, and, as we firmlie beleve, the faule alfua 
of the queue our fouveraigne, quha fuld not haife levit with him haulf 
ane geir to ane end, as may be conjedlered by the experience of the 
fchort tyme they levit togidder and the mayntenyng of his other wyffe at 
hame in his hous. The refpe6tis forefaid, with many others and verie 
neceffitie, moved ws to interprife the querrel we have in hand, quhilk 
wes onlie intended agains therll of Boithuilles perfon, to deffolve that 
difhonnorable and unlawfull conjundlioun under the name of mariage, 
quhilk neither be God his law nor man his law culd be valable nor al- 
lowed by eyther relligioun, Papift or Proteftant, but wes deteftable in 
the eyis of the haill warld ; to remove the fchamfuU fklander quhilkis 
amangis all nationes wes fpred of this poore realme, by revenging of that 
cruell murther, and to preferve the maift noble perfon of that innocent 
babe, Thefe eflTeftis culd not be othervis brocht to pas then by punifli- 
ment of therll Boithuille in his perfon, quhilk culd not be apprehendit 
onles we had put ourfelffs in armes to that effect. It apperit weill, quhen 
at the firft enterprife we came about Borthuik, we ment nathing to the 
queues perfon ; in fa far as, hearing that he was efcaped out of the hous, 
we infifted na farther to perfew the fame, it being maift eafie to have 
bene taken, but cam bak to Edinburgh, there to confult how farther we 
fuld proceid for his apprehenfioun. During quhilk tyme, for avoiding of 
the danger hang ower his heade, covering himfelf with the fchaddo of the 
queues autoritie, carying alfua with him hir maift noble perfon, he put a 
greate nombre of her fubjeftis in armes, of mynde to invade ws in Edin- 
burgh and to difturb our confultatioun, quhilk he knew to be fa danger- 
ous to him. Quhat did enfew thairon we think je fuflicientlie under- 
fl^nd ; and caring litle or nothing for hir he favit himfelf, and (he came 
in our company to Edenburgh. As our interprife wes intended dire6Uie 
agains him» fua we began to deale with hir majeftie and to perfuade hir 



Digitized by 



Google 



236 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

that, for hir awn honour, the faftie of hir fone, the difchargeing of hir 
confcience and the publick tranquillitie of the haill date, Ihe wald be 
content to feparate hirfelf from that wickit man, to quhome Ihe wes 
never lauchfullie joyned, and with quhome Ihe culd not remayne without 
the manifeil lofTe of honour and hazard of her haill eflait, with all the 
gude remonftrances that to gude fubje6lis did apperteyn to fpeake to 
thair prince in fie a caifs ; but all in vane, for plat contrarie to our ex- 
pe£latioun we fand hir paffion fo prevaill in mayntenance of him and his 
caufe that flie wald not with patience heir fpeake onything to his reproche, 
or fuffer his doyngs to be callit in queflioun ; but, be the contrair, ofired 
to gif over realme and all fa fhe myt be fufferid to enjoy him, with mony 
threatnyngis to be revengit on every man had delt in the mater. The 
fcharpnes of hir words wer good witneffes of the vehemence of hir paf- 
fioun. Quhair upoun we had juft occafion oflFred to conceave that (he 
wald not faill, induring that paffion, fa lang as ony man in Scotland wald 
take armes at hir command, to put thame to the feeldis for mayntenance 
of the murtherair, and fa fuld it behuiffws every day to fecht a cruill bat- 
tel. Quhat inconvenientis mycht have followit ther upon to herfelf, to 
her fone, to ws all, and the haill realme, we leave to gour jugement. And 
set we thocht, as we ftill do think, knawing the greate wifdome quhair- 
with God has endewed hir, that within a fliort tyme, hir mynde being a 
litle fettled and the eyis of hir underftanding oppyned, jQie wald better 
confidder of herfelf and the ftate of every thing. And fa, for efchewing 
of the prefent inconvenientis, being fie as neceflarlie wald have brocht on 
the decay of hir awn honnor and overthraw of the haill eftate, it behuvit 
ws of twa evills to choife the leafl:, quhilk wes to fequefl^rate hir perfon 
for a feafon from his company, and from having intelligence with him or 
fie others as wer of his faction, to the end we mycht have a breathing 
tyme and leifure to goo fordwart in the profequutioun of the murther ; 
not doubting bot, fa fone as be a juil triall we mycht make the trewth ap- 
peare and that he had reflaved the recompenfe dew to that maifi; abo- 
minable fa6l, ftie wald conform herfelf to allow of our doyngs, tending 
mair to hir awn honour than ony particuler interefl that ony of us he$ 
in the mater. Of this opinion we ar, that quhen all our procedingi$ 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 237 

from the begynning of this adlioun to the end fal be examinat and richt- 
lie weyed, it fall appeare manifefllie that na Chriflian prince fal have 
occafion to miflike of ws, but rather be the contrary think that hir honour 
hes of ws bene fa refpefted that we have not cared for the regard thair- 
of quhat become of our felffis, or what judgement mycht be taken in the 
warld of our doyngs. And of a poynt ge may weill aflure the queenes 
majeflie your maiflres that, in the prefequutioun of this mater, we have 
alwayes kepit fie moderatioun as we have not gone nor fall ony wys pro- 
cede further than juilice and the neceffitie of the caufe fall leade ws. 
This far only for our difcharge, leaving the anfwer of gour demandes to 
the cuming of the reft. 

21 Julye, 1567- 

Anfwer by the lordes of Scotland 
to fir Nicholas Throkmorton, 
embafiador there. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THOCKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

Jolt 21, 1567.* 

It maye pleafe your majeftie; fynce the difpatche of my laft, of the 19 
of July, i have preffed theys lords to geve me awnfwer to fuche thinges 
as I propofed unto them the 15 of thys monethe; and, namely, to per- 
myt me to have accefle to the queen theire foveraygne without anye 
longer delaye, and lykewyfe to fatilTye your majeftie in thenlargement 
of her. 

Ther earle Moreton aunfwered me that fhortelye I flioulde heare aun- 
fwer from them, but the day being deftyned as I dyd fee, to the comu- 

^ . * From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 88. 



Digitized by 



Google 



238 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

nyon and contynuall preachynge and comon prayer, they could not be 
abfent nor attende matters of the worlde, for firfle they mufl feeke the 
matters of God and take counfell of Hym who coulde befl dyre6te them. 
Notwithftandinge, he promyfed there fhoulde be no delaye ufed; and the 
fame nighte, about 11 of the clocke, the lard of Liddington came to me 
to my lodgynge and delyvered me, on the lords behalfe, thys wrytjmge 
which I fende your majeftie; fayinge, becaufe the matter was longe and 
conteyned manye partes, theye thought good, for the heipe of my memo- 
rye, to put the fame in wrytinge; for the which I thanked hym. Marye, 
I coulde have ben better contented yf the woulde have fubfcrybed theyre 
names to the fame. He fayde that was needles, for that was but onely 
to eafe me of payne to cowche it in wrytinge ; otherwife your majeftie 
woulde have beleaved what I had wrytten unto you of them of myne owne 
reporte without theyre wryting or fubfcryptyon; " and yet," quoth he, 
^* the queue and her counfell wyll know that this cometh from us, and 
the rather becaufe I delyver yow on behalfe of the lordes." I prefled 
to have acceffe to the quene theyre foverayne; he aunfwered me that, for 
that and other thynges propofed by me on your majefties behalfe, I mufte 
needes tarye untill theyue aflbcyates were joyned with them. This pa- 
rentarye aunfwer beinge geven me, wherewith I fhewed myfelfe nothinge 
contented, he fayde unto me, ** Sir, I wyll talke more frankelye with you 
than with any man of your natyon, were it not with my lord of Leyceiler 
and Mr Secretorye. You fee our humors heere and how we be bent ; 
let the quene your foverayne and her counfell be well advyfed, for fure- 
ly yow run a cowrfe which wyll breede us greate peryll and trowble, and 
yourfelves moft of all. Doe yow not fee that yt dothe not lye in my 
power to doe that I fayneft woulde doe? which is to have the quene my 
miftris in ^ftate and in honor. I know well enoughe yt is not hidden from 
you thextremytie that the chyfeft of our aflemblye be in conceminge 
thendynge of thys matter. Yow harde yefterdaye and fomewhat this 
daye how both yow and I weere publykely taxed in the preachynges, 
thoughe we weere not named. Wee muft be fayne to make a vertue of 
neceflytie, and forbeare neither to doe ourfelves good, the quene nor our 
countreye. And the quene your miftris bad neede to take heede that flie 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 289 

make not Scotlande by her dealynge better French than either they 
woulde be or ihoulde be. Yow fee in whofe hands reflethe the power; 
yow know the Frenchemen have a fayinge, < II pert le jeu qui laifle la 
partie.' To my great gryeflFe I fpeake yt, the quene my foverayne may 
not be abydon amongefl us, and thys is not tyme to doe her good if fhe 
be ordeyned to have anye. Therefore take heede that the quene your 
foveraigne doe [not] loofe altogether the good wyll of thys companye irre- 
cuperablye. For thoughe there be fome amongeft us which would reteyne 
our prince, people, and amytie, to Englaundes devotion, yet, I can aflure 
you, if the queues majeftie deale not otherwyfe than ihe dothe yow wyll 
lowfe all, and yt fhall not lye in the power of your wellv^Uers to helpe 
yt, no more than yt dothe in our powers now to helpe the quene our 
foveraigne." 

Agreable hereunto, yt may pleafe your majeftie, yow might perceyve 
by my lettres of the 19 of Julye, upon fuche groundes as I made my col- 
le^yons, that thyffue of thys great matter heere was lyke to be deter- 
myned by one of the 4 degrees and endes in my fayde lettres mencyoned, 
albeit I dyd pryncypalye relye, by conje61;ure, upon the twoe lafte and 
extremeft. But now I have, by affured intellygence, notwithftandmg 
thys fmowthe fpearcche uttred by theys lordes in thys wrytinge which I 
fende your majeftie, they be refolved to put in executyon forthewithe the 
coronatyon of the yonge prynce, with the queues confent yf they can 
obteyne the fame, promyfinge her that her conformytye in thys matter 
(hall aflure unto her that they meane not neyther to towche her in honor 
nor in lyffe neyther; otherwyfe to procede agaynft her judycyallye by 
way of proces; otherwyfe they are determined to procede agaynft her 
publykely by manyfeftation or fuche evydence as they are hable to charge 
her with, and for the perfefitynge of thys theyre entent they have fent for 
all the lordes and gentlemen which they thynke wyll conjoygne with 
them. And, as I underftande, they make theyre accompte to end thys 
matter before the latter ende of thys monethe. 

They meane alfo in the prynces name fo crowned to governe thys 
realme by nyne fuche noblemen and others as I have named unto your 
majeftie in my former lettres. And as far as I can underftande, they do 



r- 



Digitized by 



Google 



240 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Dot meane to fuffer the quene to departe forthe of theyre owne garde^ 
neyther to paffe forthe of thys realme, albeyt the Frenche kynge or your 
majeflie woulde be pleafed to have her, and albeit the Ffenche kynge 
woulde deteyne the profettes of her dowrye. 

Thys is alfo to be feared, that, when theys lordes have fo far pro- 
ceded as to towche theyre foveraigne in honor and credyt, they wyll never 
thynke to fynde anye falfetye as long as fhe lyveth, and fo not onelye de- 
prive her of her eflate but alfo of her lyflFe. 

When I had perufed thys wrytinge del}Tered me by the lard of Lid- 
dington, I aiked hym how far theys wordes, " neceflytie of theyre caufe," 
in thende of the fame, dyd extende, and howe far they might be led. He 
made me none other aunfwer, but fhakynge hys heade, fayd, *< Vous etes 
ung renard/' The earle Bodwell, as I underftande, hathe aflembled 4 
or 5 fmalle fhyppes together; he hath equipped and manned the fame, 
and myndeth, as yt is fayd, to ufe the fea for hys uttermooile refuge. 
He begynnethe, as I heare, to fpoyle at the fea alreddye; he meaneth to 
allure the pyrates of all countreys unto hym. It weere good that your 
majeflies fleete from Ifelande took good heede that they falle not into 
hys lappe. 

Mr Knox dothe in hys fennons dalye praye for the contynuacyon of 
amytie betwixte Englaunde and Scotland, and dothe lykewife admonyfhe 
hys auditorye to efchewe theyre oulde allyaunce with Fraunce as they 
woulde flye from the pottes of Egypte, which brought them nothynge but 
fugred poyfon; notwithflandinge he dothe continewe hys feveare exhor- 
tations as well againil the quene as agaynfl Bodwell; thretnynge the 
greate plage of God to thys whoUe countrey and natyon yf Ihe be fpared 
from her condigne ponyfliement. 

The earles of Mar, Glenkerne, and Caflels, with the reft of theys 
lordes aflbcyatts, wyll be heere, as I am informed, the 24 or 25 of thi^ 
monethe, and not before. 

The convencyon of all the churches, whereof I made mencyon in my 
laft to your majeftie, notwithftandinge all my perfwacyons to the con- 
trarye, dothe houlde; and thys daye, beinge the 24[?] of the monethe, they 
are aflembled in the ToUebowthe, where they do propounde fuche mat- 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 241 

ters as they entende to treate of at thys tyme. The lard of Liddington 
hathe trayvaylled with foundrye of the wyfeft to make them defyfte from 
dealynge in anye matter which dothe concerne the quene or thys cryme. 
But, as far as I can leame, yt wyl be very harde to wyne thys at theyre 
handes, for they be verye audacyous; and yt appearethe theyre hartes be 
marveylowflye hardened agaynft theyre foveraigne, which God moUefye. 

For as much as I do heare an inkelynge that theys lordes do meane to 
defyre me to aflyfte with them at the coronatyon of the prynce at Ster- 
lynge, it may pleafe your majeftie that I may knowe your pleafure howe 
to dyre^le myfelfe in that matter, in cafe I be by them fo requyred. 

Thus I praye Almightye God to preferve your majeftie in perfe6te 
helthe, longe lyflFe, and profperous felycytie. At Edenboroughe, this 
21 Julye, 1567, 

Your majefties mooft humble, faythefull, obedyent, 
fervaunte and fubje6l, 



c 



To the queues moofte excellent 
majeftie. 



LETTER FROM SIR HENRY NORREYS TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

July 23, I567.* 

It may pleafe your majeftie; the xvij of July the duke of Chaftillerault 
came to this towne, and the xix following went to the court, accompanied 
with the Scottiflie ambafTadour; who, I perceyve, is not fo muche a 
Hammelton in bloudde as Frenche in devotion^ and by them wholly em* 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 75. 

Hh 



Digitized by 



Google 



242 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

ployed in all thefe matters in Scotlande, to perfwade and winne fuche to 
them as may any way (lande them in fleade. 

The duke being there, the kinge declared unto hym the miferye whiche 
his countrey was prefently in by the captivitie of the queene and difobe- 
dience of her fubgedls, whiche, he fayd, was nowe highe tyme to be looked 
unto and remedied ; and therfore, as one that ment not to forfake her in 
extremite, woulde neither fpare coil nor any thing elz to fette her at 
libertie and to reftore to her abfolute au6iboritie; fo as he, the fayd 
duke, and others whiche had power and creditte at home, woulde alfo 
mynde the matter and joyne togethers therein. The duke made aunfwer 
that, lyke as he had alwaies borne a faithful! harte towards his prince 
and countrey, and for the fervice therof adventured his lieff, as it was well 
knowen, at Pinkey and other places, fo was he flill ready to hazarde the 
fame, with all the frends he coulde make, to redrefs his foveraignes 
caufe. The kinge thanked him for yt, and fayed the neceffitie of the 
caufe would require no delay ; and therfore his advife was, that he 
fhoulde haflen himfelfe home where his prefence might do muche good; 
adding further, that by the faythe of a prince, he woulde ayde them all 
to the uttermofte of his power. " And thoughe," fayd he, " the queene 
of Englande do make fayre femblaunce in this matter, yet do I not 
greatly trufte her; for I have difcovered of late that flie dothe fecretly 
pra£life with the lordes to work her owne comodite, as the fending 
thether of fir Nicholas Throkmorton and certayne money dothe well de- 
clare. But," fayd he, ** it fhall coll her deere as any thing that ever Ihe 
took in hande." 

The duke beganne to declare to the kinge howe affe£lionate he and 
all his houfe had been, next the queen his foveraigne, to the crowne of 
Fraunce, of whome he had receaved many benefittes, having the hon- 
nour to be one of the eldefl knights of the kinges order, and by his prede- 
ceflbrs made duke of Chaflillerault, although he was nowe, he knewe 
not for what caufe, difpoffefled therof, and theruppon would fayne have 
gone farther touching his dukedome, but that the Frenche, defiring not to 
heere on that fyde, cut it fhorte and offred other talke. Wherein mon- 
fieur de Martigny flandmg by, fette in a foote, faienge to the kinge that 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 243 

if he would gyve him lut iij thoufande harquebuziers, payd for iij 
monethes, he durfl take uppon him to fet the queen at libertye, in de- 
fpite of her owne fubgedls or any other that woulde take their parte, or 
elz he woulde never returne agayne into Fraunce. The king gave him 
thanks for his offer, but the queen Mother fayd, it was more tyme for him 
to return to his govemement and do good juftice then to talke of fuche 
matters when they had yrons ynowe in the fyer; which the Conneftable 
alfo confirmed, faienge, " Ho, ho, is it nowe tyme to enter agayne into 
thofe matters?" 

By this your majeflie may percejrve, that notwithilanding their great 
bragges, whiche are gyven fourthe for the nones, to aflonifhe your majef- 
tie and to keepe yow from dealing therein, they woulde fayne ferve their 
tumes with wordes and promefles if they might, beeinge not well able to 
depart with more, althoughe they vaunte the contrarye, and fay they will 
fend thether out of hande twoo thoufande harquebuziers. The queen 
Mother, I know, loves not the queen of Scotland ; and, but that fhe 
fearethe to be prevented by your majeflie either in curtefye or otherwyfe 
nowe in this tyme of her neade, Ihe woulde lette her try it by the teethe 
for any greate devotion fhe hathe to procure her libertye. I would to 
God, therfore, it might pleafe your majeflie to deal roundelye therin and 
to make your profi6l fo as the Frenche may be difappointed of their pur- 
pofe; the honnour and fuerty whereof mufl nedes be greate, bothe to 
yourfelf and your realme. 

The duke of Chaflillerault, having promifed to runne the French 
courfe and to carry with him as many as he may, had fent him from the 
kinge, the xxij of July, a fayre prefent of plate, efleamed three tymes 
the vallue of that was gyven to thearle of Murreye, which, as I have 
learned fince, was worthe but a thoufande franks. 

It is reported the fayd duke ihall take his jomey homewards verey 
fhortly, but whether he dothe pafTe throughe Englande or no it is yet 
doubted. Some fay he fhall, and that the kinge will write unto your 
majeflie for his fafe paflage; others fay agayne he fhall go bylonge feas 
and condu3;e fomme force with him. 

This kinge is gon to Villers-Coflretz, from whence fome thinke he will 



Digitized by 



Google 



244 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

retume backe agayne and not go to Compeigne; but I beleeve rather 
he will, and fo farther towards Callais, if fomme fouddaine occafion alter 
not his purpofe. 

The kinge of Spaynes army, led by the duke of Alva, hathe already 
pafled throughe the Franche Conte and Lorrayne, betwene Metz, Thou, 
and Verdun; fo as it is thought by this they are come to Luxembourg. 
The kinge of Spayne himfelf will follow by the later ende of September, 
as it is certainly reported, with the prince his fonne, who (hal be marryed 
at his comming into Flaunders to the emperours eldeil daughter. 

The cardinal of Lorrayne and all the reft of his houfe are at Man- 
teuil, xiiij leagues from this towne, being minded to bee at the courte 
when the kinge commethe to Compeigne, where is lyke to be a great 
affemblye. 

Thus, having no other matter'at this tyme worthy your majefties adver- 
tifment, I ceafe to trouble yow any farther; befeching Almighty God to 
profper yow in helthe, honnour, and felicite. From Paris, the xxiij of 
July, 1567. 

Your majefties mooft humble and faithful 
fubje6t and fervaunt. 



[ ] 

To the queenes moft excellent majeftie. 



LETTER FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OF ST ANDREWS AND THE ABBOT OF 
ARBROTHE TO SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON, 

July 24, 1567.* 

Efter maift hartlie commendacioun unto your gude lordihip; pies the 
famyn, we reffavit your wrytinge from the bearer, quhairby, and by his 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 42. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 245 

reporte, we have underftandit the quenes majeflie your foveraines gude 
meaninge towart our foveraigne and the common weale of this comitrey ; 
quhairof we are verye glad, and thankis your lordfliips hartelye of your 
advertizemente. The eaufe why we ftait this bearer unpafle to my lord 
duke of Chattelauraulte unto this prefente is uppon certeyne confideration, 
to wyt, that is to fee quhat conclufion the nobylytie convenit in Eden- 
brughe takes with your lordfhip; and gif they wil be contented to put 
our foveraigne to lybertye uppon gude and honeft condycions, as we wrait 
to your lordfhip of before. Quharfore, we have dyre6led the faid bearer 
towardes your lordfhips to knaw fa far in her behalffis as yt fall pleis yow 
to make us participant thareof, and has gevin to him the copie of our 
bande quhilk we defired to be delyvered to yow, quharby, and by all 
our procedings, the quenes majeflie your foveraigne and all other princes 
fall knawe our upright mynde towardes the quenes majeflie our fove- 
raigne, the nobylytie of this realme, manteynance of juflice, and quyet- 
nes of this our comon weale. And becaufe wee have ordanit the bearer 
to declare our myndes mair fpeciallie towart the premiiTes, wee will not 
make yow longer wrytinge; but will comyt your lordfhip to the protec- 
tion of Allmightie God. Of Hamilton, the xxiiij of July, 1567* 

Your lordfhips afluret firendes to comaunde, 

St Andrews. 
Arbrothb. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

July 25, 1667.* 

Syr, Notwithftandynge thefe mens fayre langage to her majeflie, as you 
myght fe by theyr anfwer wych I did fend at my lafte dyfpatche, by thys 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 45. 



Digitized by 



Google 



246 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

you fhall perceave how they meyne to go to worke more riggorufly then 
gently. And by that tyme you ihall have confyderyd the progrefle of 
theyr doyngs and the fta^e prefent, I thynke you wyll be of mynde that 
no partie ys fo to be fought and allueryd as thefe lordes wyche have the 
power and theyr partie fo well made. Syr, I pray you let me knowe hyr 
majeflies refolution and dyre6lion» to thend I may fe how to dyre^ my 
doyngs to hyr majeflies contentation and for the fervice of the realme. 
Thus I do humbly take my leave of you. At Edynborowgh, the xxv of 
July, 1667, 

Yours to ufe and comand, 



To the right honorable fir Wylliam 
Cecil, knight, one of her majef- 
ties Prevye Gounfell and princi- 
pall Secretorye. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THRORMORTON TO THE ARCHBISHOP 
OF ST ANDREWS AND THE ABBOT OF ARBROTHE, 

July 26, 1567.» 

Your good lordihips lettres of the xxiiij of July dated at Hamylton I 
have received the xxyj of the fame by this bearer, Mr Roberte Hamilton, 
together with the bande which yow and your frends have accorded unto. 
And for aunfwer, it maye lyke your lordihips to underftande that I will 
by my next advertize the queues majeftie my foveraigne of your good 
devocyon for the enlargement of the queue your foveraigne; and will not 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 46. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 247 

faile alfo to fend her majeftie the copye of your bande. As to the con- 
clufion taken with me by theis lordes and others aflembled heere at 
Edenboroughe, your lord£bips fhall underftande I can growe to no refo- 
lucyon with them; but am deteyned by theire delatorye aunfwers mto 
longe tradte of tyme; and can obteyne in no wyfe at their hands eyther 
permiffion to have acces to the queue your foveraigne, neyther her high- 
nes enlargement of her capty vytie. Suche other things as Mr Hamilton 
hathe on your lordlhips behalves defired to be informed of me, I have not 
fpared to inftru£le him of my intelligence; unto whom I refer your lord- 
fhips to be advertized of the fame. And thus Almightie Grod have your 
lordfhips in his bleflbd tuycyon. At Edenbrughci this xxvj of July, 1567) 

Your lordihips to comaunde, 

N. T. 
26 July, 1567. 

My letter to the buflhop of St An- 
drews and abbot of Arbrothe. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

July 26, 1567.* 

It may pleafe your majeftie ; your letters dated at Richemounte the 
20th of Julye I received the 24th of the fame in the night at Edenbrughe. 
The next mominge, beinge the 25th, I took occafyon to requyere the 
earles of Moreton and Marr, and the laird of Lyddynton, that I might 
have conference with them, and with fuche other of the lordes as theye 
thought meete; and further requyred them to fufpend theyre haftye pro- 

• From the Addit MS. 4196, No. 47. 



Digitized by 



Google 



248 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

cedynges with the quene theyre foyeraigne, whereof I had fome intelli- 
gence, untill I had fpoken with them. 

They aunfwered they would advife of the matter and fende me worde; 
but prefentlie this forenon they coulde not, for other matters which were 
appoynted to be treated of. And I, havinge intellygence that the lord 
Lyndfeye was retomed thys mominge, beinge the 25th, from Lougheleven, 
dowbted that theye woulde proeeede to accomplyfhe theyre ententes, 
whereof I made mencyon to your majeflie in my lettres of the fayde 
25th. 

I doe underftande that the lord Lynfeye bathe obteyned of the quene 
his foveraigne her confent and conformytye to all fuche matters as weere 
proponed unto her on the lordes behalfe by him; and bathe alfo obtejmed 
her figne with her owne hande to the inflrumente conteyninge the coro- 
natyon of her fonne, and to the twoe comiffyons of regentcye durynge his 
mynoritye, whereof I made mencyon unto your majeftie in my lafte dif- 
patche before thys. 

The laird of Lyddynton, about 11 of the cloke in the forenon of the 
fayd 25th day, came unto me to my lodginge and fayde; ** Sir, the 
lordes have fent me unto yow, to requyere yow to haulde them ex- 
cufed, that yow cannot have conference with them this day, beinge ne- 
ceflarylye otherwyfe occupyed, and therefore they have fent me unto 
yow to knowe what yow have to declare unto them." 

Than accordinge to your majeflies inftrudlions geven me in your lafte 
lettre, I treated with hym to know whether they* coulde devyfe anye waye 
that the quene might be reftored to her lybertye and ftate, and that donne, 
in cafe it fhoulde appeare needefuU to your majeftie to geve them ayd to 
the profecutyon of the murder or to the prefervacyon of the prynce, 
they (houlde fynde your majeftie readye to fatiifyce fuch reafonable re- 
quefts as might be made in that behalfe, otherwife your majeftie coulde 
not confente to theyre demaundes nor fhew them anye benefyte. 

I fayde alfo, that yt woulde be demed a verye temerarious afte for 
them to proeeede with anye riggowre agaynfte the quene theyre fove- 
raigne, and further ufed perfwacyons unto them to fufpende the matter 
untill the retorne of the earle of Murreye. I did alfo declare unto hym 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 249 

your majefties pleafure towchinge the ftate of the borders, accordinge to 
your inflru3;ions. 

My lord of Lyddynton aunfwered, that he would informe the lordes 
of all that I had fayde, and requyere them alfo to geve me aunfwer unto 
the fame. Then he fayde unto me, " Sir, nowe I fpeake of myfelf, and 
as one that dothe concurre m opynyon and defyre with the quenis majef- 
tie your miilris and yow, towchynge the queue my foveraigne; but 
beinge in place to knowe more than yow can knowe, I faye unto yow, as 
one that woulde of all ills chewfe the lefle, in cafe yow doe on the queues 
behalfe your miilris prefle this companye to enlarge the queue my fove- 
raigne and to fuffer you to goe unto her, or doe ufe anye thretnynge 
fpeache in thoofe matters the rather to compafle them, I aflure yow, yow 
wyll put the queen my foveraigne in greate jeoperdye of her lyffe. And 
therefore there is none other waye for the prefent to doe her good but 
to geve place and ufe myldnefs. I ?^11 declare unto them theys matters 
which yow have fpoken in fuche forte as yow maye have the befle aun- 
fwer and doe the queue my miilris mooile good." 

It may pleafe your majeflie that I maye knowe your further pleafure, 
whether I ihall repayre to the queue of Scotlande and fpeake with her, 
accordinge to your majeilies former inilru6tions, in cafe the prynce be 
crowned and that theys lordes will accorde unto me acces unto her, as I 
thynke they wyll not, and lykewyfe that I may know your majeilies further 
pleafure concernmge myne abode heere, fynce my commiiTyon of legacyon 
ys altred by thys mutacyon, the prynce beinge inveiled with the royall 
eilate and dygnetye, and the queue hys mother depryved of the fame, 
which I thynke wyll come to paiTe with in theys 3 or 4 dayes, all the no- 
bylytie and gentlemen within this towne beinge readye thys daye to de- 
parte hence to goe hence to Sterlinge to crown the prynce with greate 
folempnytie. 

Herewith I fend your majeilie the copye of a lettre which the buflbp 
of Sain£l Andrewes and the abbot of Arbrothe fent unto me, and the 
copye of myne aunfwer unto them agayne. The bande mencyoned in 
theyre lettre I fent your majeilie in my former lettres. 

The countes of Murrey, of whom I wrot to your majeflie in my laile 

I i 



Digitized by 



Google 



260 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

to be in Lougheleven, is departed thence to Sajrnt Andrewes. There 
was greate forowe betwixte the quene and her at theyre metinge and 
muche gretter at theyre departinge. 

Maye yt pleafe your majeftie, I doe underftand the quene of Scotlande 
hathe had twoe fyttes of an ague, (b as fhe dothe keape her bed. 

It maye pleafe your majeftiei thys daye about 12 of the cloke at nonne, 
theys lordes came all unto me to my lodginge, booted and fpurred, redye 
to mounte on horfebacke, and after falutacyons I proponed unto them on 
your majeilies behalfe the fame matters which I had declared to the lard 
of Lyddyngton the daye before, whereunto they aunfwered by the mowthe 
of the fayd lard of Lyddynton, as foUowethe. 

** My lord ambaflador, as unto the matter of the borders, the lordes 
have geven as good order for them as they can devyfe to all fuch men as 
have charge of them, and fure they are, that for the wardenrye of lord 
Hume there is no man of Englaunde hathe caufe to complayne; the lyke 
they maye faye for the Eafte Tyvydall, which is under the lard of Sef- 
ford. As unto the Weft Tyvydalle they mufte needes confefle the pryn- 
cypall murderers of the kinge, as the lard of Ormefton with hys adhe- 
rentes, be the pryncypall doers of myfchyeffe upon the borders, which 
they commyt of purpofe to brynge the realms into unquyetnes, as the ut- 
termooft refuge that they have now to keape themfelves from aunfwer- 
inge to the lawe heere ; for they knowe they be put to the home and can 
have no beinge in Scotlande yf juftyce take place. 

^< Theys lordes doe defyre that the myfchyefis and outrages of Bodwells 
fa6tion be not imputed to them; for no men woulde gladlyer put thejnre 
handes to the reformacyon than theye. 

*^ The lordes doe truft that by theyre meanes thearle of Bedford and fir 
John Fofter be fatiffied upon fuch aflurance as ys made unto them with- 
in theys twoe dayes. 

<* As unto the fufpendinge of our procedynges with the quene our fove- 
raigne untiU the comynge of thearle of Murreye, we doe meane to fatif- 
fyce the quene your miftris defyre in that behalfe; nevertheles, my lordes 
have wylled me to declare unto yow what yt hathe pleafed the quene my 
foveraigne to conclude on for the ftate of thys reidme upon her owne 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 251 

yoluntarye advyfe. That is to fay, fpdinge herfelf, bothe in hdthe 
unmeete to take the care and govemaunce of this realme and alfo unfor- 
tunate in thadmyniilracyon thereof, beinge verye defyrous to fee her 
fonne the yonge prynce fetled in her feate in her lyffe tyme, hath cooch 
maunded them under her hande wrytinge to procede to the coronation of 
her fonne, as a thynge that fhe fhall take moofte pleafure to fee, which 
they weere now redye to accomplyihe, and therefore entended prefentlye 
to goe forthe of thys towne to Sterlynge to the inauguracyon of the fayd 
prynce." At which folemnytie they defyred me, beinge your majefties 
ambaflador, to aflyfle; which my doinge they trufled your majeilie 
woulde allowe, oonfydryinge that the yonge prynce was your majefties 
nerefl kynfeman of the blood royall both of Englaunde and Scotlande; 
humblye defyrynge your majeilie that in refpedte of hys yowthe and in 
refpe£t of the trowbles, dyvycyons, and parcyalyties, of thys f eahne, and 
in refpe£le of fome forreyne pra3;yzes and devyfes which myght enfue to 
his prejudyce, that yt woulde pleafe your naajeftie to take hym, hys honor 
and caufes into your prote^cyon, and lykewyfe all thoofe noblemen 
and gentlemen and others, hys good fubjedtes and fervauntes, which, 
beinge molefted for hys fervyce, myght always fynde ayde, fupporte, 
and refuge at your majefties hsmdes. 

I aunfwered that there was a contraryetie in that which had ben fpoken 
conceminge the queue; for fyrft, yt was fayde they entended noUiynge 
until! the comminge of thearle of Mur reye towchyngje theyre foveraigne, 
and now it femethe they weere in hande and about to depryve her of her 
eftate and to crowne her fbnne. And as to my goinge to Sterlinge wi<& 
them, I fayde, for as muche as theys accidentes we^e chaunfced and 
theys matters concluded contrarye to the queue my foveraignes expedta- 
cyon, and contrarye to her advyfe, I could not aflyfte at anye fuche 
doinges, and yet I was fure that your majeftie wyfhed the prynce as 
muche good and honour and as muche falfetye as anye of them, albeyt 
yow coulde not allowe that the fonne ihoulde depoofe the queue hys 
mother from her eftate; nether dyd your majeftie fo prefer the prynce to 
hys mother as that fhe fhoulde be kepte in captyvytie, fpoylded of all 



Digitized by 



Google 



252 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

honour, and he, a yonge babe, take thadmyniftration of the realm upon 
hjm. 

It was aunfwered, that no prynce did goyem a reahne without counfell, 
though he weere never fo aged or wyfe, and the fame order theyre fove- 
raygne had taken for the goyeminge of thys realme, meaninge that the 
wyfeil and fytteil of the nobylytie fhould take the charge upon them in 
her fonnes mynoritye. Therewithal!, with a greate lowde charme, they 
that ilood behynde fayde the realme coulde never be worfe governed than 
yt was, for eyther the queue was advyfed by the worfle counfell or by no 
counfell; and therewithall they fayde, ** my lord, wee wyll trowble you no 
longer, the daye paflethe awaye, and we have far to ryde;" and fo they 
toke theyre leave of me. 

The lordes have (hewed me that Tewfdaye the 29th of Julye is the 
daye of the kynges inauguracyon. Thaflemblye of the churches ys dyf- 
folved untyll yt be reaflembled by the kynges au6thoritye. The earles, 
lordes, barons, lardes and gentlemen, aflembled at thys tyme, have fub- 
fcrybed to the defence of and mayntenaunce of theyre yonge kynges re- 
galytie, and to the fuppreflynge of all adverfaryes to the contrarye, with- 
out exceptyon. 

Apon the receypt of this my dyfpatche, I truil yt (hall pleafe your 
majeilie to geve order for my revocacyon forthe of thys countrey. 

I doe intend to fend my cowfen Henrye Myddlemore, your majefties 
fervaunte, to Sterlynge, to thende he may fee theyre procedynges there 
at thys folemnytie; and alfo that your majeilie may be the more trulye 
advertized of all fuche thynges as fliall chaunce there. Thus Almightye 
God preferve your majeilie in helthe, honour, and all felycytye. At 
Edenbrughe, thys 26 of July, I567» 

Your majeilies mooil humble, faythefull, obedyent, 
fervaunte and fubjedle, 

[ ] 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 253 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO THE 
EARL OF LEICESTER, 

July 26, 1567.^ 

It may pleafe your good lordlhip ; theys men entende to drawe theyre 
matters to an ende, for thys far forthe they are ; they have obteyned the 
quenes relignation of her royall eflate, and her confent, confyrmed with 
her hande, for the coronatyon of her fonne ; which to folemnyze and per- 
fe^le, all the noblemen and gentlemen in thys towne with foundrye of 
the burgefles alfo doe repayre to Sterlynge thys daye. So as I thynke, 
the folemnytie of the feaile flial be upon Tewfdaye, whereat they have 
requyred me to aflyfte, which I have refufed to doe, confydringe thys 
iflue is come to pafle much otherwyfe than the quenes majefties expe^a- 
cyon and contrarye to her opynion. They have alfo obteyned, under the 
quenes hande, twoe commyflions of regentcye durynge the kynges myno- 
ritye ; thone to the earle of Murreye alone, and, in cafe he refufe to ex- 
ercyfe the fame, thother to certeyn of the nobylytie and other counfellors 
of thys realme. My lord, amongeil other imperfections in theys pro- 
cedynges, thys is not the leafle, that the queue of Scotlande hath accorded 
and figned theys inflrumentes and condycyons, fhe beinge in captyvytie ; 
and therefore it is to be feared, but for theys and other refpe^es, the 
tragidye wyll ende in the perfon of the queue violentlye, as yt began in 
Dayves and her hufbandes. Now, my lord, I am to feeke what to doe, for 
my commiflyon of ambaflade was to the queue, who is depryved of her 
eilate ; and to tarye her without commiilion is inconvenyent, and to re- 
I tome home to the quenes majeftie unrevoked is daungerous. So, as 
your lordihip maye fee, that I have caufe to be perplexed ; and in my 
fymple opynion yt is verye inconvenyent that I fhoulde now prefle any 
longer to have acces to the queue, and to treate with her accordinge to 
her majeilies inflruCtions, which be verye impertynent to her prefent 
eftate, and yet I thynke theys lordes in that matter wyll deale with me as 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 48. 



Digitized by 



Google 



264 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

they have donne. Therefore, my lord, feinge I doe nothynge but fpende 
the quenes money heere in vayne, in a place where there [is] lytle plea- 
fure and muche trowble, I humblye praye your lordihip, procure my re- 
vocacyon by the nexte defpatche, for yt is in vayne to treate anye more 
with theys lordes about the enlargemente of the queue, or to obteyne any 
favorable condycyons for her ; and as for theyre yonge and new kynge, 
I do not thynke you wyll take the waye there to brynge hym to Eng- 
launde. 

Herewith I fend your lordfhip thys lytel tycket, which was fent me 
forthe of an old buke of the prophefyes of this countrey. Your lordfliip 
maye beleave yt as yt (hall pleafe you, but ther6 is here myckle credyt 
geven to yt. Thus I humblye take my leave of your good lordihip. 
From Edenburghe, the xxyj of Julye, 1567- 

Your good lordihips to ufe and commande, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable thearle of 
Leicefter, knight of the Order, 
and one of the lordes of the 
quenes majefties Prevye Cown- 
fail. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKBfORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

Stb, By hyr majefties letter you may perceave how thefe lordes have 
procedyd, and to what poynt they have browght theyr matters. Now, I 
pray you procur mth fpede my revocation ; for, as the cafe ftandyth 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 49. 



Digitized by 



Google 



IIEIGN OP QUEEN MARY. 255 

with thys myterable quene, it fliall be to lytyll porp[o]fe for me to have 
acceflb unto hyr and to treate with hyr, according to my inflru6tions ; 
and to wyn any thyng at thefe mens hands, confyderynge the contra- 
ryete betwixte us, I fe not grete lykelyhode. They underftonde more 
from thens theti I wold they dyd, and be not ignorant of the lyberal fpeche 
of them here. I doe remayne here at Edy[n]borowghe now, fo on that 
bathe nothyng to doe but fpend the queues money in a contre wheare 
theyr is fmale plefure. It ys to be fearyd that thys tragedy woll end yn 
the queues perfon, after thys coronation, as yt dyd begin yn the perfon 
of Davyd the ItaUen, and the quenes hufband. Syr, iff I cowld go 
faffbly, as I moche dowte of yt, I wold retyre myfelffe to Barwykke un- 
till I here from you, thys towne beyng lefte deftytute of all noblemen 
and gentylmen, faffe fyr James Baufor, captayn of the caftell, and the 
lard of Craegmyller, provofte of the towne. Theyr ys alfo lefte here 200 
harqabufiers for the garde of thys towne. Thus, truftyng I fhall here 
from you with fped6 upon the receapte hereof, I do humbly take my 
leave of you. At Edynborowghe, the xxyj of July, 1567. 

Yours to ufe and comand, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir WyUiam 
Gecill, knyght, one of her majeilies 
Prevye Counfell, and Pryncypall 
Secreforye. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

Jolt 81, 1567.* 

It may pleafe your majeftie; the 30 Julye Anthonye Rokefbye, yonger 
brother of Chriflofer Rokefbye, who bathe ben fo longe deteyned pry- 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 51. 



Digitized by 



Google 



266 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

foner in Scotlande in the caflell of Spynaye, where the earle of Bodwell 
is and hath ben of longe tyme, declared unto me that his elder brother, 
beinge eameftlye prefled and folycyted by Archybalde Lynfeye, capten 
of the fayde caflell under the buflhop of Murreye, and alfo by one Hey- 
bome, kinfeman to the earle Bodwell, lard of Rycarleton, and lyke- 
wyfe by one James Lyndfeye, fervaunte to the fayde buflhop, and three 
of the buflhops fonnes, named Heybomes, for the favegarde of hys lyffe 
coulde not but confent to the kyllinge of the fayde earle Bodwell, or 
thapprehencyon of hym at fuche tjrme as the matter afforefayde fhoulde 
be by the perfonnes afforefayde attempted. Whereof the fayde Chrifto- 
pher Rokefbye thought meete and convenyent to advertyze me, your ma- 
jefties ambafladour, to thende your majeflie might make choyfe, whether 
you would have the fayde earle Bodwell fo killed, or otherwyfe, yf yt weere 
fo poffyble, delyverid in fome fuche forte as they coulde apprehende 
hym, into your majeilies realme. 

And for that I dyd not fee anye greate facylytie or lykelyhoode, upon 
examinacyon of cyrcumftances, for the apprehencyon of the fayde earle, 
nor for the delyveringe of hym alyve into Englaunde, the fayde earle be- 
inge accompanyed by 12 or 14 defperate perfons, which weere pryncipall 
doers at the murder of the late kynge, whofe names I fend your majeflie 
herewith, and alfo for that I dyd well knowe that yt coulde not be agree- 
able to your pryncelie nature, neyther to yourgodlye mynde, to give your 
confent to anye murder, albeyt your majeflie coulde have bene contented 
that the fayde earle eyther by juflyce were executed, or otherwyfe the 
worlde ryd of hym by Gods hande, for the inconvenyence he bathe 
brought the queue your cowfen into, I dyd refufe to incorrage the fayde 
Rokeibye or anye of the complyces to thys confpyracye to proceede in 
the fame as they had declared unto me yt was entended eyther for the mur- 
der of the fayde earle, or for hys apprehencyon. 

Notwithflandinge, I dyd advye the fayde Rokefby to repayre to the 
lard of Lyddyngton to Sterlynge, and to declare unto hym the flate of 
the whoUe matter and what was entended by the perfonnes before named ; 
in afmuche as he and the lordes hys afTocyates had more intrefle in the 
caufe then your majeflie had. The fayde Rokefbye declared alfo unto 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 257 

me that the fayde confpyratours entended to kyll thoulde buflhoppe 
joyntlye with thearle, beinge of the earles furaame and fowre fcore yeares 
oulde ; an a^te furelye verye cruell and abhomynable that thoulde man 
fhoulde ende hys lyffe fo myferablye havynge commytted no cryme ; which 
dyd the rather move me to ryd my handes of the whoUe matter. 

I doe underilande alfo by hym that the earle of Huntleye is a prac- 
tyzer and a pryncypall doer in thys confpyracye, and yet he bearethe 
hys brother-in-lawe the earle Bodwell verye fayre countenaunce ; whoofe 
fufter is not with her hufbande, as I wrote mito your majeflie hereto- 
fore. 

Maye it pleafe your majeilie, after the wrytynge of the premyffes my 
cowfen Henrye Myddlemore retomed from Sterlynge to thys towne ; by 
whome I underfland thynges have pafled at Sterlynge as infuethe. 
The 29 daye of Julye, as I wrote unto your majeftie in my lafte, the 
yonge prynce was crowned in the greate churche of Sterlynge by the 
buflhop of Orkenye, the larde of Dun, and Superintendent of Lodyan. 

Mr Knox preached, and tooke a place of the Scripture forthe of the 
bookes of the Kinges, where Joas was crowned verye yonge, to treate 
on. Some ceremonyes. accuflomablye ufed at the coronation of theyre 
prynces weere omytted, and manye reteyned. 

Thothe ufuallye to be myniftred to the kyng of thys realme at hys co- 
ronation was taken by the earle of Moreton and the larde of Dun on 
the prynces behalfe. 

The lordes Lindfeye and Rutheven dyd by theyre othe teftefye pub- 
lycklye that the quene theyre foveraigne dyd refigne wyllyngelye, without 
compulcyon, her eflate and dignytye to her fonne, and the govememente 
of the realme to fuche perfons as by her feverall comiflyons fhe had 
named, which weere there publykelye red, together with her refignation 
to her fonne. 

After theys ceremonyes weere accomplyfhed, great feafles weere made 
in the caflell to all the nobylytie and gentlemen. 

And forafmuche as no realme can ftande without govemement, the 
earles of Athell, Moreton, Glenkerne, and Marr, be by proclamacyon in 
the kynges name au6thoriz&d as regents untill the cominge of the earle of 

Kk 



Digitized by 



Google 



258 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Munreye, who refufinge the regentcye alonDe» that then the duke of 
Chaftelleroe, the earles of Lenoux, Argyelle, Murreye, Athell, Moreton, 
Glenkeme, and Marr, (hall have the regentcye and goveraemente oi 
the realme; the carle of Huntelye being excluded as an unfyt man to 
deale in governemente» beinge not verye wyfe, inconflant, fa6tiou8» and 
infolent. 

To honor the fayde coronation and to teilefye greate joye, thys towne 
of Edenbroughe made, the fayde 29 daye, at night verye neere, I thynke, 
a thoufande bonefyers; the caflell fhot of 20 peeces of artyllerye, the 
people made greate joye, dauncyinges and acclamacyons ; f o as yt ap- 
perethe they rejoyced more at thinauguracyon of tlie newe prynce then 
theye dyd forowe at the depryvacyon of theyre quene. 

Before thys coronacyon theys lordes fent James Melvyn to Hamylton, 
to the buflhop of Saindl Andrewes and the abbot of Arbrothe, requyr- 
inge them to afTyfle with theyre frendes at the coronation of the prynoe 
at Sterlynge. They aunfwered that they thanked the lordes for theyre 
gentle vyfytacyon and advertyzement, which they dyd the better lyke of 
becaufe yt was agreeable to the quene theyre foveraignes wyll and plea- 
fure, and therefore had nothynge to faye unto the matter for theyre parte* 
fave onelye to proiefle that the fayde a6Uon of coronation (houlde not be 
prejudycyall to the tytle of the duke and hys heyres, yf the kynge dyd 
dye without yffue of hys bodye ; and that the dukes fayde tytle fhoulde 
remeane in the fame force that yt had before the coronation. Alwayes, 
theye fayde, theye weere no enemyes, but thought meete to ftande upon 
theyre garde, not beinge made prevye to thenterpryfe ; neyther dyd theye 
entend to purfue anye of theys noblemen, whome theye honor and love, 
and wyfhe as well as theyre own perfonnes. Notwithflandynge theys 
good wordes, non of them dyd aflyfle at the coronation, whereunto, ne- 
vertheles they dyd fende one Arthure Hamylton to protefte in lyke maner 
at Sterlynge for the prefervacyon of the tytle of the duke ; which he was 
permytted to doe before the lordes in the Counfell chamber, the copy of 
which hys proteftacyon I fende your majeflie alfo ; and that done the 
feyd Hamylton departed in good peaxe. 

Theys lordes doe meane, as I underftande, to goe from Sterlynge 



Digitized by 



Google 



EEIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 259 

to Patefloe» an abbaye of the buflhop of St Andrews, there I thynke 
to make fome reformacyon in the matters of relygion, and from thence 
to Glafcowe ; fo as I doe not percey ve that they meane fhortelye to come 
to thys towne. 

Herewith I fend your majeflie the quene of Scotlandes refignation of 
her dignetye to her fonne, and lykewyfe the two commiflyons of regent- 
eye, together with a proclamation made on the kynges behalfe after hys 
coronation. 

Andnotwithflandinge thadvertizemente gevenme by AnthonyeRookef- 
bye, as I have advertyzed your majeflie by theys prefentes, I doe underr 
ftande from Sterlynge that thearle Bodwell hathe kylled one of the fonnes 
of the buflhop, and hathe put forthe of the caflell of Spynaye all the 
buflhoppes fervauntes, comyttinge the garde thereof to hys owne aiTured 
aflbcyates, whereof he hathe had experience in thys late murder. 

Thys day there is dyfcovered alfo a fhippe of thearle Bodwells in good 
equypage upon thys coofte ; wherein, as I underfland, John Heyborne 
of Bolten i$ capteyne. Some doe thynke that thearle Bodwell fhoulde 
be in the fayde fhyppe ; meaninge to put hymfelfe within the caflell of 
Dunbar, which is fortefyed and vi6lualled by the larde of Whytelaughe, 
govemour of the fayd caflell, who dothe meane, as I underflande, not to 
render it to anye perfon but to the quene onelye. 

The capten of thys caflell and the provofle of this towne have com- 
mytted one capteyne Hayborne, beinge of the earle Bodwells fumame, 
to warde, who was about to levye men and joygne himfelfe with the fayde 
earle Bodwell. 

The earle of Huntleye, pretendinge ignorance of the coronation of the 
prynce and of theys procedynges, notwithflandinge he hathe defyred that 
he, the fayde earle, accompanyed with the fayde Hamyltons, may have 
a meetinge with fome of the lordes of thys fyde to compounde all matters ; 
fayinge, for hys owne parte, that in cafe the retencyon of the quene fhal 
be founde mete for the common weale of thys realme and the quyetzies 
of the fame, he wyll not be againfl yt, nor be anye futor for her lybertie. 

Robert Melvyn, beinge not wylliijige to aflyfle at thys coronation at 



Digitized by 



Google 



260 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Sterlynge, taryed in thys towne to keape me companye, from whome I 
fende your majeftie prefentlye a lettre. 

Thys quene dothe, as I underflande, keape her bed and is, notwith- 
ftandinge thys her fonnes coronation, garded in the fame place as ilrayet- 
lye as (he was ; the lorde Lynfeye beinge retomed from Sterlynge to 
Loughleven inmiedyately after the ceremonye was ended. 

Now that your majeftie feethe to what ende thynges be come heere, 
and how theys lordes, havynge thau£lhorytye, dyfpoofe themfelves to be 
abfent from thys towne ; whereby yt appearethe playnely they entend 
neyther to graunte me acces to the quene neyther to negocyate with me ; 
fo yt might ftande with your majefties pleafure, methynkethe I weere 
heitei awaye than heere. Therefore I humblye defyre your majeftie to 
be pleafed that I maye have my revocatyon by your next dyfpatche. 
And fo I praye Almightye God preferve your majeftie in helthe, honour, 
and all felycytye. At Edinbrughe, thys lafte of Julye, 1567. 

Your majefties mooft humble, obedyent, 
faythefull, fervaunt and fubjedie, 

[ ] 

To the quenes moofte excellent majeftie. 



SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO THE EARL OF LEICESTER, 

JiXLT 81, 1567.* 

I HAVE reaceaved from your lordfliip 2 letters, dated the xx July, the xxvii 
off the fame. The on dothe conteyne precyfely hyr majefties inftru£lions 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 62. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 261 

and refolution, the other your lordfhips difcorfe and favorable advyfe to 
me. I am fory that hyr majeftie dothe lley hyr opinion uppon fo dan« 
gerous and dyfcommodyus fondation ; wheareby hardly can fhe apply 
anythynge to hyr honor, fuertie, or to proffyt off hyr realme. And 
thowghe I do fimplie fay to your lordfhip what I thjmke off the date of 
the matter yn refpe6t of hyr majeftie, yet I aflure your lordfhip I have 
lefte nothynge undon by all the befte meyns I can devyfe to have browght 
the iffu of thys compocition, to fuche ende as hyr majeftie prefcrybyd me. 
Whether yt were feare, fury, or zeale, wych caried thefe men to thende 
they be come to, I know not ; but I dare boldly afiyrme to your lord- 
fliip, albeyt I cowld neyther obteyne acceffe to thys queue nor procuer 
hyr lybertie with reftytution off hyr to hyr eftate, yet I have at thys tyme 
prefervyd hyr lyffe, to what contynuance I am uncertayn ; fuer I am 
theyr ys nothyng fliall fo foone haftyn hyr deathe as the dowte that thefe 
lords may conceave of hyr redemption to lybertie and au^thoritye by the 
queues majefties ayde or by anye other foreyne fuccor. And wheare 
your lordftiip dothe advyfe me to retyre myfelffe hence, before thefe mens 
intents be put yn uer to theyr foverayns prejudice, yff thereoff I mycht 
have any intellygence before hand, I cannot denie bothe by vehement 
prefumptions and intelligence I had fome foreknowledge off theyr defyne- 
ments, thowghe not fo afllieryd for many refpe£b as to have fene the exe- 
cution ; yet, with your lordfliips reformation be yt fpokyn, I durfte not 
take that waye as mofte favyfte or expedyente, for yff hyr majeftie be 
pleafyd to dyffefteme my doyngs here off propenfyd intent, wych God 
forbyd, I am les able to anfwer my departyng hence, unrevokyd, then my 
taryeng here to fe all events, unles I had commandment to the contrary. 
And thys alfo, my lord, ys worthie confyderation, that I am yn a towne 
garded by men of warr wyche do vifyte all men that do enter and iflu ; 
I have no horfys, but mufte depende uppon thefe lords order for the fur- 
nyflhyng off me and my trayne ; I cannot departe the towne but at theyr 
pleafure ; and when I am forthe off Edynborowgh I cannot faffely retome 
to Berwykke, withowte they geve me condu6te, fpecially yn thys bro- 
kyn world. Thus moche, my good lord, for anfwer to your letter of the 

XX. 



Digitized by 



Google 



262 ILLUSTRATIONS OP THE 

The zxiz off the fame I receavjd on from your lordihip off the xxiij 
of July, and therby do perceave hyr majefties gracious acceptation off 
my procedyngs here, together with your lordihips advyfe for my dyrec- 
tion. For the on I thanke God, hyr majeftie, and your lordihip ; for the 
other I do accknoUedge myfelf mofte bownd to your lordihip, and wyll, as 
nere as I can, accomplyflhe your advyfe. Syr, yt were yerye unfytt that 
I ihuld now fpeake with thys queue, feying I cannot fay fo moche to hyr 
conforte as to hyr dyfconforte, foloweng my inilru6tions, wyche were to 
hard confyderyng hyr calamite and temptation ; and on the other fides 
words without dedes be no conforte. I have fuiiyciently madeyt knowen 
to hyr that hyr majeflie fent me hyther porpofely to realeve hyr by all 
meyns poflyble, wyche I am fuer the poore ladye doth beleve; and 
therfore I do humbly pray your good lordfhip to procuer that my revo- 
cation may be fent me by the next dyfpatche. 

My cowfen Mydylmore dothe repofe hys hole trufte in your lordihips 
goodnes, it may therfore pleafe you to make hym able to ferve hyr sia- 
jellie and your lordihip with lyvyng, as he ys otherwyfe able to ferve 
you, bothe for hys honelly, fuffyciencie, and dyfcretion. Hius I do moft 
humbly take my leave of your good lordihip. At Edynborow, the laft 
of July, 1667. 

Your good lordihips to ufe and command, 

[ ] 

I praye your lordihip penife my difpatche fent to the quene at thii tyme. 

To the right honourable thearle of 
Leicefl^, knight of the Order, on 
of the lords of hyr majefties Prevye 
Counfaile. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 263 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

August 2, 1567.* 

Sir, I have no matter of anye great moment at thys tyme to advertyze 
yow of. I heare amongeft theys folkes that they doe daylye lowke for 
Lyneroll to come forthe of Fraunce hether, fo doe they alfo for a gretter 
perfonage after hym. They are about to fend Nycholas Elvefton into 
Fraunce. Marye, methynkethe by hym that he hathe no great defyre 
to take the voyage, and the rather becaufe he covetethe to have my lord 
hys mafter the earle of Murreys opynion. As I can learne, hys journey 
tendethe to advertyze what is donne heere, to underflande the Frenche 
kynges allowaunce of theyre doinges, and to prepare the waye for a 
gretter ambaifade thether. It is longe fince I harde from her majeftie 
and yow, fo as I remeyne in great ignoraunce of your intellygence forthe 
of Fraunce, of your dealinge with thearle of Murrey and what yow have 
wonne at hys handes ; and laflelye, how I fhall carye myfelfe and dyreft 
my procedinges, confydringe what is fucceeded heere. 

Thearles of Moreton, Glenkeme, and Marr, remeane with the yonge 
kinge at Sterlynge. The earle of Athell and Lyddington be gon to the 
erle of Athells howfe to theyre wyves, for three or 4 dayes ; I doe heare 
they meane to be in thys towne about Wenfdaye nexte. Theyre jomey 
to Patefloe and to Glafcoe is altred ; the buflhop of St Andrews fhew- 
ynge hymfelfe a conformable man, bothe in apparell and in outwarde or- 
ders of relygion. All matters heere doe Hand at a day untill thearle of 
Murreys commynge. I doe heare, they doe meane fliortlye to call a 
parlyament in thys kynges name, to ratifye what is donne, and to procede 
in other matters as they fhall agree on ; wherein, I heare, they meane 
no good to the queue theyre foveraigne. The laft lettres I had from 
yow weere of the 20th of Julye. The queue of Scotlande is (Iraytlyer 
kept at Loughleven then fhe was yet, for now fhe ys fhot up in a tower 
and can have non admytted to fpeake with her but fuche as be Ihut up 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 63. 



Digitized by 



Google 



264 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

with her. Thus I doe humblye take my leave of yow. The Hamyltons 
have fent to Sterlynge certeyne of theyre fumame to have conference 
with theys lordes ; oflFrynge that yf fome of theme in the prefence of 
theys lordes may heare the quene advowe her voluntarye refignatyon of 
the crowne to her fonne, and lykewyfe advowe the comyffyons of regent- 
eye to be her owne a6le, that than they wyll wyllyngelye and obedyent- 
lye obaye the prynce as kynge, and the comiflyons accordynge to theyre 
tenoures. At Edenburghe, thys 2d of Auguft, 1567- 

Yours to ufe and command, 



To the right honorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, on of hyr majefties 
Prevye Cownfail, and Principall 
Secretorye. 



LETTER FROM SIR WALTER MILDMAT TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

August 4, 1567.* 

Sir, The gentle forme of your lail lettres geveth me good occafion both 
to rendre you by thes few lynes mofl harty thanks for the fame, and to 
renew the like for the former. 

The matiers in Scotland are come to a farre other conclufion than, as 
I perceaved by your firfl, was loked for here, but furelie to none other 
than was like to follow, the cafe itfelf and the procedings confidered. 
Thees three points ye wright of, and fpeciallie the lafl, it femeth have 
towched her fo nire, as, for feare of the worft, (he hath accorded to this 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126» No. 54. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 265 

refignation of hir eftate ; a mervelous tragedy if a man repete it from 
the begyrniing, fhewing the iffue of fuch as lyve not in the feare of God. 
If the govemement reft onely in the erle of Murray, it will be well, as I 
thmke, for llablifhing of religion and contjmuaunce of amytie here ; for 
otherwife, as you know, emongefl many are many affe6tions. His lord- 
ihip palfing homewards was content to come fo ferre owte of his way as 
to lye with me on Friday night laft. I found him veary wife and well- 
affected to the mayntenance of good frendihip betweene thes twoe 
realmes ; remembring to me veary thankfully benefyts receyved, fpeci- 
ally that of Lithe, which he faid was hable to waihe owte sdl particular 
griefs. 

Dowbtefull methought he was to receave his prepared auCtoritie; 
but when he cometh home it is like inowghe that, for avoyding of con- 
fufion, he will be drawen to it, thowgh veary hardelye. Your fonnes 
honeil behaviour is fuch here as I had caufe to wright as I did, I wifh 
myn owne to prove no worfe ; and truil uppon his retome their aquaint- 
aunce fliall be fuch as they fhall continew aftre us that old frendihip 
which hath been many yeres betwene you and me. 

I thanke you for the liberal commiffion you geve me in Cleffe Parke, 
I wold that any thing of myn might doe you the like pleafure. And fo 
I end ; trufting that ye will fynd fome fpare tyme to vifite this contrye 
or fomer pafle ; and praying you that I may be hartelie commended to 
your good lady, God kepe you both, and fend you ever as to myfelf. 
From Apthorp, the iiij of Auguft, 1567. 

Your veary aflured to uf e as your owne, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, the queens majeflies 
Principall Secretarye. 

tl ' 



Digitized by 



Google 



266 ILLUSTKATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM BiR BERNARD HAMPTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

August 7, 1567.* 

Sir, My duty faumblie remembred ; uppon the comming hither of thefe 
laft lettres from Mr Throkmorton, the queenes majeftie hath now in the 
ende refolved to call hym home, and for that purpofe commanded me 
yeftemight to drawe a lettre to hym, but bycawfe it was very late before 
hir highnes figned the fame, and that my lorde of Leiceiler fayd he had 
aHb to write by this defpache, I was dryven to forbeare the fending away 
of the pacquet untill this morning. The queenes majeflies lettres, be- 
fydes Mr Throkmortons revocation, conteynith a meflage to bee doon 
by Mr Myddlemore unto the lords of Scotland of hir majeflies miflyk- 
ing, as well of the fmale account they have made of Mr Throkmortons 
meffage and hir highnes good meaning towards them, as of theyr ufage 
towards the queene theyr miilris, as by the mynute thereof, which it may 
pleafe yow to receyve herewith, yow fhall at more length perceyve. It 
is fayd heere that the queues majeftie intendyth to remove from hence 
to Otelands on Tewefday next, and fo to Guylforde and Fameham, and 
in the whole to contynue abrode xvj or xviij dayes, and in the meane 
tyme to leave the howfeholde here behynde hir. But whether this deter- 
mination will holde or not, fume think is uncertayne. And thus having 
prefently nothing ells, I humbly take my leave. From Wyndefor, the vij 
of Auguft, 1567* 

Your mafterfhippes moft bounde 
during lyffe, 



[ 



To the right honnorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, the queens majef- 
ties Principall Secretary. 



• From the Addit. MS. 4126» No. 76. 



Digitized by 



Google 



EEIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 267 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SECRETARY CECILL, 

August 9, 1567.* 

Sir, Accordinge to hyrraajefties order m your letter of the laft of Julye, 
I have expc6lyd newe orders from thence; and have abfteyned from all 
negotiation with thefe lords, fave with fiiche as yow fhall perceave I 
tfeatyd with by hyr majeflies letter fent at this tjone. I do perceave by 
the lorde of Ledington they coulde be as well contentyd that I were 
hence, as I defyer it. And fuerlye they fee throwghlye unto your doings, 
and doo underftande fiiche things and fpeachis as I colde have wyflhyd 
had never come to theyr knowledge. The fayde lorde of Ledington 
fayde unto me the night before the difpatche hereof, ** Yt is to no pour- 
pofe for yow to tarye here, yow may make matters worfe then they be, 
for we may not fatiffice the queue your myflrys affections, unlefle we fhulde 
cafte our kynge, our contreye, and ourfelffis awaye; and flie wyll doo 
nothinge that canne be plawfible to us. So as the leaft harme, — nay,'* 
fayd he, " we wyll take yt for a pece of good, — ^wyll be for hyr majeflie to 
lett us alone, and neyther to doo us good nor harme; and peradventure 
this wyll bringe for the better fucceffe then any other courfe, for now we 
beginne to holde all things fufpe6tyd that cometh from yowe, and yf yow 
be over bufye with us, yow wyll dryve us fafter to Fraunce then we have 
defyer to ronne." 

They have utterly reafufyd me acceffe to the queue, and I beleave 
Lynerolls fhall fpede no better yf he have conuniffion to prefle yt They 
fhew themfelves refolvyd, howfomever theyx actions be efteamyd abrode ; 
and fo muche the more they be careleffe, becaufe they knowe there ys 
no, partie here to be made againft them, and for tbat fuche as laye alofi 
do now feeke to concuiire with them. He fayeth there be Ibme emongft 
them which canne be contentyd to intertayne pradHze with any forayne 

• From the Addit. MSi 4196, No. 66. 



Digitized by 



Google 



268 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

prince, and to get fome money from them; but as to fheddinge of blode 
or flrok ftrickynge emongft themfelfis, they wyll never come to yt by any 
pra^fe of any forayne prince. ** And, my lorde ambaflador/' fayde he, 
" we knowe all the good pourpoffes which have paflyd betwext yow, the 
Hambletons, the earies of Argyle and Huntlye, fince your comminges into 
thys contreye.'* Now, fir, to tell yow my owne opinion, I fee no great 
pourpofe of my tarying here any lenger ; for whatfomever yow intende 
to treate with thefe men hereafter, yt were good there were fome pawfe 
ufyd, to fuffer them to chawe upon theyr owne brydells. Thus havinge 
nothinge els worthye lenger trowblynge of yow, I doo humblye take my 
leave of yow, and do praye yowe to caufe my letter herwith inclofyd to 
be fent to my wyffe. At Edinburghe, the ix of Auguft, 1567* 

Yours to ufe and comande, 



To the honorable fir William 
Cecill, knight, on of the queues 
majeflies Prevye Counfaille, 
and Principall Secretorye. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH. 

August 12, 1567.* 

It may pleafe your majeflie; the 10th of thys monethe the earle of Mur- 
rey lodged at the lard of Whytthynhams howfe, and the 11th made hys 
repayre to thys towne; monfieur De LyneroU accompanyinge hym. 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 57. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 269 

Thearle was met betwixte Barwyche and Edenbrughe with great nombers 
of gentlemen and others ; and for that I thought yt convenient for your 
majefties fervyce, I dyd meete hym 3 or 4 myells before hys cominge to 
Edenbrughe, with whom I had conference in fuche fortS as might beft 
advaunce your majefties purpoofe at hys hande. And as I fynde my 
fayd lord verye honorable, fincere, and dyre6le, fo I fynde hym not re- 
folved what he wyll doe, nor what he wyll confent unto ; abhorringe, on 
thone fyde, the murder of the kynge and the circumftances conjojmed 
therewith which he can lyke in no wyfe fhouldepafle with impunytye; fo, 
on thother fyde, doe I fynde in hym great commyferatyon towards the 
quene hys fufter, and yet not fuUye determyned whether he wyll accepte 
the regentcye or refufe yt; but rather, in myne opynion, he wyll take yt 
upon hym than leave yt, beinge thereto prefled by all theys lordes and 
gentlemen which have delte in thys adlyon, all which in verye deede bee 
the men he dothe valewe and efteme mooft within thys realme, and 
fuche accompt he makethe of them, as I percejrve by hys owne wordes, 
as he woulde not gladlye lyve in Scotlande yf they fhoulde mifcarye or 
abandon his frendfhip. Neyther coulde I perceyve by hym that he wyll 
doe anye thynge in thys or anye other matter without the good confent 
and agrement of theys lordes. And howfoever your majeftie hathe ben 
perfwaded by the Frenche or of theyre doinges, I do fynde that bothe 
my lorde of Murrey and all theys lordes doe nothynge dowbte the 
Frenche kjmges allowaunce of theyre procedynges in thys a6tyon; and, 
as far as I can underftand, LyneroUes arraunte was rather for the maners 
fake to purchafle the quenes lybertye, than for anye devocyon they had 
unto yt, which is the better confyrmed unto me by LyneroUes owne 
wordes, which he had unto me the fame daye of hys entrye to thys towne, 
I takynge occafyon to talke with hym by the waye ; who fayd hys comif- 
fyon at thys tyme tended to thys ende, to laye before the lordes that the 
kynge hys mafter was bounde by three refpedtes to doe for thys quene ; 
thone becaufe {he was a quene, a prynces, foveraigne, as he was, betwixte 
whom there was fome fymylytude of affedlions more than coulde be be- 
twixte comon perfons. The feconde was, for that fhe was hys brothers 



Digitized by 



Google 



270 ILLUSTRATIONS OJ? THE 

wyfie, Siftd had honored Fraunce, hy& realme, with her educacyoih The 
thyrde wa8> for the manye sJlyaunces b^wb^te the howfe of Fraunce and 
the howfe of Scotknde, and for thauncyent league and amytye which 
had contynu^ betwixte thoofe realmes theys manye yea^es. He feyde 
i^fo, the kynge, m beinge myndefuU of the quenes relyeffe, dyd not for- 
get the ftate of the nobylytye and the wholle reahne ; and therefore he 
had in charge, fyrfte^ to feek the unytinge pf the nobylytie together 
which now femed to be djrvorced, aady that donne, he thought they alto-, 
gether woulde better devyfe for the quene and her relyeffe, for the con- 
£ervacyon of the honour and quyetnes of the reahne, and for theyre 
owne fuertyes, than tbey or anye of them poulde doe beinge deyyded; 
than, he fayd, he h^ to ihowe fucbe reaiib^s as the kinge had gevea 
hym in charge to utter unto them for the quj^oes enlargement and for her 
good treat^nente, concludinge that tliey, beinge noblemen of another 
countreye, apd not the kjnges fubje&ea but bys frendes, he covlde ufe 
none other language nor meanes unto them but perfwaycyoBs and eo- 
treatye. And yf that wroulde not ferve, the kynge coulde doe no more 
but be fiorye for the quene hys fufters myffortune; feing he had no. 
meaneato commaunde them nor conftreyne thenji. 

Before that Lyneroll had talkie with me he talked with the lard of 
Lyddington whylefl I conferred with thearle of Murreye, at wh(^e handes 
I fpunde that Lynerolls commiflyon tended to thende afore iayde, w^ch: 
was after confynned unto me, even as yt weere verbatim, by the lard o£ 
Lyddington; fave that he added that Lyneroll fayd unto hym that the 
kynge hys mafter was as careful! for theyre falfetyes as they tbemfelvegi 
could be, and to that ende advyfed them to provyde fuUlancyallye^ 

James Melvyn,, brother to Robert Melvyn, who, had conduced, Lyi^^ 
roUe from Barwycke to Edenbrughe, accorded unto me in all poyn^ea 
the fame report of Lynerolls commiflyon that the lard of Lyddington 
had fayd before. 

The earle of Murreye was receyved into the towne of Edenbrughe^ 
with great joye of all the people. Lyneroll fayd unto me thats feinge/ 
theys Iprdes had refufed me to have apces to the qu^ne of Scotland^, he* 



Digitized by 



Google. ^ 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 271 

lowked to have none graimted, though he woulde prefle yt; and that 
beinge refufed unto hym, and havynge accompljrfhed thoffyce that the 
kynge hys mailer had geven hym in charge, to teftefye hy8 good amytye 
to the quene of Scotlande, he woulde departe. Alwayes when he fpake 
of the kinge hys mailers name he jojmed therewith alfo the quene, hys 
tDotbers. 

I undeHUnd LyneroU hathe brought partyculer lettres to mooil of the 
nobylyty^ here, and dothe entende to preffe greatlye the renovacyon and 
continuacyon of theyre auncyent league ; the confyrmacyon whereof, as 
1 heare, the fayd kynge wyl be contented to receyve at theys lordes 
handes in the name of theyre kynge. But yt is looked that a gretter 
perfonage ihall come for the fynillhynge of that aifayre. 

I am fure your majeilie is advertyzed of the preafent my lord of Mur- 
reye had geven hym at hys comminge forthe of Fraunce, which was 
valewed at fyftene hondred crownes of the fonne, and of the pencyon that 
Lynekt>lle hathe brought hym of 4000 frankes yearelye. 

LyneroUe hathe founde meanes, fynce hys comminge, to afllire all theys 
lordes, before they geve hym audyence, that the kynge hys mailer ys as 
carefull of theyre well doinge as tbey coulde wyihe, and that he hath no 
pra^yzes daungerous unto them, but that he wyl communycate frankelye 
unto them all hys charge. Thus Almightye God preferve your majeilie in 
helthe, honor, and all felycytye. At Edenbrughe, thys 12 of Auguil, 
1567. 

Your majeilies mooil humble, faythefull, obedy^nt, 
fubje£le and fervaunte. 



[ ] 



To the quenes mooile excellent 
majeilie. 



Digitized by 



Google 



272 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THRORMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

AuouiT 18, 1567.* 

Your majeftie might perceyve by my lettres of the 12 of Augufte howe 
thearle of Murreye and moniieur De Lyneroll arryved at Edenbrughe 
thaleventh of the fame, with fuche other cyrcumftances as weere con- 
teyned in the faid letter. 

Theis maye be further to advertyze your majeftie, that the faid 12 
daye the faid erle of Murreye went in the forenonne to monfieur De Ly- 
nerolls lodginge, and accompanied him to the faid earles howfe to dyner, 
where he made him great cheare. In thafitemoune the fame daye, the 
fayde earle brought moniieur De Lynerolls into the Counfaile chamber 
in the Toleboth, where the lords and other of the counfaile weere af- 
fembled. The faid Lyneroll delyvered feverall lettres from the kynge, 
hys mafter, at that tyme, to thearle of Atholl, Moreton, Glenkeme, and 
Marr, to the mafter of Mountrofs, the lordes Humo. and Symple. And 
that donne, he declared, as I underftande, his comiflion conformable to 
that which I fent your majeftie by my lettres dated the 12; prei&nge 
fpeciallie to have accefle to the queue, to thende he might declare what 
in this cafe the kynge, his mafter, thought beft for her to doe. And 
lykewyfe he requyred to have lybertye, with theire good allowaunce, that 
he might pafle to the Hambletons; to thende that by the kjmge his 
mafters intervention they which weere nowe in ftraunge tearmes might 
accorde to the tranquyllytie of the realme, and than devyfe amongeft 
themfelves which waye they might enlarge the queue, and howe they 
might provyde all other things convenyent. 

The lords aunfwered him by the mowth of the lorde of Lyddington, 
by whom they gave theire humble thankes to the kynges majeftie, his 
mafter, and to the queue his mother, for the honor they had donne unto 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 59. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 273 

them, not onelie to fende unto them, but fo amyablye to treate with them ; 
and fo requyred the faid LyneroUe to take in good parte that they did 
fufpende theire anfwer untill they had confulted apon the matters pro- 
pofed by him. That don, the faid earl of Murrey repeated fommarylie 
the fpeciall poindis towched by the faid De LyneroU, as matter which 
the French kynge had made him acquaynted withall in Fraunce, and re- 
quyred him alfo to communycate the fame to the lordes his countrey- 
men at his retome home ; which was a confyrmacyon of that that Lyne- 
roU had faid. 

The faid earl did alfo, in the prefence of LyneroUe, requyre of the 
lordes leave with theire good confent that the fayd earle might goe to 
Lougheleven to fee the queue his fyfter ; whereunto both duetye and na- 
ture moved him. 

The lordes aunfwered thearle of Murrey to his requefte, as they had 
donne LyneroU ; delaying theire refolucyon to his demande untiU they 
had confulted of the matter. 

This I underftoode by one that was prefent at the aflemblye, whereat 
there did affyfte, befides the lordes aforefaid, the buflhop of Orkeneye, 
the lord of Lyddington, the provoft of the towne of Edenbrugh, fir James 
Bawfore, capteyn of the caftell, and Mr James MagiU, fometymes clerk 
of the Regifter. 

This negocyacyon being fyniflhed, thearle of Murreye did accompanie 
monfieur De LyneroU to his lodginge, where having repofed himfelf halfe 
an howre, the fayd De LyneroU came into my lodginge to vjrfet me ; who 
declared unto me his procedings in everye poynte with theis lordes, 
agreable to the premifles. 

Emongeile other matters this alfo I fynde by the faid LyneroUe con- 
fyrmed by his honour and credyt, that the kynge, his mailer, dothe never 
entend to trowble this countreye with fendinge of anie men of warre or 
to take anye parte, beinge fo indifferent and parcyal of no fyde. 

The matter that he chiefly refpe6lethe is the contynuance of thoulde 
amytye betwixt Fraunce and this crowne, and the tranquillytye of the hoUe 
realme ; wyflhinge withaU, as he fayeth, thenlargement of the queue. 

M m 



Digitized by 



Google 



274 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

As I did wryte unto your majeflie in my lafte, methynketh the regent- 
eye of this realme will light upon thearle of Murreye ; for neyther doe 
I fee how he can efcape yt oneles he will hafarde thamytye of all theis 
lordes and gentlemen his frendes ; neyther do I fee great unwyllingnes 
in thofe which ftryke the gretteft ftroke with him to have him refufe yt. 
And the matter is fo contynuallie prefTed on him that I thynke he fhal be 
placed in that eftate before this lettre come to your majefties hands. 

Thus Almightye God preferve your majeflie in helthe, honor and per- 
fe6le felycytye. At Edenbrugh, this xiij of Auguft, 1567. 

Your majefties moofte humble, faithefuU, obedyent, 
fervaunte and fubjedle, 

[ ] 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

August 14, 1567.* 

It maye pleafe your majeftie. I have receyved your lettre, dated at 
Wyndefour the 6 of Augufte, the 13 of the fame, conteyninge my revo- 
cation from theys charge, prefcrybynge unto me your majefties order 
howe to procure the fame at theys lordes handes, which I fliall not fayle 
to accomplyflie, God wyllinge; albeyt, by your majefties leave, I doe 
thynke meete to conceale the fame, and not to proceede to demaunde my 
pafporte and falfe condudle untill I have put in order fome other thynges 
meete for your majefties fervice, which wyl not be accomplyflhed untill 5 

* From the Addlt. MS. 4126, No. 61. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 275 

or 6 days be expyred, partelye for that thearle of Murreye ys in fome 
expedlacyon to have lybertie to go vyfet the quene his fufter at Loughe- 
leven, before whoofe retome hether I cannot convenyently departe ; and 
partelye for that I have wrytten unto the Hamyltons thys daye, from 
whom I looke alfo to have aunfwer, the copye of which my letter unto 
them I fende your majeflie herewith. 

I have perfwaded, by the befte meanes I can, thearle of Murreye to 
preffe they lordes that he maye goe to Lougheleven, to counforte the 
quene hys fufter ; and that now at hys commynge {he maye fynde fome con- 
folacyon after her longe and greavous afflydlyon. I have alfo ufed the 
befte meanes I can devyfe to perfwade the faid earle to be favorable 
unto hys fufter. I fynde hym much perplexed with the matter ; hys ho- 
nor and nature movynge hym to lenytye and commyferacyon on thone 
fyde, the aflured frendfhip betwixte hym and theys lordes, theyre fuertye, 
and the prefervacyon of relygyon, drawynge hym as far on thother fyde. 
Nevertheles I hoope the befte. 

The Hamyltons woulde not permyt the heraulde, fent by theys lordes, 
to proclayme the yonge prynce kynge at Hammylton, untill they knewe 
the queues confent therunto. 

Thearles of Murrey and Argell have appovnfted a metynge about the 
17 or 18 of thys monethe. 

I doe underftande the duke of Chaftellerault hathe a pencyon geven 
hym by the Frenche kynge of 4000 frankes by the yeare, in recompence 
of the duchye of Chaftellerault, which was worthe twelve thowfand 
frankes by the yeare, befyde the caufualtyes. The fayde duke was alfo 
prefented with a cupbord of plate, worthe fyftene hundred crownes. 

It may pleafe your majeftie ; apon longe conference had with thearle 
of Murrey, and lykewyfe with the lard of Lyddyngton, and than with 
them bothe joyndlelye, I doe perceyve they be dyfpofed to fende fome 
wyfe man and of credyt to your majeftie in legacy on, in cafe they thought 
your majeftie woulde receyve hym gracyouflye and make no dyffycultie to 
ufe hym favorablye as the kynges ambafladour ; otherwyfe yf your majef- 
tie cannot be pleafed to accept an ambaflador in the kynges name, they 



Digitized by 



Google 



276 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

meane not to deale anye further with your majeflie. Hereof they have 
requyred me, as of myfelf, to underfland your inajeflies dyfpofycion, and to 
advertyze them therof Methynkethe they doe entend to fende' Mr James 
Magyll, yf they can worke hym to take the matter in hande, a man well 
knowen to Mr Secretorye, and noted heere verye wyfe, dyfcreate, and 
fuffycyent, and fuche a one as hathe ben longe of the Prevye Counfell 
in thys realme. 

It maye therefore pleafe your majeflie, eyther by your owne letter, or 
by your order to my lord of Leycefter or Mr Secretorye, to iignefye your 
pleafure and allowaunce of thys matter; to thende I maye geve them know- 
ledge of yt, accordinge to theyre defyre. 

I perceyve they be all hoUye bent [to] adnychyllate thys theyre yonge 
prynces regalytye in anye theyre adlyons or doinges ; and albeyt I may 
be on my waye homewardes, yet yt may pleafe your majeflie to geve order 
the fame your pleafure myfe me not by the waye, towchynge that matter. 

Albeyt monfieur De LyneroU hathe not receyved, at the dyfpatche here- 
of, hys anfwer from theys lordes, yet I doe gather partelye by the talke 
that the lord of Lyddyngton had with hym yeflerdaye, whereof the fayd 
De Lyneroll dyd advertyze me thys daye, and partlye by other intelly- 
gence, that he ys not lyke eyther to fpeake with the quene or to goe to 
confer with the Hammyltons. And yet hys aunfwer ys but delatorye and 
not parentorye, for the lard of Lyddyngton fayd unto hym, the lordes 
dyd not meane to denye thone or thother, but they ment to intreate hym 
to take in good parte theyre reafons to put of the matter for a tyme, fay- 
inge they weere in good hoope to have Bodwell fhortelye in theyre 
handes; who havynge accordinge to hys demerytes, the quene theyre fove- 
raigne coulde not remeane under thys reflraynete. As unto hys confer- 
ence with the Hammyltons, the lard of Lyddyngton advyfed hym to for- 
beare untyll they might fee an iffue of theyre treatye with them ; which 
not takynge fo good fuccefle as they expeAed and defired, he thought 
the lords woulde not make diffycultye to fuflfer hym to goe unto them. 
And as far as I can perceyve De Lyneroll ys not yll fatiffyed with thys 
aunfwer, but takethe yt for reafonable good payment. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 277 

I beleave yf he wyll tarye the iflue of theys matters he is lyke to make 
as longe aboade heere as I have donne, with as lytle fru6le. 

Theys lordes be advertyzed that the earle Bodwell ys retyred into 
Scotlande ; entrye beinge refufed unto hym in Orkeneye. 

The preparacyon by fea for hys apprehencyon ys contynewed, as I 
wrot unto your majeflie before thys tyme. 

I fuppofe fir James Bawfor, capteyne of thys caftell, wyll, apon good 
compofycion, leave the garde thereof, refigne yt, at my lorde of Murreys 
defyre, to the lard of Graunge. 

It ys thought alfo that the capten of Dunbar, who hathe hetherto 
holden out agaynfl theys lordes, wyll eyther keape the caftell to my lord 
of Murreys devocyon or refigne yt into hys handes, to be garded by 
whom yt fhall pleafe hym. 

As I underftande the earles of Athell and Moreton doe accompanye 
the earle of Murrey to Locheleven to morowe as yt ys nowe entended. 
The fayd earles doe meane to retorne by Sterlinge, becaufe thearle of 
Murrey maye vyfet theyre yonge prynce, and now, as they call hym, 
theyre kynge. 

Thys daye thearle of Murrey invyted me to dyner to hys lodginge, 
where he made greate cheare. Hys ladye was accompanyed with the 
lord Robertes wyffe, fufter to thearle of Caflells, and twooe or three other 
ladyes. All the lordes which be in thys towne dyd accompanye hym 
alfo. We had no conference of anye matter of moment, neyther dyd I 
dyfcover unto anye of them your majefties revocatyon of me. After 
dyner thearle of Murrey, accompanyed with all the lordes, brought me 
to my lodginge ; where, after the lordes weere departed, the fayd earl 
and I had privat talke together. I underftood that hys goinge to Loche- 
leven was lyke to be broken ; the reft of the lordes nothynge allowynge 
of yt, for fuche refpedles as they conceyved. I therefore infyfted ear- 
neftlye by the heft perfwacions I coulde ufe to move hym to make the 
voyage thether, fo as at the dyfpatche hereof I lefthe hym well dyfpofed 
thereunto ; God graunte fome others doe not dyverte hys opynion. 

I underftande that the Hammyltons and theyre frendes doe muche im- 
pugne that my lorde of Murreye fhoulde accepte the regentcye; yt wyll 



Digitized by 



Google 



278 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

fucceede to well for the Stuardes and to yll for the Hammyltons. Thus 
Almightie God preferve your majeftie in perfe6le helthe, honor, and all 
felycytye. At Edenburghe, thys 14 of Augufte, 1567, 

Your majefties moofl humble, faythfuU, obedyent, 
fervaunte and fubjedle, 

[ ] 

To the quenes moofte excellent majeflie. 



LETTER FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OF ST. ANDREWS AND OTHERS. TO 

SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON, 

August . . 1567.* 

My Lord, Efter maift hartie comendacyon. We have reflavet your lord- 
fhips letter dated at Edenbrugh the xiij of thys inflant, gevinge us to under- 
ftande howe that yt hes plefit the quenis majeftie your foveraigne to have 
fend yow as her ambafladour towards the quenes hienes, hir fufter, our 
foveraigne, to comunicate with her majeftie beinge detenit captyve con- 
trar to the duetie of all good fubjedls; and gave yow in charge ficlyke 
to treate with the lords affemblit at Edenburgh for thenlargement of her 
hienes perfon, the reftitucion of her to her majefties dignytye; offiinge 
them all reafonable condycions and means might be for the fave garde 
of the yonge prince, ponifliement of the late horryble murder, and ficlyke 
theyre owne fuerties. And albeyt yow had trayvaylled longe in that 
matter, you coulde come to no purpoofe, nor yet prevaile in anie thinge 
with the fayd lordes to your foveraignes fatiffadlion ; of whilke wrange 
procedinges towardes your foveraigne and unduetefull behaviour towards 
theire awne, ye had gotten further charge from your foveraigne to de- 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 62. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 279 

clare unto them that fhe allowit nathinge thaire procedinges, and there- 
apon had revokit yow and gave yow in lyke maner chafge to defire at us, 
what walde be affuritlye our parte and our confederates towardes the 
queue our foveraignes lybertie and reftitucyon to her majefties former 
dignytye by force or otherwayes, feinge the lordes, quha detenit her, haid 
refufit all other mediatioun ; to thende that your foveraigne might con- 
cur with us in lick ane honorable enterpryce, and tharfore defirit fo 
manie of our aunfweris, beinge willinge for hir libertie, as might be had 
fchortlie togidder, albeyt the reft culd not be had fa foun, becaufe ye 
weere to depart verray haiftelie. Plefit your honor, for anfwer, the 
gretteft parte and gretteft men, quha wee underftand are given for 
thobteyninge of her graces libertye and the reftoringe of her to her awine 
eftate, fick as my lordes Argile, Huntley, Hereis, and fundry uthers, 
culde not be haid heir fa haftelie to geve full refolucyon in this behalfe 
as ye defyrit. But for our opynion under wryttin, wee thinke the queues 
majeftie your foveraigne, in fekinge our foveraines libertie by all honeft 
meanes, does the duetie of ane noble princes towardes her fufter our 
foveraigne ; and for our awne parties, and as wee beleave fuerlye for our 
confederats, we are delyberate by all honeft meanes poffible to feike our 
fayd foveraignes libertie and to reftoire hir to hir former eftait, as gud 
and duetifuU fubje6ls ought to doe, conforme to our promefle and bande, 
quhareof before wee fend your lordfhip the dubble. Wyllinge alfwa 
prefervacyon of our natyve prince, ponifhement of the horryble murder to 
be execute, and the fuertie of thaime that hes enterprycit againft hir ma- 
jeftie to be maid; fwa that the common weale of this realme maye be 
eftablifhed, and juftyce adminiftrat as yt aucht and fuld be; defiringe 
maift humbly the queues majeftie your foveraigne to contynewe her 
hienes good mynde towartes our fayd foveraigne, and to procure her 
lybertye and reftytucyon to her eftate in maner foirfayd, lyke as we will 
requeft and defyre verray humblye all other princes to doe the fame, be- 
caufe yt is verye odious to anye fubje6ls to put hands in theire natyve 
prince in fick ane fort. And gyf yt fliall pleis your foveraigne to halde 
hand in this caufe, fen our procedinges are maift reafonable and conforme 
to her majefties awne defires by all honeft meanes to procure our fove- 



Digitized by 



Google 



280 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

raignes relief, we dowbt not but her hienes will concurr and helpe us for 
performinge of the faime ; in doinge of the quhilke her grace will obleiflh 
ws all to doe her majeftie all lefull fervice. And wee befeke yow, that we 
may knawe her graces mynde hereintill, in fpeciall quhat wee maye lippin 
to, and to be fent to the lord Herryes on the Weft Border, quha is ane of 
our confederats, with dylygence, for that is the redieft waye. Forder, 
pleafle to reflave the dubble of the proteftacyon made at the princes co- 
ronation, as ye defirit, quharby ye maye perceyve yt is as well made for 
her hienes weale as for anye particuler perfonne. And fwa, not wyllinge 
to cummir your lordfhip with longer letter, wee comyt your honour to the 
prote6lion of Almightye God. 

Your lordfhips afTured at power, 

St. Andbewes. Abbbothe. 

Flemtnoe. R. Boyde. 

Receyved the xix of Auguft by 
the hands of Mr John Hamil- 
ton. The buflhop of St. An- 
drews, and the lords of Ar- 
brothe, Flemynge, and Boydes 
lettre to me. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO THE ARCHBISHOP 

OF ST. ANDREWS, AND OTHERS, 

August 20, 1567** 

After my due commendations to your good lordfhips. I have rece3rved 
your lordfhips lettre by this gentleman Mr John Hamylton, bearinge no 

i 

• From the Addlt. MS. 4126, No. 63. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 281 

no date, neyther for the tyme nor place. And as unto the contents, this 
that be to advertize your lordfliips, I will with expedycion fignefye them 
unto the queues majeftie my foveraigne, together with fuche other things 
as the fayd Mr Hamylton by credyt hath moved unto me. And whereas 
by my laft I dyd geve your lordfliips to underftand that the queens ma- 
jeftie had revoked me hence; fo yt is fince that tyme yt hathe pleafed 
her majeftie to recontynewe my charge in this cuntreye, untill fuche tyme 
as fome iflue of theis lords procedings may be feene. Howe and in what 
forte her majeftie doth accepte theis lords doings I have communicate 
vnto the fayd Hamylton, the bearer hereof, and lykewyfe what aunfwer I 
have recey ved at theire hands ; unto whom I dowbte not but your lord- 
fliips will geve credyt, as he is well worthie. Thus Almightye God have 
your lordfliipps in his blefled tuycion. At Edenburgh, this xx Auguft, 
1567, 

Your good lordfliips to ufe and commande, 

[ ] 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR VSriLLIAM CECIL. 

August 20, 1567.* 

SiB, At thys dyfpatche I wyll not bemone unto you the gryefie I take for 
my fl^ye heere, feinge I muft and wyll mooft wyllinglye obaye her majef- 
ties order. Surelye yf my judgement ferve me to fee into the ftate heere 
yt weere better that I weere revoked and non other fent hether for a tyme, 
than I or anye other to contynewe in theys contraryous procedings to 
theys mens lykyngis and ententes. For neyther is yt convenyent that I, 
who have fpoken fo roughlye, fliould by and by fpeake myldelye, nor any 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 65. 

N n 



Digitized by 



Google 



282 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

other be fent hether untyll fome mynifter come from hence to her majef- 
tie thether, or that theis lordes projedles be better ellablyflied. The 
fubftaunce of my laft charge, commytted unto me by your lettres of the 
xj of Augufl I have not yet declared; but thys I fynd by conje6lure, 
that the lord regent, for fo I thynke he fliall be publyfhed within theys 2 
dayes, wyll goe more flowelye to worke than anye man bathe donne yet. 
For he fekes to imytate rather fome which have led the people of Ifraell, 
than anye capytayne of our age. As I can leame, he meanethe to ufe no 
dalyinge but eyther he wyll have obedyence for thys yonge kynge of all 
eftates within thys realme or yt fliall cod hym hys lyffe; and yet I fee 
no dyfpofycion in hym eyther to bereave the quene of her lyffe or to 
keape her in perpetuall pryfon. He ys refolved to defende thoofe lordes 
and gentlemen that have taken thys matter in hande, thoughe alle the 
prynces in Chriftendome woulde bande agaynft them. And as for the 
Hamyltons and theyre fa6lion, theyre condycions be fuche, theyre beha- 
vyor fo inordynate, the moofl of them fo unhable, theyre lyvynge fo vy- 
cyous, theyre fydelytye fo tyckle, theyre partye fo weake, as I counte yt 
lode whatfoever ys beftowed apon them. Shortlye yow are lyke to have 
with yow an handfome yonge man of that furname named John Hamyl- 
ton, to procure to fet yow on fyer, to get fome money amongefl them to 
countenaunce theyre doinges, which ferve lytle for our purpoofe. The 
lord Herryes ys the connynge horfleache and the wyfeft of the wholle 
fadlion ; but as the quene of Scotland fayethe of hym, there ys no bodye 
can be fure of hym ; he takethe pleafure to beare all the worlde in hande; 
we have good occafyon to be well ware of hym. Sir, yow remember how 
he handled us when he delyvered Dunfryfe, Carlaveroke, and the Har- 
mytage, into our handes; he made us beleave all fliould be ours to the 
Fyrthe, and when wee truiled hym befl^ how he helped to chafe us awaye 
I am fure you have not forgotten. Heere amongefl hys owne countrey- 
men he ys noted to be the moofl cautelous man of hys natyon. It may 
lyke yow to remember he fuflfred hys owne hoflages, the hoflages of the 
lard of Loughanver and Garles, hys nexte neyghboures and frendes, to be 
hanged for promefle broken by hym. Thys muche I fpeake of hym, be- 
caufe he ys the lykelyefl and moofl dangerous man to inchaunte yow. I 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 283 

wyll endefor thys tyme; I fuppofe within theys twoe dayes yow fhall 
heare from me agayne after I have receyved aunfwer of theys lordes to 
my laft commyflyoD; which I am fure wyl be verye unpleafaunte unto 
them. 

I am determyned to obferve your order, and to treate with thearle of 
Murrey and the lard of Lyddington, otherwyfe, I am fure, I fhould doe 
more harme than good. And thys commyflion accomplyflhed, I pray 
yow. Sir, helpe that I may be agayne with fpede revoked, for truly yt ys 
loft money, loft labour, and loft tyme, that ys fpent heere. Thus I doe 
humblye take my leave of yow. At Edenbrughe, thys 20 of Auguft, 
1567, 

Yours to ufe and comaunde, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir William Cecyll, 
knight, one of her majefties Prevye 
Counfayle, and Princypall Secretorye. 



" THE ARTICLES AGREED ON BETWIXT THEARL OF MURRAY AND THE 
LORDS OF THE SECRET COUNCIL AND OTHERS OF THE NOBILITY 
AND ESTATES OF SCOTLAND," 
AuousT 22, 1567.* 

At Edmburgh, the xxij day of Auguft, the geir of God one thoufand, 
five hundred, thre fcoir fevin geris. The lordis of Secreit Counfale and 
utherairs of the nobilitie and eftaitis underfubfcrivand, b^ng convenit in 
Counfall, It was exponit and declarit, how it hes plefit the queue, for the 
tendir luff and entiere affe^ioun quhilk ihe beris to hir deare fone the 
kinges majeftie our foverane lord, to dimit and tranifer hir crown of this 
realme with all dominionis perteining thairto in his perfoun^ that in hir 

• From the Addit MS. 4126, No. 77. 



Digitized by 



Google 



284 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

awin tyme fhe mycht fe him fetled and eflablifhit thairin, as in hir com- 
miffioun grantit to that efFeft of the dait the xxiiij day of July laft bipail 
at mair lenth is contenit. At the quhilk tyme alfua hir grace, knawing 
the proximitie and tendimes of blude (landing betuix oure faid foverane 
lord the king and hir derreft brother James erll of Murray, lord Abime- 
thie, of quhais aflFe6lioun and kyndlie lufF towart his majeftie and the 
commoun weill of this realme, fhe wes and is maift affurit ; in refpe6t 
quhairof and of the certanty of hir faid brotheris fufficiency and gude 
qualificatioun, her grace maid, namit, appoin^lit, conHitute, and ordanit 
him regent to hir faid derreft fone, this realme and liegis thairof during 
his minoritie and les aige. And in cas of hir faid brotheris remaning 
abfent, being gan furth of the realme, deceis, or refufall, appointand and 
nominatand otheris nobillmen for adminiftration of the faid charge of re- 
gentcie, as in the particular commiffionis thairupoun, under hir fubfcrip- 
tioun and previe feill of the date above writtin, mair largelie is expreffit. 
Quhilk, in the tyme of oure foverane lordis coronatioun, accomplifhit 
and folempnizat upoun the xxix day of the faid moneth of July, were red, 
confidderit, fund gude and expedient, and approvit, ratifiit, and condi- 
fcendit unto be the eftaittis than convenit; fen the quhilk tyme, at 
Goddis pleffure, the faid nobill and mychty lord returnand to this realme 
his native cuntre, coniidderand the quenis deliberat will and intentioun 
not onelie be hir faid commiffioun but be hir awn mouth and voce, how- 
beit the charge be wechtie yit the aflfe6lioun he beris to oure faid fove- 
rane lordis gude eftait and weilfair, and the commoun weill of this realme 
and native cuntre, hes movit him to accept the fame charge. Bot not- 
withftanding his zeale and gudewill borne in this behalf, git fal no frute 
nor perfe6lioun follow thairon without the effe6lual affiftance and concur- 
rence of the counfall, nobilitie, and eftaittis of the realme. Quhairfor, 
and to the effe^ that ane uniforme concurrence may be betuix him 
and thame in the furthfetting of the glorie of God and governing of the 
affairis of the commoun weill, they have with ane mynd and aflent 
aggreit and condifcendit mutually and reciprocyly to the articles following. 
In the firft, fen the Eternall of his greit mercy efter the founding of 
the trumpet of his blejflit Evangell in this pover realme for the glorie of 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 285 

his awin name, hes fa oft and manifeftlie deliverit us fra the divers and 
mony dangeris, quhilk in all warldle apperance wer inevitabill, it be- 
cumis that the honour of his name be preferrit to all erthlie and temporall 
thingis. Thairfoir, the faid nobilitie, counfall and eftaittis fal concur 
with the faid lord regent in the promoting and eilablifling of the trew 
religioun of Jefus Chryfl and all thingis belangand thairto. And to that 
efFe6l, as alfwa for eftabliffing of all other thingis concerning the polecie 
and gude govemament of the realme, that ane parliament be haldin and 
kepit how fone it may gudelie. 

Item, the faid nobilitie, counfall, and eftaittis fal concur with my faid 
lord regent in the furthfetting of juftice equalie and indiflferentlie to the 
haill liegis of this realme, according to the lawis thairof, as weill in the 
civile as criminall eflfaris, without ony gruge of thame. 

Item, fen it is maift notour that not onelie ar the pover liegis of this 
realme oppreffit and hereit by thevis, oppreffouris, and utheris, but alls 
the haill eftattis of the fame ar out of fie frame and ordour that gudlie it 
can not lang continew and be ane realme without the haiflie remeid be 
put thairto. Thairfoir, the faid counfall and nobilitie fall accumpany 
and remane with my faid lord regent in fie places as fall be thoght expe- 
dient, quhill the kingis majeflies authoritie be univerfallie eftablifled and 
recognofcit throw the haill realme ; quhilk being broght to pas, that thaire- 
efter an reflbnabill nowmer of the faid lordis aflbciat him and wait upoun 
the counfall, be quhais advifs the haill effaris of the commounweill may 
be ordourit. 

Item, forfamekill as the publi6l ofBciaris of this realme ar the princi- 
pall nervis and fennonis quhilk joynis the haill body, and retenis and kepis 
thame in ordour, and the fame being dividit and out of frame the haill 
confequentlie mon diffolve and cum to nocht, it is thairfor fund coveni- 
ent that fie men be placeit in the faid offices as ar uprycht, of gude juge- 
ment, and ar apt and meit to brouke the famyn, the qualitie of the per- 
foun without refpeft onelie being regardit, and all utheris prefentlie 
placeit in the famyn, quhilk the law will permit, to be removit thairfra, 
fwa that all thingis may gang fordwart uniformelie, quietnes may be kepit, 
and the pover eafit thairby. 



Digitized by 



Google 



286 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

Item, thai confentit and condefcendit that na remiffioun nor refpe^ be 
grantit to ony maner of perfons for ony murther, foull flauchter, or 
utheris crymes equivolent thairto, to be committit fra the dait heirof dur- 
ing the tyme that it fall pleis God to burden my faid lord regent with the 
charge foirfaid. 

Item, quhen my faid lord regent, be advyis of the faid counfall and 
nobilitie, fall endevoir himfelf to the promoting of the glorie of God, 
executing of juftice, and keping of the realme in quietnes, nane of thame 
fall grudge thairat ony maner of way, but affift him in the juft executing 
of the lawis againis quhatfomevir perfoun rebelland agains our faid 
foverane lordis authoritie and contravenand the faid lawis, alfweill within 
the realme as out with. 

Item, on thother fyde, my faid lord regent faithfully prom}'tts that in 
na tyme to come, during the tyme of his charge and ofFyce, he fall con- 
tra6l with ony forreyne princes toward peace, warr, theflate of our fove- 
rayne lord the king, his maryage, the liberty of the quene his mother, 
nor yet fall fpeke with her without thadvyce of my lords of the fecret 
councell prefent, undre fubfcribande, or of the maift part of them. 

22 Auguft, 1567. 

Thartickles agreed on betwixte thearle 
of Murrey and the lordes. 



•' THOTHE MADE BY THEARLE OF MURREY AT THACCEPTATION OF 

HYS REGENTCYE," 

August 22, 1567.* 

I, N. Promeffe faythefuUie in the prefence of thetemall my God, that I, 
duringe the haill cours of my lyfTe, fall ferve the fame eternal my God 
to the uttermefte of my power, accordinge as he requiris in his maifte 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 78. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 287 

holye worde, revelit and conteynit in the Newe and Ould Teftamentis ; 
and accordinge to the fame worde fall manteyne the true religioun of 
Jefus Chrifte, the preachinge of his holye worde, and due and right my- 
niflratyoun of his facrementes now reflavit and praftyzed within this 
realme. And fall abolyflie and ganeftand all fals religyoun contrair to 
the fame, and fall rewle the people commyttit to my charge accordinge 
to the will and commaunde of God, revelit in his forfaid worde, and ac- 
cordinge to the lovabill lawes and conftytucions refavit in this realme, 
na wayes repugnant to the faid worde of theternall my God. And fall 
procure to my uttermeft, to the kyrke of God and haill Chriftian people, 
true and perfe6le peace in all tyme comminge. • The rites and rentes 
with all juft pryveledges of the crowne of Scotlande I fall preferve and 
keape invyolate, neyther fall I tranffer or alyenate the fame. I fall for- 
byd and repreffe, in all ftates and all degrees, reif, oppreffion, and all 
kynde of wrange ; in all judgementis I fall commaunde and procure that 
juftice and equitie be kepit to all creatures without exceptioun ; as he 
be mercifuU to me and you, that is the Lorde and Father of all mercies. 
And out of the kinge my fovereignes landes and impyre I fal be cairefuU 
to rute all heretykes and enemyes to the true worfliippe of God, that fal 
be convi6le be the true kyrke of God of the foirfaid crymes. All theis 
thinges above wrytten I faithfuUie affirme by my folempnit ayth. 

Then let him lay his hande uppon the Bybill with inclinatioun of his 
bodie. Than let him finge the Ixxij pfalme. 



LETTER FROM LORD HERRYS TO SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON, 

August 28. 1567.* 

Maye yt pleafe your honorable lordftiip. Underftandinge your lordlhips 
contynewaunce in this countreye for the helpe of the relief of our fove- 

• From the Addit. MS- 4126, No. 67. 



Digitized by 



Google 



288 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

raigne and pacifyinge of the prefent great cummers amangs us appar- 
aunde, I haif thought yt my duetie humblye to praye your honour, gyf 
yow fynde any lyke apparaunce quharby our foveraigne maye be relevit, 
and thapparaunte trowbles with wifdome to be pacefyet, that your honour 
would commaunde me to ferve yow theirein what I other maiy doe or 
make my frendes to that eflfe6le. And gyf your honour cannot fynde 
that anie good meanes nor reafonable nor honeft condydions maye not 
rehef our foveraigne out of the lordes handes, her fubjedles, that nowe 
fwa ftrayetlye deteinis her, that your lordfhip woulde commaunde your 
fecretar to wryte me your pleafure quharrein yow binde me to ferve yow. 
I humblye praye your honour appardoun me of fa lytle acquayntaunce 
and nawyfe defervit, that I thus far fwa trowbles yow, and fpeciallie in 
fwa weightye a matter. The earned defire that I haif to fee fome weile 
by yow wrought herein in the queues majeflie your foveraignes name, 
movet me to take this hardines, to requyre your lordfhips favorable aun- 
fwer. I defire hartelye your lordfhips pardon, that I come not to yow 
myfelfe, the caufe beande bounde with an noumer of the nobylytie of 
this realme to feeke my foveraignes relyef may put them in fufpycion gyf 
I come thaire for anie other purpoofe but knawyn her relief. What fer- 
vyce that I can doe your honour heere, or anie parte of the realme where 
the lordes deteynours of her grace are not the gretteft partye, I fal be as 
readye as anie Scottifman of my degree ; prayand theternall God and to 
preferve your honour weill willinge the fame. Off Dumfries, the xxiij of 
Auguft, 1567. 

Your lordfhips to comaunde with all 
lefull fervyce, 

Herts. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 289 



LETTER PROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 

August 23, 1567.* 

It maye pleafe your majeflie. The 22 of Augufte thearle of Murreye was 
in the towne of Edenbrughe declared regent of thys realme after thys 
maner. So manye lordes, barones, and gentlemen, as weere at that pre- 
fent in thys towne, which weere manye, dyd aflemble themfelves in the 
ToUebuthe ; where the Juftice Gierke dyd publykelye read the quenes 
commiflyon of regentcye graunted to the fayd earle, figned with her hande 
and fealed with her prevye feale. Which donne, the fayd Juftice Gierke 
wylled the fayd earle, in the quene and kynge her fonnes name, to ac- 
cepte the fayde charge and to procede to the takynge hys othe. Where- 
apon thearle of Murreye, with great modeftye, as I am informed, made 
a longe difcourfe conteyninge hys infufFycyentcye and difhabylytye for 
that charge; notwithftandinge, beinge agayne prefled by the fayd Juftice 
Gierke in the names of the quene and kynge, and by the interceflyon of 
the lordes and other thaffyftauntes, he the fayc^ earle dyd accept yt. 
Whereapon the fayd Juftice Gierke dyd mynifter unto hym the fame 
othe which thearle of Moreton dyd make for the prynce at hys corona- 
tyon at Sterlynge; the copye whereof I doe fend your majeftie herewith. 
Which othe beynge folempnye red and made by the fayd earle, there 
weere certayne artycjkles red unto the lordes, propofed on the behalfe of 
the fayd earle of Murrey, to be confented unto by the fayd lordes, and 
promejQTe made by them and everye of them to be on there partes ob- 
ferved and kepte. Thys donne, thearle tooke hys place, and there was 
great joye made amongeft all fortes ; and immedyatlye after, hys re- 
gentcye and au6lhorytye was with heraldes and trumpettes proclamed in 
thys towne at the Hye Grofle, and in other places deftyned for that pur- 
poofe. 

Your majeftie harde before my commynge into Scotlande that foundrye 
perfounes weere fommoned to appeare in thys towne the fayde 22 daye 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 68. 

O O 



Digitized by 



Google 



290 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

of Auguft, beinge accufed or vehementlye fufpe6led of the murder of the 
late kinge. Of which nomber, yt maye pleafe your majeftie, there dyd 
onelye appeare the fayde 22 daye three perfonnes of fortye ; that is to 
faye, James Cockeborne, lard Skyrlynge, knight, Patricke Haybome, 
lard of Rycartton, knight, and Wylliam Edmonilon, fonne to the perfon 
of Tallowe, which three weere arrayned and purfued on the iayd kinges 
behalfe by the lardes of Mento, Dromewafdl and Howilon, all which 
weere the {ayd late kinges fervauntes and next kynfemen. But for as 
muche as fuche gentlemen as weere fommoned to be on the jurye dyd 
not appeare, there was nothynge proceded in agaynft the fayd partyes 
accufed and fufpe6led ; but they, fyndinge fuertyes for theyre feconde 
apparaunce agaynft the 2 1 October nexte^ were dymifled for thys tyme, 
and the courte dyfcharged. There ys great prefumptyon that theys 
three gentlemen fhoulde be innocent of thys fowle a6le, in as muche as 
they dyd appeare uncompelled otherwyfe than by the fomounes of the 
lawe. 

The lardes of Scyrlynge and Rycartton cam to thys towne verye well 
accompany ed. 

Of the nomber fomoned which dyd not appeare, there was put to the 
home the feme daye 12, and proclamation made of theyre outlarye ; fo 
as there was about 25 refpeited, amongeft which fir Patryke Whytlaugh, 
captayne of Dunbar, was one. 

Thabbot of Kylwynninge hathe treated with thearle of Murreye in thys 
towne apon theys poyndles ; firft to have a fufpencion of thacceptacion 
of the regentcye untill the duke of Chaftylleraultes retorne. 

That beinge refufed, he requyred to have a lyke fufpencyon untill 
thearles of Argyelle, Huntely, the buflhop of St Andrewes, thabbot of 
Arbrothe, and other noblemen theyre aflbcyates, might conveene ; and 
that apon theyre convention, order might be taken witfi theys lordes con- 
fentes that fome of thone partye and thother might have acceffe to the 
queue, to knowe her mynde conceminge her commiflyons for the corona- 
tyon of her fonne and the regentcye of the realme. 

Thys beinge refufed alfo, he defjrred that the Hamyltons and theyre 
frendes might not be conftreyned to obeye the regentcye. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 291 

Which beinge denyed alfo unto hym, he requyred that the proclama- 
tion as well of the kinge as of thearle of Murreyes regentcye, might be 
abfteyned from publycation in theyre bondes and the boundes of theyre 
frendes. 

Thys was alfo refufed unto hym. And further thearle of Murreye 
fayd that there fhoulde be no fubjefte nor place within thys realme ex- 
empted from the kinges audlhorytye and the obedyence thereunto ; and 
lykewyie non fhoulde be exempted from obayinge hym, the fayde earle, 
beinge regent of the fayd realme, otherwyfe he woulde ware hys lyfFe in 
.the matter. 

As far as I can perceyve, the convention, whereof I dyd wryte to your 
majeftie in my laft, to be had at Sterlynge betwixte the Hammyltons 
and fome of theys lordes, where De LineroU fhoulde have benne medya- 
tor in theyre dyfFerentes, the fame ys not lyke to take place, the Ham- 
myltons refufinge to come to Sterlinge. 

Herewith I fend your majeftie thartyckles propofed by thearle of 
Murrey to the lordes, to which they have confented ; whereunto there 
was another artykle inferted by the lordes which the fayd earle hathe 
promyfed to obferve ; conteyninge, that the fayd earle fhall neyther con- 
tradte warr nor peafe, breake league nor make league, difpofe of the 
prynces perfon or maryage, difpofe of the queues perfon or of her lyber- 
tye, without the confent of the lordes, or of the moofl parte of them. 

Synce your majeflie doth fee an audlhoritye heere eflablyfhed, with 
what quyetnes yt wyll contjrnew God knowethe, it may pleafe yow to re- 
voke me ; for thearle of Murreye beinge regent, as I doe leame, dothe 
mynde, by thadvyce of theys lordes and others of thys counfayle, to take 
the precedentcye of all ambafTadors; which hetherto I have had of the 
fayd earle, and of all others within thys realme. And now gevynge place 
unto hym, yt may feeme your majeftie dothe allowe, by me, of hys au6lho- 
rytye and of theyre procedinges in fome forte; and otherwyfe contendinge 
with hym for the precedentcye, all meane of negocyacion and treatye 
with hym wyl be taken awaye from me. So as your majeflie may per- 
ceyve how convenyent yt ys I be revoked, for otherwyfe I cannot avoyde 
to fall into thinconvenyence one waye or other. Thus Almightie God 



Digitized by 



Google 



292 ILLUSTRATIONS OP THE 

preferve your majeftie in all heltbe, honor, and perfe^e felycytye. At 
Edenbrughe, thys 23 of Augufl, I567> 

Your majefties moofle bumble, faytbefuU, 
obedyent, fervaunte and fubje6te. 



[ 



To the quenes moofle excellent 
majeflie. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO LORD HERRTS, 

August 24, 1567.* 

Your good lordlhips lettre of the xxiij of Auguil I have receyved the 
xxiiij of the fame; for aunfwer wherunto yt may lyke your lordfhip tun- 
derilande that I will fignifie unto yow playnelie howe farforthe I am 
alreadie throughlie inftrudled of the quenes majeflie my foveraignes 
pleafure conceminge the detencion of the queue your foveraigne, and 
conceminge her relief. To the firfle, her majeflie bathe geven me in 
charge to ufe all kynde of perfwafions in her name to move theis lordes 
aflemblit at Edenburghe to defifle from this vyolent and undutifuU be« 
haviour which they ufe towardes theire foveraigne; and in this part, be- 
fydes the fhewe of manie reafons and foundrye perfwafions of amyable 
treatye with them, her majeflie hath wylled me to ufe fome plajrne and 
feveare fpeache unto them, tendinge fo farforthe as yf they wolde not be 
better advyfed and reforme theis theire outragious procedings exercyfed 
againfl thair foveraigne, that then they might be aflured her majeflie 
neyther would nor coulde indure fuche an indignytie to be donne to the 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 69. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 293 

quene her good cowfen and neighbour. And notwithftandinge theis my 
procedmgs with them, they have made prouf to be lytle moved therby; 
for as yet neyther will theye confent to her enlargement, neyther fuffer 
me to fpeake with her; fo, as yt femeth to me, yt is fuperfluous to treate 
anie more with them after this maner. Whereupon I have advertyzed the 
queues maieftie my foveraigne, expe6linge daylie her majefties further 
order ; and as I fhal be advertyzed therof, fo will I not faile to fignifie 
the fame to your good lordfhip, and in the meane tyme will advertyze 
her majeftie alfo what your lordfhip hath written unto me. 

Thus with my due commendacions to your good lordfhip, I comyt the 
fame to Almightie God; refling alwayes to doe yow the pleafure and 
fervyce that I can lefuUye. At Edenburghe. 

24 Augufl, 1567. 

To the lord Herys. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROCKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

August 26, 1567.* 

Sib ; Yf my hap weere as good as monfieur de LyneroUs ys, I might 
eyther have retomed before hym or with hym; and I beleave theys men 
coulde not be fo backewarde to fatyffyce the queues majeflies defyre as 
they be nowe, I treatjrnge with them as I doe. For, as far as I can per- 
ceyve, they do fo flomake my negocyacion, as that they wyll conforme 
themfelves to nothynge that may be gratefuU unto us; and I thynke, if 
you doe not revoke me, or it be longe they wyll fende me hence. Here- 
with I fende yow the copye of a lettre which the lord Herryes dyd latelye 

* From the Addit. MS. 4126, n. 70. 



Digitized by 



Google 



f^ 



294 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

fend unto me, and lykewyfe myne aunfwer unto bypi; but yit, I praye 
yow, forget not what I have wrytten unto yow of hym by my former dyf- 
patches. He hath lately wrytten a lettre to the earle of Murrey with all 
humylytie, but dothe make diffycultye to come to thys towne, wherin he 
dothe contynewe his pretence for the lybertie of the queue, or els that he 
maye have lycence to fpeake with her where ihe ys, and than he wyll, as 
he faythe, obaye the lord regent, who kepethe now hys eflate in all 
thynges as governour of the realme. 

Mounfieur De Lyneroll, now at hys leave takynge, cam to hys lodgjrng, 
where thearle of Murrey kept the hyeft place, as I am informed. The 
regent bathe prefented the fayd De Lyneroll ; the valew and partycu- 
larytyes I can not prefentelye tell. It is thought, within theys two or 
three dayes thearle of Murrey wyll enter in to the caftell of Edenburghe 
and lodge there, to make a demonftracion of hys audlhorytie. I fuppofe, 
at the lard of Graunges retorne, the garde of the fayd caftell fliall be 
commytted to hym. Thearle Bodwell ys in Shetland, where he hath taken 
a great fhyppe of Breame, laden with fyflhe, which he meanethe to arme, 
to make hys admerall of hys arte of pyracye. The lorde Tyllyberne and 
Graunge doe make fayle thether to apprehende hym or to fyght with 
hym 

Sir, I doe not wryte prefentelye to her majeftie, and therfore I praye 
yow fupplye for thys tyme myne advertyzement unto her; and I befeache 
yow, let me not tarye heere, where I doe more harme than good. Ly- 
neroll departed hence towardes Barwycke the 26 of thys monethe ; hys 
preafent was a bafen and an ewer gylte, twoe ftandinge cuppes gylte, 
^nd twoe layers gylte, and twoe hackeneys, with certeyne Scottyihe 
daggers garnyflhed with fylver and gylte. 

Thoughe thearle of Murrey dothe advertyze the Frenche kynge of hys 
regentcye, yet thys dyfpatche which Lyneroll hathe at thys tyme ys in 
the name of all the lordes to whom the Frenohe kynge dyd wryt^; all 
whyche agayne have wrytten to the fayd kinge, from whom the fayd De 
Lyneroll had hys aunfwer geven, tendinge to that whiob I dyd wryte in 
my former dyfpatche. Thearle of Murrey hathe wrytten at great lenght, 
in cOnfirmacyon of the fame, a partycijler lettre to the Frenche kynge. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 295 

Thus I doe htimblye take my leave of yow. At Edettbrughe, this 26 
of Auguft, 15675 



[ ] 



To the right honorable fir Wylliam 
Cecyll, knight, one of her majef- 
ties Prevye Counfayle, and Prin- 
cypall Secretorye, give theys. 



LETTER FROM QUEEN ELIZABETH TO SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON, 

August 29, 1567.* 

Trusty and well beloved, we grete yow well. We have within theis ij 
dayes receaved iij fondry lettres of yours, of the 20, 22, and 23 of this 
month, having not before thofe receaved any vij dayes befor ; and doo 
fynd by thefe your lettres that yow have very dilligently and largely 
advertifed us of all the hafty and peremptory procedyngs there ; which as 
we nothyng lyke, fo we trull in tyme to fee them waxe colder and to re- 
ceave fome reformation. For we cannot perceave that they with whom 
yow have delt can anfwer the douts moved by the Hamiltons; who how- 
foever they may be carryed for ther privat refpefts, yet thofe thyngs which 
they move will be allowed with all refonable perfons. For if they may 
not, being noblemen of the realme, be fuffired to here the quene ther 
foverayn declare her mynd concerning the reports which are made of hir 
by fuch as kepe hir in captivite, how fliuld they beleve the reports or obey 
them which do report it? And therfor our meaning is, yow fliall lett 
the Hammyltons playnly underfland that we doo well allow of thir pro- 
cedyngs, as farr furth as the fame doth concern the quene ther foverayn 
for hir releffe, and in fuch thyngs as fliall appere refonable for us therin 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 71. 



Digitized by 



Google 



296 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

to doo for the quene our fifter we will be redy to perform the fame. 
And wher it is required that, uppon your cummyng thence, the lord 
Scroope Ihuld deale with the lord Harrils to impart ther meaning to us 
and ours to them, we are well pleafed therwith ; and we require yow to 
advertife the lord Scroope herof by your lettres, and to will hym to fliew 
hymfelf favorable to them in ther anions that may appeare playnly to 
tend to the releeff of the quene, and mayntenance of hir authoritie. And 
as we willed our Secretary to wryte unto yow that, uppon your mefladg 
doone to the earle of Murray, yow might retorn ; fo our meaning is yow 
fhall. And if thefe our lettres fhall mete yow on the waye, yet we will 
have yow advertife both the lord Scroope and the Hamiltons of our 
meaning. 



LETTER FROM THE EARL OF MURRAY TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL. 

August 80, 1567.* 

Shir, After my maiil harty comendation. Being aflured that now it is al- 
redy cum to gour knowlaige how I am changytt of latte from my privatte 
ilate to ane public charge, quhilk, I pray God, may to this flate be moir 
commodious nor to me it is welcum or pleifing, but I mufl neids with 
all uthers ^eild to neceffiteis. I haif found ^our good counfale and ^our 
good fawors at all tymis paft, when thai wer not fo neidfull to me nor fo 
prouffitable to the ftate as now thai boyth ar. I can not but afluer my 
felf thairfor to fynd gou that fame to me that ge wer heirtofoir; lyck as 
in me thair is nothing changytt but the rowme, and that I knaw I haif 
moir neid of trew freinds nor ewir I hayd. I will heirfor maift hartly 
defyir gou to profecute me with your accuftumyt good will, and to be ane 
moyen to mo we the quenes majeftie to continew in hir good opinion of 
me and all my proceidings, and no les to defyir the wealht and quyetnes 
of this ftate during my charge nor heirtofoyr. Many things does mowe 

• From the Addit. MS. 4126, No. 7l.^ 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 297 

me to afluir my felf that fo I fall fynd always that good difpolition in hir 
majefle; but nothing moir then that I knaw what worthy and wyis coun- 
falors hyr hychnes hayth about hir, that owpryghtly will adwis hir majefle 
to fal on the beft and maift aggreable way that fall mak for the fearvice 
of the king his majefte, hir highnes cufing, his fecuryte, and quyetnes of 
this long trowblytt flate; quilk alfo, fir, I will maift hartly defyir of gow 
to haif for recommendit, nayther to fuffer, fo far as of dewyte ge may, 
the contrayre to be fought and attemptit under quhatfomever colour his 
hyghnes mortal enemeis, the murtheraris of the king his father, and thair 
faworars, can pretend to their malice. My truift is, fir, that the juftice 
and equite of this my petition, joyned with the knawlaige ge haif of the 
fincerite of my intentions, is perfuafion to gou aneouche; not dowbting 
but amply be others ge fall underftand the defigns of ewery man in par- 
ticular that within this realme hes any pretence particuleyr. And their- 
for I mak an end, with my harty commendations to gour good lady, quhom 
with sou, fir, I commytt to the protection of God. Frome Edynbourgh 
the xxxth of Auguft 1567. 

Your maift aflured good freind, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fliir William 
Cecill, knyght, Principal Secre- 
tary to the Queens majeftie of 
England. 



LETTER FROM SIR NICHOLAS THROKMORTON TO SIR WILLIAM CECIL, 

SSPTBMBBK l» 1567.* 

Sib, Your lettre of the 20 of Auguft dated at Guylforde^ I receyved the 
27 of the fame, conteynynge the quenes majefties order prefcrybed unto 

* From the AddiU MS. 4126, No. 78. 

P p 



Digitized by 



Google 



298 ILLUSTRATIONS OP THE 

me by yow for my procedinges with thearle of Murrey, now regent, in 
fuche poin6les as are mentyoned in your fayd lettre; and conteyninge 
alfo, fomewhat to my comfort, her majeflies pleafure for my retome, 
which ys to tako place when I fhall have accomplyflhed fuche thynges 
as be prefcrybed me by yow. 

For aunfwer whereunto, tbys that be to advertife yow, and her majeftie 
by yow, that the earle of Murrey, in the preafence of the lard of Lydding- 
ton, hathe aunfwered me as followethe. 

Fyril, to the matter declared by me, ordred fo to doe by her majeflies 
lettre of the xj of Augufte, the earle of Murrey fayd, the lard of Lyd- 
dington had before hym made aunfwer at good lenght fyve dayes pafte; 
fo as that matter neided no repetycyon. All which theyre aunfwer and 
dyfcourfe I fignefyed to her majeftie by my lettr.es of the 22 of Augufte. 
To my goinge to the quene at Lougheleven, he fliewed \ae that the 
lordes faw no reafon more nowe to accorde unto me acceffe to the quene 
than they have donne all thys whylle; but muche leffe, feinge they have 
refufed yt to the Frenche ambaffadour, who ys gone hys waye without yt. 
As to thacceptation of the regentcye, he fayde, yt was nowe paft dely- 
beratyon, and as for ignomynye and calumpniacyon, he had non other 
defence agaynft yt but the goodnes of God, hys upright confeyence, and 
hys entent to deale fincearelye in hys offyce; and yf that woulde not 
ferve, he coulde not tell what to faye, for nowe there was no other remedye 
and he muft goe thoroughe with the matter. 

As to the queues majefties fatyffa6lion for the quene hys foveraignes 
confent towchynge the governeraent conferred upon hym, he fayethe, he 
woulde be lothe to avowe anye fuche matter, and fpecially a thynge that 
towchethe hymfelfe, yf he had not the quenes confent thereunto confyrmed 
by her owne mowthe. 

As unto fome certeyne tyme for the quenes enlargement to be pre- 
fcrybed, which I demaunded, he fayd, the lordes coulde not refolve there- 
apon, becaufe her ly bertye and the tyme thereof depended apon accydentc$ ; 
" albeyt," fayd he, ** for myne omm parte, J coulde be contended yt weere 
undelayedlye." 

As unto that which I demaunded for the quenes condycion and eftate 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 299 

after Bodwells appreheticion and juftfyeinge, he aUnfWer^d, they could6 
not merchaundize for the beares fkynne before they had hym. 

I dyd replye thereunto, fayinge, they dyd forfee by imagynation what 
ihoulde be meete for them to doe, and what they woulde doe at that 
tyme. 

Thearle of Murreye aunfwered, " As far as I can perceyve, the quenes 
libertye than wyll chyeflye depende apon her owne behavyor and confy- 
derate doinges. For yf thes lordes may perceyve that fhe dothe dyfgeft 
well the juftefyinge of Bodwell, the ponyfhement of hys adherentes, and 
dothe not dyfcover a wrathefull and revengeful! mynde towardes theys 
procedinges ; and lykewyfe, yf the quene your foveraigne wyll fo deale 
as wee maye have caufe to thynke fhe feakethe quyetnes of thys realme 
and not the trowble of yt, as by countenauncynge and nowrifliynge con- 
trarye fadlions; than theys lordes wyll feeke to doe all gratefull thynges 
to the quene our foveraigne, and to the quenes majeftie of Englaunde. 
Marye, to fyfhe fo far before the net, and to tell nowe what flial be donne 
than, neyther doe I nor they thpke convenyent to geve anye determy- 
nate aunfwer/' 

So as havynge theys reafolute aunfwers to the matters afforefayde, I 
have thought good to make no longer taryinge, but to ufe the benefyte 
of her majefties pleafure, fignefyed unto me by yow, conceminge my 
retome. 

And after I had geven knowledge to thearle of Murreye and thother 
lordes that I woulde departe forthewith, they defyred me to tarye, to 
thende they might make readye my dyfpatche; I towlde them my dyf- 
patche might be expedyted within an howre, for I had nothynge to 
receyve from them, but my falfe-conduy6le. Thearle of Murreye requyred 
me to ftay, for that he woulde wryte fomethynge to the quenes majeftie, 
and woulde alfo requyre me to faye fomethynge to her majeftie on hys 
behalfe; I requyred hym there might as lytle delaye be ufed as coulde 
be. 

The 30 of Auguft, thearle of Murreye fent unto me, and requyred me 
after the fermon that we might goe together to hys lodginge ; whereapon, 
the fermon beinge fynyflhed, I dyd accompanye hym thether, where 



Digitized by 



Google 



300 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

weere aflembled all the lordes. There the lard of Lyddington, in the 
name of all the lordes, made a fummarye repetycyon of all theyre proced- 
ings fynce the begynninge of thys matter; yeldinge there theyre partycu- 
lar reafons to everye theyre partycular adlions, which was, in eife^te, the 
fame that I have heretofore in fondrye my dyfpatches advertyzed her 
majeftie. At lenght he concluded that no men in the world woulde be 
more forye than they to have the quenes majeftie otherwayes than favor- 
ablye of them; towchynge, by waye of dygreffyon, thaccorde of relygion 
betwixte the countreys, the partycular favors ihewed to manye of them 
by her majeftie heretofore, and the generall relyeffe that the holle countrey 
and nation receyved at the tyme of Lyethe, when ftraungers weere in the 
waje to oppreffe them, theyre lybertye, and relygion. When the lard of 
Lyddington had fyniflhed hys talke, thearle of Murrey fet forthe, at great 
lenght, what great gryeffe yt Ihoulde be to hym in partyculer to have the 
quenes majeftie thynke otherwayes of hym than well ; alledginge manye 
generall reafons and fome partyculer towchynge hym felfe ; concludinge, 
that there was no prynce nexte thofe which he ought hys chyefeft duetye 
unto, that thalyenation of theyre favoure might trowble hym fo muche as 
the quenes majefties. 

Then thearles of Murrey, Athell, Moreton, Marr and Glenkerne, and 
the lard of Lyddington, led me into a lytle cabanet, where they had pre- 
pared a preafent of gylte plate, as I eftemed yt, better than twoe hundred 
markes, which thearle of Murrey requyred me to accept by waye of prea- 
fent, as from the kynge theyre foveraigne lorde. I declared that I coulde 
not accept anye preafent from anye perfon within that realme but from 
the queue theyre foveraigne, of whom I woulde not make anye dyffyculte 
to receyve a preafent, yf flie weere in cafe to beftowe anye ; but as from 
the kynge, whom I tooke to be prynce, I coulde receyve none, feinge he 
had attayned to that name by injurynge the queue his mother. 

Whereapon, the lordes requyred me to de/yfte from fuche matters, 
for yt woulde but breade contentyon to no purpoofe ; and fo earneftlye 
preffed me agayne to receyve the prefent in the kinges name, which, to 
be fliort, I refufed ; and fo we parted, as yt feemed to me, they not beft 
pleafed. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 301 

Than my leave beinge taken of them, the lard of Lyddington accom- 
panyed me to my lodginge, and there perfyfled with manye perfwaycions 
to move me to chaunge my mynde from refu^ge the preafent, whereunto 
I dyd not yelde, but fo tooke my leave of hym. Somewhat he required me 
to faye unto yow on hys behalfe, which I wyll declare at my retome. 

I was accompanyed forthe of the towne, and fo 6 or 7 myells of my 
waye towardes Haddynton, with a good companye of my lord of Murreys 
gentlemen ; and becaufe yt was late before I departed Edenburghe, I laye at 
Haddyngtonall night, andfo came the lafl.of Augufte to thys towne, accom- 
panyed with Mr Roberte Melvyn,from whence towardes the Cowrte I wyll 
make the fpeede I maye. But I praye yow, fir, looke not for anye great 
haft at my hande, for fuerlye I am not in cafe fo to trayvayle. 

At my departinge Edenburghe, which was the 30 of Auguft, there 
was no newes come that the force of the lord of Tillybeme and Graunge 
had met with Bodwell, but that theyre fliyppes weere dyfcovered to be 
within 40 myelles of Shetelande, where Bodwell was. The pryncypall 
man of the ifle, named Fogge, dothe favoure Bodwell as yt ys fayde, 
whereby hys partye fliall be the ftronger. 

The lord of Glaymes and the mafter of Saynft-cleare are come to 
Edenburghe, and have aflbcyate themfelves with theys lordes. 

Thearle of Caffells ys looked for fliortelye. 

The Hammyltons and others have a conventyon at Lanaryeke in the 
wefte of Scotlande, from whence they meane to make a dyfpatche to the 
queues majeftie. 

Herewith I fende yow a congratulacyon latelye fet forthe by one of theys 
poetes. Thus I doe humblye take my leave of yow. At Barwycke, thys 
fyrft of September, 1567. 

Yours to ufe and comaunde, 

[ ] 

To the right honorable fir William Cecill, 
knyght, one of her majefties Previe 
Counfaile and principall Secretory, geve 
theis. 



Digitized by 



Google 



302 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



LETTER FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OP GLASGOW TO THE CARDINAL OP 

LORRAINE, 

Decembbb 8, 1567.* 

Les affaires de la royne ma fouveraine ne f'ainandent, mays pluftoft, 
fcelon radvertiflement que j*ay receu tant de mon frere que autr^ 
Tempirent de jour en jour. Le conte de Mourray, ayant receu entre 
fes mains par compofition les chafteaux de Edinburg et Dumbarre, a 
tant faidl que la plus grand partie de la nobleffe ont foubiigne fa regence, 
hors mys le conte de Hontelly, et les enfans du due de Chaftellerault, et 
cinq ou fix pauvres prelats Catholiques, lefquels il a fai6l adjourner pour 
avoir contrevenu aux edi6ts de la royne, en ce qu'ils avoyent chante ou 
fai6l chanter mefle, qui eft feulement pour fe fayfir d*eulx mefmes, ou, 
Tils ne comparoiffent point, fe fayfer de leurs biens et benefices. Et pre- 
tend, le 15 de ce moys, faire declarer par les Eftats que des dits benefiices 
les dixmes feront employes a leurs miniftres le temporel a fa crofce. Le 
conte de Hontelly et le fieur de Flemyn adjoumez, le premier pour ouyr 
declarer la reftitution de fes terres et biens, qui luy a efte faite par la 
reyne nulle; Tautre fur peyne de trahifon de remetre entre fes mains le 
chafteau de Dunbertran, qui eft la feulle fortereflTe pour le jourd*huy en 
tout le royaume d' Efcofle qui tient bon pour fa majefte. Sa perfonne 
detenue continuellement en mefme lieu qu*elle eftoit, ayant remonftre ce 
que deflus a la Royne Mere, et en plufieurs audiences fai6l inftance mef- 
mement d'impetrer une lettre du roy ou de fa majefte a monfieur de Flemyn 
pour luy recommander le debvoir envers fa fouveraine et la place qui eft 
entre fes mains. Pour les difiicultes du temps m*a efte reflRize, ja9oit que 
je luy fis Touverture de deux pacquets du conte de Mourray et de Trog- 
morton efcrits a Stuard, qui me furent envoyez par le due de Chafteller- 
ault, qui encores eft a Dieppe en attendant TiflTue de ces troubles, ne 
faufant comettre par la voye d*Angleterre, par lefquelles ledit conte fe 

* From the Sloan MS. 3199, fol. 157, b. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 303 

declare entierement pour les feditieux ycy, et le prye de Tadvertir fi aucune 
entreprife y avoit centre eulx par le roy, la Royne Mere, ou voftre maifon, a 
celle fin qu*il Tefforce de leurs fubvenir, fcelon fon pouvoir, et qu'il euft a 
ramantevoir a monfieur le Conneflable et a Monmorency qu*il n*oublie- 
roit jamays les bons offices qu'ils avoyent ufe vers luy lors qu'il efloit icy. 
Qui me donna occafion de dire a la royne, " Vous voyez, madame, que le 
tout n'a pas efte fai6l par mon advys.'* EUe me refpondit, que vrayement 
il eftoit bien tenu au Conneflable. Et pareillement, Trogmorton luy 
efcrit que par toutes voyes poffibles il empefche que fecours ne foit donne 
au due de Chaflellerault, et que en cela il employe tons fes amys, fans 
lequel tout ce porteroit a I'advantaige dudit conte. Somme, qu*aveoir 
fa lettre tout ce qu'il a praticque en Efcoffe et tout ce qu*il continue en- 
cores, c'eft pour agrandir ledit conte et advancer cefte malheureufe fedition 
et herefye. Le mauvays voulloir de Tung et de I'autre, particullierement 
envers leurs majeftez, m*a rien advance ny ayde en ceft endroidl. Au 
refte, ayant efte adverty par monfieur de Pafquier, de ce qui eft yffu de 
fa commiflion, je me remetz a ce qu'il vous en a efcrit, que la royne 
d' Angleterre fe querelloit bien fort n' avoir receu de vous ne de prince de 
voftre maifon lettre ne recomandation en faveur de la reine ma fouveraine, 
j'ay fai6l depefcher homme expres pour le due de Chaftellerault, avec la 
lettre que vous efcriviez pour le luy faire tenir et pour declairer la cre- 
ance qu'il a receu de voftre part, Se vous femble autre chofe doive 
eftre adjoute fcelon I'advertiflement que je recupuray, je ne faudray de 
le fuyvre, et vous manderay ce que me rapport era celluy que j'ay envoye 
pour fe trouver aufdits eftats. Et pour derniere conclufion, fuys con- 
traindl, monfeignour, vous fupplier de n'oblier entre tant de travaux et 
maux qui me prefent pour le jourd'huy, cefte pauvre princefle infortunee 
le fecours de laquelle, foubs Dieu, fe me femble deppend de vous feul ; 
car en autre je voys bien peu d'apparance. 



Digitized by 



Google 



304 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 



** QUESTIONIS ASKIT TO BE ABSOLVIT BE THE LORDS OFF THE ARTICLES, 

Dkcbmber, 1567."* 

Qu^RITUR. 

Giff the queinis Grace be giltie off the kings flauchter, takin thairfor, 
fua found and dicernit, giff the prince may fucceid to ane tratrice ? 

Qu^RITUR. 

Giff the quein be giltie off the faid cryme and fua dicernit, fcho being 
imprifonit as fufpek thairoff, giff ony thing done be hir may be off effed;? 

Qu^RITUR. 

Giff fcho, being culpable off the faid cryme and prefonet thairfor, mycht 
demit hir croun or mak ane Regent ? 

Qu^RITUR. 

Giff the prince fucceid to the croun be cutting off of his moder or be 
hir tytill, quha fould be his Tutour or Govemour ? 

Qu^RITUR. 

Giff the croim fucceid to the prince on his moderis fyd, quhy is the 
duik Hammyltoun debarrit fra his tuturrie and governance ? 

Qu^RITUR. 

Giff trefoun fould be punifl equalie on art partakars and counfalairs, 
quhy fud mony notour to be criminat ar ovirfeine, unpunill, and all laid 
upon ane ? 

• From the Sloan MS. 3199, foL 166. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 305 

Qu^RITUR. 

Quhy Ihone Hepburne and lohne Hay off Tallo ar noucht oppinly 
compellit to declair the maner off the kings flauchter, and quha confentit 
thairto and war thairat ? 

Sen the miniftairs fould haiff fua mony articles abfolvit, the blind com- 
monis wald haiff thir queilionis difcuflit. 

The queftions were affixed by an unknown perfon fome days before 
the firfl parliament in December 1567- 



LETTER FROM THE ARCHBISHOP OF GLASGOW TO THE CARDINAL OF 

LORRAINE, 
February 6, 1568.* 

MoNSEiGNEUR) Si je n'ay fatiffaidl a ce qu*il vous a pleu me mander par 
la lettre que je receus de voftre fecretaire Gatinois, et a ce qu*il me dill 
de bouche, c'a efte fa faute qui dernierement partit d*ycy pour vous aller 
trouver fans que je le fceufle ; mais & Taffaire eufl efle de confequence 
qui lors j*avois envy de vous efcrire, je n*euffe failly de vous envoyer 
homme expres. Ayant a prefent la commodite de ce prefent porteur, 
le cappitaine Hay, je n*ay vouUu faillir de vous efcrire le contenu des 
lettres que j*ay receu dernierement d'Efcoffe, mefmement de celluy que 
j'avois envoye expreffement pour fe trouver aux Eflats que le conte de 
Mourray a fai6l tenir ce moys de Decembre dernier. Qui eft en fomme, 
que la royne ma fouveraine, voftre niepce, eft en tres bonne fante, 
graces a Dieu, et porte avec grande patience fa fortune amere et adverfe 
fans avoir aucun eflargiflement, quelque chofe qui a efte efcrite au con- 
traire d'Angleterre, ny liberte, autre qu*elle euft lors qu'elle fuft premiere- 

• From the MS. Sloao, 3199, fol. 159. 

Qq 



Digitized by 



Google 



306 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

ment detenue. Et a ce que mon frere m*efcrit, f *e(l mife a mieux fervir 
Dieu plus devotement et avec meilleure dilligence que quelque temps 
auparavant elle n*avoit accoudume, de quoy j'ay en grande rejouiflance ; 
qui efl le tout que je rous puys mander de fa majeile. Et quant aux 
Eftats, une grande partie de la nobleffe Ty eft trouve, et mefmement les 
contes de Hontely et Arguyl, fans toutelTois avoir figne avec les autres. 
lis ont arrefte I'uniforme obfervation par tout le royaume de leur reli- 
gion refformee, approuve la coronation du prince et la regence du conte 
de Mourray, perfecution des meurtriers du feu roy fans exception de per- 
fonne, et les tiers de tons les beneflSces du royaume eftre levez pour dif- 
tribuer a leurs miniftres ; I'archevefque de Saint Andre, ny les enifans 
du due de Chaftellerault, le fieur de Flemyng, les contes de Caffills et 
Ayglingthon, avec plufieurs autres de la nobleffe, n'ont poindl voullu 
eftre de la partie, et quelques uns mefmes qui y eftoyent venus, voyant 
le commancement de leurs proceddeures ft malheureufes, partirent de 
nui6l et fe retirent a leurs maifons. Brief, il n'y a faulte que d'un bon 
chef de par de la ; car il y a encores beaucoup de gens de bien. Le conte 
de Mourray eft delibere de perfecuter le dit archevefque foubs I'umbre 
et calomnye d'avoir efte participant du dit meurtre. II a envoye homme 
expres au prince de Conde et a T Admiral, les priant que par leur moyen 
il puyffe eftre quiete du due de Chaftelleraud par quelque voye, que ce 
foit poyfon ou autrement, ainfy que le dit due m'a mande eftre feure- 
roent adverty, qui attend de jour a autre fon fils puyfne, par lequel je 
m'affeure cognoiftre plus particulierement de Peftat des affaires de par 
de la ; de quoy je ne faudray de tous mander avec la premiere commo- 
dite qui fe prefentera. 

Envyron les feftes de Noel dernier, douze ou quinze des principaux 
ferviteurs du conte Baudouel furent prius prifonniers aux Ilfles des Or- 
cades par monfieur de Sainte Croix, Tun des freres baftards de la royne^ 
qui pour le jourd'huy f 'eft fai6i: conte des dites ifles, lefquels par tempefte 
de la mer furent contrain6ls y prendre terre, et apres menez a Liflebourg, 
et accufez de meurtre furent condamnez a mort, et touteiTois executez 
en prifon, pour ce que quelques ungs d'eulx, ayans demande de grace 
eftre ouy par le conte de Mourray, confefferent bien avoir merite la mort, 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 307 

declarant Tinnocence de la royne, et accufent les plus grands et princi- 
paux de fon confeil qui affiftoient lors avec luy, et mefmes le conte de 
Morthon, et le fecretaire Ledinton, et Balfour. qui efloit capitaine du 
chafteau de Liflebourg, et le dit conte leur maiftre en Dannemar. Au fur- 
plus eft arrive en cefte court, fes jours paflez, par la voye d'Angleterre, 
ung Lefelly, fils du feu conte de Rothes, fans m*apporter touteffois ung 
feul mot de lettre, ayant le pacquet du roy qu'il recent de fon ambaffa- 
deur a Londres ; f 'addrefla a monfieur de Laubefpine et par luy fuft 
mene a la Royne Mere ; le lendemain me vint trouver et declara I'occa- 
fion qui Tavoit mene de par de 5a, eftant le zelle qu'il portoit au fervice 
de la royne, qu'il luy femble f'il eftoit favorife jufques la de leurs ma- 
jeftez de pouvoir avoir quelques lettres de creance a quelques feigneurs 
de par de la, qu'il panfoit avec le temps pouvor faire quelque bon fervice. 
Mays pour ce que I'homme en mon particulier m'eftoit fort fufpe6l, je ne 
m'en fuys avance que la royne ne m'euft mande expreffement la venir 
trouver, ou feulement je I'ouy reciter ce que deffus. Les principaux 
feigneurs a qui f'addreffent les lettres font les fieurs de Flameng et 
d'Hommes ; I'un pour la confervation du chafteau de Dunbretran, 
I'autre pour ce qu'il eft entre en picque avec le conte de Morton. Mon- 
feigneur, de cefte praticque je n'efpere pas grand chofe y pouvoir fuyvre; 
auffi ne m'en fuys je vouUu mefler, que commes je vous ay di6l cy deflus 
tant pour vous obeyr, fuyvant le credit dudi6l Gaftinoys, qu'aufly il eftoit 
frere de celluy qui meurtrit feu mon oncle et feigneur monfieur le cardi- 
nal d* Albrocht ; il eft party, et a en brevett de 1200 tb de penfion et 
cent efcus fols pour payer fes poftes ; qui eft le tout que je puys efcrire 
pour certain de cefte depefche. Ledit chafteau de Dunbretran eft aflure 
par telle voye que je vous feray cognoiftre Til plaift a Dieu quant j'au- 
ray ceft heur de vous veoir, encores que les lettres de recommendation 
pour ceft effefil m'avoyent efte reffufees, comme je vous ay cydevant 
mande ; qui eft tut a prefent. De Paris, ce 6 Feburier, 1568. 

Monfeigneur, je ne veux oblier aufly a vous dire que la royne d'An- 
gleterre a commande a fes depputez fur fes frontieres de f 'ajQTembler avec 
les deputez d'Efcofle, ayant feulement commiffion du prince, chofe que 



Digitized by 



Google 



308 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

jufques a cede derniere deffente elle avoit reflfufe ; ains leur avoit com- 
mande de ne fe trouver en aucune affemblee, de ne trailer d*aucune 
reftitutions fur les dites frontieres, qu'avec ceulx qui auroyent commif- 
fions expreffe de la royne. 

Votre tres humble et tres obeiffant ferviteur, 



CECILS ADVICE TO QUEEN ELIZABETH UPON THE AFFAIRS OF 

SCOTLAND, 
Mat 8, 1568.» 

If the French pouer reftore the queen of Scottes, than fliall Scotland be 
more at commandment of the French, and fpecially of the houfs of 
Guife, than ever it was. For fuerly both the quene hir felf will, for hir 
own fuerty, afift hir felf with the pouer of hir owne houfs of Guife, and 
they alfo will not negledl the occafion to recover that which they loft 
whan they wer repelled from Lyth. 

It muft nedes follow that all Papiftes and difcontented perfons in Eng- 
land, wherof is to be feared that the nomber is greater than wer mete to 
be knowen, will alfo adhere to the quene of Scottes and hir fadtion, 
wherof the confequence is over daungerous to be mentioned. 

If French pouer of men of warr fliall be in Scotland ordinarily, the 
queens majefty muft reenforce both the town of Barwyk and hir frontyers 
with new garrifons of foldiors ; and in dede, throgh prefently warr will 
not follow, yit England muft be uppon the frontyers redy to withftand all 
fodden attemptates, for it will be to late to provyde remedy whan townes 
or fortes be taken. 

* From the Cotton MS. Calig. C. i. fol. 58. 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 309 



TO REMEDY THESE DAUNGER3. 

If the quenes majefly wold fend into Scotland to the quene, and offer 
hir ayde if fhe will be rulyd by hir advife, than wer it mete that the 
fayd quene wer difliorted in no wife to fuflfer any power of Fraunce to 
com into Scotland ; for if fhe will fo doo, having offer from the quenes 
majefly of hir ayde, than fuerly it is mete the quenes majefly fhuld em- 
peach the commyng in of any French power. 

TO IMPEACH THE FRENCH POWER. 

Firfl, to putt fome fhipps in redynes, and men alfo. 

Secondly, to fend an exprefs mefTadg to the French kyng to require 
hym to forbeare fendyng of any French power, for that the queens ma- 
jelly will ayd hir ; and the ayde of England can not damnefy France, 
but contrary, the French ayde can not be gyven but to the prejudice of 
England for manny refpe6les. 

If nether the quene of Scottes will forbeare to take the ayde of France, 
nor France forbeare to gyve it, than it is manifefl what wer the fpedy 
waie to remedy the whole matter, both to releyve the queen of Scottes, 
and to mak quietnes in Scotland. 

Note, it belongeth of very right to the crown of England to gyve ordre 
to diflenfions moved for the crown of Scotland. 



INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN TO MR THOMAS LEIGHTON SENT INTO 

SCOTLAND, 
May 1568.* 

You fhall make your repaire with our lettres to the queene of Scotts 
our good filler, and fhall deliver to her our letter, and with our mod 

• From the MS. Cott. Colig. C. i. fol 57. 



Digitized by 



Google 



310 ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 

hartie commendacions, ufe fuch fpeech as fhall be meteft to expreffe our 

rejoycinge for her deliverie out of the captivitie wherin fhe was. 

■ 

Item ; yow ftiall declare to her, that, upon the certen knowledge which 
we had of her deliverie, by her own lettres fent by her fervant, Mr Beton, 
and by his reporte, we did at length conferre with him upon her eftate ; 
and, upon his meflages to us communicated, we did determine thus to 
proceede. 

Firft, with all fpeede to fend to underfland of her flate ; and accord- 
inge to the fame to will you, if fhe fliould foe like thereof, to charge her 
fubje6ls to fubmitt themfelves to her, as naturall fubjedls ought to doe. 
And yf they would not conforme themfelves therto, to let them plainlie 
underftand that, for our part, fhe fhould not want for her relief the af- 
fiflance of that power which God had given to us ; and fo yow maie af- 
fure [ ] we meane to give her aide, and have fent yow fpeciallie 

to underftand whether fhe will content her felf to ftand to our order in 
thfe compofition of the controverfies betwixt her and her fubjedls, without 
fendinge, folicitinge, or receaving of anie forraine power from France 
for this purpofe ; which if fhe will doe, fhe fhalbe then affured that 
we will have the principall regard to her ftate, foe as her fubjedts maie 
be reduced to acknowledge their duties without fhedding of bloud or 
trouble of her realme. And if they will not yeeld to reafon by treatie 
or perfuafion, we will give to her fuch aid as fhall be requifite to com- 
pell them. 

And if the queene, our good fifter, fhall like of this manner in our 
proceedinge, yow fhall offer to her in our name alfo to reforte to her 
contrarie parte, and to underftand of them whether they can be con- 
tent to be advifed and ruled by us in all matters ftirred up betwixt the 
queene and them ; which if they will, upon knowledge therof by yow, 
we will fpeedilie finde fome honorable perfonages of wifdome and cre- 
ditt in that realme to attend upon her where fhe will afligne them, and 
to treate betwixt her and her fubje6ls, and procure fuch an accord as 
fhall ftand to her honour, and be profittable for her contrie. And as 



Digitized by 



Google 



REIGN OF QUEEN MARY. 311 

flie fliall like hereof, foe we will that yow fhall repaire to the other par- 
tie ; and, having delivered to the erle of Murray our lettres of credence, 
yow fliall fliewe him the caufe of our fendinge of yow thither, and move 
him with others combyned with him to be content to compromitt their 
whole controverfies to us, with fuch reafons as are meete to affure him 
of our principall intencion to conferve that realme from further danger 
by this civill warre. In whome, yf yow find conformitie, yow fliall let 
both the queene and them underftand that we will not faile but fend 
fuche an embaflade as we trufl fliall fatiffie all partes ; and in the 
meane tyme we thinke it good that all force doe ceafe on both partes, 
and noe newe coUedlion of power ; and fo, for that purpofe, yow fliall 
make hafl^ to retome. 

Yow fliall allfoe faye to the queene of Scotts that the caufes whie we 
fpeciallie require that we may deale in this great matter betwixt her and 
her fubjedls are manie. The firft, becaufe we are, of all other princes, 
the nixt to hir both in bloud and neighbourhood. The fecond is, becaufe 
we are mod meetefli to doe yt for the opinion that we have of her fub- 
je6ls, that either they wilbe advifed by us, or that we have mod co- 
moditie to compell them by reafon of our neames to them by land, with- 
out let of fea. The laft is, we fee evidentlie that, if the queene, beinge 
oifred our aid, will foUicite the aide of France to bringe in men of warre 
into Scotland, and that they fliall come hither, we muft, needes conclude 
that, under pretence of aidinge of her, the principall intention flialbe to 
renew old quarrells and trobles betwixt us and France, and allfo betwixt 
us and Scotland. Upon which weightie confideracions we have made 
this choice upon our owne charges to procure to that queenir the refli- 
tucion of her eflate and the obedience of her fubje^. 

Which ofler, if flie fliall refufe, you may fay we flialbe verie forry, for 
that we flialbe moved to alter our minde contrary to our naturall defyre. 
And foe as yow fliall finde caufe, we would have yow retome with 
fpeede. 



Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



B r 



Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



A. 



Ajuuldesn, 102, 147. 

Aberlady, 21, 37. 

Abernethy, lord, see Murray, James, earl of. 

Achesoun, John, master coiner, 195. 

Addington, see Haddington. 

Ademsoone, Bitrick, 167, 168. 

Admiral, see Coligni, (185). 

Alen9on, Francis, duke d*, 175. 

Alloway, 16a 

Almains, the, employed in Scotland, 29, SO, 31, 32, 

34, 35, 37, 43, 47, 48, 49. 
Akiwick, 18, 19, 146. 
AWa, duke of, 176. 

Amiens, Nicholas de Pellev^, bishop of, 79. 
Ancn2m,29. 

Angennes, see Rambouillet 
Angus, 49. 
— , the lordes of, 11. 

, Archibald Douglas, earl of, 2, 7, 9, 13, 20, 

21, 37, 40, 52, 53, 54, 59, 99. 

, . . ., daughter of, 51. 

, David Douglas, earl of, 126. 
Annan, 66, 67, 98. 
Annandale, 1. 

Ansleye, David, laird of Farlowe^ 71. 
Anthony's, St, 81. 
Antille, monsieur d*, 94^ 96, lOa 



Apthorpe, 227, 265. 

Arbroath, Gavin Hamilton, abbot of, 199, 207, 208, 

209, 244, 246, 249, 258, 280. 
ArgyD, Archibald, earl of, 1, 7, 11, 26, 37, 40, 68. 
> Archibald, earl of, 73, 15, 96, 111, 118, 
126, 135, 137, 138, 140, 141, 148, 153, 15^ 161, 
162, 181, 193, 196, 199, 207, 208, 210, 217, 
220, 228, 230, 258, 268, 275, 279, 306. 

, Jean, countess of,, wife of Archibald, earl 

of, 14a 

Armitage castle, 36, 113, 114^ 282. 

Armonoch, Henry Damley, created lord, 138. 

Armstrang, Cristie^ 1. 

Armstrangs, the, 28. 

Arran, 98. 

— — , James, earl of, governor of Scotland, 2, 3, 4^ 
7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 17, 20, 21, 24, 29, 31, 32, 33, 
34v 35, 37, 40, 42, 43, 47, 48, 49, 57, 58, 68, 75^ 
76, 77, 104^ 106, 111, 135, 140, 144^ 14^ 158, 
220, 241, 242, 243, 245, 258, 275, 302, 303, 306. 

, , Hamilton, earl of, 73, 75, 76, 96. 

— , ■ , . . daughter of the second earl of, 

5a 

Anandale, see Arundel. 
Arundel, earl of, 63, 99. 
Ashton, Mr, 45. 
Asselbe, FVands, 46. 



Digitized by 



Google 



31() 



INDEX. 



Astone, captaiiiy 82. 

Athol, John, Mri o^ laa 186^ ISi, 141, liS; 153, 
195, 203, 214» 215^ 217, 220, 257, 263, 272, 277, 

3oa 

Aube^iine, Cbuide de 1', 172, 175» 21d> 21f 307. 



Austria, bouM oi; 139. 

, Chariesor, 167. 

Ajlmoutb, 70, 128. 

Ayr, lU. 

,tlieriffor, 10. 



B. 



BAJnCHOKFE, captain, 83. 

BaitKmei, the, 15, 

Balfour, air James, captain of Edinbuigh Castk^ and 

Qerk of the Register, 195, 203, 214^ 217, 219» 

222, 255, 263, 273, 277, 307. 

, Michael, solicitor of the earl of Bothwell's 

causes in Scotland, 57, 58. 
Balmerinoch, see Hay. 
Balnares, Henry of Halhill, 7a 
Bambreke, see Bamhurgfa. 
Bamburgb, 147. 
Baptiste, Mr, 81. 
Barkley, captain, 82. 
Barton, 5. 
Beaton, Archibald, 2. 

, DaTid, cardinal, 2, 3, 4, 11, 13. 

, John a— 138, 143, 166. 

, Mary, 95. 

, . . . , 310. 

See Glasgow. 
Bedford, Erands RusseU, earl of, 113, 128, 132, 

133, 143, 144, 145, 147, 149, 150, 151, 156, 163, 

169, 188,216,227,231. 
Belles, the, 65. 
Beltone,5. 

Bemerside^ the laird of, 19. 
Benerton, 5. 

Benyston, the abbey of, 5. 
Berwick, 20, 22, 23, 25, 38, 41, 46, 51, 57, 72, 92, 

97, 106, 133, 143, 144, 145, 152, 155, 156, 

159, 166, 191, 193, 195, 196, 216, 255, 260^ 269, 

270, 301, 30a 

, ControDer of, 94. 

, Marshal of, 72, 94, 95, 129, 193, 195. 

> Mayor of, 94. 
■ , Treasurer of, 92, 93, 94^ 96. 



Bishop, Ihomas, 57, 97, 101. 

Bbu^adder, 70. 

, laird of, 43, 147, 222. 

Blackberye, 70. 

Bkckboume, 5. 

Bkckthome,, 5. 

Boge, Sandy, 166. 

Boleyne^ 14^ 34. 

Borders, 58, 126, 130, 132, 155, 157, 195. 

, Middle, 61. 

, West, 35, 59, 280. 

Borthwid: castle, 77, 235. 

, John, fifth lord, 2, 75, 94. 

Borthy Craig, 25. 

Bothwell, Patrick, eari of, 2, 7, 14, 20, 21, 23, 36, 
56,57. 

■ , James, earl of, 66, 75, 76, 77, 94, 99, 
113, 114, 119, 126, 128, 137, 140, 142, 146, 151, 
153, 155, 157, 159, 164, 188, 204, 206, 208, 211 , 
216, 217, 220, 221, 222, 223, 228, 234, 235, 
240, 250, 256, 257, 259, 276, 277. 299, 301, 
306. 

, . . . , sister to PMrick, earl of, 58. 

Botlewith, . . . , 57. 

Boui^jedworthe, 19. 

Bourbon, Charles II., cardinal de, 184. 

Bowes, sir George, 12. 

,Mr,3a 

Boyd, lord, US, 

Boyde, R., 280. 

Boyvyle, H., 24. 

Brandling, sir Robert, 15a 

Brechan, John Hepburn, bishop of, 2. 

Brende, Mr, 50. 

Brickwell, captain, 143, 144. 

Brimstone, bdrd of, 33, 49, 71, 164. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



317 



Brithegbnell bridge, 49. 

Broodies, the, 128. 

Brooie, Jacques de la, 79. 

Browne^ sir Anthony, 12, ISw 

Browton, the Maynes of, 4^ 

Brusk, see Gray Brusk* 

Bncdeugfa, laird of, 1, 32, 42, 164, tee Soott 

Buchan^ Robert Douglas, earl of, 205. 

Bughany, laird of, 49. 



Bullen,98. 
Burte, 26, 27. 
Bute, 98, 99. 
Butsheade, George, 110. 
Buttler, capUin, 8a 
Buttreton, 6. 
Byckley, the pyle of, 5. 
Byldre,5. 



c. 



Caithness, George Sinclair, earl of, ld5> 153. 
Cambuskenneth, abbot of, 2. 
Cannebye, priory of, 12. 
CapeUe, captain, 83. 
CarUrerock, 282. 

Carlisle, 2, 10, 13, 14, 20, 28, 5% 55, 59, 67. 
, castle of, 7, 15. 
, deputy customer of, 1. 
, Alexander, 67. 

, Thomas, 30, 32, 33. 

Carre, . . . , 157. 

— i-., sir Andrew, 126, 141. 

, , of Lyttelden, 70. 

— — -, David, of Roxburgh, 70. 

— .., , of Sbilstokbreye, 70. 

, John of Warke, 3a 

, Robyn, of the Lowghe, 71. 
— , Watt, 70. 
Carres, the, 55, 56, 114. 
Carrenygene, Robert, 49. 
Casse, . . . . , 38. v 

Cassellis, Gilbert Kennedy, earl of, 2, 9, 10, 11, 40, 

57. 

, GUbert Kennedy, earl of, 95, 143, 153, 

240, 301, 306. 
Castellaine, . . . , physician to Henry the Second, 

king of France^ 175. 
Castle Campbell, 197. 
Castlemilk, 9a 
Cecil, sir WilUam, 97, 134^ 170, 203, 206, 224^ 

225, 226, 229, 239, 245, 263, 264^ 266, 867, 

276,281,296,297,308. 



Cesfurthe, kird of, 28, 38, 109, 150, 151, 157, 164, 

250. 

, , his son, 164. 

Chancellor of Scotland, see Glasgow, Morton. 
Chaplain, Queen Mary's, 136. 
Chapelle dez Ursines, monsieur de la, 206. 
Charles XII., king of France, 212. 
Chastelherault, duke of, see Arran, James Hamilton, 

earl of. 
Chatelard, . . . , 106, 1 10. 
Chattellet, see Chatelard. 
Childes, see Shiels. 
Cheshire, 51. 
Chester herald, 87. 
Chestrefelle8,5. 
Cheyne, F., 12. 

Chiaholm, William, bishop of Dunblane, 2. 
Claievault, . . . , 152, 159, 171, 176. 
Clarke, captain, 221, 222. 
Cledisdelle, John of, 3. 
Clemaw, see Clarevault 
Cliftone, captain, 83. 
Clinton, Edward de, lord high admiral of England, 

22. 
aydesdale, 37. 
Cockpool, 14^ 54. 

» (sir Cuthbert Murray) laird of, 60. 
Coldmgham, 11, 13, 95, 191. 
Coldmgknowes, 40, 126, 141. 
CoUyarrewe, 224. 
Colwyche, . . . , 157. 
Colynwood, Robert, 3a 



Digitized by 



Google 



318 



INDEX. 



Conde, Louii de Bourbon, prince de, 201. 

Condy, Gemdt de, 19i. 

Congregttion, lords of the, 73; 74^ 75, 77, 131, 141, 

144^ 145, 15a 155, 210. 
Constable, captain, 83. 
, John, 89. 



-, of France, 185. 



Conwey, captain, 82. 

Conyers, John, lord, 59, 63, 65. 

Corbett, laird of, 19, 70. 

Comelle^ captain, 83. 

ComuTall, Mr, 92, 93. 

ComhiU, 20, 6a 

Cosforde, the laird, 9ee Cesfurtbe. 

Cotton, Mr, 39. 

Couteredge, 5. 

Cragge, Mr, 221. 



Cragge Mjlls, 5. 
Craggemylner, 5. 
CraigmUler, Uird of, 214, 255. 

y . . . , 144. 

Ciaffordes, the lady of, 164w 

Cranmer, Thomas, archbiahop of Cantecbnry, 6^ 8. 

Crawford, John, fifth lord, 2. 

, Patrick, sixth lord, 143. 

Crawnend, 5. 

Crayford, see Crawford. 

Cretghton castle, 76, 77. 

Crinstone, Ryryan of, 71. 

Cristofer, 4a 

Croque, the aieur de b, French ambassador in Scot- 

Und, 171, 172, 17a 175, 186, 188, 198, 204, 

206,212. 



D. 



Dac&e, William lord, of the North, 2a 36, 62, 6a 

65,9a 
Dalkeith, 10, 4a 47. 
Danville, see Anville. 
Damley, Henry lord, 102, 115, 116» 119, 120, 122, 

12a 124, 125, 129, 130, 131, 134, 135, 136, 137, 

138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 147, 152, 15a 155, 

157, 164, 171, 17a 192, 25a 255. 
David the Italian, see Rizsio. 
Davis . . ; . , servant to lady Throckmorton, 107. 
Davyson, James, of Whytone, 71. 
Deepe,201. 
Ddckarc, captain, 8a 
Den, the, 4. 
Dennye, captain, 8a 
Denmark, 221, 307. 

Christiem III., king of, 44^ 63. 

Dess^ monsieur, 31, 32, 3a 42, 4a 

Docelle, monsieur, 58, 69, 70, 72, 90. 

— , his son-in-law, 70. 

Dogge, Jamy, 43. 

Dolu, . . . . , queen Mary*s treasurer, 17a 174, 

175. 
Donbrytayne, see Dunbarton. 



Douglas, 52. 

, Davie, 19. 

, sir David, servant to lord Bothwell, 57. 

, sir George, 10, 17, 20, 21, 38, 40, 4a 47, 

48, 49, 50, 5a 59, 99. 

, Hugh of Longnether, 33, 49. 

, Willie, 19. 

See Angus. 
Douglasdale, 37, 40. 
Downotarie, castle of, 102. 
Drax, Robert, servant to Randolph, 14a 
Dreylaw, 4. 
Drumlanrig, 9a 

, laird of, 5a 
Drury, Robert, servant to Beaton, archbishop of Glas- 
gow, 17a 175. 

, . . . , marshall of Berwick, 142. 
, captain, 82. 
Dryburgh, 46. 
Dudley, sir Edward, 24. 

, sir Robert, 84, 109. 

Dudstone, Nether, 5. 

Dumfries, 2, 65, 144^ 145, 282, 28a 

Dun, the laird of, 257. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



319 



Dunbar, 5, 23, 37, 40, 41, 43, 44v 74^ 95, 143, 223» 
277,302. 

, castle of, 44^ 259. 
, OaTio, archbishop of Glasgow, 2. 
Danbarton, 27, 48, 73, 181, 207. 

, casde of, 54i 98, 302, 307. 

Dunblane, William Chiahohn, bishop o^ 2, 76. 

, Wniiam Cbishohn, bishop of, 136^ 176^ 
177, 178, 179. 
Dundee^ 26, 104^ 111. 
J passage of. 26. 
Dunfennling, 37. 



Dunglasse, 47, 52. 
Dunkdd, bishop of, 37. 
Dunoon, 99. 

Dunotter, see Downotarie. 
Durham, 38. 

, Cutbbert TunsUd, bishop of, 11, 38. 

, James Filkington, bishop of, 156. 

, Hugh Whitdiead, dean of, 38. 

Dury, see Druiy. 
Dusdear, 99. 
Djmon, see Dunoon. 



E. 



Edinsuboh, 1, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 40, 47, 57, 
69, 111, 119, 131, 134^ 157, 177, 179, 184^ 191, 
196, 203, 209, 210, 211, 212, 214^ 216, 219, 
220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 228, 229, 235^ 
240, 241, 245, 246, 247, 255^ 258, 260, 261, 
262, 264^ 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 274^ 278, 
281, 283, 297, 301, 302, 307. ' 

, constable of the castle of, 33. 



-, proTost of, 273. 



Eglinton, earl of, 306. 

Elder, . . . , 101. 

EUabeth, queen, HI, 159, 161, 169, 179, 202, 



203, 212, 213, 229, 237, 249, 255, 26^ 266, 
267, 268, 272, 274» 292, 296, 30a 

EWeston, . . . , 47. 

, Nicholas, 218, 219, 224^ 26a 

Englefyld, fVands, 63. 

£nkin,lord, 119, 125, 142. 

,lady, 119, 125. 

, the master of, 38; 39. 

Escoven, 213, 214. 

Eskdale,9. 

£w8daill,9. 



F. 



Faiblaw, 68, 69. 
FastcasU^ 191, 195, 199, 20a 
Fentree, the Uurd of, 9. 
Fernyhirsly 26l 

-, Uird of, 26; 216^ 228. 

FSfe^ 26, 49, 134. 
Fisher, Mr, 49. 
■ , Thomas, 36. 



Fleming, the earl of, 9, 22^, 280, 302, 307. 

—I , the lady, 57. 

Flyske, the parson of, 150. 

Fogge,. . . ,301. 

Forster, sir John, 113, 149, 156^ 159, 188; 194^ 

216. 
Founteralles, monsieur de^ 37. 
Fowler, . . . , 11«, 180, 121, 155^ 15a 



Digitized by 



Google 



320 



INDEX. 



G. 



Gaob, John, 18» 63. 
Galloway, 4a 

, Alexander Gordon, biibop of, 73, 77, 
221, 222. 
Garles, the burd of, 282. 
G8iooni,2i. 
Gennany, 145. 

, emperor of, 48. 
Gifibrde, captain, 83. 
Glamcs, lord, 2, 301. 
Glasgow, 79, 125, 259, 263. 

, archbishop Gann Dunbar, chancellor of 
Scotland, 2. 

-, James Beaton, 77, 170, 176, 



178*302. 



of, 80. 



(Hencaim, William, earl of, 2, 9, 11, 9a 

» Alexander, earl o^ 75^ 106, 129, 143, 
203, 204, 214^ 220, 228, 240, 257, 258, 263, 
272, 300, 305. 
Gomroir, . . . . , du, 172. 
Goore, Mr, 47. 
Gordon, Alexander, 59. 

> , lord, son of George, earl of 

Huntley, 104. 

, John, laird of Loghinver, 59, 282. 

-, son of George, earl qf Huntley, 
102. 



Gordon, Roger, 59. 

, William, 59. 
Gore^lord, 10& 
Gosford, laird of, 130. 
Governor of Scotland, gee Arran, James Hamilton, 

second earl ot 
Gower, Thomas, master of the ordinance, 87. 
Gradon, the laird of, 70. 
Grame, Richie, 9, 10. 

Grange, the laird of, 49, 165, 181, 216, 277, 301. 
Granges, 5. 

GranTeile, the cardinal of, 135. 
Gray, lord of Angwisse, 49, 126, 141. 
, Arthur, esquire, 88. 
, James, 104. 

, William, loid, 2, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 42, 51, 

53, 81, 85, 88, 99. 
Gray Bnisk, 7a 
Greenwich, 90, 160, 163. 
Greme, . . . , prior of Cannonby, 12. 
Gremes, the, 60, 61, 62. 
Gresham, air Thomas, 226. 
Guarde, captain, 83. 
Guise* house of, 107, 159, 169, 206. 

— -* cardinal of, 152. 

— — , duke of, 79. , 

Gyrulay, the laird, 24. 



H. 



HiJ>i»N0T0N,5, 11, 20, 2^ 3Q, 31, 32, 34^ 38, 39, 
41, 45, 46, 47, 76, 301. 

, Windham's bulwark at, 31. 
-> captain of, 43L 



Hallyburton, Alexander, 77. 

, Dandie* 19. 
Hamilton, 40, 73, 7^ 200, 245, 246, 258» 275. 



Hamilton, Alexander, 19. 

, Arthur, 258. 

, John, see St Andrews, archbishop of. 
* , 280, 281, 282. 

, George, 97. 
, Hobby, 4a 

> Jemes, eee Arran. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



321 



Haimlton, Robert, 207» 209, 210, 246, 247. 

,Mr,33. 

Httxultons, the^ 32, 48, 181, 186, 188, 199, 207, 
208, 217, 218, 222, 228, 230, 256, 294, 268, 
272, 275» 276, 277, 278» 282, 301. 
Hampton, Mr Bernard, 266w 

Court, 8, 192. 

Hatherwick, 5. 
Haules, the, 154. 

Hawarde, George, general of the English demi-lan- 
ces, 8a 
Hawick, 42, 12a 
Hay, John, commendator of Balmerinoch, 117. 

, , of Tallo, 305. 

, Thomas, 140, 141, 142. 

, captain, 305. 

Haybome of Bolton, 223. 

, see Hepbume. 
Hegharo, 50. 
Heigait, William, 17a 
Hempesfclde, the laird of, 60. 
Heneage, Mr, 192. 
Henry the Eighth, king of England, 6, 9, 10, 50, 

51, 54, 55, 56, 98, 122, 123, 141. 
Hepbume, James, 71. 
, John, 305. 

, , bishop of Brechin, 2. 

, , of Bolton, 259. 

, Patrick, bishop of Murray, 2, 256. 

, laird of Rycarleton, 256. 
See Hayborne. 
Hermitage Castle, see Armitage. 
Heron, George, 38. 

, Giles, 38. 

Herries, lord, 194, 207, 279, 280, 282, 287. 
Hertford, earl of, see Somerset. 



Hezbam, the bailiflf of, 3a 

Heskett, captain, 83. 

Hewycke, Dr, 163. 

Heyprycke, 5. 

Hickman, . . . , an English merchant, 165. 

HighUnd, the, 20a 

Hill, the, 5. 

Hogan, Thomas, provost marshal of the English 

army in Scotland, 86. 
Hogg, Robert, 19. 
Holecroft, Mr, 29. 

, sir Thomas, 36, 39, 42, 47. 

Holdstock, Mr, an English admiral, 92. 

Holy Island, 22, 2a 

Holyrood-house, 4,36,40, 76, 91, 136, 141. 

, Robert, lord, 217, 306. 

Holyrood, abbey of, 99, 100. 
Hoome, see Hume. 
Horkeleye, 72, 7a 
Homclif, see Horkeleye. 
Howme, see Hume. 
Hume, 37, 40, 41, 67. 

, casUe of, 24, 68, 14a 

, George, lord, 5. 
, Alexander, lord, 93, 94^ 119, 130, 150, 158, 

164, 191, 195, 197, 203, 214, 215, 250, 272, 307. 
Humes, the, 55, 56, 126. 
Hundelee, the laird of, 19. 
Huntley, George, earl of, 1, 7, 1 1, 37, 40, 49, 68, 75, 

92, 95, 99, 102. 
, George, earl of, 144, 153, 157, 199, 207, 

217, 220, 221, 228, 257, 258, 259, 268, 279, 

302,306. 

-, Alexander, see Galloway, bishop of. 



Hynchegarayn, 4. 



iNCHOAAyiE, see Hynchegarayn, 
Inchkeith, 39, 41. 

Ingelbye, sir William, knight, treasurer of the Eng- 
lish army in Scotland, 85^ 86. 
Ireland, 96, 161, 162, 167, 
Irfing, Me Trwin. 



Iielham, WiUiam, trench master of the English army 

in Scotland, 87. 
Isles, bishop of, 77. 

, earl of, 1. 
Italians, 24, 36. 
Itidy, 145^ 152. 

8 S 



Digitized by 



Google 



322 



INDEX. 



J. 



James, prince, afterwards Jamea the Siztb, 167, 171, 
180, I84s ld2, 198, 200, 208, 206, 210, 249, 
250, 251, 252, 253, 257, 258, 259, 263, 275. 



Jedburgh, 1 1, 15, 29, 42, 48, 58, 65, 69, 164 

Johnstones, the, 65. 

Justice aerk, 137, 138, 139, 141, 148, 150. 



K. 



Ka&naoy, Mr, one of the Priry Council of Scotland, 

etc., 57, 5a 
Kerr, Andrew, 19. 
«— ^ J., of Femyhirst, 1 1. 
— > John, of Femyhirst, 16. 
— > — ^ younger, 16. 
— ^ Robert, 19. 
— — > Thomas, 19. 

, Thome, 16. 

Keeper, lord, 180. 

Killinghall, Fhmcis, scoutmaster of the English 

anny in Scotland, 87. 



Killwinnynge, 190. 

, abbot of, 222. 

Kinkem, earl of, 73. 
Kinkone, 5. 
Kirkaldy, 69, 70. 

, William, of Grange, 49, 72. 
Kirkbye, 5. 
KirklandbiU, 5. 

Knox, John, 95, 106, 208, 221, 240, 257. 
Kryghton, lord, 20a 



Ladueb, see Lauder. 

Lallard, Arthur, 145. 

Lanark, 301. 

Lancashire, 51. 

Langholm, 1, 98. 

Lansted, Peter, lieutenant to Cortpeny, 43^ 

Lassells, Roger, 143. 

Lastericke, 32. 

Latushowe, • . . , 14. 

Laubespine, see Aubespine^ 

Lauder, 40, 46, 48, 69. 

Lauderdale, 41. 

Lawresfatone, 4^ 

Larett, the chapel of, 5. 

Lee» sir Richard, &, 83, 129. 

«— — , seeLeghe. 



Leek, Mr, 37. 
Lees, 5. 
Legh, see Lee. 
Leghe, Peter, 83. 
, see Leith. 
Leicester, Robert Dudley, earl of, 113, 133, 134v 

137, 138, 145, 166, 170, 225, 238, 253, 26a 

266, 276. 
Leighton, Mr Thomas, 309. 
Leith, 4, 24^ 32, 35, 41, 43, 48, 64^7^76, 80, 81, 

82, 83, 85, 182, 197, 204, 265, 300. 
^-— -, haven, 4, 5, 64, 83. 

, pier, 5. 
Lennox, earl of, 14^ 52, 53, 98, 99, 100, 101, 111; 

112, 120, 122, 124^ 125, 134^ 135, 137, 139^ 

141, 14!^ 220, 222, 258. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



323 



Lennox, lady, 96, 100, 101, 140, 142, 158, 181. 

Leslie, Nonnan, 49. 

, ... ,307. 

Lethington, sir William Maitland of, secretary, 79, 
90, 92, 103, 104, 105, 115, 120, 121, 125, 126, 
127, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 
158, 163, 191, 193, 195, 197, 198^203, 204, 206, 
207,211, 214,215,216, 219, 222, 229, 230, 238, 
240, 241, 247, 246, 249, 250, 251, 256, 263, 
267,270,272,275,276,283,298,300,301,307. 
, the young laird of, 90. 

Lereston, see Livingston. 

Liddisdale, 28, 113,114. 

LigneroUes, the sieur de, 212, 213, 263, 267, 268, 
269, 270, 271, 273, 276, 29a 

Lindsay, lord, 126, 153, 205, 248, 257, 260. 
» Archibald, 256. 
David, king-at-arms, 92. 

, Rothsay Herald, 92. 
, James, falconer to the earl of Angus, 52. 

, ,256. 

LinUthgow, 37, 40, 77, 139, 221, 222. 

Linton, 5. 

Lisle, John Dudley, viscount, lord admiral of Eng- 
land, 4v la 



Littleton, captain, 83. 

Livingston, lord, 141, 142, 14% 153L 

Lochleven, 74^ 140, 217, 220, 246, 250, 260, 263, 

273, 275, 277, 298. 

, castle of, 205. 
, lord, 205. 
Loggen, William, 92. 
Loghenver, see Gordon. 
London, 25, 26. 
Longnether, 33, 34, 37, 4a 
Loosnes, 41. 
Lorrain, cardinal of, 79, 102, 135, 136» 302, 

305. 
Loterell, 147, 176, 178, see LutterelL 
Lothian, 20, 29, 37, 40, 114^ 115. 
, the superintendent of, 257. 
Louvain, 136. 
Lowe, captain, 83. 
Lowder, Robyn, 72. 
Lunenburgh, Otho, duke of, 44. 
Lusery, . . . . , phyadan to queen Maiy, 131. 
Lutterell, sir John, 25, 49. 
LyneroUs, see LigneroUes. 
Lynne, the Cat of, 64. 



M. 



Maooonnell, Echo, 96. 

, James, 96, lia 
■ , — , his wife, son, and daughter, 

14a 

Macdowell, Sander, 71. 
Macgin, see MagylL 
Maclane, . . . , 96. 
MagyU, James, 203, 273, 276. 
Maine, monsieur du, 172. 
Biaister, D., 156. 
Mallorye, captain, 82. 
Malvysier, see Mauvissiere. 
Mannering, captain, 83. 
Marches, sgg Borders. 
Marisrhal, William, earl, 102. 
Markham, captain, 82. 
, William, 69. 



Marystone, the laird of, 71. 

» the younger laird of, 71. 
Marques, the, see £lbeu£ 
Marr, John, earl of, 203, 204^ 214^ 220, 228, 240, 

247, 257, 258, 263, 272, 300. 
Marton, the laird of, 19. 
Marshall, see Provost. 
, see Berwick. 
Martigny, monsieur de, 242. 
Mary of Guise, queen Dowager of Scotland, 6, 7, 9^ 

10, 14v 27, 40, 43, 48, 57, 58, 63, 64^ 65, 67, 68, 

70, 74k 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 89. 
Ma&y, queen of Scotland, 27, 44^ 84^ 89—311. 
Mary, queen of England, 60, 61, 100. 
Mauvissiere, Michael de Castelnau, seigneur de^ 165. 
Maxwell, Robert, lord, 10. 
, »lord,ia 



Digitized by 



Google 



324 



INDEX. 



Maxwell, John, second son of Robert, lord, after- 
wards lord Herries, 10, 15, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 
68, 75, 76. 77, 228. 
, Robert, 2. 

■ , roaster of, see Maxwell, John. 
Medicis, Cathrine dc, queen Dowager of France, 

152, 2ia 

Melrose, 20. 

Melvin, James, 165, 193, 197, 258, 270. 

, sir Robert, 14<5, 152, 153, 158, 159, 166, 
180,217,220,259,270,301. 

,Mr, 145, 181, 182. 

Menteith, William, earl of, 7a 

Merse, the, 20, 41, 46, 47. 

Mewtes, sir Peter, 92, 93, 96. 

Middlemore, Henry, 252, 257, 266. 

Millan, 175. 

Mildmay, sir William, Treasurer of England, 181. 

, sir Walter, [? WilUara], 264. 

Milk, the water of, 2. 

Monteith, see Menteith. 

Montgomery, earl of, see Eglintoun. 

Montmac, . . . . , 175. 

Montmorency, Francis, Marshal of France, 135. 

Montrose, lOa 

, the master of, 272. 
Morpeth, 129. 
Morres, sir Christopher, 35. 



Morton, John, 91, 92. 

, James, earl of, 94, 138, 142, 143, 159, 

164, 169, 195, 203, 204, 205, 214^ 215, 216, 
21 9, 22a 237, 247, 257, 258, 263, 272, 277, 300, 
307, 

Mount Pelham, near Leith, 84w 

Murray, James, earl of, 43, 48, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78> 
92, 94, 95, 104, 105, 112, 114, 118, 129. 131, 
133, 134, 135, 1;^ 137, 1.38, 140, 143, 145, 146, 
151, 155, 157, 159, 162, 170, 184, 185, 191, 192, 
193, 200, 201, 205, 214, 217, 218, 219, 220^ 225, 
243, 248, 250, 251, 258, 263, 265, 268, 269, 
270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 277, 283, 286, 
296, 298, 299, 300, 301. 302, 305, 306, 307, 31 1. 
, Lady Anne, countess of, 112, 146,249,277. 

, Patrick, 14, 54. 

, , Hepburn, bishop of, 2. 



-, lord, 47, 49. 
-> — — John, 13. 
-, bishop of, 256. 



Murrey land, 47, 49. 

Murynes, 49. 

Mussilburgb, 5, 31, 34, 41, 99. 

Mwrose, see Melrose. 

Myles, the Estre, 5. 

— ^ the Wester, 5. 

Mynettes, St, 4. 



N. 



Navarre, Philip the second, king of, 102. 
Newark, 13a 
Newbigging, 98, 100. 
Newbottle, the abbey of, 5, 47. 
Newcastle, 3, 25, 38, 41, 50, 59, 60, 61, 65, 99, 
159, 190. 

, mayor of, 65^ 158. 
NewhaTen, 4. 
Noailles, Anthony, seigneur de, 90. 



Norfolk, Thomas, duke of, lord lieutenant general of 

the English army in Scotland, 79, 80, 81, 85. 
Norham, 38, 72, 7a 
Norreys, sir Henry, 241. 
Northumberland, 38. 

, Henry, earl of, 50. 

» John Dudley, duke of, 99. 

» Thomas Percy, earl of, 158. 
Northampton, William Pan, earl of, 53, 54. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



325 



O. 



Obenze, lord, 101, 108. 
Ochiltree^ Andrew, aecond lord, 74. 
OctaTian, le near, 79. 
Ogle, John, 11. 
OgUvy, James, lord, 2. 
Onel,. . . ,96. 

y Shane, 148, 154. 

Orkney, 217, 277. 

, bishop of, 257, 27a 



Orkney, wife of Robert, earl of, 277. 
Orleans, duke of, 136. 
Ormston, 41, 76. 

, the laird o^ 33, 49, 70, 72, 76^ 250. 

Ormistons of Tyrydalle, the, 22a 
Overton, Anthony, ^ clerks of the musters of the 
> Richard, S English army in Scotland, 87. 
Oysel, 8a 



Paoit, sir William, K. G., 12. 

Paisley, John Hamilton, abbot of, 3, 42, 43^ 4a 

, see Fatesloe. 

Papal Legate, 147. 
Fkris, 135, 167, 184u 
Parliaments, Scottish, 



157. 



, at Edinburgh, 2, 10, 151, 154, 

, at Stirling, 10. 
Pktesloe, the abbey of, 259, 263. 
Fktersone, William, 52. 
Peathes, see Pethes. « 
Peebles, 11, 13, 29, 40, 42. 
Pelham, see Mount Pelham. 
PeUerd, see Amiens. 
Pmcreth, the lord of, 1 15. 
Ftecy, sir Henry, captain of the castles of Tynmouth 

and Norham, 7a 
Fterth, see St Johnstone. 
Petarrow, . . . , controuller, 144w 
FMhes, die, 22, 29^ 36, 3a 



Pedcur, tutor of, 77. 

Petrie, sir William, 6, 8» 63; lia 

Pettiewaynes Island, 5. 

Philip II, kmg of ^>ain, 152, 159, 175. 

Philiphaugfae, laird of, 19. 

Finkey, 24a 

Porticragge, 49. 

Portugal, 91. 

Piregles, Mr, 9a 

Breglie, captain, 92. 

President, lord, of the English Council, 97, 101. 

, of the Session, 20a 
Preston, 5. 
Prince, see James. 
Pringall, . . . , 114. 
Pringle, captain, 8a 

> George, 19. 

» Sandy, 42, 47. 

Firotector, see Somerset. 

Profost Marshall of the English army, 82. 

of Edinburgh, 109. 



Digitized by 



Google 



326 



INDEX. 



Q. 



QUSENarEBBY, 4. 
Quyckwood, 5. 



QvynwoodeyS. 



R. 



Rambouillet, Jacques de Aiigeiinef> seigneur de, 

147, 153, 159, 19a 
Randolph, Edward, seijeant-mi^ of the English 
army in Scotland, 86. 

> Thomas, English ambassador in Scot- 
land, 79, 97, 102, 105, 107, 112, 118, 127, 130, 
133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 143, 
146, 148, 152, 154, 156, 159, 161, 180. 
Rangerside, 5. 
Ray, Harry, herald, 24. 
Raynton (or Raynto), 5. 
ReddeU, Thomas, 19. 
Rede, captain, 82. 

,. . . ,65. 

Regent of Scotlandi iee Mary of Guise, queen dow- 
ager of Scotland. 
Register, clerk of, see Balfour. 
Richmond, 141, 143. 
Riddesdale, 29, 156. 

Ringrave, the, 31, 32, 33, 43, 47, 48, 49, 59. 
Rizxio, David, 119, 120, 125, 15^ 159, 164, 169, 

205, 253, 255. 
Roan, 105, 106. 
Rogers, £., lia 
Rokesbye, Anthony, 255, 259. 
' ■■ , Christopher, 255, 256. 



Ross, bishoprick of, 80. 

Rots, Henry Damley, earl of, 138. 

Rosse, lord, 121. 

Rothes, Andrew, fourth earl of, 126. 

Rothesay, Herald-at>arms, see Lindsay, David. 

Rouge Cross, Pursuivant-at^urms, 87. 

Roxburgh, 30. 

Ruby, monsieur, 78. 

Rutherford, Andrew, of the Hundele^ 71. 

> , of Nesbet, 71. 

, George, 71. 

, John, of Hunthill, 71. 

, , of Nesbet, 71. 

, Martin, 71. 

, Patrick, 19. 

, Philip, of Eggerstane, 71. 
, Thomas, of Desiroborne, 71. 
Ruthven, Patrick, lord, 50, 57, 74, 75, 125, 136, 

139, 141, 159, 169, 205, 257. 
Rutland, Henry Manners, earl of, 36y 38. 

, l«Jy, 165. 

Rycarletony laird of, 256. 

Rydesdale, 29. 

Rye, 201. 

RythcQ, lord, see Ruthren. 

Ryvyan, see Crinstone. 



Sadleb, sir Ralph, 11, 21, 22, 78^ 86. 
Sandhill, in Newcastle, 65. 
Sarlaboi, le leignur de^ 81. 



SaToy, Emmanuel Fhilibert, duke of, 152, 15a 
Scott, Edie, 19. 
> Hobhie, 19. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



327 



Scott, Robert, Uird of Wamfhiy, 7, 13» 15. 

, Watt, and near kinnman to the laird of Buo- 
deugh, 1. 
Scrope, lord Henry le, of Bolton, marshal of the 
English army in Scotland, 86, 129, 144^ 188> 189, 
194. 
Seaton, 119. 

, castle of, 5. 

, George, lord, 75^ 119, 126^ 131, HI, 153, 

188,22a 

, lady, 95. 

, <the old lady,' 120. 

, • monsieur de,* 81 . 
Seeles, Estre, 5. 

, Wester, 5. 

Selby, George, 46. 

Semple, Robert, lord, 165, 203; 228> 272: 
, Gabriel, 114^ 115. 
, the master of, 163. 
Shapelle, monsieur, 43, 48. 
Sheen, 99. 
Shenston, 5. 
Sheres, Mr, 129. 
Shetland, 301. 
Shirley, captain, 83. 
Shrewsbury, Francis Talbot, earl of, 1, 4^ 6, 8, 11, 

13, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 27, 60, 61. 
Simple, see Semple. 
Sinclair, Oliver, 5. 
Skogall, laird of, 37. 
Smith, sir Thomas, dean of Carlisle, 100. 

, Mr Secretary, 38. 

Solemme moss, see Solway moss. 
Soltra, see Sutter. 
Solway moss, 9. 
Somers, Mr, 192, 19a 

Somerset, Edward Seymour, duke of, 3, 6, 21, 29, 
30, 33, 34, 36, 39, 54, 99. 
, captaia, 8a 
Sonderland, earl of, see Sutherland. 
Southwell, Richard, 6a 



Southwoorthe, captain, 83. 
Sowresakes, 1. 
Spain, 139, 147. 

, ambassador of, 91, 172, 175. 

, king of, see Philip IL 
, queen of, 175. 
Spaniards, 36. 
Spynaye, 217, 256, 259. 
' Stafibrt, . . . , 144. 
Stanhowse, 5. 
Stanley, captain, 8a 
Stenton, 5. 

Steward, the lord, 195. 
Sdlton, 189. 

Stirling, 7, 37, 40, 48, 73, 104^ 137, 138, 139, 141, 
144^ 177, 220, 221, 223, 249. 251, 253^ 256, 
258, 259, 260, 263, 265, 277. 
Stonefaouse, Mr, 21, 22, 2a 
Straunge, sir Nicholas, muster-master of the En^sh 

army in Scotland, 86. 
Strawboggye, 217. 
Stuardis, the, 278. 
Stuard, . . . , 302. 
St Andrews, 37, 48, 78, 79, 250. 

' , prior of, see Murray, James, earl of. 
I , John Hamilton, archbishop of, 40, 57, 
58, 77, 199, 207, 209, 244, 246, 249, 258, 263, 
278,306. 
St Clair, the master of, 301. 
St Colme, 96, 141. 

St John, Preceptor of the order of, in Scotland, 2. 
St Johnstone, 43, 49, 50, 125, 142, 22a 
Suffolk, Charles Brandon, earl of, 12, la 
Sussex, Thomas Ratcliffe, earl of, 167. 
Sutherland, John, earl of, 69, 133, 144, 157. 
Sutter, 69. 
Suttone, captain, 82. 
Swinbome, Ingrame, 65. 

, Roger, 65. 

Swinnho, Ralph, 71. 
, William, 71. 



Digitized by 



Google 



328 



INDEX. 



Tay, 22. 

Tdton, 5. 

TemptalloD, 37. 

Tennes, monsieur de^ 37, 39, 40, 41. 

Hiirlby, Thomas, bishop ot Westminster, 6^ & 

Thomson, John, customer of CJarlisle, 60. 

Thomsones, the, 15. 

Thornton, James, 153; 169. 

Throghwen, carl of, 59. 

Hirogmorton, sir Nicholas, 137, 138, 139, 140, 180, 
186, 188, 195, 196, 197, 199, 202, 203, 205» 
209, 210, 21 1, 213, 227, 229, 232, 237, 242, 244^ 
245, 246, 247, 253, 254, 255, 260, 263, 266, 267, 
268, 272, 274, 278, 280, 281, 287, 297, 302, 303. 

, bdy, 107. 

TlUybeme, the laird of, 301. 

Tine, water of, 50. 

Tindale, 29, 65. 



TiTidale, 1, 19, 2Q, 41, 47, 46; 72. 

, West, 15, 25a 

, East, 250. 

Tomworth, John, 127, 128» 130; 131, 14a 

Tours, captain o^ 172. 

Toys, monsieur de, 38. 

Tranent, 5. 

IVapren, 5. 

IVeasurer of England, see Somerset, duke o^— MOd- 

may, sir William. 
Tremayne, Mr, 92, 9a 
Tumebull, Baird, 18& 

, George, laird of Towne, 71. 



-, John, la 



Tulybame, house o^ la 

, laiid of, 13, 14^ 144^ 214. 

Tynedale, 29. 



U. 



Uleport, captain, 8a 



Urroeston, see Ormston. 



V. 



Vauohan, captain, 84. 
Vernane, captain, 8a 
Vmemonte, . . . , 102. 



Ville Parisis, monsieur de, 79. 

ViUeroy, monsieur de, 185, 186, 204, 206, 212, 230. 



W 



Wasb, detain, 8a 
Walkar, William, 173. 
Wamfrsy, la 



Wamiray, laird of, see Scott, Robert. 

Warden, lord, 16a 

, , of the West Marches, 59. 



Digitized by 



Google 



INDEX. 



329 



Warden, deputy, 93, 94^ 195. 

Ware, 187. 

Wark, 19, 20, 68, 69. 

WarkhiU, 5. 

Warkley, 5. 

Waterford, 91. 

Waucopdale, 9. 

Wederbome, 20. 

West Cragge, 4. 

Westminster, 6, 18, 136. 

Westmorland, Charles Nenll, earl of, 129, 130. 

, Ralph NeviU, earl of, 38. 

Wharton, Thomas lord, 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 15, 17, 27, 
56, 57, 61, 62, 65, 9a 



Wharton, sir Henry, 99. 

Whitslaides, 1. 

Whytelaughe, the laird of, 259. 

Whytthynham, the laird of, 26a 

Wilford, Mr, 38. 

Wilson, . . ., 144, 222. 

, Stephen, 153. 

Windham's bulwark, 31. 
Windsor, 144. 
Witherington, Roger, 87. 
Wright, John, 18. 

Wriothesley, Thomas, lord high chancellor of Eng- 
land, 6, 8, 12, 18. 



Yaxley, captain, 82. 

, Francis, 144. 
Yester, lord, 94, 126. 
York, archbishop of, 3a 



Yorkshire, 38, 65, 138, 144. 
Younge, George^ of Otterbomc, 71. 
YUes, see Isles. 
Yrwin, Davie, 10. 



Digitized by 



Google 



THE EDINBURGH PRINTING COMPANY, 
SHAKSPEARE SQUARE. 



Digitized by 



Google 



C' 












• 



Digitized by 



Google 



p 

I 



* 5- 



* • - * • 



Digitized by 



Google 



o 



* 



■-■ 



f 



^ 






Digitized by 



Google 



o 



♦ • 



«. r 






9 



c 



} 



Digitized by 



Google 



f! 



i ' 



f 



1 



Digitized by 



Google 



Digitized by 



Google